Search results for 'Magnitude' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sacha Golob (2012). Kant on Intentionality, Magnitude, and the Unity of Perception. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):n/a-n/a.score: 24.0
    This paper addresses a number of closely related questions concerning Kant's model of intentionality, and his conceptions of unity and of magnitude [Gröβe]. These questions are important because they shed light on three issues which are central to the Critical system, and which connect directly to the recent analytic literature on perception: the issues are conceptualism, the status of the imagination, and perceptual atomism. In Section 1, I provide a sketch of the exegetical and philosophical problems raised by Kant's (...)
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  2. Jacob Beck (2014). Analogue Magnitude Representations: A Philosophical Introduction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axu014.score: 24.0
    Empirical discussions of mental representation appeal to a wide variety of representational kinds. Some of these kinds, such as the sentential representations underlying language use and the pictorial representations of visual imagery, are thoroughly familiar to philosophers. Others have received almost no philosophical attention at all. Included in this latter category are analogue magnitude representations, which enable a wide range of organisms to primitively represent spatial, temporal, numerical, and related magnitudes. This article aims to introduce analogue magnitude representations (...)
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  3. Eric W. Stein & Norita Ahmad (2009). Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (Ahp) to Construct a Measure of the Magnitude of Consequences Component of Moral Intensity. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):391 - 407.score: 24.0
    The purpose of this work is to elaborate an empirically grounded mathematical model of the magnitude of consequences component of “moral intensity” (Jones, Academy of Management Review 16 (2),366, 1991) that can be used to evaluate different ethical situations. The model is built using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) (Saaty, The Analytic Hierarchy Process , 1980) and empirical data from the legal profession. One contribution of our work is that it illustrates how AHP can be applied in the field (...)
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  4. Joanna Golinska-Pilarek, Angel Mora & Emilio Munoz Velasco (2008). An ATP of a Relational Proof System for Order of Magnitude Reasoning with Negligibility, Non-Closeness and Distance. In Tu-Bao Ho & Zhi-Hua Zhou (eds.), PRICAI 2008: Trends in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. 128--139.score: 24.0
    We introduce an Automatic Theorem Prover (ATP) of a dual tableau system for a relational logic for order of magnitude qualitative reasoning, which allows us to deal with relations such as negligibility, non-closeness and distance. Dual tableau systems are validity checkers that can serve as a tool for verification of a variety of tasks in order of magnitude reasoning, such as the use of qualitative sum of some classes of numbers. In the design of our ATP, we have (...)
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  5. Joanna Golinska-Pilarek (2012). On Decidability of a Logic for Order of Magnitude Qualitative Reasoning with Bidirectional Negligibility. In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. 255--266.score: 24.0
    Qualitative Reasoning (QR) is an area of research within Artificial Intelligence that automates reasoning and problem solving about the physical world. QR research aims to deal with representation and reasoning about continuous aspects of entities without the kind of precise quantitative information needed by conventional numerical analysis techniques. Order-of-magnitude Reasoning (OMR) is an approach in QR concerned with the analysis of physical systems in terms of relative magnitudes. In this paper we consider the logic OMR_N for order-of-magnitude reasoning (...)
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  6. Tom Verguts Filip Van Opstal (2013). Is There a Generalized Magnitude System in the Brain? Behavioral, Neuroimaging, and Computational Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Is there a generalized magnitude system in the brain? Behavioral, neuroimaging, and computational evidence.
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  7. Tobias U. Hauser, Stephanie Rotzer, Roland H. Grabner, Susan Mérillat & Lutz Jäncke (2013). Enhancing Performance in Numerical Magnitude Processing and Mental Arithmetic Using Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    The ability to accurately process numerical magnitudes and solve mental arithmetic is of highest importance for schooling and professional career. Although impairments in these domains in disorders such as developmental dyscalculia (DD) are highly detrimental, remediation is still sparse. In recent years, transcranial brain stimulation methods such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) have been suggested as a treatment for various neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders. The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is known to be crucially involved in numerical magnitude processing (...)
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  8. Roi Cohen Kadosh Korbinian Moeller, Elise Klein, Hans-Christoph Nuerk (2012). A Unitary or Multiple Representations of Numerical Magnitude? – the Case of Structure in Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Quantities. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Currently, there is a controversial debate on whether there is an abstract representation of number magnitude, multiple different ones or multiple different ones that project onto a unitary representation. The current study aimed at evaluating this issue by means of a magnitude comparison task involving Arabic numbers and structured as well as unstructured non-symbolic patterns of squares. In particular, we were interested whether a specific numerical effect, the unit-decade compatibility effect reflecting decomposed processing of tens and units complying (...)
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  9. Lieven Verschaffel Mirjam Ebersbach, Koen Luwel (2013). Comparing Apples and Pears in Studies on Magnitude Estimations. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The present article is concerned with studies on magnitude estimations that strived to uncover the underlying mental representation(s) of magnitudes. We point out a number of methodological differences and shortcomings that make it difficult drawing general conclusions. To solve this problem, we propose a taxonomy by which those studies could be classified, taking into account central methodological aspects of magnitude estimation tasks. Finally, we suggest perspectives for future research on magnitude estimations, which might abandon the hunt for (...)
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  10. Fruzsina Soltész Sonia L. J. White, Dénes Szűcs (2011). Symbolic Number: The Integration of Magnitude and Spatial Representations in Children Aged 6 to 8 Years. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    The process of learning symbolic Arabic digits in early childhood requires that magnitude and spatial information integrates with the concept of symbolic digits. Previous research has separately investigated the development of automatic access to magnitude and spatial information from symbolic digits. However, developmental trajectories of symbolic number knowledge cannot be fully understood when considering components in isolation. In view of this, we have synthesized the existing lines of research and tested the use of both magnitude and spatial (...)
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  11. Valérie Dormal Virginie Crollen, Stéphane Grade, Mauro Pesenti (2013). A Common Metric Magnitude System for the Perception and Production of Numerosity, Length, and Duration. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Numerosity, length and duration processing may share a common functional mechanism situated within the parietal cortex. A strong parallelism between the processing of these three magnitudes has been revealed by similar behavioral signatures (e.g., Weber-Fechner’s law, the distance effect) and reciprocal interference effects. Here, we extend the behavioral evidence for a common magnitude processing mechanism by exploring whether the under- and overestimation patterns observed during numerical perception and production tasks are also present in length and duration perception and production. (...)
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  12. Douglas R. May, Cuifang Li, Jennifer Mencl & Ching-Chu Huang (2014). The Ethics of Meaningful Work: Types and Magnitude of Job-Related Harm and the Ethical Decision-Making Process. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (4):651-669.score: 21.0
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  13. I.-Ning Huang (1969). Successive Contrast Effects as a Function of Type and Magnitude of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):64.score: 21.0
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  14. George Collier & Melvin H. Marx (1959). Changes in Performance as a Function of Shifts in the Magnitude of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):305.score: 21.0
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  15. Joanna Golinska-Pilarek & Emilio Munoz-Velasco (2009). Dual Tableau for a Multimodal Logic for Order of Magnitude Qualitative Reasoning with Bidirectional Negligibility. International Journal of Computer Mathematics 86 (10-11):1707–1718.score: 21.0
  16. O. J. Harvey & Donald T. Campbell (1963). Judgments of Weight as Affected by Adaptation Range, Adaptation Duration, Magnitude of Unlabeled Anchor, and Judgmental Language. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):12.score: 21.0
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  17. F. Nowell Jones & Maxine J. Marcus (1961). The Subject Effect in Judgments of Subjective Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):40.score: 21.0
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  18. Richard H. Peckham & Abram Amsel (1967). Within-Subject Demonstration of a Relationship Between Frustration and Magnitude of Reward in a Differential Magnitude of Reward Discrimination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (2):187.score: 21.0
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  19. Norman E. Spear & William B. Pavlik (1966). Percentage of Reinforcement and Reward Magnitude Effects in a T Maze: Between and Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (4):521.score: 21.0
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  20. E. J. Capaldi & David Lynch (1967). Repeated Shifts in Reward Magnitude: Evidence in Favor of an Associational and Absolute (Noncontextual) Interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):226.score: 21.0
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  21. Dwight W. Curtis & Stanley J. Rule (1972). Magnitude Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Difference as a Function of Background Reflectance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):215.score: 21.0
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  22. Carrell A. Dammann & Charles C. Perkins Jr (1969). Duration of Antecedent Discriminative Stimuli and Within-Subject Reward Magnitude Differences as Determiners of Running Speed. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):554.score: 21.0
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  23. George A. Gescheider & John H. Wright (1968). Effects of Sensory Adaptation on the Form of the Psychophysical Magnitude Function for Cutaneous Vibration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):308.score: 21.0
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  24. John R. McKinnon & Abram Amsel (1964). Magnitude of the Frustration Effect as a Function of Confinement and Detention in the Frustrating Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):468.score: 21.0
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  25. Arthur L. Miller & Richard Sheldon (1969). Magnitude Estimation of Average Length and Average Inclination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):16.score: 21.0
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  26. Richard D. Parsons (1970). Magnitude Estimates of the Oculogyral Illusion During and Following Angular Acceleration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):230.score: 21.0
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  27. Richard G. Seymann (1969). Effect of Differences in Reward Magnitude with Correlated Cues on Running Speed. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):504.score: 21.0
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  28. Avishai Henik Tali Leibovich (2013). Magnitude Processing in Non-Symbolic Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
    Dot arrays are often used to study basic numerical skills across cultures, species and development. Researchers investigate the ability of subjects to discriminate between dot arrays, as a function of the ratio or distance between their numerosities. Such studies have contributed significantly to the number sense theory (i.e., that humans are born with the ability to process numerosities, and share this ability with various species)—possibly the most influential theory in numerical cognition literature today. However, a dot array contains, in addition (...)
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  29. Norman H. Anderson (1974). Cross-Task Validation of Functional Measurement Using Judgments of Total Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):226.score: 21.0
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  30. Shahar Arzy (2013). When Speaking of the Experience, Do Not Leave Out the Experiencer: On Self and Magnitude. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  31. William P. Banks & David K. Hill (1974). The Apparent Magnitude of Number Scaled by Random Production. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):353.score: 21.0
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  32. Egli Efstathiou (1969). Effects of Exposure Time and Magnitude of Prism Transform on Eye-Hand Coordination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):235.score: 21.0
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  33. F. Nowell Jones, David Singer & Paul A. Twelker (1962). Interactions Among the Somesthetic Senses in Judgments of Subjective Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (2):105.score: 21.0
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  34. Frank C. Leeming (1968). Response Rate as a Function of Magnitude and Schedule of Heat Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):74.score: 21.0
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  35. James H. McHose & H. Wayne Ludvigson (1965). Role of Reward Magnitude and Incomplete Reduction of Reward Magnitude in the Frustration Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):490.score: 21.0
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  36. Shirley C. Peeke & William W. Grings (1968). Magnitude of Ucr as a Function of Variability in the Cs-Ucs Relationship. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):64.score: 21.0
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  37. John R. Platt & Robert A. Gay (1968). Differential Magnitude of Reward Conditioning as a Function of Predifferential Reward Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):393.score: 21.0
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  38. E. G. Wever & C. W. Bray (1936). The Nature of Acoustic Response: The Relation Between Sound Intensity and the Magnitude of Responses in the Cochlea. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (2):129.score: 21.0
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  39. Harvard L. Armus (1959). Effect of Magnitude of Reinforcement on Acquisition and Extinction of a Running Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):61.score: 21.0
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  40. Elizabeth D. Capaldi (1970). Effect of an Initial Reward Magnitude on Subsequent Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):283.score: 21.0
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  41. Brant Clark & John D. Stewart (1968). Magnitude Estimates of Rotational Velocity During and Following Prolonged Increasing, Constant, and Zero Angular Acceleration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):329.score: 21.0
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  42. Dwight W. Curtis (1970). Magnitude Estimations and Category Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Intervals: A Two-Stage Interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):201.score: 21.0
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  43. Vincent Di Lollo & James Allison (1971). Relative Magnitude of End-Box Reward: Effects Upon Performance Throughout the Double Runway. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):248.score: 21.0
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  44. Philip J. Dunham & Bernard Kilps (1969). Shifts in Magnitude of Reinforcement: Confounded Factors or Contrast Effects? Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):373.score: 21.0
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  45. David Ehrenfreund & Pietro Badia (1962). Response Strength as a Function of Drive Level and Pre- and Postshift Incentive Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):468.score: 21.0
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  46. Trygg Engen & Donald H. McBurney (1964). Magnitude and Category Scales of the Pleasantness of Odors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):435.score: 21.0
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  47. Robert Fox & Ronald Check (1972). Independence Between Binocular Rivalry Suppression Duration and Magnitude of Suppression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):283.score: 21.0
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  48. Louis R. Franzini (1970). Magnitude Estimations of the Averseness of the Interval Preceding Shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):526.score: 21.0
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  49. Henry Goldstein & Kenneth W. Spence (1963). Performance in Differential Conditioning as a Function of Variation in Magnitude of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):86.score: 21.0
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  50. Winfred F. Hill & William P. Wallace (1967). Effects of Magnitude and Percentage of Reward on Subsequent Patterns of Runway Speed. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):544.score: 21.0
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