Search results for 'Mark A. Kramer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark A. Kramer, Roger Costello & John Griffith (2009). Investigating the Force Multiplier Effect of Citizen Event Reporting by Social Simulation. Mind and Society 8 (2):209-221.score: 960.0
    Citizen event reporting (CER) attempts to leverage the eyes and ears of a large population of citizen sensors to increase the amount of information available to decision makers. When deployed in an environment that includes hostile elements, foes can exploit the system to exert indirect control over the response infrastructure. We use an agent-based model to relate the utility of responses to population composition, citizen behavior, and decision strategy, and measure the result in terms of a force multiplier. We show (...)
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  2. Matthew H. Kramer (ed.) (2008). The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 900.0
    This book is the product of a major British Academy Symposium held in 2007 to mark the centenary of the birth of H.L.A. Hart, the most important legal philosopher and one of the most important political philosophers of the twentieth century. -/- The book brings together contributions from seventeen of the world's foremost legal and political philosophers who explore the many subjects in which Hart produced influential work. Each essay engages in an original analysis of philosophical problems that were (...)
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  3. [deleted]Nancy Kopell, Mark A. Kramer, Paola Malerba & Miles A. Whittington (2010). Are Different Rhythms Good for Different Functions? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 870.0
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  4. Eric Mark Kramer (1995). A Brief Hermeneutic of the Co-Constitution of Nature and Culture in the West Including Some Contemporary Consequences. History of European Ideas 20 (1-3):649-659.score: 810.0
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  5. [deleted]Ruchika S. Prakash, Angeline A. De Leon, Lyla Mourany, Hyunkyu Lee, Michelle W. Voss, Walter R. Boot, Chandramallika Basak, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton & Arthur F. Kramer (2012). Examining Neural Correlates of Skill Acquisition in a Complex Videogame Training Program. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 600.0
    Acquisition of complex skills is a universal feature of human behavior that has been conceptualized as a process that starts with intense resource dependency, requires effortful cognitive control, and ends in relative automaticity on the multi-faceted task. The present study examined the effects of different theoretically-based training strategies on cortical recruitment during acquisition of complex videogame skills. Seventy-five participants were recruited and assigned to one of three training groups: Fixed Emphasis Training (FET), in which participants practiced the game, Hybrid Variable (...)
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  6. Matthew H. Kramer (2011). The Ethics of Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and its Consequences. OUP Oxford.score: 600.0
    Debate has long been waged over the morality of capital punishment, with standard arguments in its favour being marshalled against familiar arguments that oppose the practice. In The Ethics of Capital Punishment, Matthew Kramer takes a fresh look at the philosophical arguments on which the legitimacy of the death penalty stands or falls, and he develops a novel justification of that penalty for a limited range of cases. -/- The book pursues both a project of critical debunking of the (...)
     
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  7. Nancy Grudens-Schuck & Brett A. Kramer (2003). Land-Grant Universities and Extension Into the 21st Century: Renegotiating or Abandoning a Social Contract. By George R. McDowell. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 20 (2):205-209.score: 540.0
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  8. Stephan Krämer (2013). A Simpler Puzzle of Ground. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):85-89.score: 480.0
    Metaphysical grounding is standardly taken to be irreflexive: nothing grounds itself. Kit Fine has presented some puzzles that appear to contradict this principle. I construct a particularly simple variant of those puzzles that is independent of several of the assumptions required by Fine, instead employing quantification into sentence position. Various possible responses to Fine's puzzles thus turn out to apply only in a restricted range of cases.
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  9. Jonathan Murphy & Mark Kramer, The Marxist Leninist Theory of History.score: 450.0
    Communism is not a reaction against the failure of the nineteenth century to organize optimal economic output. It is a reaction against its comparative success. It is a protest against the emptiness of economic welfare, an appeal to the ascetic in us all... The idealistic youth play with Communism because it is the only spiritual appeal which feels to them contemporary.
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  10. Matthew H. Kramer (2007). Why The Axioms and Theorems of Arithmetic Are Not Legal Norms. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 27 (3):555-562.score: 450.0
    Ronald Dworkin has long criticized legal positivists for their efforts to distinguish between legal and non-legal standards of conduct that are incumbent on people. Recently, Dworkin has broached this criticism in his hostile account of the debates between Incorporationist Legal Positivists and Exclusive Legal Positivists. Specifically, he has maintained that Incorporationists cannot avoid the unpalatable conclusion that the axioms and theorems of arithmetic are legal norms. This article shows why such a conclusion is indeed avoidable and why Dworkin's criticism is (...)
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  11. Ian Carter, Matthew H. Kramer & Hillel Steiner (eds.) (2007). Freedom: A Philosophical Anthology. Blackwell Pub..score: 420.0
    Edited by leading contributors to the literature, Freedom: An Anthology is the most complete anthology on social, political and economic freedom ever compiled. Offers a broad guide to the vast literature on social, political and economic freedom. Contains selections from the best scholarship of recent decades as well as classic writings from Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant among others. General and sectional introductions help to orient the reader. Compiled and edited by three important contributors to the field.
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  12. Matthew H. Kramer (2009). Moral Realism as a Moral Doctrine. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 420.0
    In this major new book, Matthew Kramer seeks to establish two main conclusions.
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  13. Matthew H. Kramer & Nigel E. Simmonds (1998). No Better Reasons: A Reply to Alan Gewirth. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):131-139.score: 420.0
    Alan Gewirth has propounded a moral theory which commits him to the view that prescriptions can appropriately be addressed to people who have neither any moral reasons nor any prudential reasons to follow the prescriptions. We highlight the strangeness of Gewirth's position and then show that it undermines his attempt to come up with a supreme moral principle.
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  14. Matthew Kramer (1998). Scrupulousness Without Scruples: A Critique of Lon Fuller and His Defenders. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 18 (2):235-263.score: 420.0
    Lon Fuller is best known among legal philosophers for his efforts to highlight the intrinsically moral nature of law. To show that his efforts come to nought, the present essay ponders not only the ideas advanced by Fuller himself, but also some of the defences of him that have been mounted in recent years. Those defences centre on his notion of reciprocity, according to which the officials in a genuine legal system have effectively undertaken to respect die confines of the (...)
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  15. [deleted]Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Kirk I. Erickson, Michelle Voss, Anya Knecht, Matthew B. Pontifex, Darla Castelli, Charles Hillman & Arthur Kramer (2013). The Effects of Physical Activity on Functional MRI Activation Associated with Cognitive Control in Children: A Randomized Controlled Intervention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 420.0
    This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the influence of a 9-month physical activity program on task-evoked brain activation during childhood. The results demonstrated that 8- to 9-year-old children who participated in 60+ minutes of physical activity, 5 days per week, for 9 months, showed decreases in fMRI brain activation in the right anterior prefrontal cortex coupled with within-group improvements in performance on a task of attentional and interference control. Children assigned to a wait list control group (...)
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  16. [deleted]Kirk I. Erickson, Jennifer S. Kim, Barbara L. Suever, Michelle W. Voss, B. Magnus Francis & Arthur F. Kramer (2008). Genetic Contributions to Age-Related Decline in Executive Function: A 10-Year Longitudinal Study of COMT and BDNF Polymorphisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 420.0
    Genetic variability in the dopaminergic and neurotrophic systems could contribute to age-related impairments in executive control and memory function. In this study we examined whether genetic polymorphisms for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were related to the trajectory of cognitive decline occurring over a 10-year period in older adults. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the COMT (Val158/108Met) gene affects the concentration of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex. In addition, a Val/Met substitution in the pro-domain for BDNF (Val66Met) affects (...)
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  17. Matthew H. Kramer (1998). A Debate Over Rights: Philosophical Enquiries. Clarendon Press.score: 420.0
    This collection of essays forms a lively debate over the fundamental characteristics of legal and moral rights. The essays examine whether rights fundamentally protect individuals' interests or whether they instead fundamentally enable individuals to make choices.
     
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  18. Matthew H. Kramer (2014). Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry. Oup Oxford.score: 420.0
    The morality of interrogational torture has been the subject of heated debate in recent years. In explaining why torture is morally wrong, Kramer engages in deep philosophical reflections on the nature of morality and on moral conflicts.
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  19. [deleted]Sylvia Richter, Xenia Gorny, Josep Marco-Pallares, Ulrike M. Krämer, Judith Machts, Adriana Barman, Hans-Gert Bernstein, Rebecca Schüle, Ludger Schoels, Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells, Carsten Reissner, Torsten Wüstenberg, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Eckart D. Gundelfinger, Emrah Düzel, Thomas F. Münte, Constanze I. Seidenbecher & Björn H. Schott (2011). A Potential Role for a Genetic Variation of AKAP5 in Human Aggression and Anger Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 420.0
    The A-kinase-anchoring protein 5 (AKAP5), a post-synaptic multi-adaptor molecule that binds G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and intracellular signaling molecules has been implicated in emotional processing in rodents, but its role in human emotion and behavior is up to now still not quite clear. Here, we report an association of individual differences in aggressive behavior and anger expression with a functional genetic polymorphism (Pro100Leu) in the human AKAP5 gene. Among a cohort of 527 young, healthy individuals, carriers of the less common Leu (...)
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  20. Ian Carter & Matthew H. Kramer (2008). How Changes in One's Preferences Can Affect One's Freedom (and How They Cannot): A Reply to Dowding and Van Hees. Economics and Philosophy 24 (1):81-96.score: 360.0
  21. Lloyd S. Kramer & Sarah C. Maza (eds.) (2002). A Companion to Western Historical Thought. Blackwell Publishers.score: 360.0
    The volume comprises 24 chapters by leading historians who discuss conceptions of and approaches to the human past in the ancient, medieval, early modern and ...
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  22. Jonathan Matusitz & Eric Kramer (2011). A Critique of Bernstein's Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. [REVIEW] Poiesis and Praxis 7 (4):291-303.score: 360.0
    This analysis comments on Bernstein’s lack of clear understanding of subjectivity, based on his book, Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. Bernstein limits his interpretation of subjectivity to thinkers such as Gadamer and Habermas. The authors analyze the ideas of classic scholars such as Edmund Husserl and Friedrich Nietzsche. Husserl put forward his notion of transcendental subjectivity and phenomenological ramifications of the relationship between subjectivity and objectivity. Nietzsche referred to subjectivity as perspectivism, the inescapable fact that any and (...)
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  23. Matthew H. Kramer (1989). G. A. Cohen's Conception of Law: A Critique. Ratio Juris 2 (3):283-298.score: 360.0
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  24. Lawrence Kramer (2002). Recognizing Schubert: Musical Subjectivity, Cultural Change, and Jane Campion'sThe Portrait of a Lady. Critical Inquiry 29 (1):25-52.score: 360.0
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  25. Matthew H. Kramer & Nigel E. Simmonds (1996). Reason Without Reasons: A Critique of Alan Gewirth's Moral Philosophy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):301-315.score: 360.0
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  26. Matthew H. Kramer & Hillel Steiner (2007). Theories of Rights: Is There a Third Way? Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 27 (2):281-310.score: 360.0
    Some important recent articles, including one in this journal, have sought to devise theories of rights that can transcend the longstanding debate between the Interest Theory and the Will Theory. The present essay argues that those efforts fail and that the Interest Theory and the Will Theory withstand the criticisms that have been levelled against them. To be sure, the criticisms have been valuable in that they have prompted the amplification and clarification of the two dominant theories of rights; but (...)
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  27. L. Kramer (1988). Sartre, a Life Annie Cohen-Solal, Trans. Anna Cancogni, Ed. Norman Mecafee (New York: Pantheon Books, 1987), Xiii + 592 Pp., $24.95. [REVIEW] History of European Ideas 9 (6):753-755.score: 360.0
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  28. Matthew H. Kramer (2008). Contents Versus Existence-Conditions: A Brief Reply to John Morss. American Journal of Jurisprudence 53 (1):101-103.score: 360.0
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  29. Paul J. Kramer (1982). Saltbush Physiology and Ecology Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology: Toward a Synthesis with Atriplex C. B. Osmond C. Bjorkman D. J. Anderson. [REVIEW] BioScience 32 (3):215-215.score: 360.0
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  30. Elmar Krämer (1972). Jorge Medina E., Pbro., El Ministerio Diaconal a la Luz de la Reflexion Teologica Actual (= Anales de la Facultad de Teologia, Vol. XX 1968/69, Heft 1). Universidad Catolica de Chile. Santiago 1969. 20 Pp. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 24 (1):92-93.score: 360.0
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  31. Doreen Bryant & Sabine Krämer (2002). Harald Clahsen (1999) Lexical Entries and Rules of Language: A Multidisciplinary Study of German Inflection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22:991-1060.score: 360.0
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  32. Petra Hendriks, John Hoeks, Helen de Hoop, Irene Krämer, Erik-Jan Smits, Jennifer Spenader & Henriëtte de Swart (2009). A Large-Scale Investigation of Scalar Implicature. In Uli Sauerland & Kazuko Yatsushiro (eds.), Semantics and Pragmatics: From Experiment to Theory. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 360.0
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  33. Kenneth P. Kramer & Kenneth Kenichi Tanaka (1990). A Dialogue with Jodo-Shinshu. Buddhist-Christian Studies 10:177-186.score: 360.0
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  34. Linus Kramer & Katrin Tent (2004). Given a Divisible Ordered Abelian Group Λ, We Call (X, D) a Λ-Metric Space If D: X× X−→ Λ Satisfies the Usual Axioms of a Metric, Ie, for All X, y∈ X, D (X, y)− D (y, X)≥ 0 If and Only If X= y, and the Triangle Inequality Holds. We Can Now Give the Definition of Asymptotic Cone According to van den Dries and Wilkie. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (2).score: 360.0
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  35. M. H. Kramer (2003). On Morality as a Necessary or Sufficient Condition for Legality. American Journal of Jurisprudence 48 (1):53-81.score: 360.0
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  36. Hans Joachim Kramer (1990). Plato and the Foundations of Metaphysics: A Work on the Theory of the Principles and Unwritten Doctrines of Plato with a Collection of the Fundamental Documents. State University of New York Press.score: 360.0
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  37. Alfred Feldman, Sung S. Shim & Bruce M. Kramer (1991). Proposed Automation of a Human-Tumor-Drug Screen. BioScience 41 (4):251-254.score: 360.0
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  38. Michael P. Kramer (2011). An Awareness of What Is Missing: Faith and Reason in a Post-Secular Age. Common Knowledge 17 (3):538-538.score: 360.0
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  39. Karen Kramer (2002). A Case Study in Variability in Juvenile Dependence: The Benefits of Maya Children's Work to Parents. Human Nature 13 (2):299-325.score: 360.0
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  40. Sonia Kramer (forthcoming). A Política do Pré-escolar no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro. Dois Pontos.score: 360.0
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  41. Stella Kramer (1933). A Path to Understanding. New York.score: 360.0
  42. Simon Kramer, Catuscia Palamidessi, Roberto Segala, Andrea Turrini & Christelle Braun (2009). A Quantitative Doxastic Logic for Probabilistic Processes and Applications to Information-Hiding. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 19 (4):489-516.score: 360.0
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  43. Kenneth P. Kramer (forthcoming). A Silent Dialogue: The Intrareligious Dimension. Buddhist-Christian Studies.score: 360.0
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  44. Matthew H. Kramer (1994). Critical Legal Theory and the Challenge of Feminism: A Philosophical Reconception. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 360.0
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  45. M. H. Kramer (2011). For the Record: A Final Reply to N.E. Simmonds. American Journal of Jurisprudence 56 (1):115-133.score: 360.0
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  46. Jurgen Kramer, Yin Yang, Michael Cammert, Bernhard Seeger & Dimitris Papadias (2006). International Conference on Semantics of a Networked World: Semantics of Sequence and Time Dependent Data (ICSNW'06)-Dynamic Plan Migration for Snapshot-Equivalent Continuous Queries in Data Stream. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 497-516.score: 360.0
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  47. Roderick M. Kramer (2012). 2 Moving Between Laboratory and Field: A Multi-Method Approach for Studying Trust Judgments. In Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering & Mark Saunders (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Edward Elgar Pub.. 19.score: 360.0
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  48. Martin Kramer (1998). Raymond Tallis, Enemies of Hope: A Critique of Contemporary Pessimism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (5):380-381.score: 360.0
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  49. Lloyd S. Kramer (1988). Sartre, a Life. History of European Ideas 9 (6):753-755.score: 360.0
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