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  1. Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard, Peter Railton, Robbie Davis-Floyd, P. Sven, Patrice DiQuinzio, Iris Marion, M. David Ermann, Mary B. Williams & Michele S. Shauf (1998). Curtler, Hugh Mercer. Rediscover. Teaching Philosophy 21 (1):115.
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  2. Mary B. Williams (1990). Geoffrey Brown, The Information Game: Ethical Issues in a Microchip World Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (8):306-308.
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  3. Mary B. Williams, David Ermann & Glaudio Gutierrez (1989). Cautionary Tales and the Impact of Computers on Society. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 19 (3):23-31.
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  4. Mary B. Williams (1986). The Logical Skeleton of Darwin's Historical Methodology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:514 - 521.
    Narrative explanations in evolutionary biology have seemed fundamentally different from other scientific explanations, and similar to historical explanations. This investigation of the structure of narrative explanations in evolutionary biology reveals that narrative explanations do have a deductive-nomological base, but that their structure contains two significant additional elements as well. The additional elements are: the multidimensional recursive connection between the different sub-explanations in a narrative explanation; and a set of generic explanations which make possible the integration of multiple co-existing processes.
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  5. Mary B. Williams (1985). Species Are Individuals: Theoretical Foundations for the Claim. Philosophy of Science 52 (4):578-590.
    This paper shows that species are individuals with respect to evolutionary theory in the sense that the laws of the theory deal with species as irreducible wholes rather than as sets of organisms. 'Species X' is an instantiation of a primitive term of the theory. I present a sketch of a proof that it cannot be defined within the theory as a set of organisms; the proof relies not on details of my axiomatization but rather on a generally accepted property (...)
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  6. Mary B. Williams & Alexander Rosenberg (1985). "Fitness" in Fact and Fiction: A Rejoinder to Sober. Journal of Philosophy 82 (12):738 - 749.
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  7. Mary B. Williams (1982). The Importance of Prediction Testing in Evolutionary Biology. Erkenntnis 17 (3):291 - 306.
    It is clear from the above discussion that if I had wished to do so I could have truthfully presented every paper as either testing a prediction, presenting evidence needed in the test of a prediction, or presentin a D-N explanation. (I would not have been able to do this if I had not been sufficiently familiar with the evolutionary literature to recognize what hypotheses were at stake in several of the papers; even when the authors mention the hypotheses they (...)
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  8. Mary B. Williams (1980). Similarities and Differences Between Evolutionary Theory and the Theories of Physics. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:385 - 396.
    Many philosophers have claimed that the structure of evolutionary theory is intrinsically different from the structure of physical theories. These claims were based on the appearance of the immature structure of the theory. Refutations of these claims have been based on newly available glimpses of the mature structure of the theory. These claims and their refutations show that the relationship between the immature and mature structures of evolutionary theory is dramatically different from this relationship for Newtonian physics. Analysis of the (...)
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  9. Mary B. Williams (1978). Discounting Versus Maximum Sustainable Yield. In Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.), Obligations to Future Generations. White Horse Press. 169--185.
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  10. Mary B. Williams (1978). Ethical Theories Underlying the Recombinant DNA Controversy1. In John Richards (ed.), Recombinant Dna: Science, Ethics, and Politics. Academic Press. 177.
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  11. Mary B. Williams (1978). Recombinant Dna: Science. Ethics. And Politics. In John Richards (ed.), Recombinant Dna: Science, Ethics, and Politics. Academic Press. 177.
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  12. Mary B. Williams (1976). The Logical Structure of Functional Explanations in Biology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:37 - 46.
    This paper: (1) gives a schema of the logical structure of functional explanation in biology; (2) shows that it falls under the covering law model of explanation by proving that the explanandum follows from the explanans; and (3) supports the claim that it captures the logical structure underlying the biological usage by analyzing in detail two cases from biology.
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  13. Mary B. Williams (1973). Falsifiable Predictions of Evolutionary Theory. Philosophy of Science 40 (4):518-537.
    Many philosophers have asserted that evolutionary theory is unfalsifiable. In this paper I refute these assertions by detailing some falsifiable predictions of the theory and the evidence used to test them. I then analyze both these predictions and evidence cited to support assertions of unfalsifiability in order to show both what type of predictions are possible and why it has been so difficult to spot them. The conclusion is that the apparent logical peculiarity of evolutionary theory is not a property (...)
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  14. Mary B. Williams (1973). The Logical Status of the Theory of Natural Selection and Other Evolutionary Controversies. In. In Mario Augusto Bunge (ed.), The Methodological Unity of Science. Boston,Reidel. 84--102.
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