Search results for 'Majid Beshkar' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Majid Beshkar (2008). Animal Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):5-33.
    There are several types of behavioural evidence in favour of the notion that many animal species experience at least some simple levels of consciousness. Other than behavioural evidence, there are a number of anatomical and physiological criteria that help resolve the problem of animal consciousness, particularly when addressing the problem in lower vertebrates and invertebrates. In this paper, I review a number of such behavioural and brain- based evidence in the case of mammals, birds, and some invertebrate species. Cumulative evidence (...)
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  2. Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Stephen C. Levinson (2004). Can Language Restructure Cognition? The Case for Space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):108-114.
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  3. Naveen Khetarpal, Asifa Majid & Terry Regier (2009). Spatial Terms Reflect Near-Optimal Spatial Categories. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2396--2401.
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  4.  4
    Asifa Majid & Niclas Burenhult (2014). Odors Are Expressible in Language, as Long as You Speak the Right Language. Cognition 130 (2):266-270.
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  5.  62
    Stephen C. Levinson & Asifa Majid (2014). Differential Ineffability and the Senses. Mind and Language 29 (4):407-427.
    Ineffability, the degree to which percepts or concepts resist linguistic coding, is a fairly unexplored nook of cognitive science. Although philosophical preoccupations with qualia or nonconceptual content certainly touch upon the area, there has been little systematic thought and hardly any empirical work in recent years on the subject. We argue that ineffability is an important domain for the cognitive sciences. For examining differential ineffability across the senses may be able to tell us important things about how the mind works, (...)
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  6.  13
    Asifa Majid & Miriam Staden (2015). Can Nomenclature for the Body Be Explained by Embodiment Theories? Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):570-594.
    According to widespread opinion, the meaning of body part terms is determined by salient discontinuities in the visual image; such that hands, feet, arms, and legs, are natural parts. If so, one would expect these parts to have distinct names which correspond in meaning across languages. To test this proposal, we compared three unrelated languages—Dutch, Japanese, and Indonesian—and found both naming systems and boundaries of even basic body part terms display variation across languages. Bottom-up cues alone cannot explain natural language (...)
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  7.  8
    Ewelina Wnuk & Asifa Majid (2014). Revisiting the Limits of Language: The Odor Lexicon of Maniq. Cognition 131 (1):125-138.
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  8.  34
    Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson (2010). WEIRD Languages Have Misled Us, Too. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):103-103.
    The linguistic and cognitive sciences have severely underestimated the degree of linguistic diversity in the world. Part of the reason for this is that we have projected assumptions based on English and familiar languages onto the rest. We focus on some distortions this has introduced, especially in the study of semantics.
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  9. Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Miriam van Staden & James S. Boster (2007). The Semantic Categories of Cutting and Breaking Events: A Crosslinguistic Perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
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  10.  8
    Roger P. G. van Gompel & Asifa Majid (2004). Antecedent Frequency Effects During the Processing of Pronouns. Cognition 90 (3):255-264.
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  11.  16
    Asifa Majid (2012). Current Emotion Research in the Language Sciences. Emotion Review 4 (4):432-443.
    When researchers think about the interaction between language and emotion, they typically focus on descriptive emotion words. This review demonstrates that emotion can interact with language at many levels of structure, from the sound patterns of a language to its lexicon and grammar, and beyond to how it appears in conversation and discourse. Findings are considered from diverse subfields across the language sciences, including cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics, linguistic anthropology, and conversation analysis. Taken together, it is clear that emotional expression is (...)
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  12.  9
    Sayed Sikandar Shah Haneef & Mahmood Zuhdi Haji Abd Majid (2015). Medical Management of Infant Intersex: The Juridico‐Ethical Dilemma of Contemporary Islamic Legal Response. Zygon 50 (4):809-829.
    Technological advances in the field of medicine and health sciences not only manipulate the normal human body and sex but also provide for surgical and hormonal management of hermaphroditism. Consequently, sex assignment surgery has not only become a standard care for babies born with genital abnormalities in the West but even in some Muslim states. On the positive side, it goes a long way in saving children born with abnormal genitalia from numerous legal interdictions of the pre-sex corrective surgery. Nevertheless, (...)
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  13.  5
    Asifa Majid (2015). Cultural Factors Shape Olfactory Language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):629-630.
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  14.  2
    Asifa Majid, James S. Boster & Melissa Bowerman (2008). The Cross-Linguistic Categorization of Everyday Events: A Study of Cutting and Breaking. Cognition 109 (2):235-250.
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  15.  7
    Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller, Giovanni Bennardo, James S. Boster, Asifa Majid & Douglas L. Medin (2010). Bridging the Gap: From Cognitive Anthropology to Cognitive Science. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
  16.  10
    Asifa Majid (2002). Frames of Reference and Language Concepts. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):503-504.
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  17.  15
    Asifa Majid, Anthony J. Sanford & Martin J. Pickering (2006). Covariation and Quantifier Polarity: What Determines Causal Attribution in Vignettes? Cognition 99 (1):35-51.
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  18.  20
    Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson (2008). Language Does Provide Support for Basic Tastes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):86-87.
    Recurrent lexicalization patterns across widely different cultural contexts can provide a window onto common conceptualizations. The cross-linguistic data support the idea that sweet, salt, sour, and bitter are basic tastes. In addition, umami and fatty are likely basic tastes, as well.
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  19.  17
    Asifa Majid (2012). The Role of Language in a Science of Emotion. Emotion Review 4 (4):380-381.
    Emotion scientists often take an ambivalent stance concerning the role of language in a science of emotion. However, it is important for emotion researchers to contemplate some of the consequences of current practices for their theory building. There is a danger of an overreliance on the English language as a transparent window into emotion categories. More consideration has to be given to cross-linguistic comparison in the future so that models of language acquisition and of the language–cognition interface fit better the (...)
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  20.  50
    Asifa Majid & Falk Huettig (2008). A Crosslinguistic Perspective on Semantic Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):720-721.
    Coherent covariation appears to be a powerful explanatory factor accounting for a range of phenomena in semantic cognition. But its role in accounting for the crosslinguistic facts is less clear. Variation in naming, within the same semantic domain, raises vexing questions about the necessary parameters needed to account for the basic facts underlying categorization.
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  21.  12
    Debi Roberson, Mariko Kikutani, Paula Döge, Lydia Whitaker & Asifa Majid (2012). Shades of Emotion: What the Addition of Sunglasses or Masks to Faces Reveals About the Development of Facial Expression Processing. Cognition 125 (2):195-206.
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  22. Michael J. Ferguson & Abdul Majid (2003). To Sue or Not to Sue: An Experimental Study of Factors Affecting Hong Kong Liquidators Audit Litigation Decisions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):363 - 374.
    We report an experiment examining the effect of three factors on professional Hong Kong liquidators' decisions to bring legal action in negligence against auditors. Factors were (a) the strength (merit) of the supporting evidence (arguable vs. overwhelming), (b) the type of alleged audit failure (failure to report financial statement errors vs. management fraud) and (c) audit firm type (Big 6 vs. non-Big 6). We find evidence that liquidators' litigation decisions are influenced by case merit. We also find that liquidators were (...)
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  23.  18
    Abdul Majid, Ferdinand A. Gul & Judy S. L. Tsui (2001). An Analysis of Hong Kong Auditors' Perceptions of the Importance of Selected Red Flag Factors in Risk Assessment. Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):263 - 274.
    This study examined auditors'' perceptions of the relative level of risk of fraud and material irregularities associated with the presence of six red flag factors and also evaluated the quality of auditors'' judgements. The study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, subjects were asked to rank the importance of 15 factors that proxy the existence of material misstatements. Based on the responses to this questionnaire, 6 of the most important factors were identified and included in the second (...)
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  24.  3
    Lila San Roque, Kobin H. Kendrick, Elisabeth Norcliffe, Penelope Brown, Rebecca Defina, Mark Dingemanse, Tyko Dirksmeyer, N. J. Enfield, Simeon Floyd, Jeremy Hammond, Giovanni Rossi, Sylvia Tufvesson, Saskia van Putten & Asifa Majid (2015). Vision Verbs Dominate in Conversation Across Cultures, but the Ranking of Non-Visual Verbs Varies. Cognitive Linguistics 26 (1):31-60.
    To what extent does perceptual language reflect universals of experience and cognition, and to what extent is it shaped by particular cultural preoccupations? This paper investigates the universality~relativity of perceptual language by examining the use of basic perception terms in spontaneous conversation across 13 diverse languages and cultures. We analyze the frequency of perception words to test two universalist hypotheses: that sight is always a dominant sense, and that the relative ranking of the senses will be the same across different (...)
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  25.  4
    Bhuvana Narasimhan, Anetta Kopecka, Melissa Bowerman, Marianne Gullberg & Asifa Majid (2012). Putting and Taking Events. In Anetta Kopecka & Bhuvana Narasimhan (eds.), Events of "Putting" and "Taking": A Crosslinguistic Perspective. John Benjamins Pub. Co. 1.
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  26.  2
    Dan I. Slobin, Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Anetta Kopecka & Asifa Majid (2014). Manners of Human Gait: A Crosslinguistic Event-Naming Study. Cognitive Linguistics 25 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cognitive Linguistics Jahrgang: 25 Heft: 4 Seiten: 701-741.
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  27.  1
    Giuseppe Garcea, Ibrar Majid, Clare J. Pattenden, Christopher D. Sutton, Christopher P. Neal & David P. Berry (2008). Predictive Factors for Unanticipated Admission Following Day Case Surgery. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):175-177.
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  28.  1
    Asifa Majid, Nicholas Evans, Alice Gaby & Stephen C. Levinson (2011). The Semantics of Reciprocal Constructions Across Languages. In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company 29.
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  29.  1
    Nick Sharp, Mark McGurl, David Latané & Anouar Majid (1997). Letters to the Editor. Critical Inquiry 23 (2):419-423.
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  30. Asifa Majid, Marianne Gullberg, Miriam van Staden & Melissa Bowerman (2007). How Similar Are Semantic Categories in Closely Related Languages? A Comparison of Cutting and Breaking in Four Germanic Languages. Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
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  31. Asifa Majid, Christian J. Rapold, Peter Hurst, Ulrike Zeshan, Toshiki Osada, N. J. Enfield, Nicole Kruspe & Niclas Burenhult (2011). Nicholas Evans. In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company 341.
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  32.  5
    Jonas K. Olofsson & Jay A. Gottfried (2015). Response to Majid: Neurocognitive and Cultural Approaches to Odor Naming Are Complementary. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):630-631.
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  33.  1
    John Bussanich (1997). Review of Philosophy, Dogma and the Impact of Greek Thought in Islam by Majid Fakhry. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 47 (2):282-283.
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  34.  1
    Richard Bodéüs (1991). FAKHRY, Majid, Histoire de la Philosophie islamiqueFAKHRY, Majid, Histoire de la Philosophie Islamique. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (2):283-283.
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  35. Mehdi Aminrazavi (forthcoming). Review of A Short Introduction to Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Mysticism by Majid Fakhry. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West:148-149.
     
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  36. A. Shihadeh (2004). Review: Al-Farabi: Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence * Majid Fakhry: Al-Farabi: Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence. [REVIEW] Journal of Islamic Studies 15 (3):347-348.
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  37. Majid Roohi, Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa & Ahmad Reza Haghighi (2015). Switching Adaptive Controllers to Control Fractional-Order Complex Systems with Unknown Structure and Input Nonlinearities. Complexity 21 (2):211-223.
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  38.  93
    Majid Davoody Beni (2015). On the Ontology of Linguistic Frameworks Toward a Comprehensive Version of Empiricism. Philosophia Scientiae 19 (1):115-126.
    Can the abstract entities be designated? While the empiricists usually took the positive answer to this question as the first step toward Platonism, in his ``Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology’’ [Carnap 1950], Carnap tried to make a reconciliation between the language referring to abstract entities on the one hand, and empiricism on the other. In this paper, firstly, I show that the ingenuity of Carnap’s approach notwithstanding, it is prone to criticism from different aspects. But I also show how, even without (...)
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  39. Majid Amini (2008). Critical Notice Logical Machines: Peirce on Psychologism. Disputatio 2 (24).
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  40.  13
    Majid Ghorbani, Yuan Liao, Sinan Çayköylü & Masud Chand (2013). Guilt, Shame, and Reparative Behavior: The Effect of Psychological Proximity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):311-323.
    Research has paid scant attention to reparative behavior to compensate for unintended wrongdoing or to the role of emotions in doing the right thing. We propose a new approach to investigating reparative behavior by looking at moral emotions and psychological proximity. In this study, we compare the effects of moral emotions (guilt and shame) on the level of compensation for financial harm. We also investigate the role of transgressors’ perceived psychological proximity to the victims of wrongdoing. Our hypotheses were tested (...)
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  41.  35
    Majid Ghoshuni, Mohammad Firoozabadi, Mohammad Ali Khalilzadeh & Mohammad Reza Hashemi Golpayegani (2013). Variation of Wavelet Entropy in Electroencephalogram Signal During Neurofeedback Training. Complexity 18 (3):18-23.
  42.  2
    Morteza Ghojazadeh, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Majid Keshavarz, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad & Hakimeh Hazrati (2014). Medical Students’ Attitudes on and Experiences with Evidence-Based Medicine: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):779-785.
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  43.  6
    Majid Davoody Beni (forthcoming). Structural Realist Account of the Self. Synthese:1-14.
    In this paper, inspired by the late twentieth century developments in philosophy of science, I propose an ontological scheme to accommodate the scientifically-informed anti-substantivalist views of the self. I call the position structural realist theory of the self. More specifically, I argue that SRS provides a middle ground for bringing a metaphysical reconciliation between the two recurring, and apparently competing forms of such anti-substantivalist views, i.e., eliminativism and pluralism. The notion of the structural self, as the underpinning pattern that is (...)
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  44.  25
    Majid Amini & Christopher Caldwell (2010). Does „One Cannot Know” Entail „Everyone is Right”? The Relationship Between Epistemic Scepticism and Relativism. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):103-118.
    The objective of the paper is to seek clarification on the relationship between epistemic relativism and scepticism. It is not infrequent to come across contemporary discussions of epistemic relativism that rely upon aspects of scepticism and, vice versa, discussions of scepticism drawing upon aspects of relativism. Our goal is to highlight the difference between them by illustrating that some arguments thought to be against relativism are actually against scepticism, that there are different ways of understanding the relationship between relativism and (...)
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  45.  9
    Majid Alizadeh, Mohammad Ardeshir & Wim Ruitenburg (2016). Boolean Algebras in Visser Algebras. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 57 (1):141-150.
    We generalize the double negation construction of Boolean algebras in Heyting algebras to a double negation construction of the same in Visser algebras. This result allows us to generalize Glivenko’s theorem from intuitionistic propositional logic and Heyting algebras to Visser’s basic propositional logic and Visser algebras.
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  46. Majid Fakhry (1994). Ethical Theories in Islam. E.J. Brill.
    INTRODUCTION An ethical theory is a reasoned account of the nature and grounds of right actions and decisions and the principles underlying the claim that ...
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  47.  1
    Majid Fakhry (2004). A History of Islamic Philosophy. Cup.
    The first comprehensive survey of Islamic philosophy from the seventh century to the present, this classic discusses Islamic thought and its effect on the cultural aspects of Muslim life. Fakhry shows how Islamic philosophy has followed from the earliest times a distinctive line of development, which gives it the unity and continuity that are the marks of the great intellectual movements of history.
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  48.  39
    Majid Yar (2000). From Actor to Spectator: Hannah Arendt's 'Two Theories' of Political Judgment. Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (2):1-27.
    The question of judgment has become one of the central problems in recent social, political and ethical thought. This paper explores Hannah Arendt's decisive contribution to this debate by attempting to reconstruct analytically two distinctive perspectives on judgment from the corpus of her writings. By exploring her relation to Aristotelian and Kantian sources, and by uncovering debts and parallels to key thinkers such as Benjamin and Heidegger, it is argued that Arendt's work pinpoints the key antinomy within political judgment itself, (...)
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  49.  20
    Hossein Mobahi, Majid Nili Ahmadabadi & Babak Nadjar Araabi (2006). Swarm Contours: A Fast Self-Organization Approach for Snake Initialization. Complexity 12 (1):41-52.
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  50.  29
    Paul Boghossian (2012). Reply to Amini and Caldwell, Boghossians Refutation of Relativism. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 2 (1):45-49.
    Majid Amini and Christopher Caldwell charge that I misconstrue the relation between relativism and constructivism, on the one hand, and between relativism and skepticism, on the other. In this brief response, I rebut their charges.
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