Search results for 'Mark E. Vande Kamp' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark R. Klinger, Katherine L. Kerr & Mark E. Vande Kamp, The Self-Prophecy Effect: Increasing Voter Turnout by Vanity-Assisted Consciousness Raising.score: 502.5
    Persons registered to vote in Seattle, Washington for the November, 1986 general election and a September, 1987 primary election were randomly assigned to treatments in two telephoneconducted experiments that sought to increase voter tumout. The experiments applied and extended a "self-prophecy” technique, in which respondents are asked simply to predict whether or not they will perform a target action. In the present studies, voting registrants were asked to predict whether or not they would vote in an election that was less (...)
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  2. H. Kamp (1971). Review: John E. Clifford, Tense Logic and the Logic of Change. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):327-328.score: 120.0
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  3. Hans Kamp, Boem-mo Kang, Paul Kay, Ali Kazmi, Edward L. Keenan, Jeff King, Ewan Klein, Angelika Kratzer, Manfred Krifka & William Ladusaw (1995). 688 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Iwanska, Lucia Johnson, Mark Kadmon, Nirit K~ Ilm~ N, L~ Zlo. Linguistics and Philosophy 18:687-688.score: 120.0
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  4. Hans Kamp & Uwe Reyle (1996). A Calculus for First Order Discourse Representation Structures. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 5 (3-4):297-348.score: 60.0
    This paper presents a sound and complete proof system for the first order fragment of Discourse Representation Theory. Since the inferences that human language users draw from the verbal input they receive for the most transcend the capacities of such a system, it can be no more than a basis on which more powerful systems, which are capable of producing those inferences, may then be built. Nevertheless, even within the general setting of first order logic the structure of the (...)
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  5. Tim Fernando, Representing Events and Discourse: Comments on Hamm, Kamp and Van Lambalgen.score: 21.0
    In [HKL00] (henceforth HKL), Hamm, Kamp and van Lambalgen declare ‘‘there is no opposition between formal and cognitive semantics,’’ notwithstanding the realist/mentalist divide. That divide separates two sides Jackendo¤ has (in [Jac96], following Chomsky) labeled E(xternalized)-semantics, relating language to a reality independent of speakers, and I(nternalized)-semantics, revolving around mental representations and thought. Although formal semanticists have (following David Lewis) traditionally leaned towards E-semantics, it is reasonable to apply formal methods also to I-semantics. This point is made clear in HKL (...)
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  6. Maria Bittner, Tense as Temporal Centering.score: 13.5
    Abstract According to an influential theory, English tenses are anaphoric to an aforementioned reference point. This point is sometimes construed as a time (e.g. Reichenbach 1947, Partee 1973, Stone 1997) and sometimes as an event (e.g. Kamp 1979, 1981, Webber 1988). Moreover, some researchers draw semantic parallels between tenses and pronouns (e.g. Partee 1973, 1984, Stone 1997), whereas others draw parallels between tenses and anaphorically anchored (in)definite descriptions (e.g.
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  7. Maria Bittner, Anaphora Without Indices: Dynamics of Centering.score: 13.5
    The standard way to represent anaphoric dependencies is to co-index the anaphor with its antecedent in the syntactic input to semantic rules, which then interpret such indices as variables. Dynamic theories (e.g. Kamp’s DRT, Heim’s File Change Semantics, Muskens’s Compositional DRT, etc) combine syntactic co-indexation with semantic left-to-right asymmetry. This captures the fact that the anaphor gets its referent from the antecedent and not vice versa. Formally, a text updates the input state of information to the output state. In (...)
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  8. Jerry A. Fodor & Ernest LePore (1996). The Red Herring and the Pet Fish: Why Concepts Still Can't Be Prototypes. Cognition 58 (2):253-70.score: 12.0
    1 There is a Standard Objection to the idea that concepts might be prototypes (or exemplars, or stereotypes): Because they are productive, concepts must be compositional. Prototypes aren't compositional, so concepts can't be prototypes (see, e.g., Margolis, 1994).2 However, two recent papers (Osherson and Smith, 1988; Kamp and Partee, 1995) reconsider this consensus. They suggest that, although the Standard Objection is probably right in the long run, the cases where prototypes fail to exhibit compositionality are relatively exotic and involve (...)
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  9. Thomas Ede Zimmermann (1993). On the Proper Treatment of Opacity in Certain Verbs. Natural Language Semantics 2 (1):149-179.score: 12.0
    This paper is about the semantic analysis of referentially opaque verbs like seek and owe that give rise to nonspecific readings. It is argued that Montague's categorization (based on earlier work by Quine) of opaque verbs as properties of quantifiers runs into two serious difficulties: the first problem is that it does not work with opaque verbs like resemble that resist any lexical decomposition of the seek ap try to find kind; the second one is that it wrongly predicts de (...)
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  10. Terence Parsons (1970). Some Problems Concerning the Logic of Grammatical Modifiers. Synthese 21 (3-4):320 - 334.score: 12.0
    This paper consists principally of selections from a much longer work on the semantics of English. It discusses some problems concerning how to represent grammatical modifiers (e.g. slowly in x drives slowly) in a logically perspicuous notation. A proposal of Reichenbach's is given and criticized; then a new theory (apparently discovered independently by myself, Romain Clark, and Richard Montague and Hans Kamp) is given, in which grammatical modifiers are represented by operators added to a first-order predicate calculus. Finally some (...)
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  11. Jaroslav Peregrin, Johan van Benthem and Alice ter Meulen, Eds.score: 12.0
    The relationships between logic and natural language are multiverse. On the one hand, logic is a theory of argumentation, proving and giving reasons, and such activities are primarily carried out in natural language. This means that logic is, in a certain loose sense, about natural language. On the other hand, logic has found it useful to develop its own linguistic means which sometimes in a sense compete with those of natural language. This has led to the situation where the systems (...)
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  12. Tim Fernando (2007). Observing Events and Situations in Time. Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (5):527-550.score: 12.0
    Events and situations are represented by strings of temporally ordered observations, on the basis of which the events and situations are recognized. Allen’s basic interval relations are derived from superposing strings that mark interval boundaries, and Kamp’s event structures are constructed as projective limits of strings. Observations are generalized to temporal propositions, leading to event-types that classify event-instances. Working with sets of strings built from temporal propositions, we obtain natural notions of bounded entailment from set inclusions. These inclusions (...)
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  13. Kenneth Reid Beesley (1982). Evaluative Adjectives as One-Place Predicates Dm Montague Grammar. Journal of Semantics 1 (3-4):195-249.score: 12.0
    In this paper I will argue that evaluative adjectives, such as good, bad, clever and skilful, should be analysed as one-place predicates in logical translation. This approach, which is basically the traditional logical treatment of ‘absolute’ adjectives, is to be contrasted with the approach in Montague (1974a) and Parsons (1972), wherein all adjectives are translated as two-place predicates, i.e. as semantic attributives. The move away from the Montague-Parsons analysis is not new: Bartsch (1972. 1975), McConnell-Ginet (1973), Kamp (1975), Siegel (...)
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  14. Arthur Merin (1992). Permission Sentences Stand in the Way of Boolean and Other Lattice–Theoretic Semantices. Journal of Semantics 9 (2):95-162.score: 12.0
    Permission sentences undermine the Fregean dogma of speech-act-independent propositional contents. I expound, develop and criticize little-read analyses of this phenomenon by Lewis (1979) and Kamp (1973, 1979). Section 2 reformulates Lewis's state-transformation paradigm for atomic commands and permissions, related as direct and inverse, namely non-monotonic theory change. Lewis's and Stalnaker's search for remedies inspired by conditional semantics is outlined. Section 3 develops Kamp's related analysis of or-coordinated permissions in diverse ways and detail, and extends them to and–coordinated permissions. (...)
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  15. Adrian Brasoveanu & Anna Szabolcsi, Presuppositional TOO, Postsuppositional TOO. The Dynamic, Inquisitive, and Visionary Life of Φ, ?Φ, and ◊Φ Subtitle: A Festschrift for Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof, and Frank Veltman.score: 12.0
    One of the insights of dynamic semantics in its various guises (Kamp 1981, Heim 1982, Groenendijk & Stokhof 1991, Kamp & Reyle 1993 among many others) is that interpretation is sensitive to left-to-right order. Is order sensitivity, particularly the default left-to-right order of evaluation, a property of particular meanings of certain lexical items (e.g., dynamically interpreted conjunction) or is it a more general feature of meaning composition? If it is a more general feature of meaning composition, is it (...)
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  16. D. A. Campbell (1972). The Greek Epigram A. E. Raubitschek, Bruno Gentili, Giuseppe Giangrande, Louis Robert, Walther Ludwig, Jules Labarbe, Georg Luck, Albrecht Dihle, Gerhard Pfohl: L'Épigramme Grecque. (Entretiens Hardt, Xiv.) Pp. 447. Vandœuvres: Fondation Hardt (Cambridge: Heffer), 1969. Cloth, £4.30. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 22 (01):59-61.score: 12.0
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  17. Matthew D. Stone, Or and Anaphora.score: 12.0
    The meanings of donkey sentences cannot be captured using a procedure which, like Montague’s, uses the existential quantifiers of classical logic to translate indefinites and the variables to translate pronouns. The treatment of these examples requires meanings which depend on the context in which sentences appear, and thus necessitates a logic which models this context to some extent. If context is represented as the information conveyed in discourse, and the meanings of pronouns are enriched to depend on this information, the (...)
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  18. Lisa L. S. Cheng & C. T. James Huang (1996). Two Types of Donkey Sentences. Natural Language Semantics 4 (2):121-163.score: 12.0
    Mandarin Chinese exhibits two paradigms of conditionals with indefinite wh-words that have the semantics of donkey sentences, represented by ‘bare conditionals’ on the one hand and ruguo- and dou-conditionals on the other. The bare conditionals require multiple occurrences of wh-words, disallowing the use of overt or covert anaphoric elements in the consequent clause, whereas the ruguo- and dou-conditionals present a completely opposite pattern. We argue that the bare conditionals are cases of unselective binding par excellence (Heim 1982, Kamp 1981) (...)
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  19. Simon Goldhill (1994). Aristophanes at Vandœuvres J. M. Bremer, E. W. Handley (edd.): Aristophane, Sept Exposés Suivis de Discussions. (Fondation-Hardt, Entretiens sur ĽAntiquité Classique.) Pp. ix+305. Geneva: Fondation-Hardt, 1993. Cased, Sw. fr. 68. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (02):265-266.score: 12.0
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  20. J. C. B. Lowe (1973). Menander E. W. Handley, W. Ludwig, F. H. Sandbach, F. Wehrli, C. Dedoussi, C. Questa, L. Kahil: Ménandre. (Entretiens Sur l'Antiquité Classique, Xvi.) Pp. 266; 4 Colour Plates. Vandœuvres, Geneva: Fondation Hardt (Cambridge: Heffer), 1970. Cloth, 36 Sw.Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 23 (01):23-24.score: 12.0
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  21. A. Nishiyama (2006). The Meaning and Interpretations of the Japanese Aspect Marker -Te-I-. Journal of Semantics 23 (2):185-216.score: 12.0
    The Japanese marker -te-i- can have progressive, resultative, and existential perfect readings and has often been regarded as ambiguous. This paper shows that there is no clear evidence that -te-i- is ambiguous. It proposes a monosemous analysis of -te-i- that unifies its multiple readings and shows how progressives and perfects can form a natural semantic class. Within the context of a Discourse Representation Theory (Kamp and Reyle 1993, de Swart 1998), I propose that -te-i- consists of an imperfective operator (...)
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  22. Giuseppe Longobardi (2001). How Comparative is Semantics? A Unified ParametricTheory of Bare Nouns and Proper Names. Natural Language Semantics 9 (4):335-369.score: 12.0
    One of the two central suggestions put forth in Longobardi (1991, 1994) was that Romance/English differences in the syntax of proper names were parametrically connected to supposed differences in the semantics of bare (plural and mass) common nouns (BNs). The present article will pursue this line of investigation, trying to make precise such meaning differences and to understand the reason for their apparently surprising parametric association with the syntax of proper names.It will be shown that in most Romance varieties BNs, (...)
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  23. Jacob Peter Meyer (ed.) (1914/1979). Fundamental Studies on Jean Bodin. Arno Press.score: 12.0
    Hauser, H. La response de Jean Bodin à M. de Malestroit.--Levron, J. Jean Bodin et sa famille.--Kamp, M. E. Die Staatswirtschaftslehre Jean Bodins.--Mesnard, P. La pensée religieuse de Bodin.--Bezold, F. von, Jean Bodin als Occultist und seine Démonomanie.--Bezold, F. von. Jean Bodins Colloquium Heptaplomeres und der Altheismus des 16.--Feist, E. Weltbild und Staatsidee bei Jean Bodin.--Mayer, J. P. Jefferson as reader of Bodin.
     
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  24. Mark Steedman & Matthew Stone, Is Semantics Computational?score: 6.0
    Both formal semantics and cognitive semantics are the source of important insights about language. By developing precise statements of the rules of meaning in fragmentary, abstract languages, formalists have been able to offer perspicuous accounts of how we might come to know such rules and use them to communicate with others. Conversely, by charting the overall landscape of interpretations, cognitivists have documented how closely interpretations draw on the commonsense knowledge that lets us make our way in the world. There is (...)
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  25. E. Laughton (1965). Convivium Varronianum Hellfried Dahlmann, Antonio Traglia, Robert Schröter, Jean Collart, Francesco della Corte, C. O. Brink: Varron. (Entretiens sur l'Antiquité Classique, Tome ix.) Pp. 235. Vandœuvres—Genève: Fondation Hardt (Cambridge: Heffer), 1963. Cloth, £2. 10s. net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 15 (01):63-65.score: 4.0
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  26. Ralph-Axel Müller (2006). Blackboards in the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):81-81.score: 4.0
    Although van der Velde's de Kamps's (vdV&dK) attempt to put syntactic processing into a broader context of combinatorial cognition is promising, their coverage of neuroscientific evidence is disappointing. Neither their case against binding by temporal coherence nor their arguments against recurrent neural networks are compelling. As an alternative, vdV&dK propose a blackboard model that is based on the assumption of special processors (e.g., lexical versus grammatical), but evidence from the cognitive neuroscience of language, which is, overall, less than supportive of (...)
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  27. L. Ė Vand (2010). Kulʹturnai͡a Antropologii͡a I Dukhovnai͡a Priroda Russkoĭ Oĭkumeny.score: 4.0
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  28. Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel (2006). The Problem with Using Associations to Carry Binding Information. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):74-75.score: 2.0
    van der Velde & de Kamps argue for the importance of considering the binding problem in accounts of human mental representation. However, their proposed solution fails as a complete account because it represents the bindings between roles and their fillers through associations (or connections). In addition, many criticisms leveled by the authors towards synchrony-based bindings models do not hold.
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