Search results for 'Materials science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    Hyungsub Choi & Brit Shields (2015). A Place for Materials Science: Laboratory Buildings and Interdisciplinary Research at the University of Pennsylvania. Minerva 53 (1):21-42.
    The Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter, University of Pennsylvania, was built in 1965 as part of the Advanced Research Projects Agency's Interdisciplinary Laboratories program intended to foster interdisciplinary research and training in materials science. The process that led to the construction of the four-story structure served as the focus of intense debates over the meaning and process of interdisciplinary research in universities. The location of the building, its size, internal design, and functionalities were all subject (...)
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  2.  12
    Matthew N. Eisler (2013). “The Ennobling Unity of Science and Technology”: Materials Sciences and Engineering, the Department of Energy, and the Nanotechnology Enigma. [REVIEW] Minerva 51 (2):225-251.
    The ambiguous material identity of nanotechnology is a minor mystery of the history of contemporary science. This paper argues that nanotechnology functioned primarily in discourses of social, not physical or biological science, the problematic knowledge at stake concerning the economic value of state-supported basic science. The politics of taxonomy in the United States Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the 1990s reveals how scientists invoked the term as one of several competing and equally valid (...)
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  3.  41
    Alfred Nordmann (2009). Invisible Origins of Nanotechnology: Herbert Gleiter, Materials Science, and Questions of Prestige. Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 123-143.
    Herbert Gleiter promoted the development of nanostructured materials on a variety of levels. In 1981 already, he formulated research visions and produced experimental as well as theoretical results. Still he is known only to a small community of materials scientists. That this is so is itself a telling feature of the imagined community of nanoscale research. After establishing the plausibility of the claim that Herbert Gleiter provided a major impetus, a second step will show just how deeply Gleiter (...)
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  4.  6
    Hidde de Jong, Nicolaas Mars & Paul van der Vet (1999). Computer-Supported Resolution of Measurement Conflicts: A Case-Study in Materials Science. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (4):427-461.
    Resolving conflicts between different measurements ofa property of a physical system may be a key step in a discoveryprocess. With the emergence of large-scale databases and knowledgebases with property measurements, computer support for the task ofconflict resolution has become highly desirable. We will describe amethod for model-based conflict resolution and the accompanyingcomputer tool KIMA, which have been applied in a case-study inmaterials science. In order to be a useful aid to scientists, the toolneeds to be integrated with other tools (...)
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  5. F. Spaepen * (2005). A Survey of Energies in Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 85 (26-27):2979-2987.
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  6.  1
    Heike Emmerich & Rui Travasso (2011). Phase-Field Simulations: Materials Science Meets Biology and Medicine. Philosophical Magazine 91 (1):1-2.
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  7. E. A. Davis, A. L. Greer, P. Riseborough & K. M. Knowles (2009). The James Clerk Maxwell Young Writers PrizeNurturing Tomorrow's Researchers in Physics and Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 89 (13):1091-1093.
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  8. E. A. Davis (2010). The James Clerk Maxwell Young Writer's PrizeNurturing Tomorrow's Researchers in Physics and Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 90 (12):1543-1546.
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  9. E. A. Davis (2012). The James Clerk Maxwell Young Writers Prize 2011 Nurturing Tomorrow's Researchers in Physics and Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 92 (22):2713-2715.
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  10. E. A. Davis (2013). The James Clerk Maxwell Young Writers Prize 2012: Nurturing Tomorrow’s Researchers in Physics and Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 93 (23):3081-3083.
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  11. E. A. Davis (2008). Young Writer's Prize Nurturing Tomorrow's Researchers in Physics and Materials Science. Philosophical Magazine 88 (36):4223-4223.
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  12. Arun Madan & Rodrigo Martins (2009). From Materials Science to Applications of Amorphous, Microcrystalline and Nanocrystalline Silicon and Other Semiconductors. Philosophical Magazine 89 (28-30):2431-2434.
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  13.  3
    M. Denny (2006). Children's Perception of Science: An Analysis of the Notion of Infallibility in the Coverage of Evolution in 'Textbooks' and Some Other Teaching Materials. Educational Studies 9 (2):93-103.
    (1983). Children's Perception of Science: an analysis of the notion of infallibility in the coverage of evolution in ‘textbooks’ and some other teaching materials. Educational Studies: Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 93-103.
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  14.  8
    Yasmin B. Kafai & Anne J. Gilliland‐Swetland (2001). The Use of Historical Materials in Elementary Science Classrooms. Science Education 85 (4):349-367.
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  15.  3
    Stephen G. Brush & Sílvia Calado (2004). The History of Science in Non-Western Traditions. Vanda Alves Teaches Science at the Secondary School Level in Portugal. She has a Licence in Biology and Geology Education (University of Lisbon). Her Interests Include the Construction and Testing of Materials for Classrooms Within a Vygotskian and Bernsteinian Approaches, Where the Multiple Aspects of the Nature. [REVIEW] Science and Education 13:257-259.
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  16.  3
    Elizabeth A. Davis (2006). Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique of Instructional Materials for Science. Science Education 90 (2):348-375.
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  17.  1
    Christina V. Schwarz, Kristin L. Gunckel, Ed L. Smith, Beth A. Covitt, Minjung Bae, Mark Enfield & Blakely K. Tsurusaki (2008). Helping Elementary Preservice Teachers Learn to Use Curriculum Materials for Effective Science Teaching. Science Education 92 (2):345-377.
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  18.  1
    Cory T. Forbes & Elizabeth A. Davis (2008). Exploring Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique and Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials in Respect to Socioscientific Issues. Science and Education 17 (8-9):829-854.
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  19. Robert S. Cohen & Thomas Schnelle (1990). Cognition and Fact. Materials on Ludwik Fleck. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 87. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21 (1):205-211.
     
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  20. Pietro Corsi (1981). Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries The Letters of Georges Cuvier. A Summary Calendar of Manuscript and Printed Materials Preserved in Europe, the United States of America, and Australasia. Ed. By Dorinda Outram. Chalfont St Giles: The British Society for the History of Science, 1979. Pp. Iv + 102. £3.90. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 14 (2):216.
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  21. Maurice Crosland (2009). Materials in Eighteenth-Century Science. A Historical Ontology. Annals of Science 66 (3):421-422.
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  22. Matthew D. Eddy (2008). Ursula Klein and Wolfgang Lefèvre, Materials in Eighteenth-Century Science: A Historical Ontology. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press, 2007. Pp. X+345. ISBN 978-0-262-11306-6. £24.95. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 41 (4):610.
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  23. George Sarton (1937). Materials for the History of the History of Science. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 27:6-8.
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  24. Dominik Wujastyk (1985). A. Rahman, M. A. Alvī, S. A. Khan Ghorī, and K. V. Samba Murthy, Science and Technology in Mediaeval India—a Bibliography of Source Materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian. Delhi: Indian National Science Academy, 1982. Pp. Xxxi + 719. Rs.200 , $70. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):96.
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  25.  12
    Andrea Bonaccorsi (2008). Search Regimes and the Industrial Dynamics of Science. Minerva 46 (3):285-315.
    The article addresses the issue of dynamics of science, in particular of new sciences born in twentieth century and developed after the Second World War (information science, materials science, life science). The article develops the notion of search regime as an abstract characterization of dynamic patterns, based on three dimensions: the rate of growth, the degree of internal diversity of science and the associated dynamics (convergent vs. proliferating), and the nature of complementarity. The article (...)
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  26.  22
    Emanuel Bertrand & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2011). Materials Research in France: A Short-Lived National Initiative (1982–1994). Minerva 49 (2):191-214.
    This paper describes the French initiative in materials research against both a national and an international background, in an attempt to disentangle the local circumstances, which prompted this governmental initiative, and to characterize the specific profile of materials research in France. In presenting a biography of the interdisciplinary program in materials research (PIRMAT), we argue that: i) the PIRMAT denotes a failure of the French science policy in materials research; ii) the leadership of the CNRS (...)
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  27. N. C. Fernandez & J. C. De Jesus (forthcoming). Philippine Soils: Their Distribution, General Land Use and Parent Materials. Department of Soil Science, UPLB, College. Laguna.
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  28. Peggy Aldrich Kidwell (2000). A Station Favorable to the Pursuits of Science: Primary Materials in the History of Mathematics at the United States Military AcademyJoe Albree David C. Arney V. Frederick Rickey. Isis 91 (4):841-842.
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  29. Yue Meng (2008). Weija Hu.Selected Materials on the Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China . 381 Pp., Bibl., Index. Jinan: Shandong Jiao Yu Chu Ban She [Shandong Education Press], 2006. Π¯120. [REVIEW] Isis 99 (4):872-873.
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  30. Lissa Roberts (2008). Ursula Klein ; Wolfgang Lefèvre.Materials in Eighteenth-Century Science: A Historical Ontology.X + 345 Pp., Figs., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2007. $45. [REVIEW] Isis 99 (3):623-624.
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  31. George Sarton (1937). Materials for the History of the History of Science. Isis 27 (1):6-8.
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  32.  7
    David J. Bjornstad & Amy K. Wolfe (2011). Adding to the Mix: Integrating ELSI Into a National Nanoscale Science and Technology Center. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):743-760.
    This paper describes issues associated with integrating the study of Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) into ongoing scientific and technical research and describes an approach adopted by the authors for their own work with the center for nanophase materials sciences (CNMS) at the Oak Ridge national laboratory (ORNL). Four key questions are considered: (a) What is ELSI and how should it identify and address topics of interest for the CNMS? (b) What advantages accrue to incorporating ELSI into the (...)
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  33.  27
    Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, Barry Smith, Georgio Colombo & Venkat Krovi (2016). Development of a Manufacturing Ontology for Functionally Graded Materials. In Proceedings of International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE).
    The development of manufacturing technologies for new materials involves the generation of a large and continually evolving volume of information. The analysis, integration and management of such large volumes of data, typically stored in multiple independently developed databases, creates significant challenges for practitioners. There is a critical need especially for open-sharing of data pertaining to engineering design which together with effective decision support tools can enable innovation. We believe that ontology applied to engineering (OE) represents a viable strategy for (...)
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  34.  5
    Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2011). The Concept of Materials in Historical Perspective. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 19 (1):107-123.
    In diesem Beitrag lege ich dar, dass in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts das Konzept von Werkstoffen (materials) als charakteristischer ontologischer Typus eines neuen Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsstils aufkam. Das soll nicht heißen, dass Werkstoffe niemals zuvor wissenschaftlich bearbeitet worden wären. Zweifellos hatten sich zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Disziplinen mit den Eigenschaften einer ganzen Reihe von Werkstoffen befasst. Doch wurden dabei Werkstoffe nicht als generische, also alle Arten von Stoffen umfassende, Entität betrachtet.Ziel dieses Aufsatzes ist zu verstehen, wie Werkstoffe als Gattungseinheit (...)
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  35.  53
    Bonnie Spanier (2000). Transforming Science Curricula in Higher Education: Feminist Contributions. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):467-480.
    Feminist contributions to the science curricula in higher education constitute invaluable but often overlooked resources for truly effective communication about science. Here I share a sampling of feminist science studies and discuss the origins of this effort to create inclusive and less biased science curricula that serve all students and citizens. Challenges from scientists center on assumptions and values about the appropriate relationship between science and politics, while challenges from educators extend to assumptions about how (...)
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  36.  3
    Nathaniel Logar (2009). Towards a Culture of Application: Science and Decision Making at the National Institute of Standards & Technology. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (4):345-366.
    How does the research performed by a government mission agency contribute to useable technologies for its constituents? Is it possible to incorporate science policy mechanisms for increasing benefits to users in the decision process? The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) promises research directed towards industrial application. This paper considers the processes that produce science and technology at NIST. The institute’s policies for science provide robust examples for how effective science policies can contribute (...)
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  37.  2
    Philip Mirowski (2008). Livin' with the MTA. Minerva 46 (3):317-342.
    Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as an irritant, and TTOs were not much more welcoming. One reason universities could initially ignore the obvious connection between the pursuit of patents and the prior promulgation of (...)
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  38.  14
    Chuck Huff, Ronald E. Anderson, Joyce Currie Little, Deborah Johnson, Rob Kling, C. Dianne Martin & Keith Miller (1996). Integrating the Ethical and Social Context of Computing Into the Computer Science Curriculum. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (2):211-224.
    This paper describes the major components of ImpactCS, a program to develop strategies and curriculum materials for integrating social and ethical considerations into the computer science curriculum. It presents, in particular, the content recommendations of a subcommittee of ImpactCS; and it illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the field, drawing upon concepts from computer science, sociology, philosophy, psychology, history and economics.
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  39.  18
    Andrea Bonaccorsi (2010). New Forms of Complementarity in Science. Minerva 48 (4):355-387.
    New sciences born or developed in the 20th century (information, materials, life science) are based on forms of complementarity that differ from the past. The paper discusses cognitive, or disciplinary, institutional, and technical complementarity. It argues that new sciences apply a reductionist explanatory strategy to complex multi-layered systems. In doing so the reductionist promise is falsified, generating the need for multi-level kinds of explanation (e.g. in post-genomic molecular biology), new forms of complementarity between scientific and non-scientific organizations, and (...)
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  40.  2
    Jaap van Brakel (2014). Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Chemistry. Hyle: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry 20 (1):11-57.
    In this paper I assess the relation between philosophy of chemistry and philosophy of science, focusing on those themes in the philosophy of chemistry that may bring about major revisions or extensions of current philosophy of science. Three themes can claim to make a unique contribution to philosophy of science: first, the variety of materials in the world; second, extending the world by making new stuff; and, third, specific features of the relations between chemistry and physics.
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  41.  13
    Thomas Aechtner (2015). Galileo Still Goes to Jail: Conflict Model Persistence Within Introductory Anthropology Materials. Zygon 50 (1):209-226.
    Historians have long since rejected the dubious assertions of the conflict model, with its narratives of perennial religion versus science combat. Nonetheless, this theory persists in various academic disciplines, and it is still presented to university students as the authoritative historical account of religion–science interactions. Cases of this can be identified within modern anthropology textbooks and reference materials, which often recapitulate claims once made by John W. Draper and Andrew D. White. This article examines 21st-century introductory anthropology (...)
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  42.  5
    Peter Dear (2005). What Is the History of Science the History Of?: Early Modern Roots of the Ideology of Modern Science. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96:390-406.
    The mismatch between common representations of “science” and the miscellany of materials typically studied by the historian of science is traced to a systematic ambiguity that may itself be traced to early modern Europe. In that cultural setting, natural philosophy came to be rearticulated as involving both contemplative and practical knowledge. The resulting tension and ambiguity are illustrated by the eighteenth‐century views of Buffon. In the nineteenth century, a new enterprise called “science” represents the establishment of (...)
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  43.  12
    Richard Staley (2008). Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. University of Chicago Press.
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, and the sociology (...)
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  44.  46
    Zvi Biener (2004). Galileo's First New Science: The Science of Matter. Perspectives on Science 12 (3):262-287.
    : Although Galileo's struggle to mathematize the study of nature is well known and oft discussed, less discussed is the form this struggle takes in relation to Galileo's first new science, the science of the second day of the Discorsi. This essay argues that Galileo's first science ought to be understood as the science of matter—not, as it is usually understood, the science of the strength of materials. This understanding sheds light on the convoluted (...)
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  45.  37
    Joachim Schummer (1997). Towards a Philosophy of Chemistry. A Short Extract of This Paper Was First Read at the 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Florence, August 19–25, 1995. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):307-336.
    The paper shows epistemological, methodological and ontological peculiarities of chemistry taken as a classificatory science of materials using experimental methods. Without succumbing to standard interpretations of physical science, chemical methods of experimental investigation, classification, reference, theorizing, prediction and production of new entities are developed one by one as first steps towards a philosophy of chemistry. Chemistry challenges traditional concepts of empirical object, empirical predicate, reference frame and theory, but also the distinction commonly drawn between natural science (...)
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  46.  5
    Dietmar Höttecke & Andreas Henke (2015). Physics Teachers’ Challenges in Using History and Philosophy of Science in Teaching. Science and Education 24 (4):349-385.
    The inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching is widely accepted, but the actual state of implementation in schools is still poor. This article investigates possible reasons for this discrepancy. The demands science teachers associate with HPS-based teaching play an important role, since these determine teachers’ decisions towards implementing its practices and ideas. We therefore investigate the perceptions of 8 HPS-experienced German middle school physics teachers within and beyond an HPS implementation project. Within (...)
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  47.  2
    Harold Issadore Sharlin, Stephen G. Brush, Harold L. Burstyn, Sandra Herbert, Michael S. Mahoney & Nathan Sivin (1975). A Study and Critique of the Teaching of the History of Science and Technology. Interim Report by the Committee on Undergraduate Education of the History of Science Society. [REVIEW] Annals of Science 32 (1):55-70.
    The history of science and technology has been a scholarly discipline with little attention given to the special needs of undergraduate teaching. What needs to be done to transform a discipline to an undergraduate subject? Suggestions include using the relation between science and technology as well as the role of interpreters in formulation of the popular world view. Relations with science and history departments are considered. Curriculum materials are surveyed with some recommendations for correcting deficiencies.
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  48.  3
    D. L. Simms (2004). Newton's Contribution to the Science of Heat. Annals of Science 61 (1):33-77.
    The contents of Scala Graduum Caloris are described, supplemented by unpublished material. Both temperature measurements by his linseed oil thermometer and those based upon his law of cooling are shown to be reasonably accurate to 300°C, but above that value they are much too low. The apparent agreement and the deviation are explained by the differences between the assumptions that Newton made in deriving his law of cooling and the conditions in which he used it. Newton's attempts to link terrestrial (...)
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  49.  2
    Leslie Tomory (2013). Science and the Arts in William Henry's Research Into Inflammable Air During the Early Nineteenth Century. Annals of Science 71 (1):1-21.
    Historians have explored the continuities between science and the arts in the Industrial Revolution, with much recent historiography emphasizing the hybrid nature of the activities of men of science around 1800. Chemistry in particular displayed this sort of hybridity between the philosophical and practical because the materials under investigation were important across the research spectrum. Inflammable gases were an example of such hybrid objects: pneumatic chemists through the eighteenth century investigated them, and in the process created knowledge, (...)
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  50. Scott Atran (1998). Folk Biology and the Anthropology of Science: Cognitive Universals and Cultural Particulars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):547-569.
    This essay in the is about how cognition constrains culture in producing science. The example is folk biology, whose cultural recurrence issues from the very same domain-specific cognitive universals that provide the historical backbone of systematic biology. Humans everywhere think about plants and animals in highly structured ways. People have similar folk-biological taxonomies composed of essence-based, species-like groups and the ranking of species into lower- and higher-order groups. Such taxonomies are not as arbitrary in structure and content, nor as (...)
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