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  1. Marcelo Dascal, Argument, War and the Role of the Media in Conflict Management.
    Even more precious perhaps is the tradition that works against Â… that misuse of language which consists in pseudo-arguments and propaganda. This is the tradition and discipline of clear speaking..
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  2. Marcelo Dascal, Discommunication and Pseudo-Morality.
    Terrorism is not an abstract subject matter – at least not for me. As I set out to write the n-th draft of this lecture (it was never so difficult for me to write a lecture!), the news of the November 21st suicide attack in a bus in the Kiryath Menachem neighborhood in western Jerusalem break through the selfimposed walls of my peace of mind. The bus exploded at 7:28 a.m. There is no doubt about the target: children, young girls (...)
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  3. Marcelo Dascal, Is There a Controversy About the Morality of the Occupation and its Implications?
    Even conquerors who excelled in oppression, well beyond what Moshe Dayan is capable of doing, sat on thorns and scorpions in most conquered places until they were eradicated. Not to mention the total moral destruction prolonged occupation inflicts to the occupier. Even inevitable occupation is a corrupting occupation..
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  4. Marcelo Dascal, Outline of the Argument.
    Three main types of debates have been identified by our research on historical cases of intellectual confrontations in philosophy, science, and theology: discussions, disputes, and controversies. Summary presentation of this trichotomy. The three categories are ideal types.
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  5. Marcelo Dascal, Reframing the Historiography of Philosophy: A Dialectic Approach.
    Kant considered it a scandal that philosophy, unlike science, had been spending its time in fruitless debates, which hindered its progress. In this session, we question Kant’s assessment, and suggest an approach to the history of philosophy that considers controversy as essential in the evolution of philosophical ideas. In his recent work on the Enlightenment, Jonathan Israel has demonstrated the role of the intense debate around radically new philosophical ideas in creating the conceptual underpinnings of revolution and of a new (...)
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  6. Marcelo Dascal, Transparency in Scientific Communication: From Leibnizג€™s Dream to Todayג€™s Reality.
    Communication is a crucial component of scientific activity (as of virtually any other domain of human activity, especially in this "communication age" in which we live). As researchers and as citizens, we should all be concerned with the communication of science as well as with communication within science. In this paper, I will deal with one of the key aspects of this topic ג€“ the question whether scientific communication is or should be ג€�transparentג€�. The view that this is or should (...)
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  7. Marcelo Dascal, Works, Fireworks, and Frameworks: Economics and Rhetorico- Pragmatics.
    We argue the case for a combination of rhetoric and pragmatics in the analysis of economic discourse. We contend that such a rhetorico-pragmatic approach is a viable alternative to both the excesses of the “rhetorical turn” and to the over-reaction of methodologists who discard as irrelevant a careful textual analysis and stick to the belief that economic knowledge progresses only through the conscientious application of Method. We examine two privileged grounds where the rhetorico-pragmatic approach does better than either Pure Rhetoric (...)
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  8. Marcelo Dascal, Baruch-Benedictus: From Uprooted Roots to Root-Independent Ideas?
    My brief contribution to this volume is not, strictly speaking, historical. No careful analysis of documents will be offered, no critical apparatus will be supplied, and some measure of descriptive inadequacy is likely to lurk behind it. Yet, it is historical in a broader sense. For it is a reflection – to some extent speculative, I admit – on the rather mysterious paths that connect personal, social, political, and other historical circumstances, on the one hand, to the emergence of new (...)
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  9. Marcelo Dascal, Controversies.
    Controversy is a ubiquitous phenomenon in human theoretical and practical life. It manifests itself in various forms, ranging from virulent polemics to polite and well-ordered discussion. It expresses dissent, and may either lead to irreconcilable conflict or pave the way to conflict resolution. It occurs in private and everyday social life, in the courtroom and in politics, as well as in science, the arts, philosophy, and theology. Wherever it occurs, controversy sharpens critical thinking and prevents mental and social stagnation. Rather (...)
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  10. Marcelo Dascal, Colonizing and Decolonizing Minds.
    Whereas the most visible forms of political colonialism have for the most part disappeared from the planet by the end of the millennium, several of its consequences remain with us. Criticism of colonialism, accordingly, has shifted its focus to its more subtle and lasting manifestations. Prominent among these are the varieties of what came to be known as the ‘colonization of the mind’. This is one of the forms of ‘epistemic violence’ that it is certainly the task of philosophers to (...)
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  11. Marcelo Dascal, Dichotomies and Types of Debate.
    Dichotomies are ubiquitous in deliberative thinking, in decision making and in arguing in all spheres of life.[i] Sticking uncompromisingly to a dichotomy may lead to sharp disagreement and paradox, but it can also sharpen the issues at stake and help to find a solution. Dichotomies are particularly in evidence in debates, i.e., in argumentative dialogical exchanges characterized by their agonistic nature. The protagonists in a debate worth its name hold positions that are or that they take to be opposed; they (...)
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  12. Marcelo Dascal, Epistemology, Controversies, and Pragmatics.
    In this paper, I wish to present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of t he role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science.
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  13. Marcelo Dascal, Hobbes's Challenge.
    s to the Cognitive Sciences, in their excessively brief historical surveys, usually attribute to Thomas Hobbes the merit of having been the first thinker to propose the computational theory of the mind. What they overlook is (a) the fact that Hobbes explicitly assigned to..
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  14. Marcelo Dascal, Leibniz and Epistemological Diversity.
    It was a tie; the heavenly vote was split right down the middle -- two in favor; two against. At issue -- "Should man be created?" The ministering angels formed parties: Love said, "Yes, let him be created, because he will dispense acts of love"; while Truth argued, "No, let him not be created, for he is a complete fake". Righteousness countered, "Yes, let him be created, because he will do righteous deeds; and Peace demurred, "Let him not be created, (...)
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  15. Marcelo Dascal, Nihil Sine Ratione à Blandior Ratio.
    blandior ratio : C, 34). I will first survey how extensive, albeit usually overlooked, is Leibniz’s concern with these “weaker” forms of reasoning, and how crucial they are for many of his practical and theoretical endeavors. I will then trace back this acute need of Leibniz´s brand of rationalism to the peculiar nature of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), as opposed to the other basic principle of his philosophy, the Principle of Contradiction (PC). I will present here only the (...)
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  16. Marcelo Dascal, Towards a Dialectic of Tolerance.
    I was in Bucharest for a few days, not long before the fall of Ceaucescu’s regime. The fear, both of the authorities and of the people, which reigned in the city was vividly felt everywhere. To be sure, the communist regime was based on a doctrine that called itself ‘dialectic’. Unfortunately, it was a ‘dialectic’ that had nothing to do with dialogue, with listening to the other, respecting the other, and learning from the other. It assumed that ‘truth’ and ‘justice’ (...)
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  17. Marcelo Dascal, The Balance of Reason.
    If we had a balance of reasons, where the arguments presented in favor and against the case were weighed precisely and the verdict could be pronounced in favor of the most inclined scale ... [we would have] a more valuable art than that miraculous science of producing gold.
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  18. Marcelo Dascal, The Challenge of Human Difference and the Ethics of Communication.
    why is human difference The question guiding my reflections in this paper is motivated by the subtitle of the conference where it was presented. I will ask.
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  19. Marcelo Dascal, Traditions of Controversy and Conflict Resolution: Can Past Approaches Help to Solve Present Conflicts?
    This chapter is about three distinguished representatives of three traditions of controversy – Jewish, Muslim, and Christian – and about one resilient conflict – the Palestinian/Israeli conflict. My purpose is to single out in the thought and practice of the selected three representatives approaches to controversy and conflict that might perhaps offer innovative ideas as to how to increase the chances of solving the conflict in question. In a conflict like this, where two different traditions and cultures confront each other, (...)
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  20. Marcelo Dascal, Types of Polemics and Types of Polemical Moves.
    The man who is seeking to convert another in the proper manner should do so in a dialectical and not in a contentious way ... he who asks questions in a contentious spirit and he who in replying refuses to admit what is apparent ... are both of them bad dialecticians.
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  21. Marcelo Dascal, Trois Prejuges Sur le Prejuge.
    Je vous souhaite la bienvenue à la Faculté de Lettres Lester and Sally Entin, de l'Université de Tel Aviv. Je tiens à vous exprimer, particulièrement, notre satisfaction de vous avoir ici, malgré certains évenements tragiques du mois dernier, qui ont fait que certains participants dans un autre colloque -- sur "Modèles de Critique" -- tenu à cette meme faculté, ont annulé leur participation. Nous, ici en Israel, ne sommes pas du tout heureux des évenements mentionnés, auxquels des vies innocentes ont (...)
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  22. Marcelo Dascal (forthcoming). Caractères et pensée dans Les notes parisiennes de Leibniz. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  23. Marcelo Dascal (2012). Introduction. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):233-240.
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  24. Jonathan Cole, Marcelo Dascal, Shaun Gallagher & Christopher D. Frith (2010). Concluding Discussion. Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (3):553-559.
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  25. Marcelo Dascal (ed.) (2010). The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies. John Benjamins Pub. Co..
    CHAPTER The principle of continuity and the 'paradox' of Leibnizian mathematics* Michel Serfati. Introduction On the basis of the epistemological analysis ...
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  26. Marcelo Dascal (2010). Why yet Another Debate on Consciousness? Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (3):473-480.
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  27. Marcelo Dascal & Erez Firt (2010). Leibniz's Conciliatory Approaches in Scientific Controversies. In , The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies. John Benjamins Pub. Co.. 7--137.
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  28. Marcelo Dascal (2009). Mental Diversity and Utility: A Pragmatic Approach to the Debate. Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):403-420.
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  29. Marcelo Dascal (2009). Tradiciones en la resolución de conflictos y controversias:¿ cómo resolver conflictos actuales con la ayuda de planteamientos del pasado?. In. In Jesús de Garay Jacinto Choza (ed.), Estado, Derecho y Religión En Oriente y Occidente. Plaza y Valdés. 187--212.
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  30. Marcelo Dascal (2008). Leibniz's Two-Pronged Dialectic. In. In , Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. 37--72.
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  31. Marcelo Dascal (ed.) (2008). Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer.
    What are the most significant features of his 'rationalism', whatever it is?For the first time an outstanding group of Leibniz researchers, some acknowledged as ...
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  32. Marcelo Dascal (2007). O Auto-Debate É Possível? Dissolvendo Alguns de Seus Supostos Paradoxos/Is Self-Debate Possible? Dissolving Some of its Apparent Paradoxes. Manuscrito 30 (2).
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  33. Marcelo Dascal (2006). Adam Smith's Theory of Language. In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith. Cambridge University Press.
    Adam Smith’s lasting fame certainly does not come from his work on language. He published very little on this topic and he is not usually mentioned in standard histories of linguistics or the philosophy of language. His most elaborate publication on the subject is a 1761 monograph on the origin and development of languages (FoL). Smith’s monograph joins a long list of speculative work on this then fashionable topic (cf. Hewes 1975, 1996). The fact that he later included it as (...)
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  34. Marcelo Dascal (2006). O auto-debate é possível? Dissolvendo alguns de seus supostos paradoxos. Manuscrito 29 (2).
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  35. Marcelo Dascal (2005). Culture numérique. Diogène 211 (3):26.
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  36. Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror (2005). The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach. Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
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  37. Marcelo Dascal (2004). Alter et etiam: Rejoinder to Schepers. The Leibniz Review 14:137-151.
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  38. Marcelo Dascal (2004). Alter Et Etiam. The Leibniz Review 14:137-151.
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  39. Marcelo Dascal (2003). Diskommunikation Und Pseudo-Moralität in der Aktion-Reaktion-Dialektik des Terrors. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Terror Und der Krieg Gegen Ihn: Öffentliche Reflexionen. Mentis. 135--143.
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  40. Marcelo Dascal (2003). Ex Pluribus Unum? Patterns in 522+ Texts of Leibniz's Sämtliche Schriften Und Briefe VI, 4. The Leibniz Review 13:105-154.
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  41. Marcelo Dascal (2002). Language as a Cognitive Technology. International Journal of Cognition and Technology 1 (1):35-61.
    _Ever since Descartes singled out the ability to use natural language appropriately in any given circumstance as the proof_ _that humans – unlike animals and machines – have minds, an idea that Turing transformed into his well-known test to_ _determine whether machines have intelligence, the close connection between language and cognition has been widely_ _acknowledged, although it was accounted for in quite different ways. Recent advances in natural language processing, as_ _well as attempts to create “embodied conversational agents” which couple (...))
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  42. Marcelo Dascal (2001). Controversies and Epistemology. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:159-192.
    I present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of the role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science. In order to do so, I first provide a preliminary clarification of the impasse to which I refer. I go on to explain why I see the study of (...)
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  43. Marcelo Dascal (2001). How Rational Can a Polemic Across the Analytic -Continental 'Divide' Be? International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (3):313 – 339.
    In spite of the widespread belief that there is (or at least there was) a clearcut and deep opposition between two forms of philosophizing vaguely characterized as 'continental' and 'analytic', it is not easy to find actual examples of debates between philosophers that clearly belong to the opposed camps. Perhaps the reason is that, on the assumption that the alleged 'divide' is so deep, each side feels that there is no point in arguing against the other, for argumentation would quickly (...)
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  44. Alan G. Gross & Marcelo Dascal (2001). The Conceptual Unity of Aristotle's Rhetoric. Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (4):275-291.
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  45. Anat Biletzki, Shoshana Blum-Kulka, Marcelo Dascal, Nomi Erteschik-Shir, Tamar Katriel, Ruth Manor, George-Elia Sarfati, Tamar Sovran, Elda Weizman & Yael Ziv (1999). International Pragmatics Conference On. Pragmatics and Cognition 7 (1):247-248.
     
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  46. Marcelo Dascal (1999). Summaries of Hebrew Articles. Iyyun 48:355.
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  47. Marcelo Dascal & Alan G. Gross (1999). The Marriage of Pragmatics and Rhetoric. Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (2):107-130.
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  48. Sergio Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal (1998). Malthus and Ricardo: Two Styles for Economic Theory. Science in Context 11 (2):229.
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  49. Marcelo Dascal (1998). Language in the Mind's House. The Leibniz Review 8:1-24.
    It happened to me one day to say that Cartesianism, in what good it has, was only the anteroom of true philosophy. A person in the company, who frequented the court, was well read, and even had ideas about science, pressed the figure into an allegory-maybe a little too far. For, he asked me whether I didn’t think that one could say, along the same line, that the ancients led us up the staircase, that the modem school had arrived at (...)
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  50. Marcelo Dascal (1998). The Study of Controversies and the Theory and History of Science. Science in Context 11 (2):147.
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