Search results for 'Mariam Missaghian' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Doug Brugge & Mariam Missaghian (2006). Protecting the Navajo People Through Tribal Regulation of Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):491-507.score: 240.0
    This essay explores the process and issues related to community collaborative research that involves Native Americans generally, and specifically examines the Navajo Nation’s efforts to regulate research within its jurisdiction. Researchers need to account for both the experience of Native Americans and their own preconceptions about Native Americans when conducting research about Native Americans. The Navajo Nation institutionalized an approach to protecting members of the nation when it took over Institutional Review Board (IRB) responsibilities from the US Indian Health Service (...)
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  2. M. S. Doug Brugge PhD & Mariam Missaghian (2006). Protecting the Navajo People Through Tribal Regulation of Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3).score: 240.0
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  3. Ruhul Amin & A. G. Mariam (1987). Son Preference in Bangladesh: An Emerging Barrier to Fertility Regulation. Journal of Biosocial Science 19 (2).score: 30.0
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  4. Thalos Mariam (1999). Why We Believe. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (2).score: 30.0
     
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  5. George Botterill (2014). Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe By Mariam Thalos. Analysis 74 (3):556-558.score: 9.0
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  6. Barbara S. Andrew (2001). Book Review: Mariam Fraser. Identity Without Selfhood: Bisexuality and Simone de Beauvoir. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. [REVIEW] Hypatia 16 (3):161-163.score: 9.0
  7. D. Gimlin (2006). The Body: A Reader by Mariam Fraser and Monica Greco. Body and Society 12 (1):127.score: 9.0
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  8. Kathleen McGlone (2009). The Poisoned Chalice: Wine as a Vehicle of Death in Women Beware Women, the Tragedy of Mariam, and Hamlet. Mediaevalia 30:105.score: 9.0
     
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  9. Mariam Ghosn (2007). Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease in Young Children: Part I. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (3):1.score: 6.0
    Ghosn, Mariam Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited disorder. Sufferers usually develop symptoms in midlife between the ages of 30 and 50 years. HD causes neurodegeneration resulting in the progressive development of physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms. The impact on sufferers worsens over time with the final stage of the disease resulting in the need for professional assistance in a long-term care facility. More rarely HD develops in children and young adults, with less than 5% of HD sufferers being (...)
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  10. Mariam Ghosn (2006). The Obesity Crisis. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (2):4.score: 6.0
    Ghosn, Mariam The causes of obesity are complex. Both our attitudes and lifestyles will need to change in order to successfully address this issue.
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  11. Mariam Ghosn & Ford (2006). Stem Cell Technology Update. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (1):10.score: 6.0
    Ghosn, Mariam; Ford, Norman The adult stem cells are capable of self-renewal and are responsible for replenishing cells throughout an individual's lifetime, residing not only at embryonic stage but also in children and adults. The latest advancements and updates in adult stem cell technology demonstrate that it might be possible to generate stem cells for therapeutic uses without the creation or destruction of human embryos.
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  12. Mariam Ghosn (2007). Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease in Adolescents: Part 2. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (3):3.score: 6.0
    Ghosn, Mariam Predictive genetic testing Part 2 will examine the issues and ethical aspects that must be considered when adolescents below the age of majority make a request to undergo predictive genetic testing for Huntington's disease.
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  13. Mariam Ghosn (2006). Aspartame: An Artificial Sweetener Under Review. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 11 (4):9.score: 6.0
    Ghosn, Mariam A seven-year $1 million dollar study conducted by Dr. M. Soffritti found that significant trend of increasing lymphoma and leukaemia incidence in female rats fed aspartame with a significant increase in the number of female rats affected at dosages of 20 mg/kg per day and upward, thus questioning aspartame's safety. However, the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA's) Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC) argued that there was not enough (...)
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  14. Máriam Martínez-Bascuñán (2012). Género, Emancipación y Diferencia(S): La Teoría Política de Iris Marion Young. Plaza y Valdés Editores.score: 6.0
    Iris Marion Young fue una de las pensadoras feministas más importantes del último cuarto del siglo pasado. Su obra es reconocida internacionalmente como una de las aportaciones más creativas e influyentes de nuestra época. Con el objeto de celebrar su aporte único y su novedad y de mantener vivo su pensamiento, Máriam Martínez-Bascuñán desarrolla un riguroso análisis crítico de su obra desde las cuestiones de justicia social, democracia deliberativa y su relación con la teoría de la opresión, hasta el enfoque (...)
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  15. Mariam Thalos (2010). Two Conceptions of Fundamentality. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2):151-177.score: 3.0
    This article aims to show that fundamentality is construed differently in the two most prominent strategies of analysis we find in physical science and engineering today: (1) atomistic, reductive analysis and (2) Systems analysis. Correspondingly, atomism is the conception according to which the simplest (smallest) indivisible entity of a certain kind is most fundamental; while systemism , as will be articulated here, is the conception according to which the bonds that structure wholes are most fundamental, and scale and/or constituting entities (...)
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  16. Alan Hájek (2003). Conditional Probability Is the Very Guide of Life. In Kyburg Jr, E. Henry & Mariam Thalos (eds.), Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance. Open Court. 183--203.score: 3.0
    in Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance, eds. Henry Kyburg, Jr. and Mariam Thalos, Open Court. Abridged version in Proceedings of the International Society for Bayesian Analysis 2002.
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  17. Mariam Attar (2010). Islamic Ethics: Divine Command Theory in Arabo-Islamic Thought. Routledge.score: 3.0
    This book explores philosophical ethics in Arabo-Islamic thought.
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  18. Mariam Thalos (1999). Two Dogmas of Naturalized Epistemology. Dialectica 53 (2):111–138.score: 3.0
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  19. F. Bacchus, Mariam Thalos & H. E. Kyburg (1990). Against Conditionalization. Synthese 85 (3):475 - 506.score: 3.0
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  20. Mariam Thalos (1997). Self-Interest, Autonomy, and the Presuppositions of Decision Theory. American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (2):287 - 297.score: 3.0
    the voluntary actions of such beings cannot be covered by causal laws. Decision theorists, accepting the premise of this argument, appeal instead to noncausal laws predicated on principles of success—oriented action, and use these laws to produce substantive and testable predictions about large—scale human behavior. The primary directive of success-oriented action is maximization of some valuable quantity. Many economists and social scientists use the principles of decision theory to explain social and economic phenomena, while many political philosophers use them to (...)
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  21. Mariam Fraser (2006). The Ethics of Reality and Virtual Reality: Latour, Facts and Values. History of the Human Sciences 19 (2):45-72.score: 3.0
    In the context of the question of the extent to which science studies is able to mount an adequate critique of contemporary developments in science and technology, and in view of the proliferating interest in ethics across the social sciences, this article has two aims. Firstly to address some of the implications for ethics of Bruno Latour's, and to a lesser extent Alfred North Whitehead’s, conceptions of reality, both of which have a bearing on the long-standing dichotomy between facts and (...)
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  22. Mariam Thalos (2002). Explanation is a Genus: An Essay on the Varieties of Scientific Explanation. Synthese 130 (3):317 - 354.score: 3.0
    I shall endeavor to show that every physical theory since Newton explainswithout drawing attention to causes–that, in other words, physical theories as physical theories aspire to explain under an ideal quite distinctfrom that of causal explanation. If I am right, then even if sometimes theexplanations achieved by a physical theory are not in violation ofthe standard of causal explanation, this is purely an accident. For physicaltheories, as I will show, do not, as such, aim at accommodating the goals (...)
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  23. Mariam Thalos (1995). Book Review:The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science John Dupre. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 62 (2):351-.score: 3.0
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  24. Mariam Thalos & Chrisoula Andreou (2009). Of Human Bonding: An Essay on the Natural History of Agency. Public Reason 1 (2).score: 3.0
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  25. Mariam Thalos (2002). The Reduction of Causal Processes. Synthese 131 (1):99 - 128.score: 3.0
    The principle that causes always render their effects more likely is fundamental to the enterprise of reducing facts of causation to facts about (objective) chances. This reductionist enterprise faces famous difficulties in accommodating common-sense intuitions about causal processes, if it insists on cashing out causal processes in terms of streams of events in which every event that belongs to the stream is a cause of the adjoining event downstream of it. I shall propose modifications to this way of cashing out (...)
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  26. Mariam Thalos (2006). Nonreductive Physics. Synthese 149 (1):133 - 178.score: 3.0
    This paper documents a wide range of nonreductive scientific treatments of phenomena in the domain of physics. These treatments strongly resist characterization as explanations of macrobehavior exclusively in terms of behavior of microconstituents. For they are treatments in which macroquantities are cast in the role of genuine and irreducible degrees of freedom. One is driven into reductionism when one is not cultivated to possess an array of distinctions rich enough to let things be what they are. In contrast, making the (...)
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  27. Mariam Thalos (1998). A Modest Proposal for Interpreting Structural Explanations. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):279-295.score: 3.0
    Social sciences face a well-known problem, which is an instance of a general problem faced as well by psychological and biological sciences: the problem of establishing their legitimate existence alongside physics. This, as will become clear, is a problem in metaphysics. I will show how a new account of structural explanations, put forward by Frank Jackson and Philip Pettit, which is designed to solve this metaphysical problem with social sciences in mind, fails to treat the problem in any importantly new (...)
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  28. Mariam Thalos (2008). Two Conceptions of Collectivity. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):83-104.score: 3.0
    This paper distinguishes two conceptions of collectivity, each of which tracks the targets of classification according to their aetiology. Collectivities falling under the first conception are founded on (more-or-less) explicit negotiations amongst the members who are known to one another personally. Collectivities falling under the second (philosophically neglected) conception are founded - at least initially - purely upon a shared conception of "we", very often in the absence of prior acquaintance and personal interaction. The paper argues that neglect of collectivities (...)
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  29. Mariam Thalos (1999). Degrees of Freedom: An Essay on Competitions Between Micro and Macro in Mechanics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):1-39.score: 3.0
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  30. Mariam Thalos & Oliver Richardson (2014). Capitalization in the St. Petersburg Game Why Statistical Distributions Matter. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (3):292-313.score: 3.0
    In spite of its infinite expectation value, the St. Petersburg game is not only a gamble without supply in the real world, but also one without demand at apparently very reasonable asking prices. We offer a rationalizing explanation of why the St. Petersburg bargain is unattractive on both sides (to both house and player) in the mid-range of prices (finite but upwards of about $4). Our analysis – featuring (1) the already-established fact that the average of finite ensembles of the (...)
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  31. Mariam Thalos (2008). Molecule-for-Molecule Duplication. Teorema 27 (3):103-114.score: 3.0
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  32. Mariam Fraser, Sarah Kember & Celia Lury (eds.) (2006). Inventive Life: Approaches to the New Vitalism. Sage.score: 3.0
    This book demonstrates how and why vitalism—the idea that life cannot be explained by the principles of mechanism—matters now. Vitalism resists closure and reductionism in the life sciences while simultaneously addressing the object of life itself. The aim of this collection is to consider the questions that vitalism makes it possible to ask: questions about the role and status of life across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities and questions about contingency, indeterminacy, relationality and change. All have special importance now, (...)
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  33. Mariam Thalos (1999). Degrees of Freedom in the Social World: Towards a Systems Analysis of Decision. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):453–477.score: 3.0
    THOMAS SCHELLING taught us that in ordinary human affairs, con¯ict and common interest are ubiquitously intertwined.1 For when it comes to variety, the occasion of pure con¯ict (known to some of its friends as the zerosum game) is as under-represented in human affairs as the occasion of undiluted common interest (known as the pure coordination game). The undiluted extremes are the exceptions, when it comes to counting kinds, while the mixed-motive kind of occasion is the rule. Things look a bit (...)
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  34. Mariam Fraser & Nirmal Puwar (2008). Introduction: Intimacy in Research. History of the Human Sciences 21 (4):1-16.score: 3.0
    The introduction to this special issue addresses the production of intimacy in the labour of research. It explores the sensory, emotional and affective relations which form an integral, if often invisible, part of the process through which researchers engage with, produce, understand and translate `research'. The article argues that these processes inform the making of knowledge, shape power relations and enable or constrain the practical negotiation of ethical problems. These issues are not, however, often foregrounded in debates on methods or (...)
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  35. Mariam Thalos (2005). From Paradox to Judgment: Towards a Metaphysics of Expression. Australasian Journal of Logic 3:76-107.score: 3.0
    The Liar sentence is a singularly important piece of philosophical evidence. It is an instrument for investigating the metaphysics of expressing truths and falsehoods. And an instrument too for investigating the varieties of conflict that can give rise to paradox. It shall serve as perhaps the most important clue to the shape of human judgment, as well as to the nature of the dependence of judgment upon language use.
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  36. Mariam Thalos (2009). Systems. The Monist 92 (3):452-478.score: 3.0
    Dynamical-systems analysis is nowadays ubiquitous. From engineering (its point of origin and natural home) to physiology, and from psychology to ecology, it enjoys surprisingly wide application. Sometimes the analysis rings decisively false—as, for example, when adopted in certain treatments of historical narrative;1 other times it is provocativeandcontroversial,aswhenappliedtothephenomenaofmind and cognition.2 Dynamical systems analysis (or “Systems” with a capital “S,” as I shall sometimes refer to it) is simply a tool of analysis. It mobilizes the language and mathematical technology of differential equations,andbringsintoplaythedistinctiveconceptsofequilibriumand (...)
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  37. Mariam Fraser (2001). Visceral Futures: Bodies of Feminist Criticism. Social Epistemology 15 (2):91 – 111.score: 3.0
    This paper is situated in the context of feminist poststructuralist debates around identity. In it, I argue that anti-essentialist accounts of identity, while they may displace, or at least call into question, the foundations of subjectivity, are no less likely to invoke a series of presuppositions with respect to the self than those who seek to maintain them in some form. In particular, these presuppositions often cohere around the materiality of the body. And yet, paradoxically, this accent on materiality refers (...)
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  38. Mariam Thalos, From Paradox to Judgment: Towards a Metaphysics of Expression.score: 3.0
    The Liar sentence is a singularly important piece of philosophical evidence. It is an instrument for investigating the metaphysics of expressing truths and falsehoods. And an instrument too for investigating the varieties of conflict that can give rise to paradox. It shall serve as perhaps the most important clue to the shape of human judgment, as well as to the nature of the dependence of judgment upon language use.
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  39. Chrisoula Andreou & Mariam Thalos (2007). Sense and Sensibility. American Philosophical Quarterly 44 (1):71 - 80.score: 3.0
  40. Mariam Thalos (1999). Units of Decision. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):338.score: 3.0
    I shall introduce the units 0f decision problem in thc theory of decision, which as I shall explain is 21 sibling t0 thc units 0f selection problem in cvolutionary thcory. And I shall present an argument to thc cffcct that, contrary to Bayesian wisdom on the subject, undertaking decision in group settings (in multi-individual units) violates no precepts of rationality.
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  41. Mariam Thalos (2012). Solidarity: A Motivational Conception. Philosophical Papers 41 (1):57-95.score: 3.0
    Abstract This essay offers a motivational conception of solidarity that can be employed across the entire range of sciences and humanities, while also filling a gap in the motivational spectrum conceived by decision theorists and economists?and expanding the two-part division between altruistic and selfish motivations into a tripartite analysis that suggests a spectrum instead. According to the present proposal, solidarity is a condition of action-readiness on behalf of a group or its interests. The proposal will admit of measuring the extent (...)
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  42. Mariam Thalos (2013). Without Hierarchies: The Scale Freedom of the Universe. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    O (I) Figure 7.1 Bijective realization function f help make the philosophical point I have been hammering—the “no hierarchies” point—very simple to argue for. They also help to make clear how the vision of science I fervently hope will prevail ...
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  43. Mariam Thalos (2011). Imitative Reasoning. Social Epistemology 23 (3):381-405.score: 3.0
    On the classical instrumental view, practical reason is an all-things-considered enterprise, concerned not merely with identifying and evaluating appropriate means to the realization of ends construed as uncriticizable, but also with coordinating achievement of their sum. The concept of a totality of ranked concerns is the cornerstone of the theory of utility. This paper discusses some of the ways that practical reasoning, on the ground, is not instrumental in this sense. The paper will demonstrate that some of what goes on (...)
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  44. Mariam Thalos (2008). On Planning: Toward a Natural History of Goal Attainment. Philosophical Papers 37 (2):289-317.score: 3.0
    The goal of the essay is to articulate some beginnings for an empirical approach to the study of agency, in the firm conviction that agency is subject to scientific scrutiny, and is not to be abandoned to high-brow aprioristic philosophy. Drawing on insights from decision analysis, game theory, general dynamics, physics and engineering, this essay will examine the diversity of planning phenomena, and in that way take some steps towards assembling rudiments for the budding science, in the process innovating (parts (...)
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  45. Mariam Fraser (2001). The Nature of Prozac. History of the Human Sciences 14 (3):56-84.score: 3.0
    This article addresses the relations between ‘nature’ and ‘culture’ (and those characteristics associated with ‘the natural’ and ‘the cultural’) in the context of the debates about Prozac. Following Marilyn Strathern, I focus specifically on the contested issue of enablement - that is, on what Prozac does or does not enable, and on the relation between enablement and enhancement, normality and pathology. I argue that the implications of the model of the brain that accompanies explanations of Prozac are such that commentators (...)
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  46. Mariam Thalos (1999). Why We Believe. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (2):317-339.score: 3.0
    The radical probabilist counsels the prudent never to put away uncertainty, and hence always to balance judgment with probabilities of various sizes. Against this counsel I shall advise in favor of the practice of full belief — at least for some occasions. This advice rests on the fact that it is sometimes in a person's interests to accept certain propositions as a means of bringing it about that others recognize oneself as having accepted those propositions. With the pragmatists, therefore, I (...)
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  47. Fahiem Bacchus, Henry E. Kyburg Jr & Mariam Thalos (1990). Against Conditionalization. Synthese 85 (3):475 - 506.score: 3.0
  48. Mariam Thalos (2003). “Searle’s Foole: How a Constructionist Account of Society Cannot Substitute for a Causal One. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62 (1):105-122.score: 3.0
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle promises a causal account of how social facts are constructed by human acts of intention, but specifically disavows a special theoretical space in that account for human motivation. This paper argues that such a story as Searle tells cannot serve as a causal account of society. A causal account must illuminate motivations, because doing so illuminates the aims and interests lacking which we cannot explain why these social practices come to be and (...)
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  49. Mariam Thalos (2013). Truth Deserves to Be Believed. Philosophy 88 (2):179-196.score: 3.0
    Science seems generally to aim at truth. And governmental support of science is often premised on the instrumental value of truth in service of advancing our practical objectives, both as individuals and as communities, large and small. While there is some political expediency to this view, it is not correct. The value of truth is nowise that it helps us achieve our aims. In fact, just the contrary: truth deserves to be believed only on the condition that its claim upon (...)
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