Search results for 'Matt H. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joseph T. Devlin, Matt H. Davis, Stuart A. McLelland & Richard P. Russell (2000). Efficiency, Information Theory, and Neural Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):475-476.score: 870.0
    We contend that if efficiency and reliability are important factors in neural information processing then distributed, not localist, representations are “evolution's best bet.” We note that distributed codes are the most efficient method for representing information, and that this efficiency minimizes metabolic costs, providing adaptive advantage to an organism.
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  2. Wayne H. Davis (1984). Bat Ecology Ecology of Bats Thomas H. Kunz. Bioscience 34 (3):189-189.score: 420.0
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  3. L. H. Davis, R. Daw, D. A. Denby, M. Gómez-Torrente, ÅM Wikforss & S. Yalowitz (2001). Alspector-Kelly, M., 93 Alter, T., 345 Ben-Yami, H., 155 Bernstein, M., 329. Philosophical Studies 102 (360).score: 420.0
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  4. Wayne A. Davis (1998). Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 300.0
    H. P. Grice virtually discovered the phenomenon of implicature (to denote the implications of an utterance that are not strictly implied by its content). Gricean theory claims that conversational implicatures can be explained and predicted using general psycho-social principles. This theory has established itself as one of the orthodoxes in the philosophy of language. Wayne Davis argues controversially that Gricean theory does not work. He shows that any principle-based theory understates both the intentionality of what a speaker implicates and (...)
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  5. H. Babich & D. L. Davis (1981). Food Tolerances and Action Levels: Do They Adequately Protect Children? Bioscience 31 (6):429-438.score: 280.0
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  6. Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson (1990). Effects of a Protein- and Tryptophan-Deficient Diet Upon Complex Maze Performance. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):126-128.score: 280.0
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  7. Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson (1989). The Effects of a Tryptophan- and Protein-Deficient Diet Upon Growth in Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (4):345-347.score: 280.0
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  8. Solomon H. Katz, William Lesher, Karl E. Peters, Don Browning, Paul H. Carr, Marjorie H. Davis, Thomas L. Gilbert, P. Roger Gillette, Melvin Gray & Lothar Schäfer (2009). Patrons—Philip Hefner Fund. Zygon 44 (1).score: 280.0
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  9. Solomon H. Katz, William Lesher, Karl E. Peters, Don Browning, Paul H. Carr, Marjorie H. Davis, Thomas L. Gilbert Lothar Schafer, Melvin Gray, Frank E. Budenholzer & S. V. D. Antje (2009). Patrons—P/Jilzjo Hefizer Fund. Zygon 44 (1-2):231.score: 280.0
     
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  10. Solomon H. Katz, William Lesher, Karl E. Peters, Don Browning, Paul H. Carr, Marjorie H. Davis, Thomas L. Gilbert, Melvin Gray, Daniel Jungkuntz & Patricia McCIeIIand (2009). Patrons—Philtp Hefher Fund. Zygon 44 (3-4):749.score: 280.0
     
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  11. Jake H. Davis & Evan Thompson (2013). From the Five Aggregates to Phenomenal Consciousness: Toward a Cross-Cultural Cognitive Science. In Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.), A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons.score: 240.0
    Buddhism originated and developed in an Indian cultural context that featured many first-person practices for producing and exploring states of consciousness through the systematic training of attention. In contrast, the dominant methods of investigating the mind in Western cognitive science have emphasized third-person observation of the brain and behavior. In this chapter, we explore how these two different projects might prove mutually beneficial. We lay the groundwork for a cross-cultural cognitive science by using one traditional Buddhist model of the mind (...)
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  12. Lawrence H. Davis (2001). Functionalism, the Brain, and Personal Identity. Philosophical Studies 102 (3):259-79.score: 240.0
    One might expect functionalism to imply that personal identity is preserved through various operations on the brain, including transplantation. I argue that this is not clearly so even where the whole brain is transplanted. It is definitely not so in cases where only the cerebrum is transplanted, a conceivable kind of hemispherectomy, and even certain cases in which the brain is "gradually" replaced by an inorganic substitute. These results distinguish functionalism from other accounts taking what Eric T. Olson calls the (...)
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  13. Lawrence H. Davis (1998). Functionalism and Personal Identity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):781-804.score: 240.0
    Sydney Shoemaker has claimed that functionalism, a theory about mental states, implies a certain theory about the identity over time of persons, the entities that have mental states. He also claims that persons can survive a "Brain-State-Transfer" procedure. My examination of these claims includes description and analysis of imaginary cases, but-notably-not appeals to our "intuitions" concerning them. It turns out that Shoemaker's basic insight is correct: there is a connection between the two theories. Specifically, functionalism implies that "non-branching functional continuity" (...)
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  14. Lawrence H. Davis (1982). Functionalism and Absent Qualia. Philosophical Studies 41 (March):231-49.score: 240.0
  15. Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, Melanie Boly, Matthew H. Davis, Steven Laureys, Dietsje Jolles & John D. Pickard (2007). Response to Comments on "Detecting Awareness in the Vegetative State". Science 315 (5816).score: 240.0
  16. William H. Davis (1987). The Meaning of Life. Metaphilosophy 18 (3-4):288-305.score: 240.0
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  17. Lawrence H. Davis (1982). What is It Like to Be an Agent? Erkenntnis 18 (September):195-213.score: 240.0
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  18. Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, Melanie Boly, Matthew H. Davis, Steven Laureys & John D. Pickard (2007). Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Detect Covert Awareness in the Vegetative State. Archives of Neurology 64 (8):1098-1102.score: 240.0
  19. Lawrence H. Davis (1997). Cerebral Hemispheres. Philosophical Studies 87 (2):207-22.score: 240.0
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  20. Lawrence H. Davis (1989). Self-Consciousness in Chimps and Pigeons. Philosophical Psychology 2 (3):249-59.score: 240.0
    Chimpanzee behaviour with mirrors makes it plausible that they can recognise themselves as themselves in mirrors, and so have a 'self-concept'. I defend this claim, and argue that roughly similar behaviour in pigeons, as reported, does not in fact make it equally plausible that they also have this mental capacity. But for all that it is genuine, chimpanzee self-consciousness may differ significantly from ours. I describe one possibility I believe consistent with the data, even if not very plausible: that the (...)
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  21. Duane H. Davis (2011). Review of Peter Sloterdijk, Rage and Time: A Psychopolitical Investigation. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).score: 240.0
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  22. Michael Fortun, Mark Madison, Edmund Russell, Freddrick R. Davis, Ann F. La Berge & Sally G. Kohlstedt (1998). The J. H. B. Bookshelf. Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):143-154.score: 240.0
  23. James H. Davis & John A. Ruhe (2003). Perceptions of Country Corruption: Antecedents and Outcomes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):275 - 288.score: 240.0
    Globalization has increased the need for managers (and future managers) to predict the potential for country corruption. This study examines the relationship between Hofstede''s cultural dimensions and how country corruption is perceived. Power distance, individualism and masculinity were found to explain a significant portion of the variance in perceived corruption. A significant portion of country''s risk, trade flow with U.S.A., foreign investment, and per capita income was explained by perceived corruption.
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  24. Lawrence H. Davis (1972). They Deserve to Suffer. Analysis 32 (4):136 - 140.score: 240.0
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  25. John Bacon, Alan R. White, M. Glouberman, Lawrence H. Davis, Gershon Weiler, Michael Ruse, Jeffrey Bub, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Yehuda Melzer, Zeev Levy, S. Biderman, Joseph Raz & Irwin C. Lieb (1975). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 5 (3):319-384.score: 240.0
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  26. Lawrence H. Davis (1974). Disembodied Brains. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (August):121-132.score: 240.0
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  27. Lawrence H. Davis (1970). Individuation of Actions. Journal of Philosophy 67 (15):520-530.score: 240.0
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  28. William H. Davis (1976). Man-Eating Aliens. Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (3):178-185.score: 240.0
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  29. Lawrence H. Davis (1979). Theory of Action. Prentice Hall.score: 240.0
  30. Lawrence H. Davis (1977). Prisoners, Paradox, and Rationality. American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):319 - 327.score: 240.0
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  31. Duane H. Davis (2004). Merleau-Ponty, Interiority and Exteriority, Psychic Life and the World. International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):229-231.score: 240.0
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  32. Michael Davis, Christopher Meyers, Lisa H. Newton & Elliot D. Cohen (2004). Report Cards. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3 & 4):161 – 165.score: 240.0
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  33. Rowland H. Davis (2006). Strong Inference: Rationale or Inspiration? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):238-250.score: 240.0
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  34. R. Charon, H. Brody, M. W. Clark, D. Davis, R. Martinez & R. M. Nelson (1996). Literature and Ethical Medicine: Five Cases From Common Practice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (3):243-265.score: 240.0
    This essay is composed of five stories written by practicing physicians about their patients. Each clinical story describes a challenging ethical condition–potential abuse of medical power, gravely ill and probably over-treated newborns, iatrogenic narcotic addiction, deceived dying people. Rather than singling out one ethical conflict to resolve or adjudicate, the authors attempt, through literary methods, to grasp the singular experiences of their patients and to act according to the deep structures of their patients' lives. Examining these five stories with simple (...)
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  35. Jake H. Davis & David R. Vago (2013). Can Enlightenment Be Traced to Specific Neural Correlates, Cognition, or Behavior? No, and (a Qualified) Yes. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 240.0
    Can enlightenment be traced to specific neural correlates, cognition, or behavior? No, and (a qualified) Yes.
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  36. William H. Davis (1985). The Morally Obvious. Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (4):263-277.score: 240.0
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  37. Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, D. K. Menon, E. L. Berry, I. S. Johnsrude, J. M. Rodd, Matthew H. Davis & John D. Pickard (2006). Using a Hierarchical Approach to Investigate Residual Auditory Cognition in Persistent Vegetative State. In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.score: 240.0
  38. Walter S. Davis (2002). H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., the Foundations of Christian Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (1):97-100.score: 240.0
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  39. William H. Davis (1979). The Authority of the Moral Sense. Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (2):115-126.score: 240.0
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  40. Bernard D. Davis & H. Tristram Engelhardt (1984). Genetic Engineering: Prospects and Recommendations. Zygon 19 (3):277-280.score: 240.0
  41. William H. Davis (1970). Synthetic Knowledge as “Abduction”. Southern Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):37-43.score: 240.0
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  42. Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 111 (2):446-459.score: 240.0
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  43. Lutz Antoine, H. A. Slagter, L. L. Greischar, A. D. Francis, S. Nieuwenhuis, J. M. Davis & R. J. Davidson, Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.score: 240.0
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  44. G. R. C. Davis (1939). Bricks as Evidence of Date H. Bloch: I bolli laterizi e la storia edilizia rontana. Pp. 353; 45 figures. (Ristampato dal Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica del Governatorato di Roma, Volumi LXIV e sgg.) Rome, 1938. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 53 (5-6):212-213.score: 240.0
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  45. William H. Davis (1974). Imputed Rights. New Scholasticism 48 (3):399-403.score: 240.0
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  46. Duane H. Davis (2005). Merleau-Ponty. Review of Metaphysics 59 (1):192-194.score: 240.0
  47. Duane H. Davis (2002). The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. Symposium 6 (2):241-245.score: 240.0
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  48. A. Frances, A. H. Mack, M. B. First, T. A. Widiger, R. Ross, L. Forman & W. W. Davis (1994). DSM-IV Meets Philosophy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (3):207-218.score: 240.0
    The authors discuss some of the conceptual issues that must be considered in using and understanding psychiatric classification. DSM-IV is a practical and common sense nosology of psychiatric disorders that is intended to improve communication in clinical practice and in research studies. DSM-IV has no philosophic pretensions but does raise many philosphical questions. This paper describes the development of DSM-IV and the way in which it addresses a number of philosophic issues: nominalism vs. realism, epistemology in science, the mind/body dichotomy, (...)
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  49. Dale V. Gottlieb & Lawrence H. Davis (1974). Extensionality and Singular Causal Sentences. Philosophical Studies 25 (1):69 - 72.score: 240.0
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  50. Frederick M. Smith, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Donald R. Davis, John Grimes, Narasingha P. Sil, Fritz Blackwell, Frank J. Korom, Glenn Wallis, Jerome H. Bauer & Elaine Craddock (2001). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 5 (1):91-108.score: 240.0
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