Search results for 'Materiality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wendy S. Parker (2009). Does Matter Really Matter? Computer Simulations, Experiments, and Materiality. Synthese 169 (3):483 - 496.score: 18.0
    A number of recent discussions comparing computer simulation and traditional experimentation have focused on the significance of “materiality.” I challenge several claims emerging from this work and suggest that computer simulation studies are material experiments in a straightforward sense. After discussing some of the implications of this material status for the epistemology of computer simulation, I consider the extent to which materiality (in a particular sense) is important when it comes to making justified inferences about target systems on (...)
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  2. Andrés Vaccari (2013). Artifact Dualism, Materiality, and the Hard Problem of Ontology: Some Critical Remarks on the Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts Program. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):7-29.score: 18.0
    This paper critically examines the forays into metaphysics of The Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts Program (henceforth, DNP). I argue that the work of DNP is a valuable contribution to the epistemology of certain aspects of artifact design and use, but that it fails to advance a persuasive metaphysic. A central problem is that DNP approaches ontology from within a functionalist framework that is mainly concerned with ascriptions and justified beliefs. Thus, the materiality of artifacts emerges only as the (...)
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  3. Robin W. Roberts & Peggy D. Dwyer (1998). An Analysis of Materiality and Reasonable Assurance: Professional Mystification and Paternalism in Auditing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (5):115-124.score: 18.0
    Critical analyses of the audit profession have become more common in recent years. Many of these analyses focus on the entire audit profession in developing their criticisms and concerns. In this paper, the scope of analysis is narrowed to examine in depth the auditing profession's use of the concepts of reasonable assurance and materiality in audit performance and audit communications. Reasonable assurance and materiality are the terms that auditors use to describe the scope of their responsibility to the (...)
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  4. Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos (2014). Critical Autopoiesis and the Materiality of Law. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 27 (2):389-418.score: 18.0
    Autopoietic theory is increasingly seen as a candidate for a radical theory of law, both in relation to its theoretical credentials and its relevance in terms of new and emerging forms of law. An aspect of the theory that has remained less developed, however, is its material side, and more concretely the theory’s accommodation of bodies, space, objects and their claim to legal agency. The present article reads Luhmann’s theory of autopoietic systems in a radical and material manner, linking it (...)
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  5. John T. Sanders (1994). Merleau-Ponty on Meaning, Materiality, and Structure. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 25 (1):96-100.score: 16.0
    Against David Schenck's interpretation, I argue that it is not absolutely clear that Merleau-Ponty ever meant to replace what Schenck refers to as the "unity of meanings" interpretation of "structure" with a "material meanings" interpretation. A particular problem-setting -- for example, an attempt to understand the "truth in naturalism" or the "truth in dualism" -- may very well require a particular mode of expression. I argue that the mode of expression chosen by Merleau-Ponty for these purposes, while unfortunate in some (...)
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  6. Jeff Malpas (2011). Truth, Narrative, and the Materiality of Memory: An Externalist Approach in the Philosophy of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (3-4):328-353.score: 15.0
    One of the most influential and significant developments in the philosophy of language over the last thirty years has been the rise of externalist conceptions of content. This essay aims to explore the implications of a form of externalism, largely derived from the work of Donald Davidson, for thinking about history, and in so doing to suggest one way in which contemporary philosophy of language may engage with contemporary philosophy of history. Much of the discussion focuses on the elaboration of (...)
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  7. John T. Sanders (1993). Merleau-Ponty, Gibson and the Materiality of Meaning. Man and World 26 (3):287-302.score: 12.0
    While there are numerous differences between the approaches taken by Maurice Merleau-Ponty and James J. Gibson, the basic motivation of the two thinkers, as well as the internal logic of their respective views, is extraordinarily close. Both were guided throughout their lives by an attempt to overcome the dualism of subject and object, and both devoted considerable attention to their "Gestaltist" predecessors. There can be no doubt but that it is largely because of this common cause that the subsequent development (...)
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  8. Gyula Klima (2009). Aquinas on the Materiality of the Human Soul and the Immateriality of the Human Intellect. Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):163-182.score: 12.0
    This paper argues that Aquinas's conception of the human soul and intellect offers a consistent alternative to the dilemma of materialism and post-Cartesian dualism. It also argues that in their own theoretical context, Aquinas' arguments for the materiality of the human soul and immateriality of the intellect provide a strong justification of his position. However, that theoretical context is rather "alien" to ours in contemporary philosophy. The conclusion of the paper will point in the direction of what can be (...)
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  9. Michael Wheeler (2012). Minds, Things, and Materiality. In Jay Schulkin (ed.), New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science: Adaptation and Cephalic Expression. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 12.0
    In a rich and thought-provoking paper, Lambros Malafouris argues that taking material culture seriously means to be ‘systematically concerned with figuring out the causal efficacy of materiality in the enactment and constitution of a cognitive system or operation’ (Malafouris 2004, 55). As I understand this view, there are really two intertwined claims to be established. The first is that the things beyond the skin that make up material culture (in other words, the physical objects and artefacts in which cultural (...)
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  10. Vincenzo Fano (2004). Non-Materiality of Non-Locality. Foundations of Physics 34 (12):2005-2013.score: 12.0
    In the present paper we show that in a certain sense the violation of Bell’s inequality does not entail a real non-locality. We define materiality as the capacity to be modified; and it results that in the case of the singlet state the non-locality previewed by quantum mechanics and experimentally confirmed is not material.
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  11. Herbert Kalthoff & Tobias Roehl (2011). Interobjectivity and Interactivity: Material Objects and Discourse in Class. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):451-469.score: 12.0
    In classroom teaching, material objects like the blackboard play an important role. Yet qualitative research on education has largely ignored this material dimension of education and focused on interaction and discourse. Both dimensions are, however, closely related to each other. Material objects are embedded in classroom discourse and are transformed into knowledge objects by speech acts, and in turn structure discussions and constitute a point of reference for school lessons. Drawing on ethnographic research on classroom lessons in mathematics and science (...)
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  12. Terri Bird (2011). Figuring Materiality. Angelaki 16 (1):5 - 15.score: 12.0
    At the core of conceptual understandings underlying a common-sense comprehension of matter is an assumed opposition of the intelligible and the sensible. Drawing on the writings of Giles Deleuze, Luce Irigaray and Elizabeth Grosz, this essay attempts to rethink the relations of matter through the work of materiality in the context of art. Focusing on the installation COVERS, by Melbourne-based artist Fiona Abicare, this examination argues that a mobilization of the disordering effects of matter instigates an interval. In this (...)
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  13. Jeffrey M. Jackson (2007). Questioning and the Materiality of Crisis: Freud and Heidegger. Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (2):251-269.score: 12.0
    The theme of the possibility or impossibility of the compatibility between Heideggerian philosophy and Freudian metapsychology has been taken up in various ways. Without going into the details of this body of commentary, it is argued that there is a clear difference between the ways in which Heidegger and Freud think cultural crisis. By examining texts of both thinkers from the early 1930s, it is shown that whereas Freud conceives of the possibility of amelioration of crisis in terms of a (...)
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  14. Tara Fenwick & Richard Edwards (2011). Considering Materiality in Educational Policy: Messy Objects and Multiple Reals. Educational Theory 61 (6):709-726.score: 12.0
    Educational analysts need new ways to engage with policy processes in a networked world of complex transnational connections. In this discussion, Tara Fenwick and Richard Edwards argue for a greater focus on materiality in educational policy as a way to trace the heterogeneous interactions and precarious linkages that enact policy as complex manifestations. In particular, Fenwick and Edwards point to the methodologies of actor-network theory (ANT), at least in its most recent permutations, as a useful approach to materiality (...)
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  15. William E. Shafer (2002). Effects of Materiality, Risk, and Ethical Perceptions on Fraudulent Reporting by Financial Executives. Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):243 - 262.score: 12.0
    This paper examines fraudulent financial reporting within the context of Jones' (1991) ethical decision making model. It was hypothesized that quantitative materiality would influence judgments of the ethical acceptability of fraud, and that both materiality and financial risk would affect the likelihood of committing fraud. The results, based on a study of CPAs employed as senior executives, provide partial support for the hypotheses. Contrary to expectations, quantitative materiality did not influence ethical judgments. ANCOVA results based on participants' (...)
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  16. Henning Schmidgen (2013). The Materiality of Things? Bruno Latour, Charles Péguy and the History of Science. History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):3-28.score: 12.0
    This article sheds new light on Bruno Latour’s sociology of science and technology by looking at his early study of the French writer, philosopher and editor Charles Péguy (1873–1914). In the early 1970s, Latour engaged in a comparative study of Péguy’s Clio and the four gospels of the New Testament. His 1973 contribution to a Péguy colloquium (published in 1977) offers rich insights into his interest in questions of time, history, tradition and translation. Inspired by Gilles Deleuze’s philosophy of difference, (...)
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  17. Tiina Allik (forthcoming). Karl Rahner on Materiality and Human Knowledge. The Thomist.score: 12.0
    Rahner presents an example of an ambivalent stance towards human materiality. the essay provides a discussion of rahner's use of the concept of materiality in his metaphysics of human knowledge and shows that rahner's anthropology contains two arguments which define the limitations of human materiality in different ways. one of these arguments affirms that human materiality is essential and good, whereas the other stand seems to deny the goodness and the permanence of human materiality.
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  18. Jennifer Lorna Hockey, Carol Komaromy & Kate Woodthorpe (eds.) (2010). The Matter of Death: Space, Place and Materiality. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 12.0
    Materializing absence, Jenny Hockey, Carol Komaromy and Kate Woodthorpe -- Never say die: CPR in hospital space, Susie Page -- Making hospice space, Ken Worpole -- Dying spaces in dying places, Carol Komaromy -- The materialities of absence after stillbirth: historical perspectives, Jan Bleyen -- Distributed personhood and the transformation of agency: an anthropological perspective on inquests, Susan Langer -- Behind closed doors? corpses and mourners in English and American funeral premises, Sheila Harper -- Private grief in public spaces: interpreting (...)
     
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  19. Louis Armand (2006). From Materiality to System. Sign Systems Studies 34 (1):105-118.score: 12.0
    This paper seeks to address the relation of materiality to structure and phenomena of signification or semiosis. It examines the logical consequences of several major lines of argument concerning the status of semiosis with regards to the human or broadly “organic” life-world and to the “zero degree” of base materiality — from Peirce to Lotman and Sebeok — and questions the classificatory rationale that delimits semiosis to the exclusion of a general treatment of dynamic systems. Recent investigations into (...)
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  20. Alison Leitch (2010). Materiality of Marble: Explorations in the Artistic Life of Stone. Thesis Eleven 103 (1):65-77.score: 12.0
    This article is inspired by theoretical developments within the social sciences that focus on the materiality of everyday objects and processes. Based on ethnographic research in the city of Carrara, in central Italy, the article discusses the experiences of both quarry workers and sculptors who work with marble. Through an exploration of one of the ‘qualisigns’ of marble — veining — the article draws attention to the material life of marble in the artistic imagination of sculptors and why (...) might matter in social analysis. (shrink)
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  21. Andy Clark (2006). Material Symbols. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):291-307.score: 10.0
    What is the relation between the material, conventional symbol structures that we encounter in the spoken and written word, and human thought? A common assumption, that structures a wide variety of otherwise competing views, is that the way in which these material, conventional symbol-structures do their work is by being translated into some kind of content-matching inner code. One alternative to this view is the tempting but thoroughly elusive idea that we somehow think in some natural language (such as English). (...)
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  22. Jean-Philippe Deranty (2006). Repressed Materiality: Retrieving the Materialism in Axel Honneth's Theory of Recognition. Critical Horizons 7 (1):113-140.score: 10.0
    The origins of Axel Honneth's theory of recognition lie in his earlier project to correct the conceptual confusions and empirical shortcomings of historical materialism for the purpose of an adequate post-Habermasian critical social theory. Honneth proposed to accomplish this project, most strikingly, by reconnecting critical social theory with one of its repressed philosophical sources, namely anthropological materialism. In its mature shape, however, recognition theory operates on a narrow concept of interaction, which seems to lose sight of the material mediations with (...)
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  23. Hans Peter Hahn & Jens Soentgen (2011). Acknowledging Substances: Looking at the Hidden Side of the Material World. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 24 (1):19-33.score: 10.0
    Material culture, strictly speaking, is substance culture. Nevertheless, studies on material culture are almost exclusively concerned with things. The specificities in the perception of substances and the related everyday practices are rarely taken into consideration. Although this can be explained by the history of anthropology, the bias towards associating material culture with “formed matter” is a foundational shortcoming. In consequence, particular perspectives on the material remain understudied, and the cultural relevance of substances as such is rarely taken into consideration. Taking (...)
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  24. Lisa Banu (2013). Design and Shit: Reality, Materiality and Ideality in the Works of Jean Baudrillard and Slavoj Žižek. International Journal of Žižek Studies 7.score: 10.0
    This paper analyzes the fecal metaphor utilized in the philosophies of Jean Baudrillard and Slavoj Zizek; and considers how the fecal metaphor explain social relations mediated by consumption and production. For both philosophers, the fecal metaphor exposes epistemological and practical processes latent in both biological and artificial production. Adding to their questions, Dominique LaPorte and his, 1978 History of Shit, couples civilization with the publicly legislated private containment of shit. This paper investigates the relevance of these metabolic metaphors of consumption (...)
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  25. Ann-Sophie Barwich (2013). A Pluralist Approach to Extension: The Role of Materiality in Scientific Practice for the Reference of Natural Kind Terms. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (2):100-108.score: 10.0
    This article argues for a different outlook on the concept of extension, especially for the reference of general terms in scientific practice. Scientific realist interpretations of the two predominant theories of meaning, namely Descriptivism and Causal Theory, contend that a stable cluster of descriptions or an initial baptism fixes the extension of a general term such as a natural kind term. This view in which the meaning of general terms is presented as monosemantic and the referents as stable, homogeneous, and (...)
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  26. Jane Bennett (2010). The Force of Materiality : A Vitalist Stopover on the Way to a New Materialism. In Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Duke University Press.score: 10.0
     
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  27. Andreas Roepstorff (2013). Interactively Human: Sharing Time, Constructing Materiality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):224-225.score: 10.0
    Predictive processing models of cognition are promising an elegant way to unite action, perception, and learning. However, in the current formulations, they are species-unspecific and have very little particularly human about them. I propose to examine how, in this framework, humans can be able to massively interact and to build shared worlds that are both material and symbolic.
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  28. Glen Mazis (1999). Chaos Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Ontology: Beyond the Dead Father's Paralysis Towards a Dynamic and Fragile Materiality. In OLkowski and Morely (ed.), Merleau-Ponty: Interiority and Exteriority, Psychic Life and the orld. SUNY Press. 217--241.score: 9.0
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  29. Guido Starosta & Axel Kicillof (2007). On Materiality and Social Form: A Political Critique of Rubin's Value-Form Theory. Historical Materialism 15 (3):9-43.score: 9.0
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  30. Diarmuid Costello (2007). Whatever Happened to "Embodiment"? The Eclipse of Materiality in Danto's Ontology of Art. Angelaki 12 (2):83 – 94.score: 9.0
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  31. Linda Fisher (2010). Feminist Phenomenological Voices. Continental Philosophy Review 43 (1):83-95.score: 9.0
    A feminist phenomenological analysis of voice, rooted in both the feminist understanding of the role of voice in identity, agency, and the creation of meaning, and the phenomenological thematization and theorization of phenomenal, lived experience, leads to a deeper understanding of the importance of the materiality of the voices with which we speak, and their role in both subjective and intersubjective experience. Starting from an analysis of the intertwined associations and imageries of the feminine, voice, and embodiment, I discuss (...)
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  32. Paolo Carpignano (1999). The Shape of the Sphere: The Public Sphere and the Materiality of Communication. Constellations 6 (2):177-189.score: 9.0
  33. Christopher M. Drohan (2010). To Imagine Spinoza: Deleuze and the Materiality of the Sign. Philosophical Forum 41 (3):275-298.score: 9.0
  34. Roselie Mc Devitt & Joan Van Hise (2002). Influences in Ethical Dilemmas of Increasing Intensity. Journal of Business Ethics 40 (3):261 - 274.score: 9.0
    This study attempts to extend the literature in ethics research by developing and testing a model of an individual's ethical system which identifies the sources of influence on the decision process. The model is developed from an interdisciplinary literature review and includes six subsystems or spheres that exert influence on an individual: the workplace, family, religion, legal system, community, and profession. The study also examines the role of materiality in the decision-making process.Using this model, empirical tests identify the spheres (...)
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  35. Dorothea Olkowski (1997). Materiality and Language: Butler's Interrogation of the History of Philosophy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (3):37-53.score: 9.0
  36. Martin Hägglund (2011). Radical Atheism and “The Arche-Materiality of Time”. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 6 (14):61-65.score: 9.0
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  37. Alison Stone, Intelligibility, Materiality, Politics:Recent Work on Judith Butler.score: 9.0
  38. Darren Ambrose (2006). Deleuze, Philosophy, and the Materiality of Painting. Symposium 10 (1):191-211.score: 9.0
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  39. Marcel Boumans & Mary S. Morgan (2001). Ceteris Paribus Conditions: Materiality and the Application of Economic Theories. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):11-26.score: 9.0
  40. Nicoletta Ghigi (2008). The Real-Constitution in Hedwig Conrad-Martius' Realontologie. Axiomathes 18 (4):461-473.score: 9.0
    In this work we try to distinguish five levels of the constitution of reality in Conrad Martius’ Realontologie (1923) (Real Ontology). The difference between “existential autonomy” and “existential relativity” seems to be the first one. The second level of the constitution of reality concerns the problem of “whatness” (Washeit) and the substantial reality (Realität). We can find the third level in the materiality from the eidetical point of view. The fourth level of the constitution of reality concerns the material (...)
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  41. Morton L. Schagrin (1994). More Heat Than Light: Rumford's Experiments on the Materiality of Light. Synthese 99 (1):111 - 121.score: 9.0
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  42. Ronald Bruzina (1997). Method and Materiality in the Phenomenology of Intersubjectivity. Philosophy Today 41 (4):127-133.score: 9.0
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  43. John E. Drabinski (1998). From Representation to Materiality. International Studies in Philosophy 30 (4):23-37.score: 9.0
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  44. Helmut Fleischer (1962). The Materiality of Matter. Studies in East European Thought 2 (1):12-20.score: 9.0
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  45. Borja Legarra Herrero (2013). Knappett C. An Archaeology of Interaction: Network Perspectives on Material Culture and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. X + 251, Illus. £60. 9780199215454.Van Dommelen P. And Knapp A.B. Eds. Material Connections in the Ancient Mediterranean: Mobility, Materiality, and Mediterranean Identities. London: Routledge, 2010. Pp. Xvi + 256, Illus. £24.99. 9780415586696. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 133:258-261.score: 9.0
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  46. Lise Vaugeois (2007). Examining the Political: Materiality, Ideology, and Power in the Lives of Professional Musicians. Philosophy of Music Education Review 15 (1):5-22.score: 9.0
  47. J. Normand Marcotte (1947). Materiality and Knowledge. New Scholasticism 21 (4):349-370.score: 9.0
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  48. Marcel Boumans Morgan (2001). Ceteris Paribus Conditions: Materiality and the Application of Economic Theories. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):11-26.score: 9.0
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  49. Guillaume Le Blanc (2000). From Matter to Materiality According to Canguilhem. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 22 (1):255-270.score: 9.0
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  50. Peter De Bolla (2004). Toward the Materiality of Aesthetic Experience. Diacritics 32 (1):19-37.score: 9.0
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