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Profile: Massimiliano Badino (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)
  1.  88
    Massimiliano Badino, How Typical! An Epistemological Analysis of Typicality in Statistical Mechanics.
    The recent use of typicality in statistical mechanics for foundational purposes has stirred an important debate involving both philosophers and physicists. While this debate customarily focuses on technical issues, in this paper I try to approach the problem from an epistemological angle. The discussion is driven by two questions: (1) What does typicality add to the concept of measure? (2) What kind of explanation, if any, does typicality yield? By distinguishing the notions of `typicality-as-vast-majority' and `typicality-as-best-exemplar', I argue that the (...)
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  2.  84
    Massimiliano Badino, Three Dogmas on Scientific Theory.
    Most philosophical accounts on scientific theories are affected by three dogmas or ingrained attitudes. These dogmas have led philosophers to choose between analyzing the internal structure of theories or their historical evolution. In this paper, I turn these three dogmas upside down. I argue (i) that mathematical practices are not epistemically neutral, (ii) that the morphology of theories can be very complex, and (iii) that one should view theoretical knowledge as the combination of internal factors and their intrinsic historicity.
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  3. Massimiliano Badino (forthcoming). Bridging Conceptual Gaps: The Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy. Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho.
    The Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy is a fairly exotic mathematical concept which has recently aroused some interest on the philosophers’ part. The most salient trait of this concept is its working as a junction between such diverse ambits as statistical mechanics, information theory and algorithm theory. In this paper I argue that, in order to understand this very special feature of the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy, is essential to reconstruct its genealogy. Somewhat surprisingly, this story takes us as far back as the beginning of (...)
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  4. Massimiliano Badino, The Concept of Infinity in Modern Cosmology.
    The aim of this paper is not only to deal with the concept of infinity, but also to develop some considerations about the epistemological status of cosmology. These problems are connected because from an epistemological point of view, cosmology, meant as the study of the universe as a whole, is not merely a physical (or empirical) science. On the contrary it has an unavoidable metaphysical character which can be found in questions like “why is there this universe (or a universe (...)
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  5.  52
    Massimiliano Badino, Physical Order Vs. Divine Designer: Celestial Mechanics and Natural Theology Struggling for the System of the World.
  6. Massimiliano Badino, Probability and Statistics in Boltzmann's Early Papers on Kinetic Theory.
    Boltzmann’s equilibrium theory has not received by the scholars the attention it deserves. It was always interpreted as a mere generalization of Maxwell’s work or, in the most favorable case, a sketch of some ideas more consistently developed in the 1872 memoir. In this paper, I try to prove that this view is ungenerous. My claim is that in the theory developed during the period 1866-1871 the generalization of Maxwell’s distribution was mainly a mean to get a more general scope: (...)
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  7.  17
    Massimiliano Badino (2011). Mechanistic Slumber Vs. Statistical Insomnia: The Early Phase of Boltzmann’s H-Theorem (1868-1877). European Physical Journal - H 36 (3):353-378.
    An intricate, long, and occasionally heated debate surrounds Boltzmann’s H-theorem (1872) and his combinatorial interpretation of the second law (1877). After almost a century of devoted and knowledgeable scholarship, there is still no agreement as to whether Boltzmann changed his view of the second law after Loschmidt’s 1876 reversibility argument or whether he had already been holding a probabilistic conception for some years at that point. In this paper, I argue that there was no abrupt statistical turn. In the first (...)
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  8.  49
    Massimiliano Badino, Was There a Statistical Turn ? The Interaction Between Mechanics and Probability in Boltzmann's Theory of Non Equilibrium (1872-1877). [REVIEW]
  9.  57
    Massimiliano Badino, The Epistemological Root of the Problem of Induction.
    This paper analyzes the epistemological significance of the problem of induction. In the first section, the foundation of this problem is identified in the thesis of gnoseological dualism: we only know our representations as separate from ‘the world itself’. This thesis will be countered by the thesis of gnoseological monism. In the second section, the implications of Hume’s skeptical thesis will be highlighted and it will be demonstrated how the point of view of gnoseological monism can offer a way out (...)
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  10.  51
    Massimiliano Badino (2004). An Application of Information Theory to the Problem of the Scientific Experiment. Synthese 140 (3):355 - 389.
    There are two basic approaches to the problem of induction:the empirical one, which deems that the possibility of induction depends on how theworld was made (and how it works) and the logical one, which considers the formation(and function) of language. The first is closer to being useful for induction, whilethe second is more rigorous and clearer. The purpose of this paper is to create an empiricalapproach to induction that contains the same formal exactitude as the logical approach.This requires: (a) that (...)
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  11.  12
    Massimiliano Badino (2006). Thinking the Uncertainty: Invariance and Pluralism in Patrick Suppes'view of Probability. Epistemologia 29:379-384.
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  12.  43
    Massimiliano Badino (2006). The Foundational Role of Ergodic Theory. Foundations of Science 11 (4):323-347.
    The foundation of statistical mechanics and the explanation of the success of its methods rest on the fact that the theoretical values of physical quantities (phase averages) may be compared with the results of experimental measurements (infinite time averages). In the 1930s, this problem, called the ergodic problem, was dealt with by ergodic theory that tried to resolve the problem by making reference above all to considerations of a dynamic nature. In the present paper, this solution will be analyzed first, (...)
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  13.  34
    Massimiliano Badino (2006). The Foundational Role of Ergodic Theory. Foundations of Science 11 (4):323-347.
    The foundation of statistical mechanics and the explanation of the success of its methods rest on the fact that the theoretical values of physical quantities (phase averages) may be compared with the results of experimental measurements (infinite time averages). In the 1930s, this problem, called the ergodic problem, was dealt with by ergodic theory that tried to resolve the problem by making reference above all to considerations of a dynamic nature. In the present paper, this solution will be analyzed first, (...)
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  14.  4
    Nadia Robotti & Massimiliano Badino (2001). Max Planck and the 'Constants of Nature'. Annals of Science 58 (2):137-162.
    When at the end of the 1900s Planck introduced the constant h into the black-body radiation law together with constant k, he provided no explanation of either its meaning or why it had that particular value. He simply introduced it. In reality the history of the constant was far from straightforward. Planck was confident enough to introduce it like this because he had been working on the question for over a year. In this paper we reconstruct the process that began (...)
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  15. Massimiliano Badino (2015). Albert Einstein.The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 12: The Berlin Years: Correspondence, January–December 1921. Edited by Diana Kormos Buchwald, Ze'ev Rosenkranz, Tilman Sauer, József Illy, and Virginia Iris Holmes. Lxxvii + 609 Pp., Illus., Apps., Bibl., Indexes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009. $140 .Albert Einstein.The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 13: The Berlin Years: Writings and Correspondence, January 1922–March 1923. Edited by Diana Kormos Buchwald, József Illy, Ze'ev Rosenkranz, and Tilman Sauer. 1,080 Pp., Illus., Apps., Bibl., Indexes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2012. $125. [REVIEW] Isis 106 (1):209-211.
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  16. Massimiliano Badino (2007). Explorative Experimente: Ampère, Faraday Und Die Ursprünge der Elektrodynamik. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 98:857-858.
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  17. Massimiliano Badino (2007). Friedrich Steinle.Explorative Experimente: Ampère, Faraday und die Ursprünge der Elektrodynamik. 450 pp., apps., tables, bibl., index. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005. €80. [REVIEW] Isis 98 (4):857-858.
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  18. Massimiliano Badino (2001). Il rapporto fra filosofia e storia della scienza e il caso di Max Planck. Epistemologia 24 (2):301-338.
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  19. Massimiliano Badino (2006). Pensare l'incerto: la concezione suppesiana della probabilita fra invarianza e pluralismo. Epistemologia 29 (2):291-322.
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  20. Massimiliano Badino (2009). The Odd Couple: Boltzmann, Planck and the Application of Statistics to Physics (1900-1913). Annalen Der Physik 18 (2-3):81-101.
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