Search results for 'Material' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephen Barker & Mark Jago (2014). Monism and Material Constitution. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1).score: 18.0
    Are the sculpture and the mass of gold which permanently makes it up one object or two? In this article, we argue that the monist, who answers ‘one object’, cannot accommodate the asymmetry of material constitution. To say ‘the mass of gold materially constitutes the sculpture, whereas the sculpture does not materially constitute the mass of gold’, the monist must treat ‘materially constitutes’ as an Abelardian predicate, whose denotation is sensitive to the linguistic context in which it appears. We (...)
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  2. Bryan Frances, The Material Composition Problem.score: 18.0
    This is an essay for undergraduates. I set out the statue/clay problem and Tibbles/Tib in rich detail. I also present, with less detail, some other puzzles about material composition.
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  3. Steven M. Duncan, Possibilities That Matter I: Material Possibility.score: 18.0
    This is the first of a series of four papers presenting modal logic as a branch of material, rather than merely formal, logic.
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  4. Alan Sidelle (2002). Is There a True Metaphysics of Material Objects? Philosophical Issues 12 (1):118-145.score: 18.0
    I argue (1) that metaphysical views of material objects should be understood as 'packages', rather than individual claims, where the other parts of the package include how the theory addresses 'recalcitant data' (such as - the denier of artifacts has to account, somehow, for the seeming truth of 'there are three pencils on my table'), and (2) that when the packages meet certain general desiderata - which all of the currently competing views *can* meet - there is nothing in (...)
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  5. Steven M. Duncan, Possibilities That Matter II: Material Contingency and Sufficient Reason.score: 18.0
    This is the second of a series of papers inspired by a paper I wrote around 1989. In this paper, I consider the notion of material contingency and relate it to the traditional, metaphysically loaded Principle of Sufficient Reason.
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  6. E. J. Lowe (2002). Material Coincidence and the Cinematographic Fallacy: A Response to Olson. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (208):369-372.score: 18.0
    Eric T. Olson has argued that those who hold that two material objects can exactly coincide at a moment of time, with one of these objects constituting the other, face an insuperable difficulty in accounting for the alleged differences between the objects, such as their being of different kinds and possessing different persistence-conditions. The differences, he suggests, are inexplicable, given that the objects in question are composed of the same particles related in precisely the same way. In response, I (...)
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  7. John D. Norton (2013). A Material Dissolution of the Problem of Induction. Synthese 191 (4):1-20.score: 18.0
    In a formal theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by universal schemas. In a material theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by facts. With this change in the conception of the nature of induction, I argue that the celebrated “problem of induction” can no longer be set up and is thereby dissolved. Attempts to recreate the problem in the material theory of induction fail. They require relations of inductive support to conform to an unsustainable, hierarchical empiricism.
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  8. John Sutton (2007). Spongy Brains and Material Memories. In Mary Floyd-Wilson & Garrett Sullivan (eds.), Embodiment and Environment in Early Modern England. Palgrave.score: 18.0
    Embodied human minds operate in and spread across a vast and uneven world of things—artifacts, technologies, and institutions which they have collectively constructed and maintained through cultural and individual history. This chapter seeks to add a historical dimension to the enthusiastically future-oriented study of “natural-born cyborgs” in the philosophy of cognitive science,3 and a cognitive dimension to recent work on material memories and symbol systems in early modern England, bringing humoral psychophysiology together with material culture studies. The aim (...)
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  9. Daniel Giberman (2012). Against Zero-Dimensional Material Objects (and Other Bare Particulars). Philosophical Studies 160 (2):305-321.score: 18.0
    A modus tollens against zero-dimensional material objects is presented from the premises (i) that if there are zero-dimensional material objects then there are bare particulars, and (ii) that there are no bare particulars. The argument for the first premise proceeds by elimination. First, bare particular theory and bundle theory are motivated as the most appealing theories of property exemplification. It is then argued that the bundle theorist’s Ockhamism ought to lead her to reject spatiotemporally located zero-dimensional property instances. (...)
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  10. Adam Rieger (2013). Conditionals Are Material: The Positive Arguments. Synthese 190 (15):3161-3174.score: 18.0
    A number of papers have argued in favour of the material account of indicative conditionals, but typically they either concentrate on defending the account from the charge that it has counterintuitive consequences, or else focus on some particular positive argument in favour of the theory. In this paper, I survey the various positive arguments that can be given, presenting simple versions where possible and showing the connections between them. I conclude with some methodological considerations.
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  11. Hans Peter Hahn & Jens Soentgen (2011). Acknowledging Substances: Looking at the Hidden Side of the Material World. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 24 (1):19-33.score: 18.0
    Material culture, strictly speaking, is substance culture. Nevertheless, studies on material culture are almost exclusively concerned with things. The specificities in the perception of substances and the related everyday practices are rarely taken into consideration. Although this can be explained by the history of anthropology, the bias towards associating material culture with “formed matter” is a foundational shortcoming. In consequence, particular perspectives on the material remain understudied, and the cultural relevance of substances as such is rarely (...)
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  12. Liza Verhoeven (2007). The Relevance of a Relevantly Assertable Disjunction for Material Implication. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (3):339-366.score: 18.0
    In this paper Grice's requirements for assertability are imposed on the disjunction of Classical Logic. Defining material implication in terms of negation and disjunction supplemented by assertability conditions, results in the disappearance of the most important paradoxes of material implication. The resulting consequence relation displays a very strong resemblance to Schurz's conclusion-relevant consequence relation.
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  13. David Ludwig (2013). Scientific Collections as Material Heritage. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):652–659.score: 18.0
    The purpose of this article is twofold: on the one hand, we present the outlines of a history of university collections in Germany. On the other hand, we discuss this history as a case study of the changing attitudes of the sciences towards their material heritage. Based on data from 1094 German university collections, we distinguish three periods that are by no means homogeneous but offer a helpful starting point for a discussion of the entangled institutional and epistemic factors (...)
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  14. Ursula Klein (2012). Objects of Inquiry in Classical Chemistry: Material Substances. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):7-23.score: 18.0
    I argue in the paper that classical chemistry is a science predominantly concerned with material substances, both useful materials and pure chemical substances restricted to scientific laboratory studies. The central epistemological and methodological status of material substances corresponds with the material productivity of classical chemistry and its way of producing experimental traces. I further argue that chemist’s ‘pure substances’ have a history, conceptually and materially, and I follow their conceptual history from the Paracelsian concept of purity to (...)
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  15. Cecilia Wee (2006). Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations. Routledge.score: 18.0
    Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations approaches Descartes' Meditations as an intellectual journey, wherein Descartes' views develop and change as he makes new discoveries about self, God and matter. The first book to focus closely on Descartes' notion of material falsity, it shows how Descartes' account of material falsity and correspondingly his account of crucial notions such as truth, falsehood and error evolves according to the epistemic advances in the Meditations. It also offers important new insights (...)
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  16. Christopher Byrne (2001). Matter and Aristotle's Material Cause. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):85-111.score: 18.0
    In his metaphysics and natural philosophy, Aristotle uses the concept of a material cause,i.e., that from which something can be made or generated. This paper argues that Aristotle also has a concept of matter in the sense of physical stuff. Aristotle develops this concept of matter in the course of investigating the material causes of perceptible substances. Because of the requirements for change, locomotion, and the physical interaction of material objects, Aristotle holds that all perceptible substances must (...)
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  17. John D. Norton (2011). History of Science and the Material Theory of Induction: Einstein's Quanta, Mercury's Perihelion. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):3-27.score: 18.0
    The use of the material theory of induction to vindicate a scientist's claims of evidential warrant is illustrated with the cases of Einstein's thermodynamic argument for light quanta of 1905 and his recovery of the anomalous motion of Mercury from general relativity in 1915. In a survey of other accounts of inductive inference applied to these examples, I show that, if it is to succeed, each account must presume the same material facts as the material theory and, (...)
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  18. Eddo Rigotti & Sara Greco Morasso (2010). Comparing the Argumentum Model of Topics to Other Contemporary Approaches to Argument Schemes: The Procedural and Material Components. Argumentation 24 (4):489-512.score: 18.0
    This paper focuses on the inferential configuration of arguments, generally referred to as argument scheme. After outlining our approach, denominated Argumentum Model of Topics (AMT, see Rigotti and Greco Morasso 2006, 2009; Rigotti 2006, 2008, 2009), we compare it to other modern and contemporary approaches, to eventually illustrate some advantages offered by it. In spite of the evident connection with the tradition of topics, emerging also from AMT’s denomination, its involvement in the contemporary dialogue on argument schemes should not (...)
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  19. Bjarke Liboriussen (2013). Craft, Creativity, Computer Games: The Fusion of Play and Material Consciousness. Philosophy and Technology 26 (3):273-282.score: 18.0
    In a historical perspective, what is novel about computer games is that they are not pure games but cultural objects which allow the playful desires identified by Caillois to be fused with craftsmanship, the desire to do a job well for its own sake (Sennett). Play is often defined in opposition to work, for example by Huizinga and Caillois, but craftsmanship has two qualities which can be found in both. Firstly, craftsmanship entails creative attention to the material at hand (...)
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  20. Christo I. Christov (2006). On the Material Invariant Formulation of Maxwell's Displacement Current. Foundations of Physics 36 (11):1701-1717.score: 18.0
    Maxwell accounted for the apparent elastic behavior of the electromagnetic field by augmenting Ampere’s law with the so-called displacement current, in much the same way that he treated the viscoelasticity of gases. Maxwell’s original constitutive relations for both electrodynamics and fluid dynamics were not material invariant. In the theory of viscoelastic fluids, the situation was later corrected by Oldroyd, who introduced the upper-convective derivative. Assuming that the electromagnetic field should follow the general requirements for a material field, we (...)
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  21. Mark T. Nelson (1993). Promises and Material Conditionals. Teaching Philosophy 16 (2):155-156.score: 18.0
    Some beginning logic students find it hard to understand why a material conditional is true when its antecedent is false. I draw an analogy between conditional statements and conditional promises (especially between true conditional statements and unbroken conditional promises) that makes this point of logic less counter-intuitive.
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  22. Macarena Bonhomme (2013). Cultura material y migrantes peruanos en Chile: un proceso de integración desde el hogar. Polis 35.score: 18.0
    El presente artículo busca profundizar las formas en que migrantes peruanos en Chile habitan su espacio privado desde una perspectiva de cultura material, a través del análisis de las posesiones del hogar y la comida. La cultura material del hogar encarna tanto su experiencia y trayectoria migratoria como el proceso de integración en la sociedad chilena, representando el continuo proceso de ajuste que deben enfrentar en términos culturales, sociales y materiales. Los resultados muestran que las formas de habitar (...)
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  23. Howard Hsueh-Hao Chiang (2009). The Laboratory Technology of Discrete Molecular Separation: The Historical Development of Gel Electrophoresis and the Material Epistemology of Biomolecular Science, 1945-1970. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):495 - 527.score: 18.0
    Preparative and analytical methods developed by separation scientists have played an important role in the history of molecular biology. One such early method is gel electrophoresis, a technique that uses various types of gel as its supporting medium to separate charged molecules based on size and other properties. Historians of science, however, have only recently begun to pay closer attention to this material epistemological dimension of biomolecular science. This paper substantiates the historiographical thread that explores the relationship between modern (...)
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  24. José Ruiz Fernández (2013). Imagination, Meaning and the Phenomenological Material a Priori. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-15.score: 18.0
    The main general goal of this paper is to consider in a new light what is usually referred in the phenomenological tradition as “material a priori”. Through a consideration of the evidence we have of anything colored being extended, the paper attempts to show that this evidence is of a different kind from the one we have of other propositions also involving necessity. The main peculiarity of this evidence is found in its dependence on linguistic meaning therein involved being (...)
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  25. Enéias Forlin Jr (2013). Idealismo formal x idealismo material: a refutação kantiana do idealismo cartesiano. Discurso 38:91-118.score: 18.0
    Este artigo busca mostrar, por meio de uma análise da refutação kantiana do idealismo empírico, que Kant é ainda assim partidário de certo solo mentalista inaugurado por Descartes. Ao mesmo tempo, ele recusa as implicações solipsistas de qualquer idealismo material, seja o de Descartes, seja o de Berkeley.
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  26. Alexandra Golby Kim Celone Willment (2013). Hemispheric Lateralization Interrupted: Material-Specific Memory Deficits in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    The hemispheric lateralization of memory has largely been informed through the study of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy originating from medial temporal sources (mTLE). The material-specific model of memory relies on the basic framework that the left temporal lobe mediates verbal memories, while the right temporal lobe mediates nonverbal memories. Over the years, this model has been refined, and even challenged, as our understanding of the material-specific memory deficits in mTLE has been further elaborated in the neuropsychological and (...)
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  27. Violeta Kosmačaitė & Vidmantas Jurgaitis (2013). Material Liability of Public Servants in Lithuania: Theory and Practice. Jurisprudence 20 (2):611-625.score: 18.0
    Legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania establish several types of material liability of workers engaged in labour (professional) relations: material liability applied pursuant to the Labour Code of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the LC) and material liability applied pursuant to the Law on Public Service of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the LPC). In the present article, theoretical and practical aspects of material liability of Lithuanian public servants for (...)
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  28. Luciana Caenazzo, Pamela Tozzo & Renzo Pegoraro (2013). Biobanking Research on Oncological Residual Material: A Framework Between the Rights of the Individual and the Interest of Society. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):17.score: 16.0
    The tissue biobanking of specific biological residual materials, which constitutes a useful resource for medical/scientific research, has raised some ethical issues, such as the need to define which kind of consent is applicable for biological residual materials biobanks.
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  29. Jeffrey Grupp (2006). Mereological Nihilism: Quantum Atomism and the Impossibility of Material Constitution. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 16 (3):245-386.score: 15.0
    Mereological nihilism is the philosophical position that there are no items that have parts. If there are no items with parts then the only items that exist are partless fundamental particles, such as the true atoms (also called philosophical atoms) theorized to exist by some ancient philosophers, some contemporary physicists, and some contemporary philosophers. With several novel arguments I show that mereological nihilism is the correct theory of reality. I will also discuss strong similarities that mereological nihilism has with empirical (...)
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  30. Rainer Mausfeld (2010). The Perception of Material Qualities and the Internal Semantics of the Perceptual System. In Albertazzi Liliana, Tonder Gert & Vishwanath Dhanraj (eds.), Perception beyond Inference. The Information Content of Visual Processes. MIT Press.score: 15.0
  31. Jonathan Wolff (2013). Scanlon on Social and Material Inequality. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):406-425.score: 15.0
  32. John Sutton (2007). Material Agency, Skills, and History: Distributed Cognition and the Archaeology of Memory. In C. Knappett & L. Malafouris (eds.), Material Agency: Towards a Non-Anthropocentric Approach. Springer.score: 15.0
    for Lambros Malafouris and Carl Knappett (eds), Material Agency: towards a non-anthropocentric approach (Springer, late 2007).
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  33. Kris McDaniel (2013). Heidegger's Metaphysics of Material Beings. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):332-357.score: 15.0
    This paper discusses Heidegger's distinction between entities that are present-at-hand and entities that are ready-to-hand. Contrary to common consensus, I argue that this distinction is a metaphysical distinction. Specifically, no ready-to-hand object is numerically identical with a present-at-hand object.
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  34. Norman O. Brown (1957). Sense-Data and Material Objects. Mind 66 (April):173-194.score: 15.0
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  35. Brian O'Shaughnessy (1965). Material Objects and Perceptual Standpoint. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 65:77-98.score: 15.0
  36. James Deese & Roger A. Kaufman (1957). Serial Effects in Recall of Unorganized and Sequentially Organized Verbal Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (3):180.score: 15.0
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  37. P. R. Meudell (1972). Short-Term Visual Memory: Comparative Effects of Two Types of Distraction on the Recall of Visually Presented Verbal and Nonverbal Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):244.score: 15.0
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  38. Verne R. Bacharach (1972). Semantic and Syntactic Constraints on Free-Recall Learning of Sentential Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):223.score: 15.0
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  39. James Chumbley, Portia Lau, Dennis Rog & George Haile (1971). Concept Identification as a Function of Intradimensional Variability, Availability of Previously Presented Material, and Relative Frequency of Relevant Attributes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):163.score: 15.0
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  40. F. C. Davis (1930). The Relative Reliability of Words and Nonsense Syllables as Learning Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (3):221.score: 15.0
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  41. Christine Finn (2001). Outside Archaeology: Material Culture and Poetic Imagination. British Archaeological Reports.score: 15.0
  42. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1970). Part Versus Whole Practice in the Acquisition of Serial Lists as a Function of Class and Organization of Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):406.score: 15.0
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  43. Donald J. Foss (1968). Learning and Discovery in the Acquisition of Structured Material: Effects of Number of Items and Their Sequence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):341.score: 15.0
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  44. Eleanor J. Gibson, Carol H. Bishop, William Schiff & Jesse Smith (1964). Comparisons of Meaningfulness and Pronunciability as Grouping Principles in the Perception and Retention of Verbal Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (2):173.score: 15.0
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  45. M. R. Grossman & H. Cason (1937). The Influence of a Short Preliminary Examination of Learning Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (4):473.score: 15.0
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  46. T. G. Hermans (1936). A Study of the Relative Amounts of Forward and Backward Associations of Verbal Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (6):769.score: 15.0
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  47. Howard H. Kendler & James W. Ward (1971). Memory Loss Following Discrimination of Conceptually Related Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):435.score: 15.0
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  48. David J. King & Sarah Tanenbaum (1963). Comparison of Two Procedures in the Study of Retroactive Interference in Connected Meaningful Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):420.score: 15.0
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  49. David J. King (1968). Retention of Connected Meaningful Material as a Function of Modes of Presentation and Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):676.score: 15.0
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  50. Stuart T. Klapp & Patricia Lee (1974). Time-of-Occurrence Cues for "Unattended" Auditory Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):176.score: 15.0
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