186 found
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  1.  7
    Marcelo Dascal (1987). Defending Literal Meaning. Cognitive Science 11 (3):259-281.
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  2. Marcelo Dascal, Colonizing and Decolonizing Minds.
    Whereas the most visible forms of political colonialism have for the most part disappeared from the planet by the end of the millennium, several of its consequences remain with us. Criticism of colonialism, accordingly, has shifted its focus to its more subtle and lasting manifestations. Prominent among these are the varieties of what came to be known as the ‘colonization of the mind’. This is one of the forms of ‘epistemic violence’ that it is certainly the task of philosophers to (...)
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  3.  2
    Marcelo Dascal (1990). Leibniz: Language, Signs and Thought. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):849-851.
  4.  24
    Marcelo Dascal & Alan G. Gross (1999). The Marriage of Pragmatics and Rhetoric. Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (2):107-130.
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  5.  5
    David R. Olson & Marcelo Dascal (2013). Writing and the Mind. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (3):425-430.
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  6. Jan van Laar, Erik C. W. Krabbe & Marcelo Dascal, The Burden of Criticism.
    Some critical reactions hardly give clues to the arguer as to how to respond to them convinc-ingly. Other critical reactions convey some or even all of the considerations that make the critic critical of the arguer’s position and direct the arguer to defuse or to at least contend with them. First, an explication of the notion of a critical reaction will be provided, zooming in on the degree of ‘directiveness’ that a critical reaction displays. Second, it will be examined whether (...)
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  7.  70
    Marcelo Dascal, Dichotomies and Types of Debate.
    Dichotomies are ubiquitous in deliberative thinking, in decision making and in arguing in all spheres of life.[i] Sticking uncompromisingly to a dichotomy may lead to sharp disagreement and paradox, but it can also sharpen the issues at stake and help to find a solution. Dichotomies are particularly in evidence in debates, i.e., in argumentative dialogical exchanges characterized by their agonistic nature. The protagonists in a debate worth its name hold positions that are or that they take to be opposed; they (...)
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  8.  8
    Marcelo Dascal (1983). Pragmatics and the Philosophy of Mind. J. Benjamins.
    This volume deals with the relation between pragmatics and the philosophy of mind.
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  9.  3
    Marcelo Dascal (1998). The Study of Controversies and the Theory and History of Science. Science in Context 11 (2):147.
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  10.  26
    Marcelo Dascal (2001). How Rational Can a Polemic Across the Analytic -Continental 'Divide' Be? International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (3):313 – 339.
    In spite of the widespread belief that there is (or at least there was) a clearcut and deep opposition between two forms of philosophizing vaguely characterized as 'continental' and 'analytic', it is not easy to find actual examples of debates between philosophers that clearly belong to the opposed camps. Perhaps the reason is that, on the assumption that the alleged 'divide' is so deep, each side feels that there is no point in arguing against the other, for argumentation would quickly (...)
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  11.  4
    Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror (2005). The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach. Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
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  12.  5
    Marcelo Dascal (1989). On the Roles of Context and Literal Meaning in Understanding. Cognitive Science 13 (2):253-257.
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  13.  39
    Marcelo Dascal & Jerzy Wróblewski (1988). Transparency and Doubt: Understanding and Interpretation in Pragmatics and in Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 7 (2):427-450.
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  14.  5
    Marcelo Dascal, Jens Allwood, Benny Shanon, Stephen Stich, Yorick Wilks, Itiel Dror, Edson Françozo & Amir Horowitz (1996). Pragmatics & Cognition. Cognition 7:1.
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  15.  50
    Marcelo Dascal (2002). Language as a Cognitive Technology. International Journal of Cognition and Technology 1 (1):35-61.
    _Ever since Descartes singled out the ability to use natural language appropriately in any given circumstance as the proof_ _that humans – unlike animals and machines – have minds, an idea that Turing transformed into his well-known test to_ _determine whether machines have intelligence, the close connection between language and cognition has been widely_ _acknowledged, although it was accounted for in quite different ways. Recent advances in natural language processing, as_ _well as attempts to create “embodied conversational agents” which couple (...))
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  16.  4
    Marcelo Dascal (1976). Language and Money. A Simile and its Meaning in 17th Century Philosophy of Language. Studia Leibnitiana 8 (2):187 - 218.
    Trois philosophes du 17ème siècle, à son début, vers sa moitié et près de sa fin, ont utilisé la comparaison entre mots et monnaie: Bacon, Hobbes et Leibniz, respectivement. Quoique leurs textes à cet égard soient très semblables, ils emploient cette comparaison pour expliquer des thèses assez différentes sur la nature et les fonctions du langage. Cet article essaye de dégager ces différences, en les rapportant aux différentes philosophies du langage de ces auteurs. Il est aussi suggéré que de telles (...)
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  17.  6
    Marcelo Dascal & Amir Horowitz (1992). Semantics and the Psyche. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):395-399.
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  18.  4
    Marcelo Dascal (1994). News From Israel. The Leibniz Review 4:17-19.
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  19. Marcelo Dascal (2006). Interpretation and Understanding. Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 38 (114):93-98.
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  20. G. W. Leibniz, Marcelo Dascal, Quintin Racionero & Adelino Cardoso (2006). The Art of Controversies. Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):242-244.
     
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  21.  9
    Marcelo Dascal (2003). Ex Pluribus Unum? Patterns in 522+ Texts of Leibniz's Sämtliche Schriften Und Briefe VI, 4. The Leibniz Review 13:105-154.
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  22.  1
    Marcelo Dascal (1997). Critique Without Critics? Science in Context 10 (1).
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  23.  21
    Marcelo Dascal (2001). Controversies and Epistemology. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:159-192.
    I present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of the role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science. In order to do so, I first provide a preliminary clarification of the impasse to which I refer. I go on to explain why I see the study of (...)
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  24. Marcelo Dascal (1994). Speech Act Theory and Gricean Pragmatics: Some Differences of Detail That Make a Difference. In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Foundations of Speech Act Theory: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. Routledge 323--334.
     
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  25. Marcelo Dascal (1978). La Sémiologie de Leibniz. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  26.  31
    Marcelo Dascal, Hobbes's Challenge.
    s to the Cognitive Sciences, in their excessively brief historical surveys, usually attribute to Thomas Hobbes the merit of having been the first thinker to propose the computational theory of the mind. What they overlook is (a) the fact that Hobbes explicitly assigned to..
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  27.  33
    Marcelo Dascal (2008). Leibniz's Two-Pronged Dialectic. In Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer 37--72.
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  28.  2
    Marcelo Dascal (1995). Epistemología, controversias y pragmática. Isegoría 12:8-43.
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  29. Marcelo Dascal (1975). La razón y los misterios de la fe según Leibniz. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 1 (3):193.
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  30.  28
    Marcelo Dascal, Traditions of Controversy and Conflict Resolution: Can Past Approaches Help to Solve Present Conflicts?
    This chapter is about three distinguished representatives of three traditions of controversy – Jewish, Muslim, and Christian – and about one resilient conflict – the Palestinian/Israeli conflict. My purpose is to single out in the thought and practice of the selected three representatives approaches to controversy and conflict that might perhaps offer innovative ideas as to how to increase the chances of solving the conflict in question. In a conflict like this, where two different traditions and cultures confront each other, (...)
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  31.  88
    Marcelo Dascal (ed.) (1991). Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives. E.J. Brill.
  32.  24
    Marcelo Dascal, The Balance of Reason.
    If we had a balance of reasons, where the arguments presented in favor and against the case were weighed precisely and the verdict could be pronounced in favor of the most inclined scale ... [we would have] a more valuable art than that miraculous science of producing gold.
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  33. Avner Cohen & Marcelo Dascal (eds.) (1989). The Institution of Philosophy: A Discipline in Crisis? Open Court.
  34.  6
    Marcelo Dascal (1989). Hermeneutic Interpretation and Pragmatic Interpretation. Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (4):239 - 259.
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  35.  24
    Marcelo Dascal, Controversies.
    Controversy is a ubiquitous phenomenon in human theoretical and practical life. It manifests itself in various forms, ranging from virulent polemics to polite and well-ordered discussion. It expresses dissent, and may either lead to irreconcilable conflict or pave the way to conflict resolution. It occurs in private and everyday social life, in the courtroom and in politics, as well as in science, the arts, philosophy, and theology. Wherever it occurs, controversy sharpens critical thinking and prevents mental and social stagnation. Rather (...)
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  36.  22
    Marcelo Dascal, Types of Polemics and Types of Polemical Moves.
    The man who is seeking to convert another in the proper manner should do so in a dialectical and not in a contentious way ... he who asks questions in a contentious spirit and he who in replying refuses to admit what is apparent ... are both of them bad dialecticians.
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  37.  23
    Marcelo Dascal, Epistemology, Controversies, and Pragmatics.
    In this paper, I wish to present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of t he role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science.
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  38.  5
    Marcelo Dascal (forthcoming). Caractères et pensée dans Les notes parisiennes de Leibniz. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  39.  2
    Tamar Katriel & Marcelo Dascal (1984). What Do Indicating Devices Indicate? Philosophy and Rhetoric 17 (1):1 - 15.
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  40.  13
    Marcelo Dascal, Argument, War and the Role of the Media in Conflict Management.
    Even more precious perhaps is the tradition that works against Â… that misuse of language which consists in pseudo-arguments and propaganda. This is the tradition and discipline of clear speaking..
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  41.  17
    Marcelo Dascal, Nihil Sine Ratione À Blandior Ratio.
    blandior ratio : C, 34). I will first survey how extensive, albeit usually overlooked, is Leibniz’s concern with these “weaker” forms of reasoning, and how crucial they are for many of his practical and theoretical endeavors. I will then trace back this acute need of Leibniz´s brand of rationalism to the peculiar nature of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), as opposed to the other basic principle of his philosophy, the Principle of Contradiction (PC). I will present here only the (...)
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  42.  20
    Marcelo Dascal (2004). Alter et etiam: Rejoinder to Schepers. The Leibniz Review 14:137-151.
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  43.  16
    Marcelo Dascal, Towards a Dialectic of Tolerance.
    I was in Bucharest for a few days, not long before the fall of Ceaucescu’s regime. The fear, both of the authorities and of the people, which reigned in the city was vividly felt everywhere. To be sure, the communist regime was based on a doctrine that called itself ‘dialectic’. Unfortunately, it was a ‘dialectic’ that had nothing to do with dialogue, with listening to the other, respecting the other, and learning from the other. It assumed that ‘truth’ and ‘justice’ (...)
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  44.  6
    Marcelo Dascal (1998). Language in the Mind's House. The Leibniz Review 8:1-24.
    It happened to me one day to say that Cartesianism, in what good it has, was only the anteroom of true philosophy. A person in the company, who frequented the court, was well read, and even had ideas about science, pressed the figure into an allegory-maybe a little too far. For, he asked me whether I didn’t think that one could say, along the same line, that the ancients led us up the staircase, that the modem school had arrived at (...)
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  45.  7
    Marcelo Dascal & Asher Idan (1981). Procedures in Scientific Research and in Language Understanding. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 12 (2):226-249.
    Summary Pluralism and monism are the two current views concerning scientific research and language understanding. Between them there is a third, intermediate, view. We take a procedural methodology of science as exemplified in the work of L. Tondl, and procedural linguistics , as exemplified in the work of B. Harrison, to be representative of this third possibility. Procedures are cognitive, linguistic, and physical processes which, through their hierarchical interconnections can generate fruitful mechanisms . These mechanisms are sensitive to context and (...)
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  46.  3
    Jonathan Cole, Marcelo Dascal, Shaun Gallagher & Christopher D. Frith (2010). Concluding Discussion. Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (3):553-559.
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  47.  16
    Marcelo Dascal (2006). Adam Smith's Theory of Language. In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith. Cambridge University Press
    Adam Smith’s lasting fame certainly does not come from his work on language. He published very little on this topic and he is not usually mentioned in standard histories of linguistics or the philosophy of language. His most elaborate publication on the subject is a 1761 monograph on the origin and development of languages (FoL). Smith’s monograph joins a long list of speculative work on this then fashionable topic (cf. Hewes 1975, 1996). The fact that he later included it as (...)
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  48.  4
    Marcelo Dascal (2007). O Auto-Debate É Possível? Dissolvendo Alguns de Seus Supostos Paradoxos/Is Self-Debate Possible? Dissolving Some of its Apparent Paradoxes. Manuscrito 30 (2):599-629.
    O debate consigo mesmo é um fenômeno corriqueiro. Diariamente tomamos decisões – sejam elas importantes ou triviais, teóricas ou práticas – em questões nas quais temos que escolher entre pelo menos duas opções. Para fazê-lo confrontamos uma com a outra seja deliberando pausadamente a respeito dos méritos de cada uma, seja impulsiva-mente adotando uma delas e descartando as demais. Os auto-debates que mais têm cha-mado a atenção dos filósofos são aqueles em que pareceria que a racionalidade é violada: do wishful (...)
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  49. Marcelo Dascal & J. WRÓBLEWSKI (1992). Models of Interpretation. In Maksim Stamenov (ed.), Current Advances in Semantic Theory. J. Benjamins Pub. Co. 109--127.
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  50.  1
    Marcelo Dascal, Amnon Knoll & Daniel Cohen, Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization’ in Public Argumentation and Controversies.
    We describe and analyze an important cognitive obstacle in inter- and intra-community ar-gumentation processes, which we propose to call 'Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization' . This social phenomenon consists in the collective use of shared cognitive patterns based upon dichotomous schemati-zation of knowledge, values, and affection. We discuss the formative role of CSD on a community’s collec-tive cognition, identity, and public discourse, as well as the challenges it raises to reasoned argumentation, and how different approaches to argumentation undertake to face this obstacle (...)
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