Search results for 'Mathematics Social aspects' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  20
    Julian C. Cole (2015). Social Construction, Mathematics, and the Collective Imposition of Function Onto Reality. Erkenntnis 80 (6):1101-1124.
    Stereotypes of social construction suggest that the existence of social constructs is accidental and that such constructs have arbitrary and subjective features. In this paper, I explore a conception of social construction according to which it consists in the collective imposition of function onto reality and show that, according to this conception, these stereotypes are incorrect. In particular, I argue that the collective imposition of function onto reality is typically non-accidental and that the products of such imposition (...)
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  2. Philip J. Davis (1986). Descartes' Dream: The World According to Mathematics. Dover Publications.
    Philosopher Rene Descartes visualized a world unified by mathematics, in which all intellectual issues could be resolved rationally by local computation. This series of provocative essays takes a modern look at the seventeenth-century thinker’s dream, examining the physical and intellectual influences of mathematics on society, particularly in light of technological advances. They survey the conditions that elicit the application of mathematic principles; the effectiveness of these applications; and how applied mathematics constrain lives and transform perceptions of reality. (...)
     
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  3.  13
    Mark Colyvan (2012). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Mathematics and its philosophy; 2. The limits of mathematics; 3. Plato's heaven; 4. Fiction, metaphor, and partial truths; 5. Mathematical explanation; 6. The applicability of mathematics; 7. Who's afraid of inconsistent mathematics?; 8. A rose by any other name; 9. Epilogue: desert island theorems.
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  4. Paul L. Borrill & Leigh Tesfatsion (2011). Agent-Based Modeling: The Right Mathematics for the Social Sciences? In J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.), Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers 228.
    This study provides a basic introduction to agent-based modeling (ABM) as a powerful blend of classical and constructive mathematics, with a primary focus on its applicability for social science research. The typical goals of ABM social science researchers are discussed along with the culture-dish nature of their computer experiments. The applicability of ABM for science more generally is also considered, with special attention to physics. Finally, two distinct types of ABM applications are summarized in order to illustrate (...)
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  5.  5
    Bogdan Stancu, Georgel Rednic, Nicolae Ovidiu Grad, Ion Aurel Mironiuc & Claudia Diana Gherman (2016). Medical, Social and Christian Aspects in Patients with Major Lower Limb Amputations. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (43):82-101.
    Lower limb major amputations are both life-saving procedures and life-changing events. Individual responses to limb loss are varied and complex, some individuals experience functional, psychological and social dysfunction, many others adjust and function well. Some patients refuse amputation for religious and/or cultural reasons. One of the greatest difficulties for a person undergoing amputation surgery is overcoming the psychological stigma that society associates with the loss of a limb. Persons who have undergone amputations are often viewed as incomplete individuals. The (...)
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  6.  8
    Steven M. Flipse, Maarten C. A. Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer (2013). The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate motivations (...)
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  7.  3
    Steven M. Flipse, Maarten Ca van der Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer (2013). The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate motivations (...)
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  8. Ross M. Wiseman (2010). In Search of the One. Discovery Press.
     
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  9.  76
    Francois Berger, Sjef Gevers, Ludwig Siep & Klaus-Michael Weltring (2008). Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques. NanoEthics 2 (3):241-249.
    Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size, and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However, the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal issues, which also apply in a specific way to devices enabled or improved by nanotechnology. For researchers developing nanotechnology such (...)
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  10.  2
    Irma Niurka Falcón Fariñas, Aylín Nordelo Valdivia, Odalys Escalante Padrón & Ana C. Campal Espinosa (2016). Social aspects of the application of the Heberprot-P in the Angiology service at Manuel Ascunce Domenech Hospital. Humanidades Médicas 16 (1):98-114.
    En la actualidad Cuba desarrolla un Programa de Atención Integral al Paciente con Úlcera de Pie Diabético mediante el uso del Heberprot-P, esencial para disminuir la amputación y la discapacidad. El trabajo tiene el objetivo de realizar un diagnóstico sobre la aplicación del Heberprot-P en el Servicio de Angiología del Hospital Provincial Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de Camagüey. Se realizaron encuestas a pacientes para identificar necesidades sentidas relacionadas con el tratamiento y para las actitudes manifiestas, y se hicieron entrevistas al (...)
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  11.  6
    Li Che-Hou (1974). The Objective and the Social Aspects of Beauty: Comments on the Aesthetics of Chu Kuang-Ch'ien and Ts'ai I. Contemporary Chinese Thought 6 (2):54-68.
    After reading the essays of Mr. Ts'ai and Mr. Chu, I have a few immature opinions. Generally speaking, I feel that in dealing with the errors of their opponents, both Ts'ai I in his criticism of Huang Yüeh-mien and Chu Kuang-ch'ien in his criticism of Ts'ai I are quite accurate and convincing. However, in presenting their own arguments of what is right, both of them are on shaky ground and in error. That is because in one way or another, consciously (...)
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  12.  15
    Sarah Kuhn (1998). When Worlds Collide: Engineering Students Encounter Social Aspects of Production. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):457-472.
    To design effective and socially sensitive systems, engineers must be able to integrate a technology-based approach to engineering problems with concerns for social impact and the context of use. The conventional approach to engineering education is largely technology-based, and even when additional courses with a social orientation are added, engineering graduates are often not well prepared to design user- and context-sensitive systems. Using data from interviews with three engineering students who had significant exposure to a socially-oriented perspective on (...)
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  13.  8
    Paul Ernest (1997). Social Constructivism as a Philosophy of Mathematics. State University of New York Press.
    Extends the ideas of social constructivism to the philosophy of mathematics, developing a powerful critique of traditional absolutist conceptions of mathematics, and proposing a reconceptualization of the philosophy of mathematics.
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  14.  4
    Sal Restivo, Jean Paul Van Bendegem & Roland Fischer (eds.) (1993). Math Worlds: Philosophical and Social Studies of Mathematics and Mathematics Education. State University of New York Press.
    An international group of distinguished scholars brings a variety of resources to bear on the major issues in the study and teaching of mathematics, and on the problem of understanding mathematics as a cultural and social phenomenon. All are guided by the notion that our understanding of mathematical knowledge must be grounded in and reflect the realities of mathematical practice. Chapters on the philosophy of mathematics illustrate the growing influence of a pragmatic view in a field (...)
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  15.  6
    Karen François, Kathleen Coessens & Jean Paul Van Bendegem (2012). The Interplay of Psychology and Mathematics Education: From the Attraction of Psychology to the Discovery of the Social. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):370-385.
    It is a rather safe statement to claim that the social dimensions of the scientific process are accepted in a fair share of studies in the philosophy of science. It is a somewhat safe statement to claim that the social dimensions are now seen as an essential element in the understanding of what human cognition is and how it functions. But it would be a rather unsafe statement to claim that the social is fully accepted in the (...)
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  16.  15
    Dušanka Krajnović (2012). Ethical and Social Aspects on Rare Diseases. Filozofija I Društvo 23 (4):32-48.
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  17.  5
    Margaret Alston (2004). Who is Down on the Farm? Social Aspects of Australian Agriculture in the 21st Century. Agriculture and Human Values 21 (1):37-46.
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  18.  2
    Payam Moula & Per Sandin (2015). Moral “Lock-In” in Responsible Innovation: The Ethical and Social Aspects of Killing Day-Old Chicks and Its Alternatives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):939-960.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are addressed: Why is the killing of day-old chicks morally problematic? Are the proposed alternatives morally sound? To what extent do the alternatives lead to responsible innovation? The conceptual framework demonstrates clearly that there is (...)
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  19.  5
    M. R. N. Bruijnis, V. Blok, E. N. Stassen & H. G. J. Gremmen (2015). Moral “Lock-In” in Responsible Innovation: The Ethical and Social Aspects of Killing Day-Old Chicks and Its Alternatives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):939-960.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are addressed: Why is the killing of day-old chicks morally problematic? Are the proposed alternatives morally sound? To what extent do the alternatives lead to responsible innovation? The conceptual framework demonstrates clearly that there is (...)
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  20.  10
    Giuseppe Lugano (2010). Do Only Computers Scale? On the Cognitive and Social Aspects of Scalability. Encyclopaideia 14 (28):89-110.
    La scalabilità è una proprietà desiderabile di sistemi informatici associata a metriche di performance. Più precisamente, un sistema è definito scalabile quando riesce a gestire, senza calo di prestazioni, un numero crescente di elementi, processi, quantità di lavoro e/o quando può essere espanso a piacimento. Progettare un sistema scalabile garantisce un’ottimizzazione dei costi e delle prestazioni, e della produttività di un’azienda. Questi scopi sono stati perseguiti, dagli anni Ottanta, attraverso numerosi studi sulla scalabilità, che sono stati sviluppati in un ambito (...)
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  21.  9
    Juan Jesús Morales (2012). From social aspects of economic development to dependency theory: Latin America own thinking beginning. Cinta de Moebio 45 (45):235-252.
    In the epistemological context of theory transferand scientific exchanges, the aim of this paper is to indicate the presence of Weberian categories and ideas on dependency theory formulated by Fernando Cardosoand Enzo Faletto. Here we see how the construction of this paradigm was based on some issues, concepts, approaches and orientations of the Weberian research program formulated by José Medina Echavarría to explain Latin American development. We will also consider the contexts of enunciation and reception theories, allowing us to talk (...)
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  22. Michiel Korthals & Cristian Timmermann (2012). Reflections on the International Networking Conference “Ethical and Social Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – Agrifood and Health” Brussels, September 2011. Synesis 3 (1):G66-73.
    Public goods, as well as commercial commodities, are affected by exclusive arrangements secured by intellectual property (IP) rights. These rights serve as an incentive to invest human and material capital in research and development. Particularly in the life sciences, IP rights regulate objects such as food and medicines that are key to securing human rights, especially the right to adequate food and the right to health. Consequently, IP serves private (economic) and public interests. Part of this charge claims that the (...)
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  23. Rodolfo Stavenhagen (forthcoming). Social Aspects of Agrarian Structure in Mexico. Social Research.
     
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  24.  40
    J. M. Dieterle (2010). Social Construction in the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Critical Evaluation of Julian Cole's Theory. Philosophia Mathematica 18 (3):311-328.
    Julian Cole argues that mathematical domains are the products of social construction. This view has an initial appeal in that it seems to salvage much that is good about traditional platonistic realism without taking on the ontological baggage. However, it also has problems. After a brief sketch of social constructivist theories and Cole’s philosophy of mathematics, I evaluate the arguments in favor of social constructivism. I also discuss two substantial problems with the theory. I argue that (...)
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  25.  16
    Murad D. Akhundov (2005). Social Influence on Physics and Mathematics: Local or Attributive? [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):135 - 149.
    The article is devoted to the nature of science. To what extent are science and mathematics affected by the society in which they are developed? Philosophy of science has accepted the social influence on science, but limits it only to the context of discovery (a "locational" approach). An opposite "attributive" approach states that any part of science may be so influenced. L. Graham is sure that even the mathematical equations at the core of fundamental physical theories may display (...)
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  26.  11
    Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2012). From Mathematics to Social Concern About Science: Kitcher's Philosophical Approach. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):11-93.
    Kitcher's philosophical approach has moved from the reflection on the nature of mathematical knowledge to an explicit social concern about science, because he considers seriously the relevance of democratic values to scientific activity. Focal issues in this trajectory - from the internal perspective to the external - have been naturalism and scientific progress, which includes studies of the uses of scientific findings in the social milieu. Within this intellectual context, the chapter pays particular attention to his epistemological and (...)
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  27.  14
    H. Verhoog (1975). Social and Ethical Aspects of Biology Part of Theoretical Biology? Acta Biotheoretica 24 (1-2):22-34.
    Recent interest in the social and ethical aspects of biology raises the question of the disciplinary status of the study of these aspects of biology . In the traditional interpretations of theoretical biology the social and ethical aspects are usually not explicitly mentioned. In this article arguments are given for inclusion of the study of these aspects of biology within a broadened conception of theoretical biology.
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  28.  4
    Tony Brown (2007). The Art of Mathematics: Bedding Down for a New Era. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (7):755–765.
    Comparisons made between art and mathematics so often centre on the beauty of mathematics and how its forms might be seen as aesthetically pleasing. Yet the prominence of beauty as an attribute is less prevalent in contemporary art. Rather, art has a much broader scope of concern, perhaps with a greater emphasis on providing apparatus through which we might better understand who we are. This paper considers some performative aspects of contemporary art and draws parallels with some (...)
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  29. Jörgen Sjögren & Christian Bennet (2013). The Viability of Social Constructivism as a Philosophy of Mathematics. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (3):341-355.
    Attempts have been made to analyse features in mathematics within a social constructivist context. In this paper we critically examine some of those attempts recently made with focus on problems of the objectivity, ontology, necessity, and atemporality of mathematics. Our conclusion is that these attempts fare no better than traditional alternatives, and that they, furthermore, create new problems of their own.
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  30.  20
    Elisabeth A. Lloyd (2002). Reductionism in Medicine: Social Aspects of Health. In Marc Van Regenmortel & David Hull (eds.), Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences. J. Wiley and Sons 67-82.
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  31. Benjamin A. Elman (1993). From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China (Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1984), 236–41. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (4):561-583.
     
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  32. Joseph Agassi (1985). Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  33.  23
    Arne Naess (1966). Psychological and Social Aspects of Pyrrhonian Scepticism. Inquiry 9 (1-4):301 – 321.
    A brief account is given of Pyrrhonian scepticism, as portrayed by Sextus Empiricus. This scepticism differs significantly from the views commonly attributed to 'the sceptic' which take scepticism to be a view or philosophical position to the effect that there can be no knowledge. The Pyrrhonist makes no philosophical assertions, because he does not find the arguments in favor of any position to be decisively stronger than the arguments against. Objections to scepticism, for instance that the sceptic cannot consistently show (...)
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  34.  4
    Daniel C. Oshi, Sarah Nakalema & Luke L. Oshi (2005). Cultural and Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Sex Education in Secondary Schools in Nigeria. Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (2):175-183.
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  35.  8
    Joseph Agassi (1992). Rationality: Philosophical and Social Aspects. [REVIEW] Minerva 30 (3):366-390.
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  36.  14
    Sebastian B. Littauer (1954). Social Aspects of Scientific Method in Industrial Production. Philosophy of Science 21 (2):93-100.
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  37.  12
    R. Thomas (2012). B. Buldt, B. Lowe and T. Muller (Eds.), Special Issue of Erkenntnis: Towards a New Epistemology of Mathematics_ ; B. Lowe and T. Muller (Eds.), _PhiMSAMP: Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspects and Mathematical Practice_; K. Francois, B. Lowe, T. Muller and B. Van Kerkhove (Eds.), _Foundations of the Formal Sciences VII: Bringing Together Philosophy and Sociology of Science. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 20 (2):258-260.
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  38.  3
    W. Norwood East (1942). Social Aspects of Crime in England Between the Wars. The Eugenics Review 34 (1):29.
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  39.  5
    Donald MacKenzie (1986). Why "the Social Aspects of Science and Technology" is Not Just an Optional Extra. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 15 (4):2-6.
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  40.  13
    B. G. Gazzard (1992). AIDS a Moral Issue -- Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):51-52.
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  41.  4
    Zgusta Richard (forthcoming). Social Aspects of Communal Dwellings in Southeast Asia. Sophia.
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  42.  4
    On Sociological Biographies (2008). Social Aspects of Science. Annals of Science 65 (3):453-455.
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  43.  13
    Hugh Lehman (2003). Britt Bailey and Marc Lappé (Eds.), Engineering the Farm: Ethical and Social Aspects of Agricultural Biotechnology. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):513-516.
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  44.  4
    Former Welfare Mother (2003). Adamson, Joni, Evans, Mei Mei and Stein, Rachel (Eds)(2002) The Environmental Justice Reader: The Politics and Poetics of Pedagogy, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. Bailey, Britt and Lappe, Marc (Eds)(2002) Engineering the Farm: Ethical and Social Aspects of Agricultural Biotechnology, Washington, DC: Island Press. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 6 (1):93.
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  45.  4
    C. Delisle Burns (1924). Book Review:Social Aspects of Industrial Problems. Gertrude Williams. [REVIEW] Ethics 34 (4):397-.
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  46.  3
    Margaret Talbot (1981). Women and Sport – Social Aspects. Journal of Biosocial Science 13 (S7):33-47.
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  47.  3
    Hilary S. Leeds (2003). Social Aspects of Sham Surgeries. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):70-71.
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  48.  6
    H. Parkins (1997). Review. Fairs and Markets in the Roman Empire. Economic and Social Aspects of Periodic Trade in Pre-Industrial Society. L De Ligt. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (1):136-137.
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  49.  3
    Robert Thomas (2012). B. Buldt, B. Löwe and T. Müller (Eds.), Special Issue Towards a New Epistemology of Mathematics; B. Löwe and T. Müller (Eds.), PhiMSAMP: Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspects and Mathematical Practice; K. François, B. Löwe, T. Müller and B. Van Kerkhove (Eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences VII: Bringing Together Philosophy and Sociology of Science. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 20 (2):258-260.
  50.  2
    D. Rothman & P. Capell (1978). Teenage Pregnancy in England and Wales: Some Demographic and Medico-Social Aspects. Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (S5):65-83.
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