Search results for 'Materials science' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Matthew N. Eisler (2013). “The Ennobling Unity of Science and Technology”: Materials Sciences and Engineering, the Department of Energy, and the Nanotechnology Enigma. [REVIEW] Minerva 51 (2):225-251.score: 156.0
    The ambiguous material identity of nanotechnology is a minor mystery of the history of contemporary science. This paper argues that nanotechnology functioned primarily in discourses of social, not physical or biological science, the problematic knowledge at stake concerning the economic value of state-supported basic science. The politics of taxonomy in the United States Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the 1990s reveals how scientists invoked the term as one of several competing and equally valid (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Alfred Nordmann (2009). Invisible Origins of Nanotechnology: Herbert Gleiter, Materials Science, and Questions of Prestige. Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 123-143.score: 126.0
    Herbert Gleiter promoted the development of nanostructured materials on a variety of levels. In 1981 already, he formulated research visions and produced experimental as well as theoretical results. Still he is known only to a small community of materials scientists. That this is so is itself a telling feature of the imagined community of nanoscale research. After establishing the plausibility of the claim that Herbert Gleiter provided a major impetus, a second step will show just how deeply Gleiter (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Emanuel Bertrand & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2011). Materials Research in France: A Short-Lived National Initiative (1982–1994). Minerva 49 (2):191-214.score: 108.0
    This paper describes the French initiative in materials research against both a national and an international background, in an attempt to disentangle the local circumstances, which prompted this governmental initiative, and to characterize the specific profile of materials research in France. In presenting a biography of the interdisciplinary program in materials research (PIRMAT), we argue that: i) the PIRMAT denotes a failure of the French science policy in materials research; ii) the leadership of the CNRS (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Andrea Bonaccorsi (2008). Search Regimes and the Industrial Dynamics of Science. Minerva 46 (3):285-315.score: 108.0
    The article addresses the issue of dynamics of science, in particular of new sciences born in twentieth century and developed after the Second World War (information science, materials science, life science). The article develops the notion of search regime as an abstract characterization of dynamic patterns, based on three dimensions: the rate of growth, the degree of internal diversity of science and the associated dynamics (convergent vs. proliferating), and the nature of complementarity. The article (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. David J. Bjornstad & Amy K. Wolfe (2011). Adding to the Mix: Integrating ELSI Into a National Nanoscale Science and Technology Center. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):743-760.score: 102.0
    This paper describes issues associated with integrating the study of Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) into ongoing scientific and technical research and describes an approach adopted by the authors for their own work with the center for nanophase materials sciences (CNMS) at the Oak Ridge national laboratory (ORNL). Four key questions are considered: (a) What is ELSI and how should it identify and address topics of interest for the CNMS? (b) What advantages accrue to incorporating ELSI into the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Hidde de Jong, Nicolaas Mars & Paul van der Vet (1999). Computer-Supported Resolution of Measurement Conflicts: A Case-Study in Materials Science. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (4):427-461.score: 102.0
    Resolving conflicts between different measurements ofa property of a physical system may be a key step in a discoveryprocess. With the emergence of large-scale databases and knowledgebases with property measurements, computer support for the task ofconflict resolution has become highly desirable. We will describe amethod for model-based conflict resolution and the accompanyingcomputer tool KIMA, which have been applied in a case-study inmaterials science. In order to be a useful aid to scientists, the toolneeds to be integrated with other tools (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. M. Denny (2006). Children's Perception of Science: An Analysis of the Notion of Infallibility in the Coverage of Evolution in 'Textbooks' and Some Other Teaching Materials. Educational Studies 9 (2):93-103.score: 96.0
    (1983). Children's Perception of Science: an analysis of the notion of infallibility in the coverage of evolution in ‘textbooks’ and some other teaching materials. Educational Studies: Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 93-103.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2011). The Concept of Materials in Historical Perspective. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 19 (1):107-123.score: 86.0
    In diesem Beitrag lege ich dar, dass in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts das Konzept von Werkstoffen (materials) als charakteristischer ontologischer Typus eines neuen Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsstils aufkam. Das soll nicht heißen, dass Werkstoffe niemals zuvor wissenschaftlich bearbeitet worden wären. Zweifellos hatten sich zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Disziplinen mit den Eigenschaften einer ganzen Reihe von Werkstoffen befasst. Doch wurden dabei Werkstoffe nicht als generische, also alle Arten von Stoffen umfassende, Entität betrachtet.Ziel dieses Aufsatzes ist zu verstehen, wie Werkstoffe als Gattungseinheit (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Elizabeth A. Davis (2006). Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique of Instructional Materials for Science. Science Education 90 (2):348-375.score: 78.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Cory T. Forbes & Elizabeth A. Davis (2008). Exploring Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique and Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials in Respect to Socioscientific Issues. Science and Education 17 (8-9):829-854.score: 78.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Yasmin B. Kafai & Anne J. Gilliland‐Swetland (2001). The Use of Historical Materials in Elementary Science Classrooms. Science Education 85 (4):349-367.score: 78.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Stephen G. Brush & Sílvia Calado (2004). The History of Science in Non-Western Traditions. Vanda Alves Teaches Science at the Secondary School Level in Portugal. She has a Licence in Biology and Geology Education (University of Lisbon). Her Interests Include the Construction and Testing of Materials for Classrooms Within a Vygotskian and Bernsteinian Approaches, Where the Multiple Aspects of the Nature. [REVIEW] Science and Education 13:257-259.score: 78.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Maurice Crosland (2009). Materials in Eighteenth-Century Science. A Historical Ontology. Annals of Science 66 (3):421-422.score: 78.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Christina V. Schwarz, Kristin L. Gunckel, Ed L. Smith, Beth A. Covitt, Minjung Bae, Mark Enfield & Blakely K. Tsurusaki (2008). Helping Elementary Preservice Teachers Learn to Use Curriculum Materials for Effective Science Teaching. Science Education 92 (2):345-377.score: 78.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. N. C. Fernandez & J. C. De Jesus (forthcoming). Philippine Soils: Their Distribution, General Land Use and Parent Materials. Department of Soil Science, UPLB, College. Laguna.score: 72.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Philip Mirowski (2008). Livin' with the MTA. Minerva 46 (3):317-342.score: 72.0
    Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as an irritant, and TTOs were not much more welcoming. One reason universities could initially ignore the obvious connection between the pursuit of patents and the prior promulgation of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Richard Staley (2008). Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. University of Chicago Press.score: 62.0
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, and the sociology (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Bonnie Spanier (2000). Transforming Science Curricula in Higher Education: Feminist Contributions. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):467-480.score: 60.0
    Feminist contributions to the science curricula in higher education constitute invaluable but often overlooked resources for truly effective communication about science. Here I share a sampling of feminist science studies and discuss the origins of this effort to create inclusive and less biased science curricula that serve all students and citizens. Challenges from scientists center on assumptions and values about the appropriate relationship between science and politics, while challenges from educators extend to assumptions about how (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Chuck Huff, Ronald E. Anderson, Joyce Currie Little, Deborah Johnson, Rob Kling, C. Dianne Martin & Keith Miller (1996). Integrating the Ethical and Social Context of Computing Into the Computer Science Curriculum. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (2):211-224.score: 60.0
    This paper describes the major components of ImpactCS, a program to develop strategies and curriculum materials for integrating social and ethical considerations into the computer science curriculum. It presents, in particular, the content recommendations of a subcommittee of ImpactCS; and it illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the field, drawing upon concepts from computer science, sociology, philosophy, psychology, history and economics.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Nathaniel Logar (2009). Towards a Culture of Application: Science and Decision Making at the National Institute of Standards & Technology. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (4):345-366.score: 60.0
    How does the research performed by a government mission agency contribute to useable technologies for its constituents? Is it possible to incorporate science policy mechanisms for increasing benefits to users in the decision process? The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) promises research directed towards industrial application. This paper considers the processes that produce science and technology at NIST. The institute’s policies for science provide robust examples for how effective science policies can contribute (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Sylvia Wenmackers & Danny E. P. Vanpoucke (2012). Models and Simulations in Material Science: Two Cases Without Error Bars. Statistica Neerlandica 66 (3):339–355.score: 56.0
    We discuss two research projects in material science in which the results cannot be stated with an estimation of the error: a spectroscopic ellipsometry study aimed at determining the orientation of DNA molecules on diamond and a scanning tunneling microscopy study of platinum-induced nanowires on germanium. To investigate the reliability of the results, we apply ideas from the philosophy of models in science. Even if the studies had reported an error value, the trustworthiness of the result would not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Andrea Bonaccorsi (2010). New Forms of Complementarity in Science. Minerva 48 (4):355-387.score: 54.0
    New sciences born or developed in the 20th century (information, materials, life science) are based on forms of complementarity that differ from the past. The paper discusses cognitive, or disciplinary, institutional, and technical complementarity. It argues that new sciences apply a reductionist explanatory strategy to complex multi-layered systems. In doing so the reductionist promise is falsified, generating the need for multi-level kinds of explanation (e.g. in post-genomic molecular biology), new forms of complementarity between scientific and non-scientific organizations, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Stacy Lee Burns (2008). Demonstrating “Reasonable Fear” at Trial: Is It Science or Junk Science? [REVIEW] Human Studies 31 (2):107 - 131.score: 54.0
    This paper explores how scientific knowledge is used in a criminal case. I examine materials from an admissibility hearing in a murder trial and discuss the dynamics of contesting expert scientific opinion and evidence. The research finds that a purported form of “science” in the relevant scientific community is filtered through, tested by, and subjected to legal standards, conceptions, and procedures for determining admissibility. The paper details how the opposing lawyers, the expert witness, and the judge vie to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Joachim Schummer (1997). Towards a Philosophy of Chemistry. A Short Extract of This Paper Was First Read at the 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Florence, August 19–25, 1995. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 28 (2):307-336.score: 52.0
    The paper shows epistemological, methodological and ontological peculiarities of chemistry taken as a classificatory science of materials using experimental methods. Without succumbing to standard interpretations of physical science, chemical methods of experimental investigation, classification, reference, theorizing, prediction and production of new entities are developed one by one as first steps towards a philosophy of chemistry. Chemistry challenges traditional concepts of empirical object, empirical predicate, reference frame and theory, but also the distinction commonly drawn between natural science (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Zvi Biener (2004). Galileo's First New Science: The Science of Matter. Perspectives on Science 12 (3):262-287.score: 48.0
    : Although Galileo's struggle to mathematize the study of nature is well known and oft discussed, less discussed is the form this struggle takes in relation to Galileo's first new science, the science of the second day of the Discorsi. This essay argues that Galileo's first science ought to be understood as the science of matter—not, as it is usually understood, the science of the strength of materials. This understanding sheds light on the convoluted (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Scott Atran (1998). Folk Biology and the Anthropology of Science: Cognitive Universals and Cultural Particulars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):547-569.score: 44.0
    This essay in the is about how cognition constrains culture in producing science. The example is folk biology, whose cultural recurrence issues from the very same domain-specific cognitive universals that provide the historical backbone of systematic biology. Humans everywhere think about plants and animals in highly structured ways. People have similar folk-biological taxonomies composed of essence-based, species-like groups and the ranking of species into lower- and higher-order groups. Such taxonomies are not as arbitrary in structure and content, nor as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Ian Thompson (2011). Starting Science From God. Eagle Pearl Press.score: 42.0
    Many of us these days sense there is something real beyond the scope of naturalistic science. But what? Must mental and religious lives always remain a mystery and never become part of scientific knowledge? In this well-argued book, physicist Ian Thompson makes a case for a 'scientific theism'. He shows how a following of core postulates of theism leads to novel and useful predictions about the psychology of minds and the physics of materials which should appear in the (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.score: 42.0
    Most recent work on the nature of experiment in physics has focused on "big science"--the large-scale research addressed in Andrew Pickering's Constructing Quarks and Peter Galison's How Experiments End. This book examines small-scale experiment in physics, in particular the relation between theory and practice. The contributors focus on interactions among the people, materials, and ideas involved in experiments--factors that have been relatively neglected in science studies. The first half of the book is primarily philosophical, with contributions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Janet Atkinson-Grosjean & Cory Fairley (2009). Moral Economies in Science: From Ideal to Pragmatic. Minerva 47 (2):147-170.score: 42.0
    In the following pages we discuss three historical cases of moral economies in science: Drosophila genetics, late twentieth century American astronomy, and collaborations between American drug companies and medical scientists in the interwar years. An examination of the most striking differences and similarities between these examples, and the conflicts internal to them, reveals constitutive features of moral economies, and the ways in which they are formed, negotiated, and altered. We critically evaluate these three examples through the filters of rational (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Esther-Mirjam Sent (1999). Economics of Science: Survey and Suggestions. Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (1):95-124.score: 42.0
    The literature of an economics of science exists in a dismal no-(wo)man's-land located somewhere between economics, history, philosophy, policy, sociology and science. Perhaps it would have continued in this tenuous quasi-existence indefinitely, were it not for a series of trends that now seem to be encouraging the institution of a subfield within the profession of economics devoted to the topic. However, many of the economists who have begun to proclaim the existence of the new subfield have generally done (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Roger Krohn (1991). Why Are Graphs so Central in Science? Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):181-203.score: 42.0
    This paper raises the question of the prominence and use of statistical graphs in science, and argues that their use in problem solving analysis can best be understood in an ‘interactionist’ frame of analysis, including bio-emotion, culture, social organization, and environment as elements. The frame contrasts both with philosophical realism and with social constructivism, which posit two variables and one way causal flows. We next posit basic differences between visual, verbal, and numerical media of perception and communication. Graphs are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. David Packham (2012). Ideology and Science. Metascience 21 (1):171-174.score: 42.0
    Ideology and science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9535-3 Authors David E. Packham, Materials Research Centre, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Ann-Sophie Barwich (2013). A Pluralist Approach to Extension: The Role of Materiality in Scientific Practice for the Reference of Natural Kind Terms. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (2):100-108.score: 42.0
    This article argues for a different outlook on the concept of extension, especially for the reference of general terms in scientific practice. Scientific realist interpretations of the two predominant theories of meaning, namely Descriptivism and Causal Theory, contend that a stable cluster of descriptions or an initial baptism fixes the extension of a general term such as a natural kind term. This view in which the meaning of general terms is presented as monosemantic and the referents as stable, homogeneous, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. John Carson (1999). Research Materials and Model Organisms in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences-Minding Matter/Mattering Mind: Knowledge and the Subject in Nineteenth-Century Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science-Part C 30 (3):345-376.score: 42.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Angela N. H. Creager (1999). Research Materials and Model Organisms in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences-'What Blood Told Dr Cohn': World War II, Plasma Fractionation, and the Growth of Human Blood Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science-Part C 30 (3):377-406.score: 42.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Anthony Flew (1980). Parapsychology: Science or Pseudo-Science? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61:100 - 114.score: 42.0
    AFTER DISTINGUISHING PARAPSYCHOLOGY FAVORABLY FROM VARIOUS PRESENTLY POPULAR YET WHOLLY DISREPUTABLE EXERCISES IN FRAUD AND SELF-DECEPTION, THIS PAPER CONSIDERS THREE ASPECTS IN WHICH IT DIFFERS FROM ALL ESTABLISHED HIGH-STATUS SCIENCES. FIRST, THE FIELD HAS TO BE DEFINED NEGATIVELY. SECOND, THERE IS AFTER OVER A CENTURY OF INVESTIGATION STILL NO REPEATABLE DEMONSTRATION OF THE GENUINENESS OF ANY PSI-PHENOMEN. THIRD, WE HAVE NO EVEN HALFWAY PLAUSIBLE THEORY WITH WHICH TO ACCOUNT FOR THE MATERIALS WHICH PARAPSYCHOLOGY IS SUPPOSED TO HAVE TO EXPLAIN. (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Gerald L. Geison & Angela N. H. Creager (1999). Research Materials and Model Organisms in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences-Introduction: Research Materials and Model Organisms in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science-Part C 30 (3):315-318.score: 42.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Karen A. Rader (1999). Research Materials and Model Organisms in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences-Of Mice, Medicine, and Genetics: CC Little's Creation of the Inbred Laboratory Mouse, 1909-1918. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science-Part C 30 (3):319-344.score: 42.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Gustaf Östberg (1988). Visions, Illusions and Myths About Materials Data Systems. AI and Society 2 (3):185-195.score: 42.0
    This paper deals with various aspects of the development of data systems for engineering materials. The problem considered here is the difference between the end-users' mental model of materials, which focuses on performance, and the concepts of properties of materials held by materials specialists. Previous treatises on this problem have elaborated on systems aspects in general, emphasising incompatibilities in the relationship mentioned and the means of overcoming these incompatibilities by service management. Another perspective applied has been (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Omar W. Nasim (2013). Observing by Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century. University of Chicago Press.score: 36.0
    Today we are all familiar with the iconic pictures of the nebulae produced by the Hubble Space Telescope’s digital cameras. But there was a time, before the successful application of photography to the heavens, in which scientists had to rely on handmade drawings of these mysterious phenomena. Observing by Hand sheds entirely new light on the ways in which the production and reception of handdrawn images of the nebulae in the nineteenth century contributed to astronomical observation. Omar W. Nasim investigates (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Peter Carruthers (2002). The Roots of Scientific Reasoning: Infancy, Modularity, and the Art of Tracking. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. 73--95.score: 36.0
    This chapter examines the extent to which there are continuities between the cognitive processes and epistemic practices engaged in by human hunter-gatherers, on the one hand, and those which are distinctive of science, on the other. It deploys anthropological evidence against any form of 'no-continuity' view, drawing especially on the cognitive skills involved in the art of tracking. It also argues against the 'child-as-scientist' accounts put forward by some developmental psychologists, which imply that scientific thinking is present in early (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Fred D'Agostino (2009). From the Organization to the Division of Cognitive Labor. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1):101-129.score: 36.0
    Discussion of the cognitive division of labor has usually made very little contact with relevant materials from other disciplines, including theoretical biology, management science, and design theory. This article draws on these materials to consider some unavoidable conundrums faced by any attempt to present a particular way of dividing tasks among a labor team as the uniquely rational way of doing this, given the interdependence of the underlying evaluative standards by which the products of a system of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Ann Johnson (2009). Modeling Molecules: Computational Nanotechnology as a Knowledge Community. Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 144-173.score: 36.0
    I propose that a sociological and historical examination of nanotechnologists can contribute more to an understanding of nanotechnology than an ontological definition. Nanotechnology emerged from the convergent evolution of numerous "technical knowledge communities"-networks of tightly-interconnected people who operate between disciplines and individual research groups. I demonstrate this proposition by sketching the co-evolution of computational chemistry and computational nanotechnology. Computational chemistry arose in the 1950s but eventually segregated into an ab initio, basic research, physics-oriented flavor and an industry-oriented, molecular modeling and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Howard Hsueh-Hao Chiang (2009). The Laboratory Technology of Discrete Molecular Separation: The Historical Development of Gel Electrophoresis and the Material Epistemology of Biomolecular Science, 1945-1970. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):495 - 527.score: 36.0
    Preparative and analytical methods developed by separation scientists have played an important role in the history of molecular biology. One such early method is gel electrophoresis, a technique that uses various types of gel as its supporting medium to separate charged molecules based on size and other properties. Historians of science, however, have only recently begun to pay closer attention to this material epistemological dimension of biomolecular science. This paper substantiates the historiographical thread that explores the relationship between (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Christopher M. Kelty (2009). Beyond Implications and Applications: The Story of 'Safety by Design'. [REVIEW] Nanoethics 3 (2):79-96.score: 36.0
    Using long-term anthropological observations at the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology in Houston, Texas, the article demonstrates in detail the creation of new objects, new venues and new modes of veridiction which have reoriented the disciplines of materials chemistry and nanotoxicology. Beginning with the confusion surrounding the meaning of ‘implications’ and ‘applications’ the article explores the creation of new venues (CBEN and its offshoot the International Council on Nanotechnology); it then demonstrates how the demands for a responsible, safe (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Christopher M. Kelty (2009). Beyond Implications and Applications: The Story of 'Safety by Design'. [REVIEW] Nanoethics 3 (2):79-96.score: 36.0
    Using long-term anthropological observations at the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology in Houston, Texas, the article demonstrates in detail the creation of new objects, new venues and new modes of veridiction which have reoriented the disciplines of materials chemistry and nanotoxicology. Beginning with the confusion surrounding the meaning of ‘implications’ and ‘applications’ the article explores the creation of new venues (CBEN and its offshoot the International Council on Nanotechnology); it then demonstrates how the demands for a responsible, safe (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Ursula Klein (2012). Objects of Inquiry in Classical Chemistry: Material Substances. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):7-23.score: 34.0
    I argue in the paper that classical chemistry is a science predominantly concerned with material substances, both useful materials and pure chemical substances restricted to scientific laboratory studies. The central epistemological and methodological status of material substances corresponds with the material productivity of classical chemistry and its way of producing experimental traces. I further argue that chemist’s ‘pure substances’ have a history, conceptually and materially, and I follow their conceptual history from the Paracelsian concept of purity to the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Klaus Petrus (1996). Naturgemässe Klassifikation Und Kontinuität Wissenschaft Und GeschichteNatural Classification and Continuity, Science and History. Some Reflections on Pierre Duhem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (2):307-323.score: 34.0
    Duhem is commonly held to have founded his view of history of science as continuous on the ‘metaphsical assertion’ of natural classification. With the help of a strict distinction between formal and material characterization of natural classification I try to show that this imputation is problematic, if not simply incorrect. My analysis opens alternative perspectives on Duhem's talk of continuity, the ideal form of theories, and the rôle of ‘bon sens’; moreover it emphasizes some aspects of Duhem's realism that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Karl R. Popper (1994). The Myth of the Framework: In Defence of Science and Rationality. Routledge.score: 34.0
    In a career spanning sixty years, Sir Karl Popper has made some of the most important contributions to the twentieth century discussion of science and rationality. The Myth of the Framework is a new collection of some of Popper's most important material on this subject. Sir Karl discusses such issues as the aims of science, the role that it plays in our civilization, the moral responsibility of the scientist, the structure of history, and the perennial choice between reason (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Henning Schmidgen (2013). The Materiality of Things? Bruno Latour, Charles Péguy and the History of Science. History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):3-28.score: 34.0
    This article sheds new light on Bruno Latour’s sociology of science and technology by looking at his early study of the French writer, philosopher and editor Charles Péguy (1873–1914). In the early 1970s, Latour engaged in a comparative study of Péguy’s Clio and the four gospels of the New Testament. His 1973 contribution to a Péguy colloquium (published in 1977) offers rich insights into his interest in questions of time, history, tradition and translation. Inspired by Gilles Deleuze’s philosophy of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000