Search results for 'Mark Schervish Joseph' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark Schervish Joseph, Coherence with Proper Scoring Rules.score: 8700.0
    • Coherence1 for previsions of random variables with generalized betting; • Coherence2 for probability forecasts of events with Brier score penalty; • Coherence3 probability forecasts of events with various proper scoring rules.
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  2. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark Schervish & Joseph Kadane, When Coherent Preferences May Not Preserve Indifference Between Equivalent Random Variables: A Price for Unbounded Utilities.score: 870.0
    We extend de Finetti’s (1974) theory of coherence to apply also to unbounded random variables. We show that for random variables with mandated infinite prevision, such as for the St. Petersburg gamble, coherence precludes indifference between equivalent random quantities. That is, we demonstrate when the prevision of the difference between two such equivalent random variables must be positive. This result conflicts with the usual approach to theories of Subjective Expected Utility, where preference is defined over lotteries. In addition, we explore (...)
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  3. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, State-Dependent Utilities.score: 810.0
    Several axiom systems for preference among acts lead to a unique probability and a state-independent utility such that acts are ranked according to their expected utilities. These axioms have been used as a foundation for Bayesian decision theory and subjective probability calculus. In this article we note that the uniqueness of the probability is relative to the choice of whatcounts as a constant outcome. Although it is sometimes clear what should be considered constant, in many cases there are several possible (...)
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  4. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane, Preference for Equivalent Random Variables: A Price for Unbounded Utilities.score: 810.0
    When real-valued utilities for outcomes are bounded, or when all variables are simple, it is consistent with expected utility to have preferences defined over probability distributions or lotteries. That is, under such circumstances two variables with a common probability distribution over outcomes – equivalent variables – occupy the same place in a preference ordering. However, if strict preference respects uniform, strict dominance in outcomes between variables, and if indifference between two variables entails indifference between their difference and the status quo, (...)
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  5. Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld, What Experiment Did We Just Do?score: 810.0
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
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  6. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane (2010). Coherent Choice Functions Under Uncertainty. Synthese 172 (1):157 - 176.score: 810.0
    We discuss several features of coherent choice functions —where the admissible options in a decision problem are exactly those that maximize expected utility for some probability/utility pair in fixed set S of probability/utility pairs. In this paper we consider, primarily, normal form decision problems under uncertainty—where only the probability component of S is indeterminate and utility for two privileged outcomes is determinate. Coherent choice distinguishes between each pair of sets of probabilities regardless the “shape” or “connectedness” of the sets of (...)
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  7. Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfield (2008). Is Ignorance Bliss? Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.score: 810.0
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  8. Jessi Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern, The Rest of Sleeping Beauty.score: 810.0
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  9. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (forthcoming). Stopping to Reflect. Journal of Philosophy.score: 810.0
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  10. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2013). The Effect of Exchange Rates on Statistical Decisions. Philosophy of Science 80 (4):504-532.score: 810.0
  11. Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld (1996). When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):289.score: 810.0
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment (or a sequence of experiments) to make certain that, given the experimental outcome(s), the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model (...)
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  12. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2002). A Rate of Incoherence Applied to Fixed-Level Testing. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S248-S264.score: 810.0
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  13. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2002). A Rate of Incoherence Applied to Fixed‐Level Testing. Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S248-S264.score: 810.0
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  14. Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish (1989). On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers. Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225-244.score: 810.0
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  15. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, Two Measures of Incoherence: How Not to Gamble If You Must.score: 810.0
    The degree of incoherence, when previsions are not made in accordance with a probability measure, is measured by either of two rates at which an incoherent bookie can be made a sure loser. Each bet is considered as an investment from the points of view of both the bookie and a gambler who takes the bet. From each viewpoint, we define an amount invested (or escrowed) for each bet, and the sure loss of incoherent previsions is divided by the escrow (...)
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  16. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, Wahrscheinlichkeiistheorie.score: 810.0
    uniquely into a convex combination of a countably additive probability and a purely finitely additive (PFA) one. The coefficient of the PFA probability..
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  17. Teddy Seidenfel, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane (2012). What Kind of Uncertainty is That? Using Personal Probability for Expressing One's Thinking About Logical and Mathematical Propositions. Journal of Philosophy 109 (8-9):516-533.score: 810.0
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  18. Joseph B. Kadane, Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish, A Rubinesque Theory of Decision.score: 810.0
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  19. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane, Decisions Without Ordering.score: 810.0
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  20. Gordon Belot, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane, Miles MacLeod, Nancy J. Nersessian, Hylarie Kochiras, Bryan W. Roberts, Elay Shech & Richard Healey (2013). 1. Bayesian Orgulity Bayesian Orgulity (Pp. 483-503). Philosophy of Science 80 (4).score: 810.0
     
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  21. Matthias Hild (2003). Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish and Teddy Seidenfeld. Cambridge University Press, 1999, X + 388 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):149-155.score: 405.0
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  22. M. Hild (2003). Review of Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish and Teddy Seidenfeld's Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):149-155.score: 405.0
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  23. Jonathan Joseph (2007). Metatheory and the State: Review of Rethinking State Theory by Mark J. Smith. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1).score: 360.0
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  24. Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish (1983). A Conflict Between Finite Additivity and Avoiding Dutch Book. Philosophy of Science 50 (3):398-412.score: 240.0
    For Savage (1954) as for de Finetti (1974), the existence of subjective (personal) probability is a consequence of the normative theory of preference. (De Finetti achieves the reduction of belief to desire with his generalized Dutch-Book argument for Previsions.) Both Savage and de Finetti rebel against legislating countable additivity for subjective probability. They require merely that probability be finitely additive. Simultaneously, they insist that their theories of preference are weak, accommodating all but self-defeating desires. In this paper we dispute these (...)
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  25. Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark Schervish, Extending Bayesian Theory to Cooperative Groups: An Introduction to Indeterminate/Imprecise Probability Theories [IP] Also See Www.Sipta.Org.score: 240.0
    Pi(AS) = Pi(A)Pi(S) for i = 1, 2. But the Linear Pool created a group opinion P3 with positive dependence. P3(A|S) > P3(A).
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  26. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark Schervish & Jay Kadane, Forecasting with Imprecise/Indeterminate Probabilities [IP] – Some Preliminary Findings.score: 240.0
    Part 1 Background on de Finetti’s twin criteria of coherence: Coherence1: 2-sided previsions free from dominance through a Book. Coherence2: Forecasts free from dominance under Brier (squared error) score. Part 2 IP theory based on a scoring rule.
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  27. Madeline M. Joseph, Jahn Avarello, Isabel Barata, Ann Marie Dietrich, Robert Hoffman, David Markenson, Mark Hostetler, Gerald Schwarz, Jonathan Valente & Muhammad Waseem (2007). Neuro-Imaging Guidelines for Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury-Pediatric Emergency Medicine Section Newsletter, September 2011. Nexus 9:18.score: 240.0
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  28. H. W. B. Joseph (1938). Order and Life. By Joseph Needham, Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, and Sir William Dunn Reader in Biochemistry, Cambridge. (London: Cambridge University Press. 1936. Pp. X + 178. Price 8s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 13 (49):93-.score: 180.0
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  29. Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark Schervish.score: 140.0
    Consider two SEU Bayesian decision makers, Dick and Jane, who wish to form a cooperative partnership that will make decisions, constrained by the following two principles governing coherence and compromise.
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  30. André Berten (2001). Citoyenneté, Communauté, Pluralisme** _Mark Hunyadi, L'art de L'Exclusion. Une Critique de Michael Walzer_** _Joseph H. Carens, Culture, Citizenship, and Community. A Contextual Exploration of Justice and Evenhandedness_** Citizenship in Diverse Societies. Edited by Will Kymlicka and Wayne Norman. [REVIEW] Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (3):479-489.score: 120.0
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  31. Lauren M. Edelstein, Evan G. Derenzo, Elizabeth Waetzig & Craig Zelizer (2009). JEFFREY P. BISHOP, JOSEPH B. FANNING, MARK J. BLITON/Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation 275-291 3 BRIAN H. CHILDS/Credentialing Clinical Ethics. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (4):391-393.score: 120.0
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  32. Thelwall Godwin (1982). The Means of Progress 79 Advance of Publication, but It is the Second Part That has Most to Fear From 'Castration,'Because of the Dispute with its First Printer, Who Was a Closet Loyalist (See the Appendix to Rights of Man: Part the Second [London, 1792], 175–8). Nonetheless, the 'We'in 'We Don't Sell It'seems to Allude to Joseph Johnson, and That Would Imply That It Refers to the First Part. See Mark Philp,'Godwin, Holcroft and the Rights of Man,'. [REVIEW] Enlightenment and Dissent 1:38-42.score: 120.0
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  33. Anthony Freeman (2006). Joseph A. Goguen: Editor JCS 1994-2006. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (6):5-6.score: 54.0
    It is a sad duty to report the death of Joseph Goguen (1941-2006) on July 3rd, shortly after a three-day Festschrift Symposium, organized by colleagues from across the world, to mark his 65th birthday and to celebrate his retirement from the University of California at San Diego.
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  34. Christopher Cunliffe (ed.) (1992). Joseph Butler's Moral and Religious Thought: Tercentenary Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    The essays in this book mark the tercentenary of the birth of Bishop Joseph Butler, the leading Anglican theologian of the eighteenth century and also an important moral philosopher. They cover the full range of Butler's theological and philosophical writings--from his Christian apologetic against the deists to his discussion of the role of their historical context and suggestion of their relevance to contemporary religious and philosophical issues. At a time of renewed interest in Butler's thought, as well as (...)
     
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  35. Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton (2010). Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? [REVIEW] HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.score: 48.0
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, (...)
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  36. Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton (2009). Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.score: 48.0
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End (...)
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  37. Joseph Melia (2003). Mark Colyvan, The Indispensability of Mathematics. Metascience 12 (1):55-58.score: 36.0
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  38. Joseph Keim Campbell (2010). Review of Mark Balaguer, Free Will as an Open Scientific Problem. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).score: 36.0
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  39. Joseph Levine (2002). Review of Mark Rowlands, The Nature of Consciousness. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (10).score: 36.0
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  40. Joseph Geiger (1990). Alan Roberts: Mark Antony: His Life and Times. Pp. Lxxviii + 361; Frontispiece; 7 Maps. Upton-Upon-Severn, Worcs.: The Malvern Publishing Company, 1988. £14.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (01):179-180.score: 36.0
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  41. Joseph S. O'Leary (2011). Review Of: James Mark Shields, Critical Buddhism: Engaging with Modern Japanese Buddhist Thought. [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 38:399-401.score: 36.0
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  42. Mark Wegierski (1997). Maistre, Joseph De. Considerations on France. Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):674-675.score: 36.0
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  43. Joseph A. Bracken, Rémi Brague, J. Budziszewski & Stratford Caldecott (2009). An Asterisk Denotes a Publication by a Member of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. The Editors Welcome Suggestions for Reviews. Bedau, Mark A., and Emily C. Parke, Eds. The Ethics of Protocells: Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory. Cambridge, Mass. And London: MIT Press, 2009. Pp. X+ 368. Paper $28.00, ISBN: 978-0-262-51269-5. [REVIEW] American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (3).score: 36.0
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  44. Joseph Ellin (1999). Mark Tunick, Practices and Principles Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (3):231-233.score: 36.0
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  45. Kenneth J. Gergen, Margaret Gilbert, H. S. Gordon, Rom Harrè, Tim Ingold, Raymond I. M. Lee, Peter Manicas, Joseph Margolis, Lloyd Sandelands, Paul F. Secord, Jonathan H. Turner & Walter L. Wallace (1996). The Mark of the Social: Discovery or Invention? Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 36.0
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  46. Mark D. Jordan (1985). Lloyd P. Gerson, Ed., Graceful Reason: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Presented to Joseph Owens, CSSR, on the Occasion of His Seventy-Fifth Birthday and the Fiftieth Anniversary of His Ordination. (Papers in Mediaeval Studies, 4.) Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1983. Paper. Pp. Xiii, 447; Frontispiece Portrait. $35. [REVIEW] Speculum 60 (4):1047-1048.score: 36.0
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  47. Dermot Quinn, Calvin Trillin, Mark Singer & Nancy Franklin (2007). Joseph Mitchell Symposium. The Chesterton Review 33 (3/4):623-638.score: 36.0
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  48. A. Roberts (forthcoming). The Truth is the Most Important Thing": The New Mormon History According to Mark Hofmann. Dialogue.score: 36.0
    ... Historian D. Michael Quinn has declared that God has, in every millennia, had his prophets employ what we call magic in manifesting God's Page 5. ... Brodie, Fawn M. No Man Knows My History : The Life of Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet. New York: AA Knopf, 1945. ..
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  49. Joseph Levine (2001). Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Conscious experience presents a deep puzzle. On the one hand, a fairly robust materialism must be true in order to explain how it is that conscious events causally interact with non-conscious, physical events. On the other hand, we cannot explain how physical phenomena give rise to conscious experience. In this wide-ranging study, Joseph Levine explores both sides of the mind-body dilemma, presenting the first book-length treatment of his highly influential ideas on the "explanatory gap," the fact that we can't (...)
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  50. Joseph Sobb (2014). Reflections on the Readings of Sundays and Feasts: March-May. Australasian Catholic Record, The 91 (1):98.score: 30.0
    Sobb, Joseph Today's Gospel extract from the Sermon on the Mount, has two different though related themes. The second especially is reflected in the first reading. The first theme may be heard as a succinct, indeed stark, summary of much of Jesus' teaching. The way of living to which Jesus invites his disciples calls for an integrity, an undivided heart which, of course, reflects his own relationship with his Father. So Paul can boldly proclaim in his second letter to (...)
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