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Mark Risjord [29]Mark W. Risjord [5]
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Profile: Mark Risjord (Emory University)
  1. Mark Risjord & Judith Greenberg (forthcoming). When IRBs Disagree: Waiving Parental Consent for Sexual Health Research on Adolescents. Irb.
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  2. Mark Risjord (2014). Nursing and Human Freedom. Nursing Philosophy 15 (1):35-45.
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  3. Mark Risjord (2014). Philosophy of Social Science: A Contemporary Introduction. Routledge.
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  4. Mark Risjord (2012). Models of Culture. In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press. 387.
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  5. Mark Risjord (2012). Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia Themes in Philosophy. Nursing Philosophy 13 (3):230-231.
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  6. Mark Risjord (2011). Nursing Science. In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.
  7. Mark Risjord (2010). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature: Thirtieth-Anniversary Edition. Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):209-211.
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  8. Mark W. Risjord (2010). Nursing Knowledge: Science, Practice, and Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
    The final chapter of the book 'redraws the map', to create a new picture of nursing science based on the following principles: Problems of practice should guide ...
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  9. Mark Risjord (2008). International Philosophy of Nursing Conference 2007 Conference Review. Nursing Philosophy 9 (2):147–148.
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  10. Mark Risjord (2007). Race and Scientific Reduction. In Harold Kincaid & Jennifer McKitrick (eds.), Establishing medical reality: Methodological and metaphysical issues in philosophy of medicine. Springer Publishing Company.
  11. Mark Risjord (2007). Ethnography and Culture. In Stephen Turner, Mark Risjord, John Woods & Paul Thagard (eds.), Philosophy of anthropology and sociology. Elsevier. 399 - 428.
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  12. Mark Risjord (2007). Scientific Change as Political Action: Franz Boas and the Anthropology of Race. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):24-45.
    A theory is value-neutral when no constitutive values are part of its content. Nonneutral theories seem to lack objectivity because it is not clear how the constitutive values could be empirically confirmed. This article analyzes Franz Boas’s famous arguments against nineteenth-century evolutionary anthropology and racial theory. While he recognized that talk of "higher civilizations" encoded a constitutive, political value with consequences for slavery and colonialism, he argued against it on empirical and methodological grounds. Boas’s arguments thus provide a model of (...)
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  13. Mark Risjord (2007). Who Are 'We'? Dissolving the Problem of Cultural Boundaries. The Modern Schoolman 84 (2-3):205-215.
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  14. Stephen P. Turner & Mark W. Risjord (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology. Elsevier.
    This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology.
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  15. Mark Risjord (2006). Evolution and the Kantian Worldview. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (Supplement):72-84.
    Nonhuman animals seem to make inferences and have mental representations. Brandom articulates a Kantian (and Hegelian) account of representation that seems to make nonhuman mental content impossible: animals are merely sentient, not sapient. His position is problematic because it makes it impossible to understand how our cognitive capacities evolved. This essay discusses experimental and ethological work on transitive inference. It argues that to fit such evidence within the Kantian framework, there must be degrees of normativity. This invites us to understand (...)
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  16. Mark Risjord (2005). Evolution and the Kantian Worldview. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (Supplement):72-84.
    Nonhuman animals seem to make inferences and have mental representations. Brandom articulates a Kantian (and Hegelian) account of representation that seems to make nonhuman mental content impossible: animals are merely sentient, not sapient. His position is problematic because it makes it impossible to understand how our cognitive capacities evolved. This essay discusses experimental and ethological work on transitive inference. It argues that to fit such evidence within the Kantian framework, there must be degrees of normativity. This invites us to understand (...)
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  17. Mark Risjord (2005). Reasons, Causes, and Action Explanation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (3):294-306.
    To explain an intentional action one must exhibit the agent’s reasons. Donald Davidson famously argued that the only clear way to understand action explanation is to hold that reasons are causes. Davidson’s discussion conflated two issues: whether reasons are causes and whether reasons causally explain intentional action. Contemporary work on explanation and normativity help disentangle these issues and ground an argument that intentional action explanations cannot be a species of causal explanation. Interestingly, this conclusion is consistent with Davidson’s conclusion that (...)
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  18. Mark Risjord (2004). The Limits of Cognitive Theory in Anthropology. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):281 – 297.
    The cognitive revolution in psychology was a significant advance in our thinking about the mind. Philosophers and social scientists have looked to the cognitive sciences with the hope that the social world will yield to similar explanatory strategies. Dan Sperber has argued for a programme that would conceptualize the entire domain of anthropological theory in cognitive terms. Sperber's 'epidemiology' specifically excludes interpretive, structuralist and functionalist theories. This essay evaluates Sperber's epidemiological approach to anthropological theory. It argues that as a programme (...)
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  19. Mark Risjord & Judith Greenberg (2002). When IRBs Disagree: A Case Study on Waiving Parental Consent for Sexual Health Research on Adolescents. IRB: Ethics a& Human Research 24 (2):8-14.
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  20. Mark Risjord, Margaret Moloney & Sandra Dunbar (2001). Methodological Triangulation in Nursing Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (1):40-59.
    Methodological triangulation is the use of more than one method to investigate a phenomenon. Nurse researchers investigate health phenomena using methods drawn from the natural and social sciences. The methodological debate concerns the possibility of confirming a single theory with different kinds of methods. The nursing debate parallels the philosophical debate about how the natural and social sciences are related. This article critiques the presuppositions of the nursing debate and suggests alternatives. The consequence is a view of triangulation that permits (...)
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  21. Mark W. Risjord (2000). The Politics of Explanation and the Origins of Ethnography. Perspectives on Science 8 (1):29-52.
    : At the turn of the twentieth century, comparative studies of human culture (ethnology) gave way to studies of the details of individual societies (ethnography). While many writers have noticed a political sub-text to this paradigm shift, they have regarded political interests as extrinsic to the change. The central historical issue is why anthropologists stopped asking global, comparative questions and started asking local questions about features of particular societies. The change in questions cannot be explained by empirical factors alone, and (...)
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  22. Mark W. Risjord (2000). Woodcutters and Witchcraft: Rationality and Interpretive Change in the Social Sciences. State University of New York Press.
    Uncovers the methodological principles that govern interpretive change.
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  23. Darren Staloff, Louis Markos, Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, Phillip Cary, Dennis Dalton, Alan Charles Kors, Jeremy Shearmur, Robert C. Solomon, Robert Kane, Kathleen Marie Higgins, Mark W. Risjord & Douglas Kellner (eds.) (2000). Great Minds of the Western Intellectual Tradition. Teaching Co..
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  24. Mark Risjord (1999). No Strings Attached: Functional and Intentional Action Explanations. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):313.
    Functional explanation in the social sciences is the focal point for conflict between individualistic and social modes of explanation. While the agent thought she was acting for reasons, the functional explanation seems to reveal the hidden strings of the puppet master. This essay argues that the conflict is merely apparent. The erotetic model of explanation is used to analyze the forms of intentional action and functional explanations. Two explanations conflict if either the presuppositions of their respective why-questions conflict or the (...)
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  25. Mark Risjord (1998). Relativism and the Possibility of Criticism. Cogito 12 (2):155-160.
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  26. Mark Risjord (1996). Meaning, Belief, and Language Acquisition. Philosophical Psychology 9 (4):465-475.
    A very plausible and common view of meaning supposes that linguistic meaning is to be understood in terms of speakers' intentions. This program proposes to analyse the meaning of a sentence in terms of what speakers mean by or in uttering it; and this speaker meaning in turn is to be analysed in terms of the speaker's intentions. This essay argues that intention-based semantics cannot provide an adequate analysis of linguistic meaning: not because of contrived counterexamples, nor because it conflicts (...)
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  27. Mark Risjord (1994). Book Review:Bloodsucking Witchcraft: An Epistemological Study of Anthropomorphic Supernaturalism in Rural Tlaxcala Hugo G. Nutini, John M. Roberts. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 61 (4):679-.
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  28. Louis E. Newman, Bonnie B. O'Connor, Jean-Pierre Poullier, Mark Risjord, Wendell Stephenson & Mark D. Sullivan (1993). A Qualified Bioethic: Particularity in James Gustafson and Stanley Hauer-Was, by Gerald P. McKenny 511 Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? By Leslie Pickering Francis 297 After the Fall: Particularism in Bioethics, by Kevin Wm. Wildes, 5.7. 505. [REVIEW] Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18:599-602.
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  29. Mark Risjord (1993). Metaphysics, Method, and the Exact Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):493-499.
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  30. Mark Risjord (1993). Relativism and the Social Scientific Study of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):195-212.
    Does the social scientific study of medicine require a commitment to relativism? Relativism claims that some subject (e.g., knowledge claims or moral judgments) is relative to a background (e.g., a culture or conceptual scheme) and that judgments about the subject are incommensurable. Examining the concept of success as it appears in orthodox and nonorthodox medical systems, we see that judgments of success are relative to a background medical system. Relativism requires the social scientific study of medicine to be value free (...)
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  31. Mark Risjord (1993). Wittgenstein's Woodcutters: The Problem of Apparent Irrationality. American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (3):247-258.
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  32. Dorit Bar-On & Mark Risjord (1992). Is There Such a Thing as a Language? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):163-190.
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  33. Mark Risjord (1991). Further Reflections on the Sensible Foundation: Replies to Leavitt and Griffin. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (4):665-672.
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  34. Mark Risjord (1990). The Sensible Foundation for Mathematics: A Defense of Kant's View. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 21 (1):123-143.