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Maria Kronfeldner [14]Maria E. Kronfeldner [4]
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Profile: Maria Kronfeldner (Universität Bielefeld)
  1. Maria Kronfeldner, Neil Roughley & Georg Toepfer (2014). Recent Work on Human Nature: Beyond Traditional Essences. Philosophy Compass 9 (9):642-652.
    Recent philosophical work on the concept of human nature disagrees on how to respond to the Darwinian challenge, according to which biological species do not have traditional essences. Three broad kinds of reactions can be distinguished: (1) conservative intrinsic essentialism, which defends essences in the traditional sense, (2) eliminativism, which suggests dropping the concept of human nature altogether, and (3) constructive approaches, which argue that revisions can generate sensible concepts of human nature beyond traditional essences. The different constructive approaches pick (...)
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  2. Maria Kronfeldner (2012). Seeds of Change: A Comparative Review of Five New Collections in the Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (1):195-201.
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  3. Maria Kronfeldner (2011). Darwinian Creativity and Memetics. Acumen.
    The book examines how Darwinism has been used to explain novelty and change in culture through the Darwinian approach to creativity and the theory of memes. The first claims that creativity is based on a Darwinian process of blind variation and selection, while the latter claims that culture is based on and explained by units - memes - that are similar to genes. Both theories try to describe and explain mind and culture by applying Darwinism by way of analogies. Kronfeldner (...)
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  4. Staffan Müller-Wille & Maria Kronfeldner (2011). How to See the Trees for the Forest: Introduction to a Special Issue on Causation and Disease. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4).
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  5. Maria Kronfeldner (2010). Darwinian 'Blind' Hypothesis Formation Revisited. Synthese 175 (2):193--218.
    Over the last four decades arguments for and against the claim that creative hypothesis formation is based on Darwinian ‘blind’ variation have been put forward. This paper offers a new and systematic route through this long-lasting debate. It distinguishes between undirected, random, and unjustified variation, to prevent widespread confusions regarding the meaning of undirected variation. These misunderstandings concern Lamarckism, equiprobability, developmental constraints, and creative hypothesis formation. The paper then introduces and develops the standard critique that creative hypothesis formation is guided (...)
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  6. Maria Kronfeldner (2010). Wenn Philosophen Auf Biologen Treffen: Über Die Arbeit Am Begriff Im Dienste der Interdisziplinarität. Briefe Zur Interdisziplinarität 6:7-16.
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  7. Maria Kronfeldner (2010). Won't You Please Unite? Darwinism, Cultural Evolution and Kinds of Synthesis. In A. Barahona, H.-J. Rheinberger & E. Suarez-Diaz (eds.), The Hereditary Hourglass: Genetics and Epigenetics, 1868-2000. Max Planck Insititute for the History of Science. 111-125.
    The synthetic theory of evolution has gone stale and an expanding or (re-)widening of it towards a new synthesis has been announced. This time, development and culture are supposed to join the synthesis bandwagon. In this article, I distinguish between four kinds of synthesis that are involved when we extend the evolutionary synthesis towards culture: the integration of fields, the heuristic generation of interfields, the expansion of validity, and the creation of a common frame of discourse or ‘big-picture’. These kinds (...)
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  8. Maria Kronfeldner (2009). Creativity Naturalized. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):577-592.
    I argue that creativity is compatible with determinism and therefore with naturalistic explanation. I explore different kinds of novelty, corresponding with four distinct concepts of creativity – anthropological, historical, psychological and metaphysical. Psychological creativity incorporates originality and spontaneity. Taken together, these point to the independence of the creative mind from social learning, experience and previously acquired knowledge. This independence is nevertheless compatible with determinism. Creativity is opposed to specific causal factors, but it does not exclude causal determination as such. So (...)
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  9. Maria Kronfeldner (2009). Genetic Determinism and the Innate-Acquired Distinction. Medicine Studies 1 (2):167-181.
    This article illustrates in which sense genetic determinism is still part of the contemporary interactionist consensus in medicine. Three dimensions of this consensus are discussed: kinds of causes, a continuum of traits ranging from monogenetic diseases to car accidents, and different kinds of determination due to different norms of reaction. On this basis, this article explicates in which sense the interactionist consensus presupposes the innate?acquired distinction. After a descriptive Part 1, Part 2 reviews why the innate?acquired distinction is under attack (...)
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  10. Maria Kronfeldner (2009). If There is Nothing Beyond the Organic...: Heredity and Culture at the Boundaries of Anthropology in the Work of Alfred L. Kroeber. [REVIEW] NTM - Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 17 (2):107-134.
    Continuing Franz Boas' work to establish anthropology as an academic discipline in the US at the turn of the twentieth century, Alfred L. Kroeber re-defined culture as a phenomenon sui generis. To achieve this he asked geneticists to enter into a coalition against hereditarian thoughts prevalent at that time in the US. The goal was to create space for anthropology as a separate discipline within academia, distinct from other disciplines. To this end he crossed the boundary separating anthropology from biology (...)
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  11. Maria Kronfeldner (2009). Meme, Meme, Meme. Philosophia Naturalis 46 (1):36-60.
    Charles Darwin und seine Erben wendeten die Theorie der Evolution biologischer Arten auch auf Kultur an. Kultur evolviere wie die Natur auf Darwinistische Weise. Die sog. Memtheorie, vertreten von verschiedenen Autoren auf der Basis des Darwinistischen Genselektionismus, ist eine Spielart einer solchen analogen Anwendung. Dieser Artikel kritisiert drei zentrale Aussagen der Memtheorie: (i) dass es Einheiten der Kultur – Meme – gibt, die analog zu Genen zu verstehen sind, (ii) dass Meme, in Analogie zu Genen, Replikatoren sind, und (iii) dass (...)
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  12. Maria Kronfeldner (2008). Trigger Me: Evolutionspsychologie, Genzentrismus Und Die Idee der Kultur. Nach Feierabend 4:31-46.
    Die Evolutionspsychologie hat vor ungefähr 20 Jahren die Nachfolge der Soziobiologie angetreten und zieht seitdem gegen die angebliche Rückständigkeit der Sozialwissenschaften zu Felde. Der Gegenstand dieses Textes ist die Rückständigkeit der Evolutionspsychologie - Rückständigkeit in Bezug auf die Art und Weise, wie das Phänomen Kultur zugerichtet wird, um es dann, jenseits der Lippenbekenntnisse zur Kultur, als explanatorisch irrelevant zu ignorieren.
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  13. Maria E. Kronfeldner (2008). Kommentar - ÜBer Kleine Und großE Meilensteine: Wie Wir Finden, Was Wir Suchen. Erwã¤Gen, Wissen, Ethik 19:177-178.
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  14. Maria E. Kronfeldner (2008). Von Macbeth Bis Machwerk: KreativitäT Und Abgrenzung. In Akademie Schloss Solitude (ed.), Von Etwas, Das Nie Aufhã¶Rt. Merz & Solitude. 100-102.
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  15. Maria Kronfeldner (2007). Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning From Nature to Culture. Dissertation, University of Regensburg
    The dissertation criticizes two analogical applications of Darwinism to the spheres of mind and culture: the Darwinian approach to creativity and memetics. These theories rely on three basic analogies: the ontological analogy states that the basic ontological units of culture are so-called memes, which are replicators like genes; the origination analogy states that novelty in human creativity emerges in a "blind" Darwinian manner; and the explanatory units of selection analogy states that memes are "egoistic" and that they can spread independently (...)
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  16. Maria Kronfeldner (2007). Is Cultural Evolution Lamarckian? Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):493-512.
    The article addresses the question whether culture evolves in a Lamarckian manner. I highlight three central aspects of a Lamarckian concept of evolution: the inheritance of acquired characteristics, the transformational pattern of evolution, and the concept of directed changes. A clear exposition of these aspects shows that a system can be a Darwinian variational system instead of a Lamarckian transformational one, even if it is based on inheritance of acquired characteristics and/or on Lamarckian directed changes. On this basis, I apply (...)
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  17. Maria E. Kronfeldner (2005). Kommentar - Analogie in Welcher Hinsicht: Echt, Formal, Nur Bildhaft Oder Schlicht Zu Schwach? Erwã¤Gen, Wissen, Ethik 16:400-402.
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  18. Maria E. Kronfeldner (2005). Zum Begriff der Psychologischen KreativitäT Als Basis Einer Naturalistischen KreativitäTstheorie: Eine Kompatibilistische Rekonstruktion von OriginalitäT Und SpontaneitäT. In G. Abel (ed.), Kreativitã¤T: Sektionsbeitrã¤Ge / Xx. Deutscher Kongress Fã¼r Philosophie, 26. - 30. September 2005 in Berlin. Univ.-Verl. Der Tu. 19-30.
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