Search results for 'Martin K. Davies' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Philip J. Stephens, Patrick S. Tarpey, Helen Davies, Peter Van Loo, Chris Greenman, David C. Wedge, Serena Nik-Zainal, Sancha Martin, Ignacio Varela & Graham R. Bignell (2012). The Landscape of Cancer Genes and Mutational Processes in Breast Cancer. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 400-404.score: 2400.0
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  2. Martin Davies (1994). Antyredukcyjny naturalizm. Z Peterem Frederickiem Strawsonem rozmawiają Mark Sainsbury i Martin Davies. Filozofia Nauki 2.score: 1680.0
    Professor Strawson was interviewed on video on location at King's College, London during the Spring of 1992. Professor Strawson discusses his thoughts on a variety of topics on which he has written previously, providing some illuminating insights into how his thoughts has progressed. The text published here is en excerpt from this interview, translated with kind permission of Mr Rudolf V. Fara, the producer, in which prof. Strawson discusses his philosophical views with Martin Davies, Wilde Reader in Mental (...)
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  3. Martin Davies (1997). Meaning and Semantic Knowledge: Martin Davies. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):209–210.score: 1440.0
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  4. Ceri Davies (1993). Martin Davies, John Goldfinch (Edd.): Vergil: A Census of Printed Editions, 1469–1500. (Occasional Papers of the Bibliographical Society, No. 7.) Pp. 124; 5 Plates. London: The Bibliographical Society, 1992. Paper, £10. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (02):427-428.score: 1260.0
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  5. Martin K. Davies (1978). Weak Necessity and Truth Theories. Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):415 - 439.score: 870.0
  6. J. K. Davies (1973). Nomos Martin Ostwald: Nomos and the Beginnings of the Athenian Democracy. Pp. Xiv+228. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969. Cloth, £2·50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 23 (02):224-227.score: 810.0
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  7. J. K. Davies (1973). The Athenian Aristocracy in the Fourth Century Paul MacKendrick: The Athenian Aristocracy, 399–31 B.C. (Martin Classical Lectures, Xxiii.) Pp. Xii+III. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1969. Cloth, £2·90. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 23 (02):228-231.score: 810.0
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  8. Crispin Wright & Martin Davies (2004). On Epistemic Entitlement. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78:167 - 245.score: 480.0
    [Crispin Wright] Two kinds of epistemological sceptical paradox are reviewed and a shared assumption, that warrant to accept a proposition has to be the same thing as having evidence for its truth, is noted. 'Entitlement', as used here, denotes a kind of rational warrant that counter-exemplifies that identification. The paper pursues the thought that there are various kinds of entitlement and explores the possibility that the sceptical paradoxes might receive a uniform solution if entitlement can be made to reach sufficiently (...)
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  9. Max Coltheart & Martin Davies (2003). Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Cortex 39 (1):188-191.score: 450.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  10. Martin Davies, Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology.score: 450.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  11. Malcolm Davies (1992). The New Teubner Aeschylus Martin L. West: Aeschyli Tragoediae. (Bibl. Teubneriana.) Pp. Lxxxv + 508. Stuttgart: B. G. Teubner, 1990. DM 195. Martin L. West: Studies in Aeschylus. (Beiträge Zur Altertumskunde, 1.) Pp. X + 408. Stuttgart: B. G. Teubner, 1990. DM 184. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (02):255-263.score: 360.0
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  12. Gilbert A. Davies (1927). Studies of Classical Literature Irony: An Historical Introduction. By J. A. K. Thomson. Pp. 242. London: Geo. Allen and Unwin, 1926. 7s. 6d. Leaves of Hellas: Essays on Some Aspects of Greek Literature. By Marshall MacGregor. Pp. Vii + 300. London: Edward Arnold and Co., 1926. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (04):129-130.score: 360.0
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  13. Glenys Davies (2012). Self-Presentation Of Roman Women (K.) Olson Dress and the Roman Woman. Self-Presentation and Society. Pp. Xvi + 171, Ills. London and New York: Routledge, 2008. Paper, £20.99, US$35.95 (Cased, £70, US$125). ISBN: 978-0-415-41476-0 (978-0-415-41475-3 Hbk). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 62 (1):255-257.score: 360.0
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  14. M. Davies (1990). The Lyrics of Choephori K. Sier (ed.): Die lyrischen Partien der Choephoren des Aischylos. Text, Übersetzung, Kommentar. (Palingenesia, 23.) Pp. xxxiv + 322. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1988. Paper, DM 80. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (02):218-219.score: 360.0
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  15. Constance L. Benson, Rowland Christopher, Wendy Dabourne, Brian Davies & G. R. Evans (1999). Abraham, William J.(1998) Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology. New York: Oxford University Press, $110.00, 500 Pp. Barnett, SJ (1999) Idol Temples and Crafty Priests: The Origins of Enlightenment Anticlericalism. New York: St Martin's Press, $59.95, 197 Pp. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46:197-198.score: 360.0
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  16. J. Brookman, M. Cieri, C. Peeps, M. Davies, N. Naffine, W. McElroy, L. Kuo, T. Mansoor, A. Morris & T. O.’Donnell (2003). Anderson, E., Judging Bertha Wilson, Law as Large as Life (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001). Aristodemou, M., Law and Literature (Oxford: OUP, 2000). Beveridge, F., Nott, S. And Stephen, K., Eds., Making Women Count: Integrating Gender Into Law and Policy Making (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000). [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 11:117-118.score: 360.0
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  17. Klaus Berger, James M. Blythe, Albert Boime, Sandi E. Cooper, John A. Davies, Paul Ginsberg, Aleksa Djilas, Didier Eribon & Trans Betsy Wing (1992). RJW Evans and TV Thomas, Eds, Crown Church and Estates: Central European Politics in the 16th and 17th Centuries (New York: St Martin's Press, 1991), Studies In. [REVIEW] South African Journal of Philosophy 11:24.score: 360.0
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  18. Glenys Davies (1999). K. S CHAUENBURG : Die stadtrömischen Eroten-Sarkophage: III Faszikel: Zirkusrennen und verwandte Darstellungen . (Die antiken Sarkophagreliefs, 5.2.3.) Pp. 112, 64 pls, 190 figs. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1995. DM 142. ISBN: 3-7861-1688-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (01):303-.score: 360.0
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  19. David Davies (2000). Robert K. Shope, The Nature of Meaningfulness Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 20 (6):442-444.score: 360.0
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  20. Martin Davies (2004). Reference, Contingency, and the Two-Dimensional Framework. Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):83-131.score: 300.0
    I review and reconsider some of the themes of ‘Two notions of necessity’ (Davies and Humberstone, 1980) and attempt to reach a deeper understanding and appreciation of Gareth Evans’s reflections (in ‘Reference and contingency’, 1979) on both modality and reference. My aim is to plot the relationships between the notions of necessity that Humberstone and I characterised in terms of operators in two-dimensional modal logic, the notions of superficial and deep necessity that Evans himself described, and the epistemic notion (...)
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  21. Robyn Langdon, Martin Davies & Max Coltheart (2002). Understanding Minds and Understanding Communicated Meanings in Schizophrenia. Mind and Language 17 (1-2):68-104.score: 300.0
    Cognitive neuropsychology is that branch of cognitive psychology that investi- gates people with acquired or developmental disorders of cognition. The aim is to learn more about how cognitive systems normally operate or about how they are normally acquired by studying selective patterns of cognitive break- down after brain damage or selective dif?culties in acquiring particular cogni- tive abilities. In the early days of modern cognitive neuropsychology, research focused on rather basic cognitive abilities such as speech comprehension or production at the (...)
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  22. I. K. Crombie & H. T. O. Davies (1998). Beyond Health Outcomes: The Advantages of Measuring Process. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (1):31-38.score: 280.0
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  23. Don T. Martin, Nobuo K. Shimahara, Sandra R. Bruneau, Ursula Casanova, Bernard Davis, Anne L. Mallery, Paul V. Murray & Patrick M. Socoski (1992). Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 23 (2):237-274.score: 270.0
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  24. Martin Davies & Lloyd Humberstone (1980). Two Notions of Necessity. Philosophical Studies 38 (1):1-31.score: 240.0
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  25. Martin Davies (2004). Epistemic Entitlement, Warrant Transmission and Easy Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):213–245.score: 240.0
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  26. Martin Davies, Anne Aimola Davies & Max Coltheart (2005). Anosognosia and the Two-Factor Theory of Delusions. Mind and Language 20 (2):241-57.score: 240.0
    Anosognosia is literally ‘unawareness of or failure to acknowledge one’s hemi- plegia or other disability’ (OED). Etymology would suggest the meaning ‘lack of knowledge of disease’ so that anosognosia would include any denial of impairment, such as denial of blindness (Anton’s syndrome). But Babinski, who introduced the term in 1914, applied it only to patients with hemiplegia who fail to acknowledge their paralysis. Most commonly, this is failure to acknowledge paralysis of the left side of the body following damage to (...)
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  27. Tony Stone & Martin Davies (2002). Chomsky Amongst the Philosophers. Mind and Language 17 (3):276-289.score: 240.0
  28. Martin Davies (1998). Language, Thought, and the Language of Thought (Aunty's Own Argument Revisited). In P. Carruthers & J. Boucher (eds.), Language and Thought. Cambridge University Press. 226.score: 240.0
    In this chapter, I shall be examining an argument for the language of thought hypothesis.
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  29. Martin Davies (1987). Tacit Knowledge and Semantic Theory: Can a Five Percent Difference Matter? Mind 96 (October):441-62.score: 240.0
    In his paper ‘Scmantic Theory and Tacit Knowlcdgc’, Gareth Evans uscs a familiar kind of cxamplc in ordcr to render vivid his account of tacit knowledge. We arc to consider a finite language, with just one hundrcd scntcnccs. Each scntcncc is made up of a subjcct (a name) and a prcdicatc. The names are ‘a’, ‘b’, . . ., T. The prcdicatcs arc ‘F’, ‘G’, . . ., ‘O’. Thc scntcnccs have meanings which dcpcnd in a systematic way upon their (...)
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  30. Martin Davies (2000). Interaction Without Reduction: The Relationship Between Personal and Subpersonal Levels of Description. Mind and Society 1 (2):87-105.score: 240.0
    Starting from Dennett's distinction between personal and sub-personal levels of description, I consider the relationships amongst three levels: the personal level, the level of information-processing mechanisms, and the level of neurobiology. I defend a conception of the relationship between the personal level and the sub-personal level of information-processing mechanisms as interaction without reduction . Even given a nonreductionist conception of persons, philosophical theorizing sometimes supports downward inferences from the personal to the sub-personal level. An example of a downward inference is (...)
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  31. Martin Davies (1980). A Note on Substitutional Quantification. Noûs 14 (4):619-622.score: 240.0
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  32. Martin Davies, Max Coltheart, Robyn Langdon & N. Breen (2001). Monothematic Delusions: Towards a Two-Factor Account. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 8 (2-3):133-58.score: 240.0
    We provide a battery of examples of delusions against which theoretical accounts can be tested. Then, we identify neuropsychological anomalies that could produce the unusual experiences that may lead, in turn, to the delusions in our battery. However, we argue against Maher’s view that delusions are false beliefs that arise as normal responses to anomalous experiences. We propose, instead, that a second factor is required to account for the transition from unusual experience to delusional belief. The second factor in the (...)
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  33. Martin Davies & Max Coltheart (2000). Introduction: Pathologies of Belief. Mind and Language 15 (1):1–46.score: 240.0
    who are unrecognizable because they are in disguise. ¼ The person I see in the mirror is not really me. ¼ A person I knew who died is nevertheless in the hospital ward today. ¼ This arm [the speaker’s left arm] is not mine it is yours; you have..
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  34. Martin Davies & Tony Stone (2000). Simulation Theory. In Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online.score: 240.0
    Mental simulation is the simulation, replication or re-enactment, usually in imagination, of the thinking, decision-making, emotional responses, or other aspects of the mental life of another person. According to simulation theory, mental simulation in imagination plays a key role in our everyday psychological understanding of other people. The same mental resources that are used in our own thinking, decision-making or emotional responses are redeployed in imagination to provide an understanding of the thoughts, decisions or emotions of another.
     
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  35. Martin Davies & Tony Stone (1998). Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 42. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 53-82.score: 240.0
    This paper is about the contemporary debate concerning folk psychology – the debate between the proponents of the theory theory of folk psychology and the friends of the simulation alternative.1 At the outset, we need to ask: What should we mean by this term ‘folk psychology’?
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  36. Martin Davies (2010). Double Dissociation: Understanding its Role in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Mind and Language 25 (5):500-540.score: 240.0
    The paper makes three points about the role of double dissociation in cognitive neuropsychology. First, arguments from double dissociation to separate modules work by inference to the best, not the only possible, explanation. Second, in the development of computational cognitive neuropsychology, the contribution of connectionist cognitive science has been to broaden the range of potential explanations of double dissociation. As a result, the competition between explanations, and the characteristic features of the assessment of theories against the criteria of probability and (...)
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  37. Martin Davies & Max Coltheart (2000). Pathologies of Belief. Mind and Language 15:1-46.score: 240.0
    1923; Young, this volume); the Cotard delusion (Cotard, 1882; Berrios and Luque, 1995; Young, this volume); the Fregoli delusion (Courbon and Fail, 1927; de Pauw, Szulecka and Poltock, 1987; Ellis, Whitley and Luaute´, 1994); the delusion of mirrored-self misidentifi- cation (Foley and Breslau, 1982; Breen et al., this volume); a delusion of reduplicative param- nesia (Benson, Gardner and Meadows, 1976; Breen et al., this volume); a delusion sometimes found in patients suffering from unilateral neglect (Bisiach, 1988); and the delusions of (...)
     
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  38. Martin Davies (1991). Individualism and Perceptual Content. Mind 100 (399):461-84.score: 240.0
  39. Martin Davies (1991). Concepts, Connectionism, and the Language of Thought. In W Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 485-503.score: 240.0
    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a _prima facie_ tension between our commonsense conception of ourselves as thinkers and the connectionist programme for modelling cognitive processes. The language of thought hypothesis plays a pivotal role. The connectionist paradigm is opposed to the language of thought; and there is an argument for the language of thought that draws on features of the commonsense scheme of thoughts, concepts, and inference. Most of the paper (Sections 3-7) is taken up with the (...)
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  40. Martin Davies (1989). Connectionism, Modularity and Tacit Knowledge. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (December):541-55.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I define tacit knowledge as a kind of causal-explanatory structure, mirroring the derivational structure in the theory that is tacitly known. On this definition, tacit knowledge does not have to be explicitly represented. I then take the notion of a modular theory, and project the idea of modularity to several different levels of description: in particular, to the processing level and the neurophysiological level. The fundamental description of a connectionist network lies at a level between the processing (...)
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  41. Martin Davies (1993). Aims and Claims of Externalist Arguments. Philosophical Issues 4:227-249.score: 240.0
  42. Martin Davies & Tony Stone (2001). Mental Simulation, Tacit Theory, and the Threat of Collapse. Philosophical Topics 29 (1-2):127-73.score: 240.0
    According to the theory theory of folk psychology, our engagement in the folk psychological practices of prediction, interpretation and explanation draws on a rich body of knowledge about psychological matters. According to the simulation theory, in apparent contrast, a fundamental role is played by our ability to identify with another person in imagination and to replicate or re-enact aspects of the other person’s mental life. But amongst theory theorists, and amongst simulation theorists, there are significant differences of approach.
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  43. Tony Stone & Martin Davies (1998). Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:53-82.score: 240.0
    This paper is about the contemporary debate concerning folk psychology – the debate between the proponents of the theory theory of folk psychology and the friends of the simulation alternative.1 At the outset, we need to ask: What should we mean by this term ‘folk psychology’?
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  44. Max Coltheart & Martin Davies (2000). Pathologies of Belief. Blackwell.score: 240.0
    Blackwell, 2000 Review by George Graham, Ph.D on Oct 27th 2000 Volume: 4, Number: 43.
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  45. Martin Davies (1994). The Mental Simulation Debate. Philosophical Issues 5:189-218.score: 240.0
    For philosophers, the current phase of the debate with which this volume is concerned can be taken to have begun in 1986, when Jane Heal and Robert Gordon published their seminal papers (Heal, 1986; Gordon, 1986; though see also, for example, Stich, 1981; Dennett, 1981). They raised a dissenting voice against what was becoming a philosophical orthodoxy: that our everyday, or folk, understanding of the mind should be thought of as theoretical. In opposition to this picture, Gordon and Heal argued (...)
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  46. Martin Davies (1995). Consciousness and the Varieties of Aboutness. In C. Macdonald (ed.), Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Oxford University Press. 2.score: 240.0
    Thinking is special. There is nothing quite like it. Thinking.
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  47. Tony Stone & Martin Davies (2002). Chomsky Among the Philosophers. Mind and Language 17 (3):276-289.score: 240.0
    A major recurrent feature of the intellectual landscape in cognitive science is the appearance of a collection of essays by Noam Chomsky. These collections serve both to inform the wider cognitive science community about the latest developments in the approach to the study of language that Chomsky has advocated for almost fifty years now,1 and to provide trenchant criticisms of what he takes to be mistaken philosophical objections to this approach. This new collection contains seven essays, the earliest of which (...)
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  48. Martin Davies (1995). Two Notions of Implicit Rules. Philosophical Perspectives 9:153-83.score: 240.0
  49. Martin Davies (2000). Persons and Their Underpinnings. Philosophical Explorations 3 (1):43-62.score: 240.0
    I defend a conception of the relationship between the personal and sub-personal levels as interaction withoutreduction.There are downward inferences from the personal to the sub-personal level but we find upward explanatory gaps when we try to construct illuminating accounts of personal level conditions using just sub-personal level notions. This conception faces several serious challenges but the objection that I consider in this paper says that, when theories support downward inferences from the personal to the sub-personal level, this is the product (...)
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  50. Martin Davies (1983). Function in Perception. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (December):409-426.score: 240.0
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