Search results for 'Materiality' (try it on Scholar)

414 found
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  1. Wendy S. Parker (2009). Does Matter Really Matter? Computer Simulations, Experiments, and Materiality. Synthese 169 (3):483 - 496.
    A number of recent discussions comparing computer simulation and traditional experimentation have focused on the significance of “materiality.” I challenge several claims emerging from this work and suggest that computer simulation studies are material experiments in a straightforward sense. After discussing some of the implications of this material status for the epistemology of computer simulation, I consider the extent to which materiality (in a particular sense) is important when it comes to making justified inferences about target systems on (...)
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  2.  32
    Andrés Vaccari (2013). Artifact Dualism, Materiality, and the Hard Problem of Ontology: Some Critical Remarks on the Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts Program. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):7-29.
    This paper critically examines the forays into metaphysics of The Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts Program (henceforth, DNP). I argue that the work of DNP is a valuable contribution to the epistemology of certain aspects of artifact design and use, but that it fails to advance a persuasive metaphysic. A central problem is that DNP approaches ontology from within a functionalist framework that is mainly concerned with ascriptions and justified beliefs. Thus, the materiality of artifacts emerges only as the (...)
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  3.  11
    Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos (2014). Critical Autopoiesis and the Materiality of Law. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 27 (2):389-418.
    Autopoietic theory is increasingly seen as a candidate for a radical theory of law, both in relation to its theoretical credentials and its relevance in terms of new and emerging forms of law. An aspect of the theory that has remained less developed, however, is its material side, and more concretely the theory’s accommodation of bodies, space, objects and their claim to legal agency. The present article reads Luhmann’s theory of autopoietic systems in a radical and material manner, linking it (...)
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  4.  18
    Robin W. Roberts & Peggy D. Dwyer (1998). An Analysis of Materiality and Reasonable Assurance: Professional Mystification and Paternalism in Auditing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (5):115-124.
    Critical analyses of the audit profession have become more common in recent years. Many of these analyses focus on the entire audit profession in developing their criticisms and concerns. In this paper, the scope of analysis is narrowed to examine in depth the auditing profession's use of the concepts of reasonable assurance and materiality in audit performance and audit communications. Reasonable assurance and materiality are the terms that auditors use to describe the scope of their responsibility to the (...)
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  5. John T. Sanders (1994). Merleau-Ponty on Meaning, Materiality, and Structure. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 25 (1):96-100.
    Against David Schenck's interpretation, I argue that it is not absolutely clear that Merleau-Ponty ever meant to replace what Schenck refers to as the "unity of meanings" interpretation of "structure" with a "material meanings" interpretation. A particular problem-setting -- for example, an attempt to understand the "truth in naturalism" or the "truth in dualism" -- may very well require a particular mode of expression. I argue that the mode of expression chosen by Merleau-Ponty for these purposes, while unfortunate in some (...)
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  6.  46
    Jeff Malpas (2011). Truth, Narrative, and the Materiality of Memory: An Externalist Approach in the Philosophy of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (3-4):328-353.
    One of the most influential and significant developments in the philosophy of language over the last thirty years has been the rise of externalist conceptions of content. This essay aims to explore the implications of a form of externalism, largely derived from the work of Donald Davidson, for thinking about history, and in so doing to suggest one way in which contemporary philosophy of language may engage with contemporary philosophy of history. Much of the discussion focuses on the elaboration of (...)
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  7.  21
    Joel Krueger (2015). Musicing, Materiality, and the Emotional Niche. Action, Criticism, and Theory for Music Education 14 (3):43-62.
    Building on Elliot and SilvermanÕs (2015) embodied and enactive approach to musicing, I argue for an extended approach: namely, the idea that music can function as an environmental scaffolding supporting the development of various experiences and embodied practices that would otherwise remain inaccessible. I focus especially on the materiality of music. I argue that one of the central ways we use music, as a material resource, is to manipulate social spaceÑand in so doing, manipulate our emotions. Acts of musicing, (...)
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  8. John T. Sanders (1993). Merleau-Ponty, Gibson and the Materiality of Meaning. Man and World 26 (3):287-302.
    While there are numerous differences between the approaches taken by Maurice Merleau-Ponty and James J. Gibson, the basic motivation of the two thinkers, as well as the internal logic of their respective views, is extraordinarily close. Both were guided throughout their lives by an attempt to overcome the dualism of subject and object, and both devoted considerable attention to their "Gestaltist" predecessors. There can be no doubt but that it is largely because of this common cause that the subsequent development (...)
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  9.  89
    Michael Wheeler (2012). Minds, Things, and Materiality. In Jay Schulkin (ed.), New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science: Adaptation and Cephalic Expression. Palgrave Macmillan
    In a rich and thought-provoking paper, Lambros Malafouris argues that taking material culture seriously means to be ‘systematically concerned with figuring out the causal efficacy of materiality in the enactment and constitution of a cognitive system or operation’ (Malafouris 2004, 55). As I understand this view, there are really two intertwined claims to be established. The first is that the things beyond the skin that make up material culture (in other words, the physical objects and artefacts in which cultural (...)
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  10.  11
    William E. Shafer (2002). Effects of Materiality, Risk, and Ethical Perceptions on Fraudulent Reporting by Financial Executives. Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):243 - 262.
    This paper examines fraudulent financial reporting within the context of Jones' (1991) ethical decision making model. It was hypothesized that quantitative materiality would influence judgments of the ethical acceptability of fraud, and that both materiality and financial risk would affect the likelihood of committing fraud. The results, based on a study of CPAs employed as senior executives, provide partial support for the hypotheses. Contrary to expectations, quantitative materiality did not influence ethical judgments. ANCOVA results based on participants' (...)
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  11.  99
    Vincenzo Fano (2004). Non-Materiality of Non-Locality. Foundations of Physics 34 (12):2005-2013.
    In the present paper we show that in a certain sense the violation of Bell’s inequality does not entail a real non-locality. We define materiality as the capacity to be modified; and it results that in the case of the singlet state the non-locality previewed by quantum mechanics and experimentally confirmed is not material.
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  12. Gyula Klima (2009). Aquinas on the Materiality of the Human Soul and the Immateriality of the Human Intellect. Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):163-182.
    This paper argues that Aquinas's conception of the human soul and intellect offers a consistent alternative to the dilemma of materialism and post-Cartesian dualism. It also argues that in their own theoretical context, Aquinas' arguments for the materiality of the human soul and immateriality of the intellect provide a strong justification of his position. However, that theoretical context is rather "alien" to ours in contemporary philosophy. The conclusion of the paper will point in the direction of what can be (...)
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  13.  9
    Tara Fenwick & Richard Edwards (2011). Considering Materiality in Educational Policy: Messy Objects and Multiple Reals. Educational Theory 61 (6):709-726.
    Educational analysts need new ways to engage with policy processes in a networked world of complex transnational connections. In this discussion, Tara Fenwick and Richard Edwards argue for a greater focus on materiality in educational policy as a way to trace the heterogeneous interactions and precarious linkages that enact policy as complex manifestations. In particular, Fenwick and Edwards point to the methodologies of actor-network theory (ANT), at least in its most recent permutations, as a useful approach to materiality (...)
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  14.  12
    Anna Croon Fors & Mikael Wiberg (2010). Digital Materiality as Imprints and Landmarks: The Case of Northern Lights. International Review of Information Ethics 12:03.
    In this paper a case is made concerning how important levels of media technology and new interactive tex-tures affect urban landscapes. The case is based on experiences and empirical examples from a Scandinavian city in which levels of interactive infrastructures, mediated spaces, and places, are high, and in which accessibility and social inclusion traditionally have been strong components in societal and systems design. Our designerly approach discloses some of ways that the city is enacted by a new digital materiality. (...)
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  15.  7
    Alison Leitch (2010). Materiality of Marble: Explorations in the Artistic Life of Stone. Thesis Eleven 103 (1):65-77.
    This article is inspired by theoretical developments within the social sciences that focus on the materiality of everyday objects and processes. Based on ethnographic research in the city of Carrara, in central Italy, the article discusses the experiences of both quarry workers and sculptors who work with marble. Through an exploration of one of the ‘qualisigns’ of marble — veining — the article draws attention to the material life of marble in the artistic imagination of sculptors and why (...) might matter in social analysis. (shrink)
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  16.  33
    Terri Bird (2011). Figuring Materiality. Angelaki 16 (1):5 - 15.
    At the core of conceptual understandings underlying a common-sense comprehension of matter is an assumed opposition of the intelligible and the sensible. Drawing on the writings of Giles Deleuze, Luce Irigaray and Elizabeth Grosz, this essay attempts to rethink the relations of matter through the work of materiality in the context of art. Focusing on the installation COVERS, by Melbourne-based artist Fiona Abicare, this examination argues that a mobilization of the disordering effects of matter instigates an interval. In this (...)
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  17.  8
    Sonia Kruks (2006). |[Lsquo]|Spaces of Freedom|[Rsquo]|: Materiality, Mediation and Direct Political Participation in the Work of Arendt and Sartre. Contemporary Political Theory 5 (4):469.
    In the light of a renewed interest today in forms of direct political participation, this paper explores the contributions of Sartre and Arendt to defending direct political action as an intrinsically valuable form of human freedom. Both thinkers note, however, that such forms of action and the 'spaces of freedom' in which they become possible are always fleeting and transitory. The paper argues that Sartre's account of the ways in which human action is always mediated and alienated by materiality (...)
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  18.  5
    Louis Armand (2006). From Materiality to System. Sign Systems Studies 34 (1):105-118.
    This paper seeks to address the relation of materiality to structure and phenomena of signification or semiosis. It examines the logical consequences of several major lines of argument concerning the status of semiosis with regards to the human or broadly “organic” life-world and to the “zero degree” of base materiality — from Peirce to Lotman and Sebeok — and questions the classificatory rationale that delimits semiosis to the exclusion of a general treatment of dynamic systems. Recent investigations into (...)
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  19.  9
    Sonia Kruks (2006). ‘Spaces of Freedom’: Materiality, Mediation and Direct Political Participation in the Work of Arendt and Sartre. Contemporary Political Theory 5 (4):469-491.
    In the light of a renewed interest today in forms of direct political participation, this paper explores the contributions of Sartre and Arendt to defending direct political action as an intrinsically valuable form of human freedom. Both thinkers note, however, that such forms of action and the 'spaces of freedom' in which they become possible are always fleeting and transitory. The paper argues that Sartre's account of the ways in which human action is always mediated and alienated by materiality (...)
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  20.  19
    Jeffrey M. Jackson (2007). Questioning and the Materiality of Crisis: Freud and Heidegger. Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (2):251-269.
    The theme of the possibility or impossibility of the compatibility between Heideggerian philosophy and Freudian metapsychology has been taken up in various ways. Without going into the details of this body of commentary, it is argued that there is a clear difference between the ways in which Heidegger and Freud think cultural crisis. By examining texts of both thinkers from the early 1930s, it is shown that whereas Freud conceives of the possibility of amelioration of crisis in terms of a (...)
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  21.  5
    Henning Schmidgen (2013). The Materiality of Things? Bruno Latour, Charles Péguy and the History of Science. History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):3-28.
    This article sheds new light on Bruno Latour’s sociology of science and technology by looking at his early study of the French writer, philosopher and editor Charles Péguy (1873–1914). In the early 1970s, Latour engaged in a comparative study of Péguy’s Clio and the four gospels of the New Testament. His 1973 contribution to a Péguy colloquium (published in 1977) offers rich insights into his interest in questions of time, history, tradition and translation. Inspired by Gilles Deleuze’s philosophy of difference, (...)
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  22.  4
    Tiina Allik (1985). Karl Rahner on Materiality and Human Knowledge. The Thomist 49 (3):367.
    Rahner presents an example of an ambivalent stance towards human materiality. the essay provides a discussion of rahner's use of the concept of materiality in his metaphysics of human knowledge and shows that rahner's anthropology contains two arguments which define the limitations of human materiality in different ways. one of these arguments affirms that human materiality is essential and good, whereas the other stand seems to deny the goodness and the permanence of human materiality.
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  23. David Bleich (2013). The Materiality of Language: Gender, Politics, and the University. Indiana University Press.
    David Bleich sees the human body, its affective life, social life, and political functions as belonging to the study of language. In The Materiality of Language, Bleich addresses the need to end centuries of limiting access to language and its many contexts of use. To recognize language as material and treat it as such, argues Bleich, is to remove restrictions to language access due to historic patterns of academic censorship and unfair gender practices. Language is understood as a key (...)
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  24. David Bleich (2013). The Materiality of Language: Gender, Politics, and the University. Indiana University Press.
    David Bleich sees the human body, its affective life, social life, and political functions as belonging to the study of language. In The Materiality of Language, Bleich addresses the need to end centuries of limiting access to language and its many contexts of use. To recognize language as material and treat it as such, argues Bleich, is to remove restrictions to language access due to historic patterns of academic censorship and unfair gender practices. Language is understood as a key (...)
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  25. David Bleich (2013). The Materiality of Language: Gender, Politics, and the University. Indiana University Press.
    David Bleich sees the human body, its affective life, social life, and political functions as belonging to the study of language. In The Materiality of Language, Bleich addresses the need to end centuries of limiting access to language and its many contexts of use. To recognize language as material and treat it as such, argues Bleich, is to remove restrictions to language access due to historic patterns of academic censorship and unfair gender practices. Language is understood as a key (...)
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  26. Chris Sinha (2009). Objects in a Storied World: Materiality, Normativity, Narrativity. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (6-8):6-8.
    There exists broad agreement that participatory, intersubjective engagements in infancy and early childhood, particularly triadic engagements, pave the way for the folk psychological capacities that emerge in middle childhood. There is little agreement, however, about the extent to which early participatory engagements are cognitively prerequisite to the later capacities; and there remain serious questions about exactly how narrative and other language practices can be shown to bridge the gap between early engagements and later abilities, without presupposing the very abilities that (...)
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  27. Don Ihde & Evan Selinger (2006). Chasing Technoscience: Matrix for Materiality. Human Studies 29 (3):399-403.
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  28.  5
    Gayle Salamon (2010). Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality. Columbia University Press.
    By exploring and giving equal weight to transgendered subjectivities, however, Gayle Salamon upends these certainties.
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  29. Frederic Vallee-Tourangeau (2014). Insight, Interactivity and Materiality. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 22 (1):27-44.
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  30. Glen Mazis (1999). Chaos Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Ontology: Beyond the Dead Father's Paralysis Towards a Dynamic and Fragile Materiality. In OLkowski and Morely (ed.), Merleau-Ponty: Interiority and Exteriority, Psychic Life and the orld. SUNY Press 217--241.
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  31.  13
    Marcel Boumans & Mary S. Morgan (2001). Ceteris Paribus Conditions: Materiality and the Application of Economic Theories. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):11-26.
  32.  5
    Andreas Roepstorff (2013). Interactively Human: Sharing Time, Constructing Materiality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):224-225.
    Predictive processing models of cognition are promising an elegant way to unite action, perception, and learning. However, in the current formulations, they are species-unspecific and have very little particularly human about them. I propose to examine how, in this framework, humans can be able to massively interact and to build shared worlds that are both material and symbolic.
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  33.  17
    John F. X. Knasas (1991). Materiality and Aquinas' Natural Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 68 (3):245-257.
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  34. David Mitchell & Sharon Snyder (2006). The Materiality of Metaphor. In Lennard J. Davis (ed.), The Disability Studies Reader. Psychology Press 205.
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  35.  62
    Guido Starosta & Axel Kicillof (2007). On Materiality and Social Form: A Political Critique of Rubin's Value-Form Theory. Historical Materialism 15 (3):9-43.
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  36.  35
    Paul De Man (1984). Phenomenality and Materiality in Kant. In Gary Shapiro & Alan Sica (eds.), Hermeneutics: Questions and Prospects. University of Massachusetts Press
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  37.  4
    Anders Björkvall & Anna-Malin Karlsson (2011). The Materiality of Discourses and the Semiotics of Materials: A Social Perspective on the Meaning Potentials of Written Texts and Furniture. Semiotica 2011 (187):141-165.
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  38.  4
    Pedro Xavier Mendonça (2015). Materiality and Society: Social-Technical Tendencies in Mobile Technologies. Scientiae Studia 13 (4):929-947.
    RESUMO Analisar linhas delimitadoras de um certo desenvolvimento tecnológico é uma tarefa já empreendida por diversos autores. Este é um tipo de abordagem que se inspira em parte em ação semelhante empreendida em relação à ciência. Neste artigo pretendemos apresentar algumas linhas, a que chamamos tendências, que marcam as tecnologias móveis, como celulares, smartphones ou tablets. Estudamos alguns artefactos e funcionalidades que, não sendo exclusivos deste tipo de dispositivo, marcam direções e hegemonias. Para o efeito, desenvolvemos uma análise sociotécnica que (...)
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  39.  11
    Susan Petrilli (1986). On the Materiality of Signs. Semiotica 62 (3/4):223-245.
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  40.  4
    Ariel Martínez (2015). The tension between materiality and discourse: Judith Butler’s notion of body. Cinta de Moebio 54:325-335.
    This article proposes to analyse the way in which the body is addressed in the philosophical works of Judith Butler. The constructionism that characterizes her initial articles has been widely spread in the contemporary debates about sex and gender diversity, since in those articles she links the body to a discursive ontology that denounces the contingent and unnecessary welding between body -which is considered as the substantial and natural basis of gender and sexuality- and subjective identities. Such an epistemological turn, (...)
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  41.  16
    Andrew Collier (1991). "The Materiality of Morals: Mind, Body and Interest in Spinoza's" Ethics". Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 7:69-93.
  42. Carrie L. Hull (1997). The Need in Thinking-Materiality in Theodor W. Adorno and Judith Butler. Radical Philosophy 84:22-35.
     
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  43.  2
    S. Kuchler (2008). Technological Materiality: Beyond the Dualist Paradigm. Theory, Culture and Society 25 (1):101-120.
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  44.  9
    Rebecca K. Jude (1993). The Materiality Precept in the Legal Profession's Rules of Conduct. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (1):33-45.
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  45.  19
    Jean-Claude Schmitt (2013). Christian Materiality: An Essay on Religion in Late Medieval Europe. Common Knowledge 19 (1):134-135.
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  46.  16
    John F. X. Knasas (1991). Materiality and Aquinas' Natural Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 68 (3):245-257.
  47.  54
    Jean-Philippe Deranty (2006). Repressed Materiality: Retrieving the Materialism in Axel Honneth's Theory of Recognition. Critical Horizons 7 (1):113-140.
    The origins of Axel Honneth's theory of recognition lie in his earlier project to correct the conceptual confusions and empirical shortcomings of historical materialism for the purpose of an adequate post-Habermasian critical social theory. Honneth proposed to accomplish this project, most strikingly, by reconnecting critical social theory with one of its repressed philosophical sources, namely anthropological materialism. In its mature shape, however, recognition theory operates on a narrow concept of interaction, which seems to lose sight of the material mediations with (...)
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  48.  19
    Ann-Sophie Barwich (2013). A Pluralist Approach to Extension: The Role of Materiality in Scientific Practice for the Reference of Natural Kind Terms. Biological Theory 7 (2):100-108.
    This article argues for a different outlook on the concept of extension, especially for the reference of general terms in scientific practice. Scientific realist interpretations of the two predominant theories of meaning, namely Descriptivism and Causal Theory, contend that a stable cluster of descriptions or an initial baptism fixes the extension of a general term such as a natural kind term. This view in which the meaning of general terms is presented as monosemantic and the referents as stable, homogeneous, and (...)
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  49.  8
    Panagiotis Pantidos, Kostas Valakas, Evangelos Vitoratos & Kostantinos Ravanis (2010). The Materiality of Narrative Spaces: A Theatre Semiotics Perspective Into the Teaching of Physics. Semiotica 2010 (182):305-325.
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  50.  8
    Tamsin Lorraine (2012). Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality (Review). Philosophia 2 (1):100-104.
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