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  1. Marc Fleurbaey, Version C7, April 29, 2011 On the Evaluation of Expectedly Beneficial Treatments That Will Disadvantage the Worst Off.
    Imagine that two ten year-old children, Adam and Bill, have excellent vision but will soon go totally blind due to natural causes unless a morally motivated stranger, Teresa, intervenes. Teresa can use a resource she rightfully controls to produce and administer only one of the following two medicines to both Adam and Bill.
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  2. Marc Fleurbaey (forthcoming). Equality Vs Priority: How Relevant is the Distinction? In Christopher Murray (ed.), Fairness and goodness in health. World Health Organization.
  3. Alex Voorhoeve & Marc Fleurbaey (forthcoming). On the Social and Personal Value of Existence. In Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (eds.), Weighing and Reasoning: A Festschrift for John Broome. Oxford University Press.
    If a potential person would have a good life if he were to come into existence, can we coherently regard his coming into existence as better for him than his never coming into existence? And can we regard the situation in which he never comes into existence as worse for him? In this paper, we argue that both questions should be answered affirmatively. We also explain where prominent arguments to differing conclusions go wrong. Finally, we explore the relevance of our (...)
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  4. Marc Fleurbaey & Didier Blanchet (2013). Beyond Gdp: Measuring Welfare and Assessing Sustainability. Oup Usa.
    Is GDP a good proxy for social welfare? Building on economic theory, this book confirms that it is not, but also that most alternatives to it share its basic flaw, i.e., a focus on specific aspects of people's lives without sufficiently taking account of people's values and goals. A better approach is possible.
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  5. Marc Fleurbaey, Stéphane Luchini, Christophe Muller & Erik Schokkaert, Equivalent Income and Fair Evaluation of Health Care.
    We argue that the economic evaluation of health care (cost–benefit analysis) should respect individual preferences and should incorporate distributional considerations. Relying on individual preferences does not imply subjective welfarism. We propose a particular non-welfarist approach, based on the concept of equivalent income, and show how it helps to define distributional weights. We illustrate the feasibility of our approach with empirical results from a pilot survey.
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  6. Alex Voorhoeve & Marc Fleurbaey (2013). Decide As You Would With Full Information! An Argument Against Ex Ante Pareto. In Ole Norheim, Samia Hurst, Nir Eyal & Dan Wikler (eds.), Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Policy-makers must sometimes choose between an alternative which has somewhat lower expected value for each person, but which will substantially improve the outcomes of the worst off, or an alternative which has somewhat higher expected value for each person, but which will leave those who end up worst off substantially less well off. The popular ex ante Pareto principle requires the choice of the alternative with higher expected utility for each. We argue that ex ante Pareto ought to be rejected (...)
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  7. Luc Bovens & Marc Fleurbaey (2012). Evaluating Life or Death Prospects. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):217-249.
    We consider a special set of risky prospects in which the outcomes are either life or death (or, more generally, binary utilities). There are various alternatives to the utilitarian objective of minimizing the expected loss of lives in such prospects. We start off with the two-person case with independent risks and construct taxonomies of ex ante and ex post evaluations for such prospects. We examine the relationship between the ex ante and the ex post in this restrictive framework: There are (...)
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  8. Marc Fleurbaey (2012). Économie normative : un regain. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (3):23-29.
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  9. Marc Fleurbaey (2012). Equal Opportunity, Reward and Respect for Preferences: Reply to Roemer. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):201-216.
    This rejoinder to Roemer (this issue) examines Roemer's amendment to his EOp criterion, explains the similarities and differences between Roemer's approach to equality of opportunity and the economic literature inspired by the fair allocation theory, and proposes some clarifications on the compensation principle and the role of the reward principle in the definition of a responsibility-sensitive social criterion. It highlights the power of the ideal of respect for individual preferences with respect to the reward issue and the concern for potential (...)
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  10. Marc Fleurbaey & Alex Voorhoeve (2012). Egalitarianism and the Separateness of Persons. Utilitas 24 (3):381-398.
    The difference between the unity of the individual and the separateness of persons requires that there be a shift in the moral weight that we accord to changes in utility when we move from making intrapersonal tradeoffs to making interpersonal tradeoffs. We examine which forms of egalitarianism can, and which cannot, account for this shift. We argue that a form of egalitarianism which is concerned only with the extent of outcome inequality cannot account for this shift. We also argue that (...)
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  11. Marc Fleurbaey (2011). Equal Opportunity1. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press. 77.
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  12. Marc Fleurbaey (2011). Four Approaches to Equal Opportunity. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oup Oxford.
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  13. Harry Brighouse & Marc Fleurbaey (2010). Democracy and Proportionality. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2):137-155.
  14. Marc Fleurbaey (2010). Shlomi Segall, Health, Luck, and Justice (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010), Pp. X + 239. Utilitas 22 (4):503-506.
  15. Marc Fleurbaey, Assessing Risky Social Situations.
    This paper re-examines the welfare economics of risk. It singles out a class of criteria, the “expected equally-distributed equivalent”, as the unique class which avoids serious drawbacks of existing approaches. Such criteria behave like ex-post criteria when the final statistical distribution of wellbeing is known ex ante, and like ex-ante criteria when risk generates no inequality. The paper also provides a new result on the tension between inequality aversion and respect of individual ex ante preferences, in the vein of Harsanyi’s (...)
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  16. Marc Fleurbaey (2009). Responsibility. In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oup Oxford.
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  17. Marc Fleurbaey, Stéphane Luchini & Erik Schokkaert (2009). Évaluation Économique En Santé : Qui a Peur de l'Étalon Monétaire ? Revue de Philosophie Économique 10 (1):19.
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  18. Marc Fleurbaey, Bertil Tungodden & Peter Vallentyne (2009). On the Possibility of Nonaggregative Priority for the Worst Off. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):258-285.
    We shall focus on moral theories that are solely concerned with promoting the benefits (e.g., wellbeing) of individuals and explore the possibility of such theories ascribing some priority to benefits to those who are worse off—without this priority being absolute. Utilitarianism (which evaluates alternatives on the basis of total or average benefits) ascribes no priority to the worse off, and leximin (which evaluates alternatives by giving lexical priority to the worst off, and then the second worst off, and so on) (...)
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  19. Marc Fleurbaey, Economics and Economic Justice. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  20. Marc Fleurbaey (2008). Egalitarianism. New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality – Edited by Nils Holtug and Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen. Theoria 74 (2):173-177.
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  21. Marc Fleurbaey, Maurice Salles & John A. Weymark (eds.) (2008). Justice, Political Liberalism, and Utilitarianism: Themes From Harsanyi and Rawls. Cambridge University Press.
    The utlitiarian economist and Nobel Laureate John Harsanyi and the liberal egalitarian philosopher John Rawls were two of the most eminent scholars writing on problems of social justice in the last century. The contributions to this volume, addressed to an interdisciplinary audience, pay tribute to them by investigating themes that figure prominently in their work. In some cases, the contributors explore issues considered by Harsanyi and Rawls in more depth and from novel perspectives. In others, the contributors use the work (...)
     
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  22. Marc Fleurbaey (2007). Living Standards and Capabilities: Equal Values or Equal Sets? Analyse and Kritik 29 (2).
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  23. Marc Fleurbaey (2007). Poverty as a Form of Oppression. In Thomas Pogge (ed.), Freedom From Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? Co-Published with Unesco. Oup Oxford.
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  24. Marc Fleurbaey (2007). Social Choice and Just Institutions: New Perspectives. Economics and Philosophy 23 (1):15-43.
    It has become accepted that social choice is impossible in the absence of interpersonal comparisons of well-being. This view is challenged here. Arrow obtained an impossibility theorem only by making unreasonable demands on social choice functions. With reasonable requirements, one can get very attractive possibilities and derive social preferences on the basis of non-comparable individual preferences. This new approach makes it possible to design optimal second-best institutions inspired by principles of fairness, while traditionally the analysis of optimal second-best institutions was (...)
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  25. Marc Fleurbaey, Social Choice and the Indexing Dilemma.
    This paper distinguishes an index ordering and a social ordering function as a simple way to formalize the indexing problem in the social choice framework. Two main conclusions are derived. First, the alleged dilemma between welfarism and perfectionism is shown to involve a third possibility, exemplified by the fairness approach to social choice. Second, the idea that an individual is better off than another whenever he has more (goods, functionings, etc.) in all dimensions, which is known to enter in conflict (...)
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  26. Marc Fleurbaey & F. Maniquet, Fair Social Orderings.
    In a model of private good allocation, we construct social orderings which depend only on ordinal non-comparable information about individual preferences. In order to avoid Arrovian-type impossibilities, we let those social preferences take account of the shape of individual indifference curves. This allows us to introduce equity and cross-economy robustness properties, inspired by the theory of fair allocation. Combining such properties, we characterize two families of fair social orderings.
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  27. Marc Fleurbaey (2005). Freedom with Forgiveness. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (1):29-67.
    This article defends the principle of giving a fresh start to individuals who come to consider that they have mismanaged their share of resources at an earlier stage of their life. The first part challenges the ethical intuition that it would be unfair to tax the steadfast frugal in order to help the regretful spendthrift and argues that the possibility of changing one’s mind is an important freedom. The second part examines the disincentives induced by fresh-start policies. It shows that (...)
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  28. Marc Fleurbaey (2005). Neutralising Luck, Rewarding Effort. Philosophical Books 46 (3):188-198.
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  29. Marc Fleurbaey (2004). 7 Normative Economics and Theories of Distributive Justice. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Pub.. 132.
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  30. Marc Fleurbaey (2002). Equality of Resources Revisited. Ethics 113 (1):82-105.
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  31. Marc Fleurbaey (2002). Symposium on Marshall's Tendencies: Introduction. Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):1-3.
    In Marshall's Tendencies, John Sutton provides a wide-ranging and thought-provoking set of reflections about economic modelling and the relationship between theory and data. With a handful of suggestive examples and a transparent and elegant style, he manages to maintain a clarity of presentation that makes his thoughts accessible to a large audience while leading the reader into the heart of the difficulties of economic theory in matters of empirical testing.
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  32. Marc Fleurbaey & Martin Van Hees (2000). On Rights in Game Forms. Synthese 123 (3):295 - 326.
    This paper makes a contribution to the further development of the game-theoretic analysis of rights. The model presented here differs in several respects from the existing models. First of all, a distinction is made between outcome-oriented and action-oriented rights, a distinction which is closely related to the distinction between active and passive rights. Second, the legal-theoretic notions of negative and positive rights are formally defined. Third, we not only discuss the definition of rights, but also the way rights can be (...)
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  33. Marc Fleurbaey & Martin Van Hees (2000). On Rights in Game Forms. Synthese 123 (3):295-326.
    This paper makes a contribution to the further development of thegame-theoretic analysis of rights. The model presented here differs inseveral respects from the existing models. First of all, a distinction ismade between outcome-oriented and action-oriented rights, adistinction which is closely related to the distinction between active andpassive rights. Second, the legal-theoretic notions of negative andpositive rights are formally defined. Third, we not only discuss thedefinition of rights, but also the way rights can be violated.Using the distinction between negative and positive (...)
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  34. Marc Fleurbaey (1997). Equity: In Theory and Practice, H. Peyton Young. Princeton University Press, 1994, 238 + Xv Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 13 (01):128-.
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  35. Marc Fleurbaey & Wulf Gaertner (1996). Admissibility and Feasibility in Game Forms. Analyse and Kritik 18 (1):54-66.
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  36. Marc Fleurbaey (1995). Equal Opportunity or Equal Social Outcome? Economics and Philosophy 11 (01):25-.
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  37. Marc Fleurbaey (1994). On Fair Compensation. Theory and Decision 36 (3):277-307.
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  38. Marc Fleurbaey (1989). Nozick. La Théorie de l'Etat Minimal. Actuel Marx 5:88-94.
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