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Profile: Mark Sagoff
  1. Mark Sagoff (forthcoming). Animal Liberation. Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick.
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  2. Mark Sagoff (forthcoming). Carrying Capacity and Ecological Economics. Bioscience.
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  3. Mark Sagoff (forthcoming). Can Environmentalists Be Liberals. Environmental Ethics.
     
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  4. Mark Sagoff (forthcoming). Chapter Twelve: Environment 485. Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
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  5. Mark Sagoff (forthcoming). 52 Environmental Ethics and Ecological Science. Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions.
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  6. Mark Sagoff (2014). The Attributive Logic of “Human-Like” Characteristics. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):15-16.
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  7. Mark Sagoff (2013). Trust Versus Paternalism. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):20-21.
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  8. Mark Sagoff (2013). What Does Environmental Protection Protect? Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):239-257.
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  9. Spencer Abraham, Ray Anderson, Nik Ansell, St Thomas Aquinas, St Francis of Assisi, William Baxter, Philip J. Bentley, Joachim Blatter, Murray Bookchin, Maya Brennan, Majora Carter, Carl Cohen, Deane Curtin, Herman Daly, David DeGrazia, Bill Devall, Calvin DeWitt, David Ehrenfeld, Paul, Anne Ehrlich, Robert Elliot, Stuart Ewen, Nuria Fernandez, Stephen Gardiner, Ramachandra Guha, Garrett Hardin, Eugene Hargrove, John Hasse, Po-Keung Ip, Ralf Isenmann, Kauser Jahan, Marianne B. Karsh, Andrew Kernohan, Marti Kheel, Kenneth Kraft, Aldo Leopold, Miriam MacGillis, Juan Martinez-Alier, Ed McGaa, Katie McShane, Roberto Mechoso, Arne Naess, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Michael Nelson, Bryan Norton, Philip Nyhus, John O'Neil, Stephen Pacala, Ernest Partridge, Erv Peterson, Tom Regan, Holmes Rolston Iii, Lily-Marlene Russow, Mark Sagoff, Kristin Schrader-Frechette, Erroll Schweizer, George Sessions, Vandana Shiva, Peter Singer, Stephen Socolow, Paul Steidlmeier, Richard Sylvan, Bron Taylor & Paul Taylor (2009). Earthcare: An Anthology in Environmental Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  10. Mark Sagoff (2009). Environmental Harm: Political Not Biological. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):81-88.
    In their fine paper, Evans et al. (2009) discuss the proposition that invasive non-native species (INS) are harmful. The question to ask is, “Harmful to whom?” Pathogens that make people sick and pests that damage their property—crops, for example—cause harms of kinds long understood in common law and recognized by public agencies. The concept of “harm to the environment,” in contrast, has no standing in common law or legislation, no meaning for any empirical science, and no basis in a political (...)
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  11. Mark Sagoff (2009). The Economic Value of Ecosystem Services. Bioscience 59 (6):461-461.
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  12. Mark Sagoff (2009). Who is the Invader? Alien Species, Property Rights, and the Police Power. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):26-52.
    This paper argues that the occurrence of a non-native species, such as purple loosestrife, on one's property does not constitute a nuisance in the context of background principles of common law. No one is injured by it. The control of non-native species, such as purple loosestrife, does not constitute a compelling public interest, moreover, but represents primarily the concern of an epistemic community of conservation biologists and ecologists. This paper describes a history of cases in agricultural law that establish that (...)
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  13. Mark Sagoff (2008). On the Economic Value of Ecosystem Services. Environmental Values 17 (2):239 - 257.
    The productive services of nature, such as the ability of fertile soil to grow crops, receive low market prices not because markets fail but because many natural resources, such as good cropland, are abundant relative to effective demand. Even when one pays nothing for a service such as that the wind provides in pollinating crops, this is its 'correct' market price if the supply is adequate and free. The paper argues that ecological services are either too 'lumpy' to price in (...)
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  14. Mark Sagoff (2007). A Transcendental Argument for the Concept of Personhood in Neuroscience. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):72-73.
  15. Mark Sagoff (2007). Further Thoughts About the Human Neuron Mouse. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):51 – 52.
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  16. Mark Sagoff (2007). Science, Religion and the Environment. Journal of Catholic Social Thought 4 (2):313-330.
  17. Bryan Norton, Paul B. Thompson, David Schmidtz, Elizabeth Willott & Mark Sagoff (2006). Mark Sagoff 's Price, Principle, and the Environment: Two Comments. Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (3):337 – 372.
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  18. Mark Sagoff (2006). Dale Jamieson, Morality's Progress:Morality's Progress. Ethics 116 (3):590-593.
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  19. Mark Sagoff (2005). Do Non-Native Species Threaten the Natural Environment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):215-236.
    Conservation biologists and other environmentalists confront five obstacles in building support for regulatory policies that seek to exclude or remove introduced plants and other non-native species that threaten to harm natural areas or the natural environment. First, the concept of “harm to the natural environment” is nebulous and undefined. Second, ecologists cannot predict how introduced species will behave in natural ecosystems. If biologists cannot define “harm” or predict the behavior of introduced species, they must target all non-native species as potentially (...)
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  20. Mark Sagoff (2005). Extracorporeal Embryos and Three Conceptions of the Human. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):52 – 54.
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  21. Harold W. Baillie, William A. Galston, Sara Goering, Deborah Hellman, Mark Sagoff, Paul B. Thompson, Robert Wachbroit, David T. Wasserman & Richard M. Zaner (2003). Genetic Prospects: Essays on Biotechnology, Ethics, and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  22. Mark Sagoff (2003). Cows Are Better Than Condos, or How Economists Help Solve Environmental Problems. Environmental Values 12 (4):449 - 470.
    This essay explores three case studies that illustrate the exemplary use of economic analysis in environmental decision-making. These include: 1) the creation of a market in tradable grazing rights in the American West; 2) a cost analysis that facilitated a negotiated rulemaking at a power plant in Arizona; and 3) a conception of production-based pollution allowances that led to an agreement for regulating Intel microprocessor production plants. The paper argues that cost–benefit analysis may be less useful than other kinds of (...)
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  23. Mark Sagoff (2003). Transgenic Chimeras. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):30-31.
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  24. Mark Sagoff (2003). The Plaza and the Pendulum: Two Concepts of Ecological Science. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 18 (4):529-552.
    This essay explores two strategies of inquiryin ecological science. Ecologists may regardthe sites they study either as contingentcollections of plants and animals, therelations of which are place-specific andidiosyncratic, or as structured systems andcommunites that are governed by general rules,forces, or principles. Ecologists who take thefirst approach rely on observation, induction,and experiment – a case-study or historicalmethod – to determine the causes of particularevents. Ecologists who take the secondapproach, seeking to explain by inferringevents from general patterns or principles,confront four conceptual obstacles (...)
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  25. Mark Sagoff (2002). Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce. In Ruth F. Chadwick & Doris Schroeder (eds.), Applied Ethics: Critical Concepts in Philosophy. Routledge. 4--115.
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  26. Mark Sagoff (2002). Intellectual Property and Products of Nature. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):12 – 13.
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  27. Mark Sagoff (2000). Do We Consume Too Much? The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2000:53-74.
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  28. George G. Brenkert, Donald A. Brown, Rogene A. Buchholz, Herman E. Daly, Richard Dodd, R. Edward Freeman, Eric T. Freyfogle, R. Goodland, Michael E. Gorman, Andrea Larson, John Lemons, Don Mayer, William McDonough, Matthew M. Mehalik, Ernest Partridge, Jessica Pierce, William E. Rees, Joel E. Reichart, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Mark Sagoff, Julian L. Simon, Scott Sonenshein & Wendy Warren (1998). The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  29. Mark Sagoff (1998). Environmental Values in American Culture, Willett Kempton, James S. Boster, and Jennifer A. Hartley. Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):119-122.
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  30. Luis A. Camacho, Colin Campbell, David A. Crocker, Eleonora Curlo, Herman E. Daly, Eliezer Diamond, Robert Goodland, Allen L. Hammond, Nathan Keyfitz, Robert E. Lane, Judith Lichtenberg, David Luban, James A. Nash, Martha C. Nussbaum, ThomasW Pogge, Mark Sagoff, Juliet B. Schor, Michael Schudson, Jerome M. Segal, Amartya Sen, Alan Strudler, Paul L. Wachtel, Paul E. Waggoner, David Wasserman & Charles K. Wilber (1997). Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  31. Mark Sagoff (1994). Environmentalism Vs. Value Subjectivism: Rejoinder to Anderson and Leal. Critical Review 8 (3):467-473.
    (1994). Environmentalism vs. value subjectivism: Rejoinder to Anderson and Leal. Critical Review: Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 467-473. doi: 10.1080/08913819408443353.
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  32. Mark Sagoff (1994). Four Dogmas of Environmental Economics. Environmental Values 3 (4):285 - 310.
    Four dogmas have shaped modern neoclassical economics. The first proposes that markets may fail to allocate resources efficiently, that is, to those willing to pay the most for them. The second asserts that choices, particularly within markets, reveal preferences. The third is the assumption that people always make the choices they expect will benefit them or enhance their welfare. The fourth dogma holds that perfectly competitive markets will allocate resources to their most beneficial uses. This is the doctrine of the (...)
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  33. Mark Sagoff (1994). Two Cheers for Community. Hastings Center Report 24 (3):33-34.
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  34. Mark Sagoff (1993). Environmental Bedfellows. Hastings Center Report 23 (2):42-43.
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  35. Mark Sagoff (1992). Free‐Market Versus Libertarian Environmentalism. Critical Review 6 (2-3):211-230.
    Libertarians favor a free market for intrinsic reasons: it embodies liberty, accountability, consent, cooperation, and other virtues. Additionally, if property rights against trespasses such as pollution are enforced and if public lands are transferred as private property to environmental groups, a free market may also protect the environment. In contrast, Terry Anderson and Donald Leal's Free Market Environmentalism favors a free market solely on instrumental grounds: markets allocate resources efficiently. The authors apparently follow cost?benefit planners in endorsing a specious tautology (...)
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  36. Mark Sagoff (1991). Zuckerman's Dilemma. Hastings Center Report 21 (5):32-40.
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  37. Mark Sagoff (1989). Book Review:Rational Ecology: Environment and Political Economy. John S. Dryzek. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (1):192-.
  38. Mark Sagoff (1989). Ellen Frankel Paul: Property Rights and Eminent Domain. Environmental Ethics 11 (2):179-189.
  39. Mark Sagoff (1989). What Deserves Appreciation? Hastings Center Report 19 (4):39-40.
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  40. Mark Sagoff (1988). Biotechnology and the Environment: What is at Risk? [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):26-35.
    This paper argues that the new biotechnologies will affect the natural environment primarily in two ways: by bringing relatively “wild” areas, such as forests and estuaries, under domestication, and by forcing areas now domesticated, such as farms, out of production, because of surpluses. The problem of the safety of biotechnology—the risk of some inadvertent side-effect—seems almost trivial in relation to the social and economic implications of these intentional uses. The paper proposes that we should be more concerned about the successful (...)
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  41. Mark Sagoff (1988). On Teaching a Course on Ethics, Agriculture, and the Environment. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):69-84.
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  42. Mark Sagoff (1988). On Teaching a Course on Ethics, Agriculture, and the Environment: Part II. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):69-84.
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  43. Mark Sagoff (1988). Some Problems with Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics 10 (1):55-74.
    In this essay I criticize the contigent valuation method in resource economics and the concepts of utility and efficiency upon which it is based. I consider an example of this method and argue that it cannot-as it pretends-substitute for public education and political deliberation.
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  44. Mark Sagoff (1986). Process or Product? Environmental Priorities in Environmental Management. Environmental Ethics 8 (2):121-138.
    Surplus-not simply scarcity-provides a reason to preserve the natural environment. Although advances in biotechnology have made it possible to manipulate, alter, and replace ecological and evolutionary processes in order vastly to increase the production of economically valuable commodities, e.g., seafood in estuaries, the huge surpluses likely to result threaten fishing communities with the same economicdepression and social dislocation that farming communities have already experienced. In this context, protecting the biological status quo not only expresses an admirable affection and respect for (...)
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  45. Mark Sagoff (1986). Values and Preferences. Ethics 96 (2):301-316.
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  46. Mark Sagoff (1985). Fact and Value in Ecological Science. Environmental Ethics 7 (2):99-116.
    Ecologists may apply their science either to manage ecosystems to increase the long-run benefits nature offers man or to protect ecosystems from anthropogenie insults and injuries. Popular reasons for supposing that these two tasks (management and protection) are complementary turn out not to be supported by the evidence. Nevertheless, society recognizes the protection of the “health” and “integrity” of ecosystems to be an important ethical and cultural goal even if it cannot be backed in detail by utilitarian or prudential arguments. (...)
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  47. Mark Sagoff (1985). He Had a Hat. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 44 (2):191-192.
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  48. Mark Sagoff (1984). Is Big Beautiful? Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (2):269-280.
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  49. Mark Sagoff (1984). Paternalism and the Regulation of Drugs. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (2):43-57.
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  50. Mark Sagoff (1981). Do We Need a Land Use Ethic? Environmental Ethics 3 (4):293-308.
    In this paper I criticize what many economists recommend: namely, that land use regulations should simulate what markets would do were all resources fully owned and freely exchanged. I argue that this “efficiency” approach, even if balanced with equity considerations, will result in commercial sprawl, an environment that consumers pay for, but one that appalls ethical judgment and aesthetic taste. I showthat economic strategies intended to avoid this result are inadequate, and conclude that ethical and aesthetic as well as economic (...)
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