Search results for 'Mathew K. Wynia' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  6
    Swathi Arekapudi & Mathew K. Wynia (2003). The Unbearable Whiteness of the Mainstream: Should We Eliminate, or Celebrate, Bias in Bioethics? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):18 – 19.
  2.  19
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Consequentialism and Harsh Interrogations. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):4 – 6.
    With this issue, we begin a regular feature on bioethics and public health. We welcome Matthew K. Wynia, M.D., M.P.H., Director of the Institute for Ethics of the American Medical Association as our new Contributing Editor. If you have comments or suggestions regarding this feature, please email us at manuscript@ bioethics.net.
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  3.  25
    Matthew K. Wynia, Emily E. Anderson, Kavita Shah & Timothy D. Hotze (2011). “Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me…?” A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):3 - 13.
    Using medical advances to enhance human athletic, aesthetic, and cognitive performance, rather than to treat disease, has been controversial. Little is known about physicians? experiences, views, and attitudes in this regard. We surveyed a national sample of physicians to determine how often they prescribe enhancements, their views on using medicine for enhancement, and whether they would be willing to prescribe a series of potential interventions that might be considered enhancements. We find that many physicians occasionally prescribe enhancements, but doctors hold (...)
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  4.  1
    Matthew K. Wynia, Deborah Cummins, David Fleming, Kari Karsjens, Amber Orr, James Sabin, Inger Saphire-Bernstein & Renee Witlen (2004). Improving Fairness in Coverage Decisions: Performance Expectations for Quality Improvement. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):87-100.
    Patients and physicians often perceive the current health care system to be unfair, in part because of the ways in which coverage decisions appear to be made. To address this problem the Ethical Force Program, a collaborative effort to create quality improvement tools for ethics in health care, has developed five content areas specifying ethical criteria for fair health care benefits design and administration. Each content area includes concrete recommendations and measurable expectations for performance improvement, which can be used by (...)
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  5.  6
    Samuel J. Huber & Matthew K. Wynia (2004). When Pestilence Prevails Physician Responsibilities in Epidemics. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):5 – 11.
    The threat of bioterrorism, the emergence of the SARS epidemic, and a recent focus on professionalism among physicians, present a timely opportunity for a review of, and renewed commitment to, physician obligations to care for patients during epidemics. The professional obligation to care for contagious patients is part of a larger "duty to treat," which historically became accepted when 1) a risk of nosocomial infection was perceived, 2) an organized professional body existed to promote the duty, and 3) the public (...)
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  6.  7
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Oversimplifications I: Physicians Don't Do Public Health. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):4 – 5.
    *The views in this article are the author's alone and should not be construed as policy statements of the American Medical Association.
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  7.  18
    Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Breaching Confidentiality to Protect the Public: Evolving Standards of Medical Confidentiality for Military Detainees. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):1 – 5.
    Confidentiality is a core value in medicine and public health yet, like other core values, it is not absolute. Medical ethics has typically allowed for breaches of confidentiality when there is a credible threat of significant harm to an identifiable third party. Medical ethics has been less explicit in spelling out criteria for allowing breaches of confidentiality to protect populations, instead tending to defer these decisions to the law. But recently, issues in military detention settings have raised the profile of (...)
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  8.  12
    Matthew K. Wynia & American Medical Association (2006). Risk and Trust in Public Health: A Cautionary Tale. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):3 – 6.
    *The views expressed are the author's own. This article should not be construed as representing policies of the American Medical Association.
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  9.  6
    Matthew K. Wynia & Susan Dorr Goold (2011). Fairness and the Public's Role in Defining Decent Benefits. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):1 - 2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 7, Page 1-2, July 2011.
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  10.  37
    Matthew K. Wynia (2006). Ethics and Public Health Emergencies: Rationing Vaccines. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):4 – 7.
    There are three broad ethical issues related to handling public health emergencies. They are the three R's - rationing, restrictions and responsibilities. Recently, a severe shortage of annual influenza vaccine in the US, combined with the threat of pandemic flu, has provided an opportunity for policy makers to think about rationing in very concrete terms. Some lessons from annual flu vaccination likely will apply to pandemic vaccine distribution, but many preparatory decisions must be based on very rough estimates. What ethical (...)
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  11.  12
    Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Public Health, Public Trust and Lobbying. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):4 – 7.
    Each year, infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) leads to millions of abnormal Pap smears and thousands of cases of cervical cancer in the US. Throughout the developing world, where Pap smears are less common, HPV is a leading cause of cancer death among women. So when the international pharmaceutical giant Merck developed a vaccine that could prevent infection with several key strains of HPV, the public health community was anxious to celebrate a major advance. But then marketing and lobbying got (...)
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  12.  32
    Matthew K. Wynia (2008). The Short History and Tenuous Future of Medical Professionalism: The Erosion of Medicine's Social Contract. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (4):565-578.
  13.  14
    Matthew K. Wynia (2006). Routine Screening: Informed Consent, Stigma and the Waning of HIV Exceptionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):5 – 8.
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently recommended that HIV screening should become routine for all adults in the United States. Implicit in the CDC proposal is the notion that pre-test counseling would be more limited than at present, and that written informed consent to screening would no longer be required. If widely implemented, routine testing would mark a tremendous shift in the US HIV screening strategy. There are a number of considerations used to determine what screening tests (...)
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  14.  36
    Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Mandating Vaccination: What Counts as a "Mandate" in Public Health and When Should They Be Used? American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):2 – 6.
    Recent arguments over whether certain public health interventions should be mandatory raise questions about what counts as a "mandate." A mandate is not the same as a mere recommendation or the standard of practice. At minimum, a mandate should require an active opt-out and there should be some penalty for refusing to abide by it. Over-loose use of the term "mandate" and the easing of opt-out provisions could eventually pose a risk to the gains that truly mandatory public health interventions, (...)
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  15.  12
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Public Health Principlism: The Precautionary Principle and Beyond. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):3 – 4.
    *The views represented are the author's alone and should not be construed as representing policies of the American Medical Association.
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  16.  46
    Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2007). Improving Access to Health Care: A Consensus Ethical Framework to Guide Proposals for Reform. Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  17.  3
    Jacob E. Kurlander, Karine Morin & Matthew K. Wynia (2004). The Social-Contract Model of Professionalism: Baby or Bath Water? American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):33-36.
  18.  15
    Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Ethics and Public Health Emergencies: Encouraging Responsibility. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):1 – 4.
    The three primary ethical challenges in preparing for public health emergencies - addressing questions of rationing, restrictions and responsibilities - all entail confronting uncertainty. But the third, considering whether people and institutions will live up to their responsibilities in a crisis, is perhaps the hardest to predict and therefore plan for. The quintessential example of a responsibility during a public health emergency is that of health care professionals' obligation to continue caring for patients during epidemics. Historically, this 'duty to treat' (...)
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  19.  12
    Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Ethics and Public Health Emergencies: Restrictions on Liberty. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):1 – 5.
    Responses to public health emergencies can entail difficult decisions about restricting individual liberties to prevent the spread of disease. The quintessential example is quarantine. While isolating sick patients tends not to provoke much concern, quarantine of healthy people who only might be infected often is controversial. In fact, as the experience with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) shows, the vast majority of those placed under quarantine typically don't become ill. Efforts to enforce involuntary quarantine through military or police powers also (...)
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  20.  12
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Science, Faith and AIDS: The Battle Over Harm Reduction. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):3 – 4.
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  21.  16
    G. Caleb Alexander & Matthew K. Wynia (2007). Survey Research in Bioethics. Advances in Bioethics 11:139-160.
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  22.  1
    Matthew K. Wynia (2006). Markets and Public Health: Pushing and Pulling Vaccines Into Production. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):3 – 6.
    *The views expressed are the author's own. This article should not be construed as representing policies of the American Medical Association.
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  23.  3
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Oversimplifications II: Public Health Ethics Ignores Individual Rights. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):6-8.
    * Disclaimer: The views expressed are the author's own. This article should not be construed as representing policies of the American Medical Association.
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  24.  2
    Matthew K. Wynia (2004). Mercy Coming Under Strain. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):74-76.
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  25.  37
    Matthew K. Wynia (2008). Laying the Groundwork for a Defense Against Participation in Torture? Hastings Center Report 38 (1):11-13.
  26.  10
    Italo Subbarao, Matthew K. Wynia & Frederick M. Burkle Jr (2010). The Elephant in the Room: Collaboration and Competition Among Relief Organizations During High-Profile Disasters. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):328.
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  27.  16
    Timothy D. Hotze, Kavita Shah, Emily E. Anderson & Matthew K. Wynia (2011). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “'Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me…?'A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement”. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):W1 - W3.
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  28.  13
    Matthew K. Wynia (2009). Personal Responsibility, Public Policy, and the Economic Stimulus Plan. Hastings Center Report 39 (2):13-15.
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  29.  8
    Matthew K. Wynia, Deborah Cummins, David Fleming, Kari Karsjens, Amber Orr, James Sabin, Inger Saphire-Bernstein & Renee Witlen (2004). A Response to Commentators on “Improving Fairness in Coverage Decisions: Performance Expectations for Quality Improvement”. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W40-W42.
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  30.  11
    Amber S. Orr & Matthew K. Wynia (2002). Ethics and Heroin Prescription: No More Fuzzy Goals! American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):52-53.
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  31.  2
    S. J. Weiner, J. B. VanGeest, M. K. Wynia, D. S. Cummins & I. B. Wilson (2003). Falling Into Line: The Impact of Utilization Review Hassles on Physicians' Adherence to Insurance Contracts. Journal of Clinical Ethics 15 (2):139-148.
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  32.  6
    Matthew K. Wynia (2005). Judging Public Health Research: Epistemology, Public Health and the Law. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):4 – 7.
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  33.  1
    Bette‐Jane Crigger & Matthew K. Wynia (2012). The Honesty Effect. Hastings Center Report 42 (3):3-3.
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  34.  2
    Matthew K. Wynia (2013). The Intractable and the Novel: Looking Ahead in Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):11-12.
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  35.  2
    Abraham P. Schwab, Kelly A. Carroll & Matthew K. Wynia (2006). What is Managed Care Anyway? American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):36 – 37.
    1The opinions contained in this article are those of the authors and should not be construed as policies of the American Medical Association.
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  36. T. C. Mathew & K. A. Thomas (2004). The Business of Education and Ethical Quest. Journal of Dharma 29 (4):437-448.
     
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  37. Matthew K. Wynia & Bette–Jane Crigger (2011). Conflicts—and Consensus—About Conflicts of Interest in Medicine. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 1 (2):101-105.
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  38. Matthew K. Wynia, Jacob F. Kurlander & Shane K. Green (2006). Physician Professionalism and Preparing for Epidemics: Challenges and Opportunities. Advances in Bioethics 9:135-161.
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  39.  1
    Michael Kottow (2006). Letter to the Editor: A Commentary on M. K. Wynia's “Consequentialism and Harsh Interrogations”. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):W36-W36.
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  40. Bruno Ćurko & Ivana Kragić (2009). Igra – put k multidimenzioniranom mišljenju. Na tragu filozofije za djecu: Play – A Way into Multidimensional Thinking. Aiming Philosophy for Children. Filozofska Istrazivanja 29 (2):303-310.
    Johan Huizinga u svojoj knjizi Homo ludens tvrdi kako civilizacija proizlazi i razvija se u igri i kao igra. Ona jest jedna od ljudskih karakteristika, ljudski obred, a služi za rekreaciju, zabavu, ali i učenje. Može li se onda dobro usmjerenom igrom razvijati ljudsko mišljenje? Cilj programa filozofije za djecu jest uvježbavanje multidimenzioniranog mišljenja. Po Mathew Lipmanu multidimenzionirano mišljenje jest cjelina koja se sastoji od kritičkog, kreativnog i skrbnog mišljenja. Program filozofije za djecu usmjeren je i prema predškolskoj i (...)
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  41. Mathew A. Foust (2009). Josiah Royce in Focus, Jacquelyn Ann K. Kegley. [REVIEW] Kinesis 36 (1):98-104.
  42.  21
    Matthew K. Wynia Public Health Editor (2005). Oversimplifications II: Public Health Ethics Ignores Individual Rights. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):6 – 8.
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  43.  44
    Geoff Moore (2001). Corporate Social and Financial Performance: An Investigation in the U.K. Supermarket Industry. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):299 - 315.
    The comparison of corporate social performance with corporate financial performance has been a popular field of study over the past 25 years. The results, while broadly conclusive of a positive relationship, are not entirely consistent. In addition, most of the previous studies have concentrated on large-scale cross-industry studies and often with a single variable for corporate social performance, in order to produce statistically significant results. This weakens the richness of understanding that might be obtained from a single industry study with (...)
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  44.  34
    Dorothy Foote (2001). The Question of Ethical Hypocrisy in Human Resource Management in the U.K. And Irish Charity Sectors. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):25 - 38.
    Whilst there is a growing volume of literature exploring the ethical implications of organisational change for HRM and the ethical aspects of certain HRM activities, there have been few published U.K. studies of how HR managers actually behave when faced with ethical dilemmas in their work. This paper seeks to enhance the foundations of such knowledge through an examination of the influence of organisational values on the ethical behaviour of Human Resource Managers within a sample of charities in the U.K. (...)
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  45.  63
    John R. Fanchi (2003). Relativistic Dynamical Theory of Particle Decay and Application to K-Mesons. Foundations of Physics 33 (8):1189-1205.
    The theoretical description of particle decay by a single particle theory requires the use of a probability density in time that is not present in conventional theories. The problem of single particle decay is consistently described here within the context of a single particle, relativistic dynamical theory. We derive experimentally testable differences between the standard model and Relativistic Dynamics for a two-state system: the neutral K-meson (K 0) system. We show that the estimate of mass difference between the two states (...)
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  46.  4
    Victor L. Selivanov (2007). Hierarchies of [ ... ] º 2-Measurable K -Partitions. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (4):446-461.
    Attempts to extend the classical Hausdorff difference hierarchy to the case of partitions of a space to k > 2 subsets lead to non-equivalent notions. In a hope to identify the right extension we consider the extensions appeared in the literature so far: the limit-, level-, Boolean and Wadge hierarchies of k -partitions. The advantages and disadvantages of the four hierarchies are discussed. The main technical contribution of this paper is a complete characterization of the Wadge degrees of [ ¿ (...)
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  47.  7
    Newton C. A. Da Costa & Roque Da C. Caiero (2014). K-Transforms in Classical and Paraconsistent Logics. Logic and Logical Philosophy 7:63.
    We study some metamathematical properties of various classicaland paraconsistent logical systems. In particular, we discuss the concept ofa k-transform of a formula and consider some of its applications.
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  48.  6
    Robert Sochacki (2009). Rejected Axioms for the “Nonsense-Logic” W and the K-Valued Logic of Sobociński. Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (4):321-327.
    In this paper rejection systems for the “nonsense-logic” W and the k-valued implicational-negational sentential calculi of Sobociński are given. Considered systems consist of computable sets of rejected axioms and only one rejection rule: the rejection version of detachment rule.
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  49.  4
    Helmut Renders (2011). O guia medicinal Primitive Physick de John Wesley de 1747: ciência, charlatania ou medicina social? (John Wesley's medical guide Primitive Physic[k] from 1747: science, charlatanism or social medicine?) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p339. [REVIEW] Horizonte 8 (21):339-353.
    Resumo Em 1747, John Wesley, spiritus rector do movimento metodista, publicou a primeira edição do seu guia medicinal Primitive Physic[k] . Qual era o seu propósito num mundo onde a academia real, herbalistas, curandeiros/as, exorcistas e charlatães competiam pela atenção da população? O artigo apresenta os diferentes grupos que atuaram, ou pretendiam atuar, em prol da saúde na Inglaterra do século 18, e compara o conteúdo do guia Primitive Physic[k] com suas propostas e estratégias terapêuticas. Conclua-se que uma parte significativa (...)
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  50. Anthony J. Blasi, Anton K. Jacobs & Mathew Kanjirathinkal (eds.) (2009). Sociology: Inquiries Into the Construction of Social Forms. Brill.
    Georg Simmel developed a "form" method for the newly revived field of sociology, drawing on the subjectivity/objectivity dialectic. While his book's organization differs from that of contemporary texts, his method remains implicit in the field to this day.
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