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Profile: Markus Werning (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  1. Markus Werning & M. Werning, Conceptual Fingerprints: Lexical Decomposition by Means of Frames – a Neuro-Cognitive Model.
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  2. Sen Cheng & Markus Werning (2013). Composition and Replay of Mnemonic Sequences: The Contributions of REM and Slow-Wave Sleep to Episodic Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):610-611.
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  3. Markus Werning, Michela Tacca & Aleksandra Mroczko-Wąsowicz (2013). High- Vs. Low-Level Cognition and the Neuro-Emulative Theory of Mental Representation. In Ulrich Gähde, Stephan Hartmann & Jörn Henning Wolf (eds.), Models, Simulations, and the Reduction of Complexity. De Gruyter.
     
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  4. Aleksandra Mroczko-Wąsowicz & Markus Werning (2012). Synesthesia, Sensory-Motor Contingency, and Semantic Emulation: How Swimming Style-Color Synesthesia Challenges the Traditional View of Synesthesia. Frontiers in Psychology / Research Topic Linking Perception and Cognition in Frontiers in Cognition 3 (279):1-12.
    Synesthesia is a phenomenon in which an additional nonstandard perceptual experience occurs consistently in response to ordinary stimulation applied to the same or another modality. Recent studies suggest an important role of semantic representations in the induction of synesthesia. In the present proposal we try to link the empirically grounded theory of sensory-motor contingency and mirror system based embodied simulation to newly discovered cases of swimming-style color synesthesia. In the latter color experiences are evoked only by showing the synesthetes a (...)
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  5. Markus Werning, Wolfram Hinzen & Edouard Machery (eds.) (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Compositionality. OUP Oxford.
    In this book leading scholars from every relevant field report on all aspects of compositionality, the notion that the meaning of an expression can be derived from its parts. Understanding how compositionality works is a central element of syntactic and semantic analysis and a challenge for models of cognition. It is a key concept in linguistics and philosophy and in the cognitive sciences more generally, and is without question one of the most exciting fields in the study of language and (...)
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  6. Markus Werning (2010). Complex First? On the Evolutionary and Developmental Priority of Semantically Thick Words. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):1096-1108.
    The Complex-First Paradox consists in a set of collectively incompatible but individually well-confirmed propositions that regard the evolution, development, and cortical realization of the meanings of concrete nouns. Although these meanings are acquired earlier than those of other word classes, they are semantically more complex and their cortical realizations more widely distributed. For a neurally implemented syntaxsemantics interface, it should thus take more effort to establish a link between a concept and its lexical expression. However, in ontogeny and phylogeny, capabilities (...)
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  7. Markus Werning (2010). Descartes Discarded? Introspective Self-Awareness and the Problems of Transparency and Compositionality☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):751-761.
  8. Markus Werning (2010). The “Complex First” Paradox. In M. Arbib D. Bickerton (ed.), The Emergence of Protolanguage: Holophrasis Vs Compositionality. John Benjamins. 24--67.
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  9. Werner Kunz & Markus Werning, The Biological Species as a Gene-Flow Community. Species Essentialism Does Not Imply Species Universalism.
    We defend a realistic attitude towards biological species. We argue that two species are not different species because they differ in intrinsic features, be they phenotypic or genomic, but because they are separated with regard to gene flow. There are no intrinsic species essences. However, there are relational ones. We argue that bearing a gene flow relation to conspecifics may serve as the essence of a species. Our view of the species as a Gene-Flow Community differs from Mayr’s definition of (...)
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  10. Gerhard Schurz & Markus Werning (2009). Introduction to Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology-The Philosophy of Alvin Goldman. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):7.
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  11. Gerhard Schurz, Markus Werning & Alvin I. Goldman (eds.) (2009). Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology: Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Goldman and Replies by Goldman. Rodopi.
    The volume contains the written versions of all papers given at the workshop, divided into five chapters and followed by Alvin Goldman¿s replies in the sixth ...
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  12. Markus Werning (2009). The Evolutionary and Social Preference for Knowledge: How to Solve Meno's Problem Within Reliabilism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):137-156.
    This paper addresses various solutions to Meno's Problem: Why is it that knowledge is more valuable than merely true belief? Given both a pragmatist as well as a veritist understanding of epistemic value, it is argued that a reliabilist analysis of knowledge, in general, promises a hopeful strategy to explain the extra value of knowledge. It is, however, shown that two recent attempts to solve Meno's Problem within reliabilism are severely flawed: Olsson's conditional probability solution and Goldman's value autonomization solution. (...)
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  13. Markus Werning (2008). The Complex First Paradox Why Do Semantically Thick Concepts so Early Lexicalize as Nouns? Interaction Studies 9 (1):67-83.
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  14. Markus Werning (2005). The Temporal Dimension of Thought: Cortical Foundations of Predicative Representation. Synthese 146 (1-2):203-224.
    The paper argues that cognitive states of biological systems are inherently temporal. Three adequacy conditions for neuronal models of representation are vindicated: the compositionality of meaning, the compositionality of content, and the co-variation with content. Classicist and connectionist approaches are discussed and rejected. Based on recent neurobiological data, oscillatory networks are introduced as a third alternative. A mathematical description in a Hilbert space framework is developed. The states of this structure can be regarded as conceptual representations satisfying the three conditions.
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  15. Markus Werning, Edouard Machery & Gerhard Schurz (2005). Applications to Linguistics, Psychology and Neuroscience. De Gruyter.
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  16. Markus Werning (2004). Compositionality, Context, Categories and the Indeterminacy of Translation. Erkenntnis 60 (2):145-178.
    The doctrine that meanings are entitieswith a determinate and independent reality is often believed tohave been undermined by Quine's thought experiment of radicaltranslation, which results in an argument for the indeterminacy oftranslation. This paper argues to the contrary. Starting fromQuine's assumption that the meanings of observation sentences arestimulus meanings, i.e., set-theoretical constructions of neuronalstates uniquely determined by inter-subjectively observable facts,the paper shows that this meaning assignment, up to isomorphism,is uniquely extendable to all expressions that occur inobservation sentences. To do so, (...)
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  17. Markus Werning (2003). Synchrony and Composition: Toward a Cognitive Architecture Between Classicism and Connectionism. In Benedikt Löwe, Thoralf Räsch & Wolfgang Malzkorn (eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences Ii. Kluwer. 261--278.
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  18. Markus Werning (2003). Ventral Versus Dorsal Pathway: The Source of the Semantic Object/Event and the Syntactic Noun/Verb Distinction? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):299-300.
    Experimental data suggest that the division between the visual ventral and dorsal pathways may indeed indicate that static and dynamical information is processed separately. Contrary to Hurford, it is suggested that the ventral pathway primarily generates representations of objects, whereas the dorsal pathway produces representations of events. The semantic object/event distinction may relate to the morpho-syntactic noun/verb distinction.
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