Search results for 'Marcus Conant' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Philip R. Lee, Marcus Conant, Albert R. Jonsen & Steve Heilig (2006). Participation in Torture and Interrogation: An Inexcusable Breach of Medical Ethics—A Call to Hold Military Medical Personnel Accountable to Accepted Professional Standards. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (02):202-203.score: 240.0
  2. Keith A. Bauer, Marcus Conant, Evan G. DeRenzo, Neil Graham, Matti Häyry, Steve Heilig, Micah Hester & Søren Holm (2006). Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian for the Pamela & Kenneth Fong Optometry & Health Sciences Library of the University of California, Berkeley. This Library Serves the UC Berkeley School of Optometry and the UC Berkeley–UC San Francisco Joint Medical Program. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15:117-119.score: 240.0
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  3. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (1995). Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press.score: 210.0
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
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  4. Niklas Forsberg & James Conant (2013). Interview. From Positivist Rabbi to Resolute Reader: James Conant in Conversation with Niklas Forsberg, Part 1. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 2 (1):131-160.score: 180.0
    Name der Zeitschrift: Nordic Wittgenstein Review Jahrgang: 2 Heft: 1 Seiten: 131-160.
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  5. Ruth B. Marcus (1962). On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus. Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.score: 180.0
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  6. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1980). Moral Dilemmas and Consistency. Journal of Philosophy 77 (3):121-136.score: 60.0
    Marcus argues that moral dilemmas are real, but that they are not the result of inconsistent moral principles. Moral principles are consistent just in case there is some world where all principles are 'obeyable.' They are inconsistent just in case there is no world where all are 'obeyable.' What this logical point is meant to show is that moral dilemmas do not make moral codes inconsistent. She also discusses guilt, and argues that guilt is still appropriate even in cases (...)
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  7. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1961/1993). Modalities: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Based on her earlier ground-breaking axiomatization of quantified modal logic, the papers collected here by the distinguished philosopher Ruth Barcan Marcus cover much ground in the development of her thought, spanning from 1961 to 1990. The first essay here introduces themes initially viewed as iconoclastic, such as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the Barcan Formula about the interplay of possibility and existence, and alternative interpretations of quantification. Marcus also addresses the (...)
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  8. Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, James Conant & Gretchen Helfrich (2004). What is Pragmatism? Think 3 (8):71-88.score: 60.0
    The following is a transcript of a discussion about the question between Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, and James Conant. The discussion was part of a series of discussions on more or less philosophical subjects broadcast on Chicago Public Radio. This discussion is anchored by Gretchen Helfrich. Two listeners (Chris and Edwin) also took part.
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  9. Alan Ross Anderson, Ruth Barcan Marcus, R. M. Martin & Frederic B. Fitch (eds.) (1975). The Logical Enterprise. Yale University Press.score: 60.0
    Metaphysics and language: Quine, W. V. O. On the individuation of attributes. Körner, S. On some relations between logic and metaphysics. Marcus, R. B. Does the principle of substitutivity rest on a mistake? Van Fraassen, B. C. Platonism's pyrrhic victory. Martin, R. M. On some prepositional relations. Kearns, J. T. Sentences and propositions.--Basic and combinatorial logic: Orgass, R. J. Extended basic logic and ordinal numbers. Curry, H. B. Representation of Markov algorithms by combinators.--Implication and consistency: Anderson, A. R. Fitch (...)
     
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  10. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1998). Quentin Smith. In J. H. Fetzer & P. Humphreys (eds.), The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its Origins. Kluwer. 3.score: 60.0
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  11. Mordecai Marcus (1960). What is an Initiation Story? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (2):221-228.score: 30.0
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  12. Eric Marcus (2004). Why Zombies Are Inconceivable. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):477-90.score: 30.0
    I argue that zombies are inconceivable. More precisely, I argue that the conceivability-intuition that is used to demonstrate their possibility has been misconstrued. Thought experiments alleged to feature zombies founder on the fact that, on the one hand, they _must_ involve first-person imagining, and yet, on the other hand, _cannot_. Philosophers who take themselves to have imagined zombies have unwittingly conflated imagining a creature who lacks consciousness with imagining a creature without also imagining the consciousness it may or may not (...)
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  13. James Conant & Cora Diamond (2004). On Reading the Tractatus Resolutely: Reply to Meredith Williams and Peter Sullivan. In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's lasting significance. Routledge.score: 30.0
    Wittgenstein gives voice to an aspiration that is central to his later philosophy, well before he becomes later Wittgenstein, when he writes in §4.112 of the Tractatus that philosophy is not a matter of putting forward a doctrine or a theory, but consists rather in the practice of an activity – an activity he goes on to characterize as one of elucidation or clarification – an activity which he says does not result in philosophische Sätze, in propositions of philosophy, but (...)
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  14. Eric Marcus (2005). Mental Causation in a Physical World. Philosophical Studies 122 (1):27-50.score: 30.0
    Abstract: It is generally accepted that the most serious threat to the possibility of mental causation is posed by the causal self-sufficiency of physical causal processes. I argue, however, that this feature of the world, which I articulate in principle I call Completeness, in fact poses no genuine threat to mental causation. Some find Completeness threatening to mental causation because they confuse it with a stronger principle, which I call Closure. Others do not simply conflate Completeness and Closure, but (...)
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  15. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1961). Modalities and Intensional Languages. Synthese 13 (4):303-322.score: 30.0
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  16. James Conant (1992). The Search for Logically Alien Thought: Descartes, Kant, Frege, and the Tractatus. Philosophical Topics 20 (1):115-180.score: 30.0
  17. James Conant (1998). Wittgenstein on Meaning and Use. Philosophical Investigations 21 (3):222–250.score: 30.0
    Wittgenstein is usually taken to have held that the use of a term is not mentally constrained. That is utterly wrong. A use of language unconstrained by meaning is attributed by him to "meaning-blind" or "aspect-blind" creatures, not to us. We observe meaning when an aspect dawns on us; meaning is the impression (Eindruck) of a term as fitting something; hence, unlike pain, it cannot stand alone. That is a mentalistic theory of meaning: use is determined by images (Vorstellungen) that (...)
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  18. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1972). Quantification and Ontology. Noûs 6 (3):240-250.score: 30.0
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  19. Eric Marcus (2006). Intentionalism and the Imaginability of the Inverted Spectrum. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):321-339.score: 30.0
    There has been much written in recent years about whether a pair of subjects could have visual experiences that represented the colors of objects in their environment in precisely the same way, despite differing significantly in what it was like to undergo them, differing that is, in their qualitative character. The possibility of spectrum inversion has been so much debated1 in large part because of the threat that it would pose to the more general doctrine of Intentionalism, according to which (...)
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  20. James Conant (2006). The Dialectic of Perspectivism, II. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):6-57.score: 30.0
    As we have seen, the crucial step in Nietzsche’s argument for his early doctrine is summed by in the following remark: ‘If we are forced to comprehend all things only under these forms, then it ceases to be amazing that in all things we actually comprehend nothing but these forms’ (1979, pp. 87–8). Before eventually learning to be suspicious of it, Nietzsche spends a good deal of time wondering instead what it would mean to live with the conclusion that (what (...)
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  21. James Conant, What 'Ethics' in the Tractatus is Not.score: 30.0
    If someone believes himself to have discovered the solution to the problem of life … then in order to refute himself he need only reflect that there was a time when this ‘solution’ had not been discovered; but it must have been possible to live then too…. And that is the position in which we find ourselves in logic. If there comes to seem to be a ‘solution’ to logical (philosophical) problems, we should need only to caution ourselves that there (...)
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  22. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1981). A Proposed Solution to a Puzzle About Belief. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):501-510.score: 30.0
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  23. James Conant (1997). On Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (2):195–222.score: 30.0
  24. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1962). Interpreting Quantification. Inquiry 5 (1-4):252 – 259.score: 30.0
    Alternative readings of quantification are considered. The absence of an unequivocal translation into ordinary speech is noted. Some examples are cited which, in the opinion of the author, are a result of equivocal readings of quantification, or unnecessarily restrictive readings which obscure its primary function.
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  25. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1983). Rationality and Believing the Impossible. Journal of Philosophy 80 (6):321-338.score: 30.0
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  26. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1967). Essentialism in Modal Logic. Noûs 1 (1):91-96.score: 30.0
  27. Urszula M. Żegleń & James Conant (eds.) (2002). Hilary Putnam: Pragmatism and Realism. Routledge.score: 30.0
    One of the most influential contemporary philosophers, Hilary Putnam's involvement in philosophy spans philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, ontology and epistemology and logic. This edited volume explores Putnam's contribution to the contemporary realist and pragmatist debate and includes Putnam's comments on each issue raised.
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  28. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1960). Extensionality. Mind 69 (273):55-62.score: 30.0
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  29. Eric Marcus (2010). Life and Action. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):749-751.score: 30.0
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  30. Eric Marcus (2009). Why There Are No Token States. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:215-241.score: 30.0
    The thesis that mental states are physical states enjoys widespread popularity. After the abandonment of typeidentity theories, however, this thesis has typically been framed in terms of state tokens. I argue that token states are a philosopher’s fiction, and that debates about the identity of mental and physical state tokens thus rest on a mistake.
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  31. Rutharcan B. Marcus (1990). Some Revisionary Proposals About Belief and Believing. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:133-153.score: 30.0
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  32. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1971). Essential Attribution. Journal of Philosophy 68 (7):187-202.score: 30.0
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  33. Eric Marcus (2001). Mental Causation: Unnaturalized but Not Unnatural. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):57-83.score: 30.0
    If a woman in the audience at a presentation raises her hand, we would take this as evidence that she intends to ask a question. In normal circumstances, we would be right to say that she raises her hand because she intends to ask a question. We also expect that there could, in principle, be a causal explanation of her hand’s rising in purely physiological terms. Ordinarily, we take the existence and compatibility of both kinds of causes for granted. But (...)
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  34. Eric Marcus (2006). Events, Sortals, and the Mind-Body Problem. Synthese 150 (1):99-129.score: 30.0
    In recent decades, a view of identity I call Sortalism has gained popularity. According to this view, if a is identical to b, then there is some sortal S such that a is the same S as b. Sortalism has typically been discussed with respect to the identity of objects. I argue that the motivations for Sortalism about object-identity apply equally well to event-identity. But Sortalism about event-identity poses a serious threat to the view that mental events are token identical (...)
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  35. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1953). Strict Implication, Deducibility and the Deduction Theorem. Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):234-236.score: 30.0
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  36. Gary F. Marcus (2005). What Developmental Biology Can Tell Us About Innateness. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. 23.score: 30.0
  37. Gary F. Marcus (2002). What Can Developmental Disorders Tell Us About Modularity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):762-763.score: 30.0
    This commentary discusses the logic of inferring modularity or the lack of modularity from observed patterns of developmental disorders.
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  38. Paul Marcus (2003). Ancient Religious Wisdom, Spirituality, and Psychoanalysis. Praeger.score: 30.0
    Unlike most books on psychoanalysis and religion, where psychoanalysis is regarded as a superior mode of understanding, this work explains how psychoanalysis ...
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  39. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1966). Iterated Deontic Modalities. Mind 75 (300):580-582.score: 30.0
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  40. Russell Marcus (2013). Intrinsic Explanation and Field's Dispensabilist Strategy. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (2):163 - 183.score: 30.0
    Philosophy of mathematics for the last half-century has been dominated in one way or another by Quine’s indispensability argument. The argument alleges that our best scientific theory quantifies over, and thus commits us to, mathematical objects. In this paper, I present new considerations which undermine the most serious challenge to Quine’s argument, Hartry Field’s reformulation of Newtonian Gravitational Theory.
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  41. Gary F. Marcus & Frank C. Keil (2008). Concepts, Correlations, and Some Challenges for Connectionist Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):722-723.score: 30.0
    Rogers & McClelland's (R&M's) précis represents an important effort to address key issues in concepts and categorization, but few of the simulations deliver what is promised. We argue that the models are seriously underconstrained, importantly incomplete, and psychologically implausible; more broadly, R&M dwell too heavily on the apparent successes without comparable concern for limitations already noted in the literature.
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  42. Gary Marcus (2005). Opposites Detract: Why Rules and Similarity Should Not Be Viewed as Opposite Ends of a Continuum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):28-29.score: 30.0
    Criteria that aim to dichotomize cognition into rules and similarity are destined to fail because rules and similarity are not in genuine conflict. It is possible for a given cognitive domain to exploit rules without similarity, similarity without rules, or both (rules and similarity) at the same time.
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  43. James Conant (2004). Varieties of Scepticism. In Denis McManus (ed.), Wittgenstein and Scepticism. Routledge. 97--136.score: 30.0
  44. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1950). The Elimination of Contextually Defined Predicates in a Modal System. Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):92.score: 30.0
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  45. ed Marcus, George E. & Fred Red Myers (1996). Book Review: The Traffic in Culture: Refiguring Art and Anthropology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 20 (1).score: 30.0
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  46. Gary F. Marcus (2004). Birth of the Mind: How a Tiny Number of Genes Creates the Complexity of Human Thought. Basic Books.score: 30.0
  47. Margaret Marcus (1947). The Romantic Garden in Persia. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 5 (3):181-183.score: 30.0
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  48. Margaret F. Marcus (1952). Some Oriental Ways with Flowers. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 11 (2):160-170.score: 30.0
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  49. Gary F. Marcus (1997). Extracting Higher-Level Relationships in Connectionist Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):77-77.score: 30.0
    Connectionist networks excel at extracting statistical regularities but have trouble extracting higher-order relationships. Clark & Thornton suggest that a solution to this problem might come from Elman (1993), but I argue that the success of Elman's single recurrent network is illusory, and show that it cannot in fact represent abstract relationships that can be generalized to novel instances, undermining Clark & Thornton's key arguments.
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  50. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Georg Dorn & Paul Weingartner (eds.) (1986). Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Vii: Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, 1983. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..score: 30.0
    Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science VII.
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