Search results for 'Mark S. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark Davis (2010). Biological Invasions and Society's Response (Review of'Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy,'Charles Perrings, Harold Mooney, and Mark Williamson, Eds.). Bioscience 60 (8):651-652.score: 480.0
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  2. Mark A. Davis (2010). Biological Invasions and Society's ResponseBioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy. Charles Perrings Harold Mooney , and Mark Williamson . Eds. Oxford University Press. 2010. 288 Pp., Illus. $70.00 (ISBN 9780199560165 Paper). [REVIEW] Bioscience 60 (8):651-652.score: 480.0
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  3. Wes Davis (2006). Mark Twain's Medicine Show. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):137-143.score: 390.0
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  4. Stephen T. Davis (1976). Anselm And Question-Begging: A Reply To William Rowe'S Comments On Professor Davis' 'Does The Ontological Argument Beg The Question'. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7:448-457.score: 390.0
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  5. Mark S. Davis, Michelle Riske-Morris & Sebastian R. Diaz (2008). Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From Ori Case Files. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):395-414.score: 290.0
    There has been relatively little empirical research into the causes of research misconduct. To begin to address this void, the authors collected data from closed case files of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). These data were in the form of statements extracted from ORI file documents including transcripts, investigative reports, witness statements, and correspondence. Researchers assigned these statements to 44 different concepts. These concepts were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The authors chose a solution consisting of (...)
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  6. Amy B. Brunell, Mark S. Davis, Dan R. Schley, Abbey L. Eng, Manfred H. M. van Dulmen, Kelly L. Wester & Daniel J. Flannery (2013). A New Measure of Interpersonal Exploitativeness. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 290.0
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  7. Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 111 (2):446-459.score: 270.0
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  8. John Bryan Davis (1994). Keynes's Philosophical Development. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    In this compelling book, John B. Davis examines the change and development in Keynes's philosophical thinking, from his earliest work through to The General Theory, arguing that Keynes came to believe himself mistaken about a number of his early philosophical concepts. The author begins by looking at the unpublished 'Apostles' papers, written under the influence of the philosopher G. E. Moore. These display the tensions in Keynes's early philosophical views, and outline his philosophical concepts of the time, including the (...)
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  9. Wayne A. Davis (2013). Grice's Razor and Epistemic Invariantism. Journal of Philosophical Research 38:147-176.score: 240.0
    Grice’s Razor is a methodological principle that many philosophers and linguists have used to help justify pragmatic explanations of linguistic phenomena over semantic explanations. A number of authors in the debate over contextualism argue that an invariant semantics together with Grice’s (1975) conversational principles can account for the contextual variability of knowledge claims. I show here that the defense of Grice’s Razor found in these “Gricean invariantists,” and its use against epistemic contextualism, display all the problems pointed out earlier in (...)
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  10. Murray S. Davis (1971). That's Interesting!: Towards a Phenomenology of Sociology and a Sociology of Phenomenology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 1 (2):309-344.score: 210.0
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  11. Dena S. Davis (2009). The Parental Investment Factor and the Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 39 (2):24-27.score: 210.0
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  12. Murray S. Davis (1986). 'That's Classic!' The Phenomenology and Rhetoric of Successful Social Theories. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):285-301.score: 210.0
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  13. Corey S. Davis & Sarah Somers (2011). National Health Care Reform and the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39:65-68.score: 210.0
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  14. Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Christine Grady, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Gail E. Henderson (2002). The Invisible Hand in Clinical Research: The Study Coordinator's Critical Role in Human Subjects Protection. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (3):411-419.score: 210.0
  15. Stuart G. Finder, Mark J. Bliton, Chandler E. Gill, Thomas L. Davis, Peter E. Konrad & P. D. Charles (2011). Potential Subjects' Responses to an Ethics Questionnaire in a Phase I Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Early Parkinson's Disease. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):207-216.score: 210.0
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  16. Dena S. Davis (1997). Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 27 (2):7-15.score: 210.0
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  17. Stephen F. Davis, Roger L. Thomas & Melanie S. Weaver (1982). Psychology's Contemporary and All-Time Notables: Student, Faculty, and Chairperson Viewpoints. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):3-6.score: 210.0
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  18. Peter Asp, Christopher Bennett, Peter Cave, J. Angelo Corlett, Richard Dagger, Michael Davis, Anthony Ellis, Thomas S. Petersen, Julian V. Roberts & Torbjörn Tännsjö (2011). Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher's View. Lexington Books.score: 210.0
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  19. Tony Burns, Claire Curtis, Laurence Davis, Winter Elliot, Chris Ferns, Everett Hamner, Ursula K. Le Guin, Avery Plaw, Andrew Reynolds, Ellen Rigsby, Jennifer Rodgers, Dan Sabia, Bülent Somay, Douglas Spencer, Simon Stow & Mark Tunick (2005). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's the Dispossessed. Lexington Books.score: 210.0
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  20. Rossana Dalmonte, Christie Davies, Martha Davis, François Delalande, Célestin Deliège, Françoise Escal, Bruce E. Fleming, Robert S. Hatten, Shuhei Hosokawa & Vladimir Karbusicky (1987). Mario Baroni Accompaniment Formulas in Verdi's Ernani 129-140 Daniel Charles Son Et Temps 171-179. Semiotica 66:455.score: 210.0
     
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  21. Dena S. Davis (2001). Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 32 (5):6.score: 210.0
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  22. D. Mark Davis (2006). The Centrality of Wonder in Paul's Soteriology. Interpretation 60 (4):404-418.score: 210.0
    At strategic moments in his very didactic letter to the church in Rome, Paul moves to poetic language and displays a sense of wonder at the heart of his doctrine of salvation.
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  23. Richard S. Davis (1973). Whitehead's Moral Philosophy. Process Studies 3 (2):75-90.score: 210.0
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  24. David S. Brown & Richard Brian Davis (2008). A Puzzle for Particulars? Axiomathes 18 (1):49-65.score: 170.0
    In this paper we examine a puzzle recently posed by Aaron Preston for the traditional realist assay of property (quality) instances. Consider Socrates (a red round spot) and red1—Socrates’ redness. For the traditional realist, both of these entities are concrete particulars. Further, both involve redness being `tied to’ the same bare individuator. But then it appears that red1 is duplicated in its ‘thicker’ particular (Socrates), so that it can’t be predicated of Socrates without redundancy. According to Preston, this suggests that (...)
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  25. Wayne A. Davis (2013). On Nonindexical Contextualism. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):561-574.score: 150.0
    Abstract MacFarlane distinguishes “context sensitivity” from “indexicality,” and argues that “nonindexical contextualism” has significant advantages over the standard indexical form. MacFarlane’s substantive thesis is that the extension of an expression may depend on an epistemic standard variable even though its content does not. Focusing on ‘knows,’ I will argue against the possibility of extension dependence without content dependence when factors such as meaning, time, and world are held constant, and show that MacFarlane’s nonindexical contextualism provides no advantages over indexical contextualism. (...)
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  26. Dena S. Davis (1992). Organ Transplants, Foreign Nationals, and the Free Rider Problem. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (4).score: 150.0
    There is strong sentiment for a policy which would exclude foreigners from access to organs from American cadaver donors. One common argument is that foreigners are free riders; since they are not members of the community whichgives organs, it would be unfair to allow them toreceive such a scarce resource.This essay examines the philosophical basis for the free rider argument, and compares that with the empirical data about organ donation in the U.S. The free rider argument ought not to be (...)
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  27. Michael Davis (2009). Punishment Theory's Golden Half Century: A Survey of Developments From (About) 1957 to 2007. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 13 (1):73 - 100.score: 150.0
    This paper describes developments in punishment theory since the middle of the twentieth century. After the mid–1960s, what Stanley I. Benn called “preventive theories of punishment”—whether strictly utilitarian or more loosely consequentialist like his—entered a long and steep decline, beginning with the virtual disappearance of reform theory in the 1970s. Crowding out preventive theories were various alternatives generally (but, as I shall argue, misleadingly) categorized as “retributive”. These alternatives include both old theories (such as the education theory) resurrected after many (...)
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  28. F. Daniel Davis (1997). Phronesis, Clinical Reasoning, and Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).score: 150.0
    In terms of Aristotle's intellectual virtues, the process of clinical reasoning and the discipline of clinical medicine are often construed as techne (art), as episteme (science), or as an amalgam or composite of techne and episteme. Although dimensions of process and discipline are appropriately described in these terms, I argue that phronesis (practical reasoning) provides the most compelling paradigm, particularly of the rationality of the physician's knowing and doing in the clinical encounter with the patient. I anchor this argument, moreover, (...)
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  29. Stephen T. Davis (2000). The Rationality of Resurrection for Christians. Philo 3 (1):41-51.score: 150.0
    The present paper is a rejoinder to Michael Martin’s “Reply to Davis” (Philo vol. 2, no. 1), which was a response to my “Is Belief in theResurrection Rational? A Response to Michael Martin” (ibid.), which was itself a response to Martin’s “Why the Resurrection is Initially Improbable” (Philo vol. 1, no. 1), which in turn was a critique of various of my own writings on resurrection, especially Risen Indeed: Making Sense of the Resurrection.
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  30. Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers, Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.score: 150.0
    Three and 4-year-old children were tested on matched versions of Zaitchik's (1990) photo task and Wimmer and Perner's (1983) false belief task. Although replicating Zaitchik's finding that false belief and photo task are of equal difficulty, this applied only to mean performance across subjects and no substantial correlation between the two tasks was found. This suggests that the two tasks tap different intellectual abilities. It was further discovered that children's performance can be improved by drawing their attention to the back (...)
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  31. John K. Davis (2004). Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.score: 150.0
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  32. Zachary Davis (2005). Husserl on the Ethical Renewal of Sympathy and the One World of Solidarity. Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):561-581.score: 150.0
    Edmund Husserl’s Kaizo articles mark one of his first attempts at notions of cultural renewal and critique. (1) Central to both of these notions for Husserl is the idea of a best possible humanity. At the conclusion of the Kaizo articles, Husserl entertains some quite troubling and potentially dangerous descriptions of the best possible in terms of an Übernation or Weltvolk. Although merely provisional, these descriptions call for a cultural and ethical renewal through the reorientation of humanity in accord (...)
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  33. Noela Davis (2012). Subjected Subjects? On Judith Butler's Paradox of Interpellation. Hypatia 27 (3):881 - 897.score: 150.0
    Judith Butler's theory of the constitution of subjectivity conceptualizes the subject as a performative materialization of its social environment. In her theory Butler utilizes Louis Althusser's notion of interpellation, and she critiques the constitutive paradoxes to which its tautological framing leads. Although there is no pre-existing subject, as it is constituted in the turn to the interpellative hail, Butler nonetheless theorizes a guilt and compulsion acting on an “individual” that compels his or her turn to answer the hail. There is (...)
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  34. Michael Davis (1996). The Politics of Philosophy: A Commentary on Aristotle's Politics. Rowman & Littlefield.score: 150.0
    Introduction: Rational Animal/Political Animal One cannot help bringing expectations to Aristotle's Politics, many of which are unfavorable, ...
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  35. Kyla Fisher, Jessica Geenen, Marie Jurcevic, Katya McClintock & Glynn Davis (2009). Applying Asset-Based Community Development as a Strategy for CSR: A Canadian Perspective on a Win–Win for Stakeholders and SMEs. Business Ethics 18 (1):66-82.score: 150.0
    In the December 2006 edition of Harvard Business Review , Michael Porter and Mark Kramer argue that by approaching corporate social responsibility (CSR) based on corporate priorities, strengths and abilities, firms can develop socially and fiscally responsible solutions to current CSR issues, which will provide operational and competitive advantages. We agree that an effective approach to CSR includes a mapping of strategy, risk and opportunity. However, we also caution that the identification of these to the exclusion of societal input (...)
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  36. Michael Davis (2000). Revenge, Victim's Rights, and Criminal Justice. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):119-128.score: 150.0
    Barton’s view in Getting Even: Revenge as a Form of Justice (Open Court Chicago, 19991 is that revenge -- in the form of victim participation in trial. sentencing, and punishment -- should have a large place in criminal justice. I argue that what he suggests in the way of reform has no essential relation with criminal justice.
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  37. Michael Davis (1998). Sidgwick's Impractical Ethics. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):153-159.score: 150.0
    Oxford inaugurated its new series in practical ethics by reprinting Sidgwick’s century-old Practical Ethics, edited and introduced by Sissela Bok. While this reissue is, in many respects, both appropriate and welcome, it is, in one respect, quite inappropriate. Even a short examination of Sidgwick’s little book shows that Sidgwick did not understand practical ethics as we do: a) because he radically overestimated the importance of a common theoretical starting point; and b) because he radically underestimated the importance of detailed study (...)
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  38. George C. Davis (2000). A Semantic Interpretation of Haavelmo's Structure of Econometrics. Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):205-228.score: 150.0
    Trygve Haavelmo's 1944 article ‘The Probability Approach in Econometrics’ is considered by most to have provided the foundations for present day econometrics (Morgan, 1990, Chapters 8 and 9). Since Haavelmo (1944), extraordinary advances have been made in econometrics. However, over the last two decades the efficacy and scientific status of econometrics has become questionable. Not surprisingly, the growing discontent with econometrics has been accompanied by a growing interest in econometric methodology.
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  39. Bret W. Davis (2007). Heidegger and the Will: On the Way to Gelassenheit. Northwestern University Press.score: 150.0
    The problem of the will has long been viewed as central to Heidegger's later thought. In the first book to focus on this problem, Bret W. Davis clarifies key issues from the philosopher's later period--particularly his critique of the culmination of the history of metaphysics in the technological "will to will" and the possibility of Gelassenheit or "releasement" from this willful way of being in the world--but also shows that the question of will is at the very heart of (...)
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  40. David Kinley & Tom Davis, Human Rights Criticism of the World Bank's Private Sector Development and Privatization Projects.score: 150.0
    The World Bank is no stranger to criticism of its projects, especially in respect of its privatization and private sector development projects. Critics point to the environmental, social and cultural damage that certain projects have caused, which for some appears not just to be a product of the individual projects themselves, but symptomatic of a broader policy failure within the Bank to engage with the social consequences of its actions. In fact, and somewhat surprisingly, both the Bank's critics and its (...)
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  41. James G. Hodge, Leila Barraza, Jennifer Bernstein, Courtney Chu, Veda Collmer, Corey Davis, Megan M. Griest, Monica S. Hammer, Jill Krueger, Kerri McGowan Lowrey & Daniel G. Orenstein (2013). Major Trends in Public Health Law and Practice: A Network National Report. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):737-745.score: 150.0
    Since its inception in September 2010, the Network for Public Health Law has responded to hundreds of public health legal technical assistance claims from around the country. Based on a review of these data, a series of major trends in public health practice and the law are analyzed, including issues concerning: the Affordable Care Act, tobacco control, emergency legal preparedness, health information privacy, food policy, vaccination, drug overdose prevention, sports injury law, public health accreditation, and maternal breastfeeding. These and other (...)
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  42. Richard Davis (2000). James Fodor's Christian Theory of Truth: Is It Christian? Heythrop Journal 41 (4):436–448.score: 150.0
    In his recent book Christian Hermeneutics, James Fodor observes that ‘although Christians have from the very beginning been interested in living truthful, obedient lives … they have not exhibited the same passion for developing their own distinctive theory of truth’.1 Yet ‘the task confronting contemporary theology … is that of the rehabilitation or recovery of a distinctively Christian vision of truth’.2 To his credit, Fodor has attempted to rectify this state of affairs: first, by critiquing some of the more prominent (...)
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  43. Julia A. Davis (2005). Need Delimited: The Creative Otherness of Heidegger's Demigods. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 38 (3-4):223-239.score: 150.0
    This paper offers a close analysis of Heidegger’s interpretation of the demigod in his 1934/35 lecture course, Hölderlins Hymnen “Germanien}” und} “Der Rhein}” (Gesamtausgabe 39). Focusing on Hölderlin’s two different versions of Strophe VIII of “The Rhine” hymn, it traces through Heidegger’s inaugural insights into the structure of need (Brauch}) articulated in the “The Rhine” hymn as the gods’ need and use of the demigods to “feel something of themselves.” Contrasting this with Plato’s analysis of the demigod in the Symposium, (...)
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  44. Seth D. Baum, Michelle Stickler, James S. Shortle, Klaus Keller, Kenneth J. Davis, Donald A. Brown, Erich W. Schienke & Nancy Tuana (2011). The Role of the National Science Foundation Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research Ethics Pedagogy. Social Epistemology 23 (3):317-336.score: 150.0
    The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Second Merit Criterion, or Broader Impacts Criterion (BIC), was introduced in 1997 as the result of an earlier Congressional movement to enhance the accountability and responsibility as well as the effectiveness of federally funded projects. We demonstrate that a robust understanding and appreciation of NSF BIC argues for a broader conception of research ethics in the sciences than is currently offered in Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training. This essay advocates augmenting RCR education with training (...)
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  45. Wayne A. Davis (2002). Reason, Emotion, and the Importance of Philosophy. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):1 - 23.score: 150.0
    Wayne A. Davis uses his theory of happiness to clarify and deepen Rand's theory of emotion. He distinguishes belief from knowledge, volitive from appetitive desire, and occurrent thinking from believing. He suggests that values in Rand's sense are things we volitively desire. Happiness is defined in terms of the sum of the products of the degree of belief and (volitive) desire functions over all thoughts. Davis then evaluates such Randian maxims as that happiness cannot be achieved (...)
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  46. Zachary Davis (2012). The Values of War and Peace: Max Scheler's Political Transformations. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 16 (2):128-149.score: 150.0
    Max Scheler’s contribution to the early development of phenomenology is second to only Edmund Husserl’s. What perhaps distinguishes Scheler’s early contribution is his willingness to examine phenomenologically social and political phenomena. Not only did this early trajectory lead him to develop a non-formal value theory, but it also enabled him to engage directly in the political problems of his time. Like many of his contemporary intellectuals, Scheler was an adamantsupporter of German aggression during the onset of World War I, and (...)
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  47. Helen Davis (2004). Understanding Stuart Hall. Sage Publications.score: 150.0
    'This is the most lucid and engaged account of Stuart Hall's work. Meticulously, and with an exemplary generosity, Helen Davis patiently unravels the threads of Hall's intellectual history. The result is a most useful and thoughtful book, which could prove to be indispensable for students of cultural studies' - Graeme Turner, University of Queensland Understanding Stuart Hall traces the development of one of the most influential and respected figures within cultural studies. Focusing on Stuart Hall's writings over a period (...)
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  48. Jeffrey M. Perl, Natalie Zemon Davis & Barry Allen (2011). Fuzzy Studies a Symposium on the Consequence of Blur Part 1. Common Knowledge 17 (3):441-449.score: 150.0
    In this introduction to Part 1 of the Common Knowledge symposium, “Fuzzy Studies,” the journal's editor discusses four essays from the 1980s by Richard Rorty, in which Rorty chose to associate himself with various neopragmatists, Continental thinkers, and “left-wing Kuhnians” under the rubric of the “new fuzziness.” The term had been introduced as an insult by a philosopher of science with positivist leanings, but Rorty took it up as an “endearing” compliment, arguing that “to be less fuzzy” was also to (...)
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  49. Dena S. Davis (1987). Children with AIDS in the Public Schools: The Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 8 (2):101-109.score: 150.0
    The question of whether to allow children with AIDS to attend public school generates explosive emotions and has wide-reaching consequences. This paper focuses on the perspective of parents of well children who may be asked to attend school with children who have AIDS. These parents are poised at the heart of the dilemma: they are the ethical “bottom line,” and an argument that fails to satisfy them ought not to satisfy anyone.The conflicting commitments these parents face are first to the (...)
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  50. James Calvin Davis (2005). William Ames's Calvinist Ambiguity Over Freedom of Conscience. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):333 - 355.score: 150.0
    Reformed Christianity's qualified embrace of freedom of conscience is per- haps best represented by William Ames (1576-1633). This essay explores Ames's interpretation of conscience, his understanding of its relationship to natural law, Scripture, and civil authority, and his vacillation on the sub- ject of conscientious freedom. By rooting his interpretation of conscience in natural law, Ames provided a foundation for conscience as an authority whose convictions are binding and worthy of some civil respect and free- dom. At the same time, (...)
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