Search results for 'Manfred Jaeger' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Manfred Jaeger (2005). A Logic for Inductive Probabilistic Reasoning. Synthese 144 (2):181 - 248.score: 240.0
    Inductive probabilistic reasoning is understood as the application of inference patterns that use statistical background information to assign (subjective) probabilities to single events. The simplest such inference pattern is direct inference: from “70% of As are Bs” and “a is an A” infer that a is a B with probability 0.7. Direct inference is generalized by Jeffrey’s rule and the principle of cross-entropy minimization. To adequately formalize inductive probabilistic reasoning is an interesting topic for artificial intelligence, as an autonomous system (...)
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  2. Gregg Jaeger (2014). On the Identification of the Parts of Compound Quantum Objects. Foundations of Physics 44 (7):709-724.score: 60.0
    A view of the constitution of quantum objects as reducible, in the sense of being decomposable to elementary particles, is outlined. On this view, parts of composite quantum systems are considered to be identified according to a recently introduced, specifically quantum notion of individuation (Jaeger, Found Phys 40:1396 2010). These parts can typically also be considered particles according to Wigner’s symmetry-based notion. Particles are considered elementary when they satisfy a condition of elementarity, newly introduced here, that improves on that (...)
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  3. Werner Jaeger (1986). Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: Volume I. Archaic Greece: The Mind of Athens. OUP USA.score: 60.0
    Werner Jaeger's highly-acclaimed work treats paideia, the shaping of Greek character, as the basis for study of Hellenism as a whole, to explain the interaction between the historical process by which Greek character was formed and the intellectual process by which they constructed their ideal of the human personality. -/- .
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  4. Werner Jaeger (1986). Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: III. The Conflict of Cultural Ideals in the Age of Plato. OUP USA.score: 60.0
    " The final volume of Werner Jaeger's three-volume Paideia begins at the same point as its predecessor--the fall of the Periclean empire--but pursues a different line of intellectual development.
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  5. Lydia Jaeger (2002). Humean Supervenience and Best-System Laws. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (2):141 – 155.score: 30.0
    David Lewis has proposed an analysis of lawhood in terms of membership of a system of regularities optimizing simplicity and strength in information content. This article studies his proposal against the broader background of the project of Humean supervenience. In particular, I claim that, in Lewis's account of lawhood, his intuition about small deviations from a given law in nearby worlds (in order to avoid backtracking and epiphenomena) leads to the conclusion that laws do not support (certain) counterfactuals and do (...)
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  6. Raja Halwani, Gary Jaeger, James S. Stramel, Richard Nunan, William S. Wilkerson & Timothy F. Murphy (2008). What is Gay and Lesbian Philosophy? Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):433-471.score: 30.0
    Abstract: This essay explores recent trends and major issues related to gay and lesbian philosophy in ethics (including issues concerning the morality of homosexuality, the natural function of sex, and outing and coming out); religion (covering past and present debates about the status of homosexuality and how biblical and qur'anic passages have been interpreted by both sides of the debate); the law (especially a discussion of the debates surrounding sodomy laws, same-sex marriage and its impact on transsexuals, and whether the (...)
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  7. G. Canguilhem & T. Jaeger (1962). Monstrosity and the Monstrous. Diogenes 10 (40):27-42.score: 30.0
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  8. Carlo Jaeger (ed.) (2001). Risk, Uncertainty, and Rational Action. Earthscan.score: 30.0
    Winner of the 2000-2002 outstanding publication award of the Section on Environment and Technology of the American Sociological Association.Risk as we now know ...
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  9. Lydia Jaeger (2010). The Contingency of Laws of Nature in Science and Theology. Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1611-1624.score: 30.0
    The belief that laws of nature are contingent played an important role in the emergence of the empirical method of modern physics. During the scientific revolution, this belief was based on the idea of voluntary creation. Taking up Peter Mittelstaedt’s work on laws of nature, this article explores several alternative answers which do not overtly make use of metaphysics: some laws are laws of mathematics; macroscopic laws can emerge from the interplay of numerous subsystems without any specific microscopic nomic structures (...)
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  10. Kevin Ann & Gregg Jaeger (2009). Finite-Time Destruction of Entanglement and Non-Locality by Environmental Influences. Foundations of Physics 39 (7):790-828.score: 30.0
    Entanglement and non-locality are non-classical global characteristics of quantum states important to the foundations of quantum mechanics. Recent investigations have shown that environmental noise, even when it is entirely local in influence, can destroy both of these properties in finite time despite giving rise to full quantum state decoherence only in the infinite time limit. These investigations, which have been carried out in a range of theoretical and experimental situations, are reviewed here.
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  11. Robert A. Jaeger (1978). Brain/Body Dualism. Philosophical Studies 34 (November):427-435.score: 30.0
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  12. Gregg Jaeger & Abner Shimony (1999). An Extremum Principle for a Neutron Diffraction Experiment. Foundations of Physics 29 (3):435-444.score: 30.0
    An extremum principle was postulated by Horne, Finkelstein, Shull, Zeilinger, and Bernstein in order to derive the physically allowable parameters for sinusoidal standing waves governing a neutron in a crystal which is immersed in a strong external magnetic field: “the expectation value of the total potential 〈V〉 is an extremum.” We show that this extremum principle can be obtained from the variational principle used by Schrodinger to derive his nonrelativistic wave equation. We rederive the solutions found by the above-mentioned authors (...)
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  13. Paul Busch & Gregg Jaeger (2010). Unsharp Quantum Reality. Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1341-1367.score: 30.0
    The positive operator (valued) measures (POMs) allow one to generalize the notion of observable beyond the traditional one based on projection valued measures (PVMs). Here, we argue that this generalized conception of observable enables a consistent notion of unsharp reality and with it an adequate concept of joint properties. A sharp or unsharp property manifests itself as an element of sharp or unsharp reality by its tendency to become actual or to actualize a specific measurement outcome. This actualization tendency—or potentiality—of (...)
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  14. Gary Jaeger (2009). Repression and External Reasons. Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (4):433--446.score: 30.0
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  15. Alisa Bokulich & Gregg Jaeger (eds.) (2010). Philosophy of Quantum Information and Entanglement. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    "Entanglement can be understood as an extraordinary degree of correlation between states of quantum systems - a correlation that cannot be given an explanation ...
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  16. Gregg Jaeger (2010). Individuation in Quantum Mechanics and Space-Time. Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1396-1409.score: 30.0
    Two physical approaches—as distinct, under the classification of Mittelstaedt, from formal approaches—to the problem of individuation of quantum objects are considered, one formulated in spatiotemporal terms and one in quantum mechanical terms. The spatiotemporal approach itself has two forms: one attributed to Einstein and based on the ontology of space-time points, and the other proposed by Howard and based on intersections of world lines. The quantum mechanical approach is also provided here in two forms, one based on interference and another (...)
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  17. Gregg Jaeger (2011). Individuation in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):299-304.score: 30.0
    It has been claimed that the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII) is incompatible with quantum mechanics, considered as a complete theory. Van Fraassen has argued specifically that a conflict between the two arises due to the requirements of Bose-Einstein statistics when imposed on two-particle quantum states. It is shown here that this apparent contradiction of the PII with quantum mechanics can be removed by the introduction of a natural criterion of individuality.
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  18. Kenneth R. Foster & Jan Jaeger (2008). Ethical Implications of Implantable Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) Tags in Humans. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):44 – 48.score: 30.0
    This article reviews the use of implantable radiofrequency identification (RFID) tags in humans, focusing on the VeriChip (VeriChip Corporation, Delray Beach, FL) and the associated VeriMed patient identification system. In addition, various nonmedical applications for implanted RFID tags in humans have been proposed. The technology offers important health and nonhealth benefits, but raises ethical concerns, including privacy and the potential for coercive implantation of RFID tags in individuals. A national discussion is needed to identify the limits of acceptable use of (...)
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  19. Werner Jaeger (1925). Aristotle's Metaphysics Aristotle's Metaphysics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary by W. D. Ross. Two Vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924. Cloth, 48s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (7-8):176-180.score: 30.0
  20. Robert A. Jaeger (1973). Action and Subtraction. Philosophical Review 82 (3):320-329.score: 30.0
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  21. Gregg Jaeger (2012). Generalized Quantum Probability and Entanglement Enhancement Witnessing. Foundations of Physics 42 (6):752-759.score: 30.0
    It has been suggested (cf. Sinha et al. in Science 329:418, 2010) that the Born rule for quantum probability could be violated. It has also been suggested that, in a generalized version of quantum mechanical probability theory such as that proposed by Sorkin (Mod. Phys. Lett. A 9:3119, 1994) there might occur deviations from the predictions of quantum probability in cases where more than two paths are available to a self-interfering system. These would lead to additional contributions to interference. Here, (...)
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  22. Andrew J. Jaeger (2014). A Tale of Two Parts. Res Philosophica 91 (3):1-8.score: 30.0
  23. G. Jaeger (2000). Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 31 (1):105-108.score: 30.0
  24. Hans Jaeger (1958). Heidegger and the Work of Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 17 (1):58-71.score: 30.0
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  25. Suzanne Jaeger (2009). Finding a Pedagogical Framework for Dialogue About Nudity and Dance Art. Journal of Aesthetic Education 43 (4):pp. 32-52.score: 30.0
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  26. Andrew J. Jaeger (2011). Mental Causation as Teleological Causation. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85:161-171.score: 30.0
    I argue that the Causal Closure Argument (CCA) and the Explanatory Exclusion Argument (EEA) fail to show that mental causes must either be reduced/ identical to physical causes or that mental causes are epiphenomenal. I begin by granting the soundness of CCA and EEA and go on to argue that they only rule out irreducible mental efficient causes/explanations. A proponent of irreducible mental causation can, therefore, grant the soundness of CCA and EEA, provided she holds mental causation/explanation to be teleological. (...)
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  27. Werner Jaeger (1940). Diocles of Carystus: A New Pupil of Aristotle. Philosophical Review 49 (4):393-414.score: 30.0
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  28. Gary Jaeger (forthcoming). The Wisdom of Hindsight and the Limits of Humean Constructivism. Philosophical Explorations:1-13.score: 30.0
    Ordinary normative discourse includes talk about the reasons for action we had in the past but only came to discover in hindsight. In some cases, we come to discover these reasons not because new information has come to light, but because our values have changed. Contemporary metaethical views, namely Street's Humean constructivism and Blackburn's and Gibbard's quasi-realism, have some difficulty accounting for these reasons and the claims we make about them. This difficulty hinges on the diachronic complexity of these reasons (...)
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  29. Paul Busch & Gregg Jaeger, Welcher-Weg Experiment (Compendium Entry).score: 30.0
    This is an entry to the Compendium of Quantum Physics, edited by F Weinert, K Hentschel and D Greenberger, to be published by Springer-Verlag.
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  30. Robert A. Jaeger (1975). Implication and Evidence. Journal of Philosophy 72 (15):475-485.score: 30.0
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  31. Robert A. Jaeger (1979). Notes on the Logic of Physicalism. Mind 88 (July):424-429.score: 30.0
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  32. Herbert Jaeger (1998). Today's Dynamical Systems Are Too Simple. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):643-644.score: 30.0
    Cognitive systems are wilder than today's dynamical systems theory can handle. Cognitive systems might be tamed in principle, but the very notion of a dynamical system will change in the process.
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  33. Lydia Jaeger (2012). Against Physicalism-Plus-God. Faith and Philosophy 29 (3):295-312.score: 30.0
    It is often assumed that contemporary physics is more hospitable to divine action (and human freedom) than classical mechanics. The article criticizes this assumption on the grounds of both physics and theology. Most currently discussed models of divine action do not challenge the physicalist assumption that physics provides a true and complete description of nature’s causal web. Thus they resemble physicalism-plus-God. Taking up suggestions from Herman Dooyeweerd and Henri Blocher, I propose an alternative framework for divine action in the world. (...)
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  34. Lydia Jaeger (2006). Bas Van Fraassen on Religion and Knowledge: Is There a Third Way Beyond Foundationalist Illusion and Bridled Irrationality? American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):581-602.score: 30.0
    In his recent book, The Empirical Stance (2002), Bas van Fraassen elaborates on earlier suggestions of a religious view that has striking parallels withhis constructive empiricism. A particularly salient feature consists in the way in which he keeps a critical distance from theoretical formulations both in scienceand religion, thus preferring a mystical approach to religious experience. As an alternative, I suggest a view based on mediation by the word, both in the structureof reality and the encounter between persons. Without falling (...)
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  35. Werner Jaeger (1986). Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: Ii. In Search of the Divine Centre. Oup Usa.score: 30.0
    " The project of Greek culture in its heroic period was the creation of the perfect state-a goal that seemed within reach in the Athens of the fifth century B.C. But with the fall of Athens that prospect evaporated, and the result, which ..
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  36. Andrew J. Jaeger (2011). The Recalcitrant Imago Dei, By: J.P. Moreland. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):507-510.score: 30.0
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  37. Andrew J. Jaeger (2013). Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism. By Alvin Plantinga. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):796 - 799.score: 30.0
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  38. Alex B. Fine & T. Florian Jaeger (2013). Evidence for Implicit Learning in Syntactic Comprehension. Cognitive Science 37 (3):578-591.score: 30.0
  39. Andrew J. Jaeger (forthcoming). Back to the Primitive in Advance. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.score: 30.0
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  40. Hans Jaeger (forthcoming). Generations in History: Reflections on a Controversial Concept. History and Theory 24 (3).score: 30.0
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  41. Mary Jaeger (2012). Livy and Hannibal (D.S.) Levene Livy on the Hannibalic War. Pp. Xvi + 453. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Cased, £89, US$160. ISBN: 978-0-19-815295-8. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 62 (1):167-169.score: 30.0
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  42. Robert A. Jaeger (1976). Logical Subtraction And The Analysis Of Action. Analysis 36 (March):141-146.score: 30.0
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  43. Ting Qian & T. Florian Jaeger (2012). Cue Effectiveness in Communicatively Efficient Discourse Production. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1312-1336.score: 30.0
    Recent years have seen a surge in accounts motivated by information theory that consider language production to be partially driven by a preference for communicative efficiency. Evidence from discourse production (i.e., production beyond the sentence level) has been argued to suggest that speakers distribute information across discourse so as to hold the conditional per-word entropy associated with each word constant, which would facilitate efficient information transfer (Genzel & Charniak, 2002). This hypothesis implies that the conditional (contextualized) probabilities of linguistic units (...)
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  44. Suzanne M. Jaeger (2001). Teaching Health Care Ethics: The Importance of Moral Sensitivity for Moral Reasoning. Nursing Philosophy 2 (2):131-142.score: 30.0
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  45. F. Perroux & T. Jaeger (1962). The Conquest of Space and National Sovereignty. Diogenes 10 (39):1-16.score: 30.0
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  46. T. Florian Jaeger & Neal E. Snider (2013). Alignment as a Consequence of Expectation Adaptation: Syntactic Priming is Affected by the Prime's Prediction Error Given Both Prior and Recent Experience. Cognition 127 (1):57-83.score: 30.0
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  47. Gary Jaeger (2012). Repression, Integrity and Practical Reasoning. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 30.0
    This book argues that sometimes we have reasons to overcome repression and that these reasons are unlike any other reasons for action typically recognized by philosophers.
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  48. J. Gage & T. Jaeger (1961). The Psychology of the Roman Imperial Cult. Diogenes 9 (34):44-65.score: 30.0
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  49. Sara Green, Melinda Fagan & Johannes Jaeger (forthcoming). Explanatory Integration Challenges in Evolutionary Systems Biology. Biological Theory.score: 30.0
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  50. Werner Jaeger (1957). Aristotle's Use of Medicine as Model of Method in His Ethics. Journal of Hellenic Studies 77:54.score: 30.0
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