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  1. Matthias Hild & Mathias Risse, A Generalization of Aumann's Agreement Theorem.
    The scope of Aumann’s (1976) Agreement Theorem is needlessly limited by its restriction to Conditioning as the update rule. Here we prove the theorem in a more comprehensive framework, in which the evolution of probabilities is represented directly, without deriving new probabilities from new certainties. The framework allows arbitrary update rules subject only to Goldstein’s (1983) requirement that current expectations agree with current expectations of future expectations.
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  2. Matthias Hild, Mathias Risse, John Harsanyi, John Rawls & John A. Weymark, Preference Aggregation After Harsanyi.
    Consider a group of people whose preferences satisfy the axioms of one of the current versions of utility theory, such as von Neumann-Morgenstern (1944), Savage (1954), or Bolker-Jeffrey (1965). There are political and economic contexts in which it is of interest to find ways of aggregating these individual preferences into a group preference ranking. The question then arises of whether methods of aggregation exist in which the group’s preferences also satisfy the axioms of the chosen utility theory, and in which (...)
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  3. Mathias Risse, - Research - Work On Political P Hilosophy.
    Collective rationality has attracted much attention by formal theorists, but philosophically, much of it is still poorly understood. The difficulties are easily motivated. As long as we only aggregate preferences (as we do in the case of majoritarian decision-making), there are different proposals for how to do so, and arguments on their behalves can be developed. However, there are voting methods that use rankings other than ordinal ones, and arguments for specific preference-based methods fail to be effective against such methods. (...)
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  4. Matthias Hild, Mathias Risse & Richard Je¤rey, Flipping and Ex Post Aggregation.
    We show that Bayesian ex post aggregation is unstable with respect to refinements. Suppose a group of Bayesians use ex post aggregation. Since it is a joint problem, each agent’s problem is captured by the same model, but probabilities and utilities may vary. If they analyze the same situation in more detail, their refined analysis should preserve their preferences among acts. However, ex post aggregation could bring about a preference reversal on the group level. Ex post aggregation thus depends on (...)
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  5. Mathias Risse, - Research.
    Political philosophy is mostly what I do, and in one way or another, it’s organized around ideas about justice. Often, my work focuses on problems that are present in public political discourse, which then I try to approach by offering a solution to them that is tied to philosophically acceptable foundations. For a few years now, my work has been concerned with building a constructive theory of the “grounds of justice” at the global level. The book that is in the (...)
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  6. Mathias Risse, - Research/Papers/Book.
    "Immigration, Ethics, and the Capabilities Approach ," United Nations Development Programme on line Human Development Research Paper Series (based on the background report on ethical issues re. immigration, for the 2009 UNDP report on migration).
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  7. Mathias Risse, Why the Count de Borda Cannot Beat the Marquis de Condorcet.
    Although championed by the Marquis the Condorcet and many others, majority rule has often been rejected as indeterminate, incoherent, or implausible. Majority rule’s arch competitor is the Borda count, proposed by the Count de Borda, and there has long been a dispute between the two approaches. In several..
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  8. Mathias Risse (2014). The Human Right to Water and Common Ownership of the Earth. Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (2):178-203.
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  9. Mathias Risse (2013). Reply to Abizadeh, Chung and Farrelly. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 8 (2):62-73.
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  10. Mathias Risse (2012). Benhabib , Seyla . Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times . Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011. Pp. 288. $69.95 (Cloth); $24.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Ethics 122 (4):790-797.
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  11. Mathias Risse (2012). On Global Justice. Princeton University Press.
    The grounds of justice -- "Un pouvoir ordinaire": shared membership in a state as a ground of -- Justice -- Internationalism versus statism and globalism: contemporary debates -- What follows from our common humanity? : the institutional stance, human rights, and nonrelationism -- Hugo Grotius revisited : collective ownership of the Earth and global public reason -- "Our sole habitation" : a contemporary approach to collective ownership of the earth -- Toward a contingent derivation of human rights -- Proportionate use (...)
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  12. Mathias Risse (2011). Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy Phone:(617) 495-9811 Email: Mathias_risse@ Harvard. Edu Faculty Url: Http://Www. Hks. Harvard. Edu/About/Faculty-Staff-Directory/Mathias-Risse Reviews Risse, Mathias." Responsibility for Justice." Review of Responsibility for Justice, by Iris Marion Young. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 224.
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  13. Mathias Risse (2011). Review of Iris Marion Young, Responsibility for Justice. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
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  14. Mathias Risse (2010). Review of Raymond Geuss, Politics and the Imagination. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (4).
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  15. Michael Blake & Mathias Risse (2009). Is There a Human Right to Free Movement? Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth. Notre Dame Journal of Law Ethics and Public Policy 23 (133):166.
    1. Among the most striking features of the political arrangements on this planet is its division into sovereign states.1 To be sure, in recent times, globalization has woven together the fates of communities and individuals in distant parts of the world in complex ways. It is partly for this reason that now hardly anyone champions a notion of sovereignty that would entirely discount a state’s liability the effects that its actions would have on foreign nationals. Still, state sovereignty persists as (...)
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  16. Daniel E. Esser, Puny Deeds, Rajan Menon, Treaty Norms, Climate Change Mitigation, Darrel Moellendorf, Doris Schroeder, Thomas Pogge & Mathias Risse (2009). Carnegie Council. Ethics and International Affairs 23.
     
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  17. Mathias Risse (2009). A Right to Work? A Right to Leisure? Labor Rights as Human Rights. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (1):1-39.
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  18. Mathias Risse (2009). Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non-Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights. European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
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  19. Mathias Risse (2009). On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods II: Alternatives to Majority Rule. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):803-812.
    In this companion piece to 'On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Non-Obviousness of Majority Rule', we take a closer look at some competitors of majority rule. This exploration supplements the conclusions of the other piece, as well as offers a further-reaching introduction to some of the challenges that this field currently poses to philosophers.
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  20. Mathias Risse (2009). On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Nonobviousness of Majority Rule. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):793-802.
    Majority rule is often adopted almost by default as a group decision rule. One might think, therefore, that the conditions under which it applies, and the argument on its behalf, are well understood. However, the standard arguments in support of majority rule display systematic deficiencies. This article explores these weaknesses, and assesses what can be said on behalf of majority rule.
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  21. Mathias Risse (2009). The Eternal Recurrence: A Freudian Look at What Nietzsche Took to Be His Greatest Insight. In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy. Oxford University Press. 223.
  22. Mathias Risse (2009). The Right to Relocation: Disappearing Island Nations and Common Ownership of the Earth. Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):281-300.
    Abstract In recent work I have tried to revitalize the standpoint of humanity's commonly owning the earth. This standpoint has implications for a range of problems that have recently preoccupied us at the global level, including immigration, obligations to future generations, climate change, and human rights. In particular, this approach helps illuminate what moral claims to international aid small island nations whose existence is threatened by global climate change have. A recent proposal for relocating his people across different nations by (...)
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  23. Michael Blake & Mathias Risse (2008). Migration, Territoriality, and Culture. In Ryberg Jesper & Petersen Thomas (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave.
    Little work has been done to explore the moral foundations of the state’s right to territory.1 In modern times, the state has mostly been assumed to be a territorial unit, and no need was perceived to reflect on precisely what justifies its territorial jurisdiction. The state’s territoriality is related to another topic that has remained under-theorized: immigration. There is, moreover, an obvious relationship between these topics: the more powerful a state’s rights over its territory, the more powerful the right to (...)
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  24. Michael Blake & Mathias Risse (2008). Two Models of Equality and Responsibility. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):165-199.
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  25. Malgorzata Kurjanska & Mathias Risse (2008). Fairness in Trade II: Export Subsidies and the Fair Trade Movement. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):29-56.
    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, mathias_risse{at}ksg.harvard.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> It is a widespread view that support for Fair Trade is called for, whereas agricultural subsidies are pegged as unjustifiable. Though one supports farmers in developing countries while the other does the same for those in already developed ones, there are, nonetheless, similarities between both scenarios. Both are economically `inefficient', upholding production beyond what the market would sustain. In both cases, supportive arguments (...)
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  26. Ryan Pevnick, Philip J. Cafaro, Mathias Risse, Christian Reus-Smit, Duncan Snidal, Olga Martin-Ortega, Alexandru Grigorescu, Paul D. Williams & Bounding Power (2008). Carnegie Council. Ethics and International Affairs 22.
     
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  27. Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse (2008). An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):241-259.
  28. Mathias Risse (2008). Mathias Risse Replies. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):254-259.
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  29. Mathias Risse (2008). Nietzsche on Selfishness, Justice, and the Duties of the Higher Men. In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press.
  30. Mathias Risse (2008). On the Morality of Immigration. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):25–33.
    My goal here is twofold: First, I wish to make a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. Too often, immigration debates are conducted solely from the standpoint of ‘‘what is good for us,’’ without regard for the justifiability of immigration policies to those excluded. Second, I wish to offer a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice. More specifically, I (...)
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  31. Mathias Risse (2008). The Virtuous Group. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):53-84.
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  32. Mathias Risse (2007). Racial Profiling: A Reply to Two Critics. Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):4-19.
  33. Mathias Risse (2007). Fairness in Trade I: Obligations From Trading and the Pauper-Labor Argument. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):355-377.
    Standard economic theory teaches that trade benefits all countries involved, at least in the long run. While there are other reasons for trade liberalization, this insight, going back to Ricardo's 1817 Principles of Political Economy , continues to underlie international economics. Trade also raises fairness questions. First, suppose A trades with B while parts of A's population are oppressed. Do the oppressed in A have a complaint in fairness against B? Should B cease to trade? Second, suppose because of oppression (...)
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  34. Mathias Risse (2007). Nietzschean 'Animal Psychology' Versus Kantian Ethics. In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press. 57--82.
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  35. Mathias Risse (2007). Review of Gillian Brock, Harry Brighouse (Eds.), The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (1).
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  36. Mathias Risse & Michael Black (2007). Migration : Migration, Territoriality, and Culture. In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  37. Mathias Risse, Annabelle Lever & Michael Levin (2007). Exchange: Racial and Ethnic Profiling. Criminal Justice Ethics 26:3-35.
    In this paper I respond to Mathias Risse's objections to my critique of his views on racial profiling in Philosophy and Public Affairs. I draw on the work of Richard Sampson and others on racial disadvantage in the USA to show that racial profiling likely aggravates racial injustices that are already there. However, I maintain, clarify and defend my original claim against Risse that racial profiling itself is likely to cause racial injustice, even if we abstract from unfair background conditions. (...)
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  38. Mathias Risse (2006). Humanitarian Intervention - by Terry Nardin and Melissa S. Williams. Ethics and International Affairs 20 (3):385–388.
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  39. Mathias Risse (2006). Nietzsche's Critiques: The Kantian Foundations of His Thought, by R. Kevin Hill and Nietzsche, Biology and Metaphor, by Gregory Moore. European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):438–448.
  40. Mathias Risse (2006). What to Say About the State. Social Theory and Practice 32 (4):671-698.
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  41. Mathias Risse (2005). Critical Notice Should Citizens of a Welfare State Be Transformed Into “Queens”? Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):291-303.
  42. Mathias Risse (2005). Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification? Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):9–18.
    A central theme throughout Thomas Pogge’s path-breaking World Poverty and Human Rights is that the global political and economic order harms people in developing countries, and that our duty toward the global poor is therefore not to assist them, but to rectify injustice. But does the global order harm the poor? I argue elsewhere that there is a sense in which this is indeed so, at least if a certain empirical thesis is accepted.1 However, in this essay, I seek to (...)
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  43. Mathias Risse (2005). How Does the Global Order Harm the Poor? Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (4):349–376.
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  44. Mathias Risse (2005). On God and Guilt: A Reply to Aaron Ridley. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 29 (1):46-53.
    1. Let me begin by distinguishing two conceptions of guilt. The first conceives of guilt as an experience of reprehensible failure in response to specific actions. I feel guilty if I break a promise for reasons that cannot justify this transgression. This conception of guilt as a responsive attitude, which I call locally- reactive guilt, captures a tension in one’s agency that arises from a local failure. The second conception understands guilt as a condition that shapes one’s whole existence. Guilt, (...)
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  45. Mathias Risse (2005). What We Owe to the Global Poor. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):81 - 117.
    This essay defends an account of the duties to the global poor that is informed by the empirical question of what makes countries rich or poor, and that tends to be broadly in agreement with John Rawlss account in The Law of Peoples. I begin by introducing the debate about the sources of growth and explore its implications for duties towards the poor. Next I explore whether (and deny that) there are any further-reaching duties towards the poor. Finally, I ask (...)
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  46. Mathias Risse (2004). Ian Carter, A Measure of Freedom:A Measure of Freedom. Ethics 114 (2):340-343.
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  47. Mathias Risse (2004). Arguing for Majority Rule. Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (1):41–64.
    ALTHOUGH majority rule finds ready acceptance whenever groups make decisions, there are surprisingly few philosophically interesting arguments in support of it.1 Jeremy Waldron’s The Dignity of Legislation contains the most interesting recent defense of majority rule. Waldron combines his own argument from respect with May’s influential characterization of majority rule, tying both to a reinterpretation of a well-known passage from Locke’s Second Treatise (“the body moves into the direction determined by the majority of forces”). Despite its impressive resourcefulness, Waldron’s defense (...)
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  48. Mathias Risse (2004). Does Left-Libertarianism Have Coherent Foundations? Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):337-364.
    Left-libertarian theories of justice hold that agents are full self-owners and that natural resources are owned in some egalitarian manner. Some philosophers find left-libertarianism promising because it seems that it coherently underwrites both some demands of material equality and some limits on the permissible means of promoting such equality. However, the main goal of this article is to argue that, as far as coherence is concerned, at least one formulation of left-libertarianism is in trouble. This formulation is that of Michael (...)
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  49. Mathias Risse & Richard Zeckhauser (2004). Racial Profiling. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):131–170.
    We have benefited from conversations with Archon Fung, Brian Jacob, Todd Pittinsky, Peter Schuck, Ani Satz, Andrew Williams, and students in a joint class on statistics and ethics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in October 2002. We are also grateful to our audience at the conference “The Priority of Practice,” organized by Jonathan Wolff at University College London in September 2003, and to Arthur Applbaum, Miriam Avins, Frances Kamm, Simon Keller, Frederick Schauer, Alan Wertheimer, and the Editors (...)
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  50. Mathias Risse (2003). Bayesianism, —Quo Vadis?—Critical Notice: David Corfield and Jon Williamson (Eds.), Foundations of Bayesianism. Philosophy of Science 70 (1):225-231.
    This is a review essay about David Corfield and Jon Williamson's anthology Foundations of Bayesianism. Taken together, the fifteen essays assembled in the book assess the state of the art in Bayesianism. Such an assessment is timely, because decision theory and formal epistemology have become disciplines that are no longer taught on a routine basis in good philosophy departments. Thus we need to ask: Quo vadis, Bayesianism? The subjects of the articles include Bayesian group decision theory, approaches to the concept (...)
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