37 found
Sort by:
Disambiguations:
Martin Stokhof [36]Marting Stokhof [1]
See also:
  1. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof, Interrogatives and Adverbs of Quantification.
    This paper is about a topic in the semantics of interrogatives.1 In what follows a number of assumptions figure at the background which, though intuitively appealing, have not gone unchallenged, and it seems therefore only fair to draw the reader’s attention to them at the outset. The first assumption concerns a very global intuition about the kind of semantic objects that we associate with interrogatives. The intuition is that there is an intimate relationship between interrogatives and their answers: an interrogative (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof, Partitioning Logical Space.
    In the present version of these lecture notes only a number of typos and a few glaring mistakes have been corrected. Thanks to Paul Dekker for his help in this respect. No attempt has been been made to update the original text or to incorporate new insights and approaches. For a more recent overview, see our ‘Questions’ in the Handbook of Logic and Language (edited by Johan van Benthem and Alice ter Meulen, Elsevier, 1997).
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Martin Stokhof, Meaning, Interpretation.
    This paper1 explores, quite tentatively, possible consequences for the concept of semantics of two phenomena concerning meaning and interpretation, viz., radical interpretation and normativity of meaning. Both, it will be argued, challenge the way in which meaning is conceived of in semantics and thereby the status of the discipline itself. For several reasons it seems opportune to explore these issues. If one reviews the developments in semantics over the past two decades, one observes that quite a bit has changed, and (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Martin Stokhof, The Role of Artificial Languages.
    When one looks into the role of artificial languages in philosophy of language it seems appropriate to start with making a distinction between philosophy of language proper and formal semantics of natural language. Although the distinction between the two disciplines may not always be easy to make since there arguably exist substantial historical and systematic relationships between the two, it nevertheless pays to keep the two apart, at least initially, since the motivation commonly given for the use of artificial languages (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Martin Stokhof, Coreference and Contextually Restricted Quantification.
    The aim of this paper is to argue that update semantics is a natural framework for contextually restricted quantification, and to illustrate its use in the analysis of anaphoric definite descriptions and certain other anaphoric terms.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Martin Stokhof, Coreference and Modality in the Context of Multi-Speaker Discourse.
    Update semantics1 embodies a radical view on the relation between context and interpretation. The meaning of a sentence is identified with its context change potential, where contexts are identified with information states. The recursive definition of semantic interpretation is stated in terms of a process of updating an information state with a sentence. Meanings of sentences, then, are update functions. In general, these are partial functions, since the possibility to update with a sentence may depend on the fulfillment of certain (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Martin Stokhof, Coreference and Modality.
    Of course, although this view on meaning was the prevailing one for almost a century, many of the people who initiated the enterprise of logical semantics, including people like Frege and Wittgenstein, had an open eye for all that it did not catch. However, the logical means which Frege, Wittgenstein, Russell, and the generation that succeeded them, had at their disposal were those of classical mathematical logic and set-theory, and these indeed are not very suited for an analysis of other (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Martin Stokhof, Could Semantics Be Something Else? Philosophical Challenges for Formal Semantics.
    When in 1980, on the Third Amsterdam Colloquium, Johan van Benthem read a paper with the title ‘Why is Semantics What?’ (cf. [1]), I was puzzled: Wasn’t it obvious what semantics is? Why did our concept of it stand in need of justification? Later, much later, I came to appreciate what Van Benthem was doing in this paper (and in some others). Questioning the ‘standard model’, the assumptions on which the working semanticists silently agree, Van Benthem opened up a space (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Martin Stokhof, Changing the Context. Dynamic Semantics and Discourse.
    This paper is an informal introduction to some aspects of dynamic semantics. It is a compilation of earlier reports on joint work with Frank Veltman. The opening section can also be found in Groenendijk et al. 1996a. Section 3 is drawn from Groenendijk et al. 1995a. Some of the discussion in section 4 derives from Groenendijk et al. 1996c.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Martin Stokhof, Dynamic Montague Grammar.
    In Groenendijk & Stokhof [1989] a system of dynamic predicate logic (DPL) was developed, as a compositional alternative for classical discourse representation theory (DRT ). DPL shares with DRT the restriction of being a first-order system. In the present paper, we are mainly concerned with overcoming this limitation. We shall define a dynamic semantics for a typed language with λ-abstraction which is compatible with the semantics DPL specifies for the language of first-order predicate logic. We shall propose to use this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Martin Stokhof, Interrogatives and Adverbs of Quantification.
    This paper is about a topic in the semantics of interrogatives.1 In what follows a number of assumptions figure at the background which, though intuitively appealing, have not gone unchallenged, and it seems therefore only fair to draw the reader’s attention to them at the outset.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Martin Stokhof, Meaning in Motion.
    The paper sketches the place of dynamic semantics within a broader picture of developments in philosophical and linguistic theories of meaning. Some basic concepts of dynamic semantics are illustrated by means of a detailed analysis of anaphoric definite and indefinite descriptions, which are treated as contextually dependent quantificational expressions. It is shown how a dynamic view sheds new light on the contextual nature of interpretation, on the difference between monologue and dialogue, and on the interplay between direct and indirect information.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Martin Stokhof, Partitioning Logical Space.
    No attempt has been been made to update the original text or to incorporate new insights and approaches. For a more recent overview, see our ‘Questions’ in the Handbook of Logic and Language (edited by Johan van Benthem and Alice ter Meulen, Elsevier, 1997).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Martin Stokhof, The Company of Objects.
    Objects come to us, and we to them, in many different ways: by touch, vision, smell; in thought, language, imagination. We access them directly and manipulate them; or we approach them indirectly and keep our distance. Sometimes we do so at the same time: we pick up an object and ask ourselves where we bought it, or what it is for; we look at an object and admire its shape or colour. But often we simply take the object and use (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Martin Stokhof, The Future of Semantics?
    The paper by Fritz Hamm, Hans Kamp and Michiel van Lambalgen (in what follows abbreviated as ‘HKL’) is a very rich one. Not only does it contain a wealth of empirical and formal insights concerning the analysis of tense and aspect, planning and causality, and other phenomena, it also contains some penetrating remarks concerning the scope and method of semantic theory. It is the latter aspect of the paper that I want to make a few comments on in what follows.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Martin Stokhof, The Gamut of Dynamic Logics.
    Dynamic logic, broadly conceived, is the logic that analyses change by decomposing actions into their basic building blocks and by describing the results of performing actions in given states of the world. The actions studied by dynamic logic can be of various kinds: actions on the memory state of a computer, actions of a moving robot in a closed world, interactions between cognitive agents performing given communication protocols, actions that change the common ground between speaker and hearer in a conversation, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Martin Stokhof, This Might Be It.
    Discussions often end before the issues that started them have been resolved. For example, in the late sixties and early seventies, a hot topic in philosophical logic was the development of an adequate semantics for the language of modal predicate logic. However, the result of this discussion was not one single system that met with general agreement, but a collection of alternative systems, each defended most ably by its proponents.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Martin Stokhof, Why Compositionality?
    The paper identifies some background assumptions of compositionality in formal semantics and investigates how they shape formal semantics as a scientific discipline.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Martin Stokhof & Hans Kamp, Information in Natural Language.
    Natural languages are vehicles of information, arguably the most important, certainly the most ubiquitous that humans possess. Our everyday interactions with the world, with each other and with ourselves depend on them. And even where in the specialised contexts of science we use dedicated formalisms to convey information, their use is embedded in natural language.1..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Martin Stokhof (2013). Formal Semantics and Wittgenstein. The Monist 96 (2):205-231.
    This paper discusses a number of methodological issues with mainstream formal semantics and then investigates whetherWittgenstein’s later work provides an alternative approach that is able to avoid these issues.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Martin Stokhof (2011). Intuitions and Competence in Formal Semantics. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Martin Stokhof (2011). The Quest for Purity. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):275-294.
    This short note takes another look at the ideas proposed by the ‘New Wittgen steinians’, focusing on a feature of the discussion these ideas have generated that hitherto seems to have received comparatively little attention, viz., certain assumptions about the conception of philosophy as an intellectual enterprise, including its relation to the sciences, that seem to be adopted by both the New Wittgensteinians and (many of) their critics.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Martin Stokhof & Michiel van Lambalgen (2010). Abstracties en idealisaties: de constructie van de moderne taalkunde. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (4):749-776.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Martin Stokhof (2008). The Architecture of Meaning : Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Formal Semantics. In David K. Levy & Edoardo Zamuner (eds.), Wittgenstein's Enduring Arguments. Routledge.
    With a few notable exceptions formal semantics, as it originated from the seminal work of Richard Montague, Donald Davidson, Max Cresswell, David Lewis and others, in the late sixties and early seventies of the previous century, does not consider Wittgenstein as one of its ancestors. That honour is bestowed on Frege, Tarski, Carnap. And so it has been in later developments. Most introductions to the subject will refer to Frege and Tarski (Carnap less frequently) —in addition to the pioneers just (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Martin Stokhof (2007). Hand or Hammer? On Formal and Natural Languages in Semantics. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (5-6):597-626.
    This paper does not deal with the topic of ‘the generosity of artificial languages from an Asian or a comparative perspective’. Rather, it is concerned with a particular case taken from a development in the Western tradition, when in the wake of the rise of formal logic at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century people in philosophy and later in linguistics started to use formal languages in the study of the semantics of natural languages. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Kent Bach, Shalom Lappin, Martin Stokhof, Daniel Buring, Peter Lasersohn, Thomas Ede, Paul Dekker Beth Levin Zimmermann, Julie Sedivy & Ben Russell (2005). Pauline Jacobson. Linguistics and Philosophy 28:781-782.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (2005). Why Compositionality? In Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.), Reference and Quantification: The Partee Effect. Csli. 83--106.
    The paper identifies some background assumptions of compositionality in formal semantics and investigates how they shape formal semantics as a scientific discipline.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Kent Bach, Daniel Buring, Paul Dekker, Shalom Lappin, Peter Lasersohn, Beth Levin, Julie Sedivy, Martin Stokhof, Thomas Ede & Ian Lyons (2004). Pauline Jacobson. Linguistics and Philosophy 27:777-778.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Martin Stokhof (2002). World and Life as One: Ethics and Ontology in Wittgenstein’s Early Thought. Stanford University Press.
  30. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (2000). Meaning in Motion. In Klaus von Heusinger & Urs Egli (eds.), Reference and Anaphoric Relations. Kluwer. 47--78.
    The paper sketches the place of dynamic semantics within a broader picture of developments in philosophical and linguistic theories of meaning. Some basic concepts of dynamic semantics are illustrated by means of a detailed analysis of anaphoric definite and indefinite descriptions, which are treated as contextually dependent quantificational expressions. It is shown how a dynamic view sheds new light on the contextual nature of interpretation, on the difference between monologue and dialogue, and on the interplay between direct and indirect information.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Jeroen Groenendijk & Marting Stokhof (1998). Betekenis in Beweging. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 90:26-53.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof & Frank Veltman (1997). Coreference and Modality in Multi-Speaker Discourse. In Hans Kamp & Barbara Partee (eds.), Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning. Ims. 195--217.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Frank Veltman, Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (1996). This Might Be It. In Dag Westerstahl & Jeremy Seligman (eds.), Language, Logic, and Computation: the 1994 Moraga Proceedings. CSLI. 255--70.
    Discussions often end before the issues that started them have been resolved. For example, in the late sixties and early seventies, a hot topic in philosophical logic was the development of an adequate semantics for the language of modal predicate logic. However, the result of this discussion was not one single system that met with general agreement, but a collection of alternative systems, each defended most ably by its proponents.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Martin Stokhof, Dorit Abusch, Ju D. Apresjan, Nicholas Asher, David Auerbach, Kent Bach, Mark Baltin, Chris Barker, Stephen Barker & Ellen Barton (1995). William Rounds Scott Soames. Linguistics and Philosophy 18:687-688.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (1991). Dynamic Predicate Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (1):39-100.
    This paper is devoted to the formulation and investigation of a dynamic semantic interpretation of the language of first-order predicate logic. The resulting system, which will be referred to as ‘dynamic predicate logic’, is intended as a first step towards a compositional, non-representational theory of discourse semantics. In the last decade, various theories of discourse semantics have emerged within the paradigm of model-theoretic semantics. A common feature of these theories is a tendency to do away with the principle of compositionality, (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Martin Stokhof (1991). Dynamic Predicate Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (1):39 - 100.
    This paper is devoted to the formulation and investigation of a dynamic semantic interpretation of the language of first-order predicate logic. The resulting system, which will be referred to as ‘dynamic predicate logic’, is intended as a first step towards a compositional, non-representational theory of discourse semantics.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Joroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (1982). Semantic Analysis of Wh-Complements. Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (2):175 - 233.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation