Search results for 'Matter Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ernan McMullin (1965). The Concept of Matter in Greek and Medieval Philosophy. Notre Dame, Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.score: 168.0
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  2. Jogendra Chandra Sikdar (1987). Concept of Matter in Jaina Philosophy. P.V. Research Institute.score: 168.0
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  3. Lorenz Krüger, Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.) (2005). Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Walter DeGruyter.score: 162.0
    What are the relationships between philosophy and the history of philosophy, the history of science and the philosophy of science? This selection of essays by Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994) presents exemplary studies on the philosophy of John Locke and Immanuel Kant, on the history of physics and on the scope and limitations of scientific explanation, and a realistic understanding of science and truth. In his treatment of leading currents in 20th century philosophy, Krüger presents new and (...)
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  4. Peter Flügel (2012). Sacred Matter: Reflections on the Relationship of Karmic and Natural Causality in Jaina Philosophy. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (2):119-176.score: 162.0
    The article examines a fundamental problem in classical Jaina philosophy, namely, the ontological status of dead matter in the hylozoistic and at the same time dualistic Jaina worldview. This question is of particular interest in view of the widespread contemporary Jaina practice of venerating bone relics and stūpas of prominent saints. The main argument proposed in this article is, that, from a classical doctrinal point of view, bone relics of renowned ascetics are valuable for Jainas, if at all, (...)
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  5. Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (2005). Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Editor's Introduction. In Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.), Why does history matter to philosophy and the sciences? De Gruyter.score: 156.0
  6. Hiro Hirai (2011). Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life, and the Soul. Brill.score: 156.0
    Exploring Renaissance humanists’ debates on matter, life and the soul, this volume addresses the contribution of humanist culture to the evolution of early modern natural philosophy so as to shed light on the medical context of the ...
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  7. Gideon Manning (ed.) (2012). Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy. Brill.score: 156.0
    Bringing together an international team of historians of science and philosophy to discuss the fate of matter and form, this volume shows how disputes about matter and form spurred innovation as well as conservatism in early modern science ...
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  8. In Sook Choi (2008). Relations of the Mind to the Matter in Kant's Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 8:63-71.score: 150.0
    Kant's epistemology and the Buddhist philosophy are an idealism. But these two different philosophies have in themselves the contradictory element, namely the element of the outer sense of bodies and of the inner mind. Although Kant's transcendental idealism and the school Vijnanavadin (唯識學派) acknowledge only the representations and the consciousnesses., the mind need to be affected by the outer part. In Kant's theoretical philosophy the outer sense of bodies plays an alien role. It stands outside the subject. In (...)
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  9. Peter Godfrey-Smith, Why Octopuses Matter to Philosophy.score: 144.0
    Why do octopuses matter to philosophy? They matter to the part of philosophy concerned with the mind. To see why, we step back and think about the evolutionary connections between all living things. Biologists think of these relationships in terms of a tree of life. This is a huge tree-like pattern, marking which species are close relatives and which are distantly connected. The vertebrates form one branch of the tree, and that is where we find nearly (...)
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  10. Ian Hacking (1975). Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy? Cambridge University Press.score: 144.0
    Many people find themselves dissatisfied with recent linguistic philosophy, and yet know that language has always mattered deeply to philosophy and must in some sense continue to do so. Ian Hacking considers here some dozen case studies in the history of philosophy to show the different ways in which language has been important, and the consequences for the development of the subject. There are chapters on, among others, Hobbes, Berkeley, Russell, Ayer, Wittgenstein, Chomsky, Feyerabend and Davidson. (...)
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  11. Stephen Gaukroger (2012). What Does History Matter to the History of Philosophy? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):406-424.score: 144.0
  12. Gualtiero Piccinini (2007). Computational Modeling Vs. Computational Explanation: Is Everything a Turing Machine, and Does It Matter to the Philosophy of Mind? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):93 – 115.score: 132.0
    According to pancomputationalism, everything is a computing system. In this paper, I distinguish between different varieties of pancomputationalism. I find that although some varieties are more plausible than others, only the strongest variety is relevant to the philosophy of mind, but only the most trivial varieties are true. As a side effect of this exercise, I offer a clarified distinction between computational modelling and computational explanation.<br><br>.
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  13. John Henry (1986). Occult Qualities and the Experimental Philosophy: Active Principles in Pre-Newtonian Matter Theory. History of Science 24:335-381.score: 132.0
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  14. Thomas Ryckman (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.score: 132.0
    Abstract Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of physical (...)
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  15. Charles R. Pigden (2010). Coercive Theories of Meaning or Why Language Shouldn't Matter (So Much) to Philosophy. Logique Et Analyse 53 (210):151.score: 132.0
    This paper is a critique of coercive theories of meaning, that is, theories (or criteria) of meaning designed to do down ones opponents by representing their views as meaningless or unintelligible. Many philosophers from Hobbes through Berkeley and Hume to the pragmatists, the logical positivists and (above all) Wittgenstein have devised such theories and criteria in order to discredit their opponents. I argue 1) that such theories and criteria are morally obnoxious, a) because they smack of the totalitarian linguistic tactics (...)
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  16. Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré (2007). Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.score: 132.0
    Philosophers of biology, along with everyone else, generally perceive life to fall into two broad categories, the microbes and macrobes, and then pay most of their attention to the latter. ‘Macrobe’ is the word we propose for larger life forms, and we use it as part of an argument for microbial equality. We suggest that taking more notice of microbes – the dominant life form on the planet, both now and throughout evolutionary history – will transform some of the (...) of biology’s standard ideas on ontology, evolution, taxonomy and biodiversity. We set out a number of recent developments in microbiology – including biofilm formation, chemotaxis, quorum sensing and gene transfer – that highlight microbial capacities for cooperation and communication and break down conventional thinking that microbes are solely or primarily single-celled organisms. These insights also bring new perspectives to the levels of selection debate, as well as to discussions of the evolution and nature of multicellularity, and to neo-Darwinian understandings of evolutionary mechanisms. We show how these revisions lead to further complications for microbial classification and the philosophies of systematics and biodiversity. Incorporating microbial insights into the philosophy of biology will challenge many of its assumptions, but also give greater scope and depth to its investigations. (shrink)
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  17. Susan James (2012). When Does Truth Matter? Spinoza on the Relation Between Theology and Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):91-108.score: 132.0
    One of the aims of Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus is to vindicate the view that philosophy and theology are separate forms of enquiry, neither of which has any authority over the other. However, many commentators have objected that this aspect of his project fails. Despite his protestations to the contrary, Spinoza implicitly gives epistemological precedence to philosophy. I argue that this objection misunderstands the nature of Spinoza's position and wrongly charges him with inconsistency. To show how he can coherently (...)
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  18. Carla Rita Palmerino (2011). The Isomorphism of Space, Time and Matter in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy. Early Science and Medicine 16 (4):296-330.score: 132.0
    This article documents the general tendency of seventeenth-century natural philosophers, irrespective of whether they were atomists or anti-atomists, to regard space, time and matter as magnitudes having the same internal composition. It examines the way in which authors such as Fromondus, Basson, Sennert, Arriaga, Galileo, Magnen, Descartes, Gassendi, Charleton as well as the young Newton motivated their belief in the isomorphism of space, time and matter, and how this belief reflected on their views concerning the relation between geometry (...)
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  19. Todd May (2002). On the Very Idea of Continental (or for That Matter Anglo-American) Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 33 (4):401-425.score: 132.0
    For most of the past century, philosophers on the Continent and those in the United States and Britain have taken themselves to be working in very different, even mutually exclusive, philosophical traditions. Although that may have been true until recently, it is no longer so. This piece surveys ten different proposed distinctions that have been offered between the two traditions, and it shows that none of them works, as there are major thinkers on both sides of each proposed distinction that (...)
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  20. Walter George Bond (1931). Three Things That Matter: Religion, Philosophy, Science. Watts & Co..score: 132.0
     
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  21. Lenna Williamson Brown (1956). From Zero to Infinity, a Philosophy of Matter. Lawrence, Kan.,Allen Press.score: 132.0
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  22. John Hedley Brooke (1995). Thinking About Matter: Studies in the History of Chemical Philosophy. Variorum.score: 132.0
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  23. Juliette Carnus (1932). The Organization of Matter in the Eighteenth Century French Philosophy. New York.score: 132.0
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  24. Curt John Ducasse (1974). Philosophy as a Science, its Matter and its Method. Westport, Conn.,Greenwood Press.score: 132.0
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  25. Benignus Gerrity (1936). The Relations Between the Theory of Matter and Form and the Theory of Knowledge in the Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Washington, D.C.,The Catholic University of America.score: 132.0
     
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  26. Shunkichi Matsumoto (2010). Shinkaron Wa Naze Tetsugaku No Mondai Ni Naru No Ka: Seibutsugaku No Tetsugaku No Ima = Why Does Evolution Matter to Philosophy? Keisō Shobō.score: 132.0
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  27. Ranjit Nair (ed.) (2001). Mind, Matter, and Mystery: Questions in Science and Philosophy. Scientia.score: 132.0
     
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  28. Andrea Rehberg & Rachel Jones (eds.) (2000). The Matter of Critique: Readings in Kant's Philosophy. Clinamen Press.score: 132.0
  29. Ruth Reyna (1962). The Philosophy of Matter in the Atomic Era. New York, Asia Pub. House.score: 132.0
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  30. Paul Ricoeur (1988). The Human Being as the Subject Matter of Philosophy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 14 (2):203-215.score: 126.0
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  31. Richard Arneson (2007). Does Social Justice Matter? Brian Barry's Applied Political Philosophy. Ethics 117 (3):391-412.score: 126.0
    Applied analytical political philosophy has not been a thriving enterprise in the United States in recent years. Certainly it has made little discernible impact on public culture. Political philosophers absorb topics and ideas from the Zeitgeist, but it shows little inclination to return the favor. After the publication of his monumental work A Theory of Justice back in 1971, John Rawls became a deservedly famous intellectual, but who has ever heard political critics or commentators refer to the difference principle (...)
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  32. Christia Mercer (2005). Material Difficulties: Matter and the Metaphysics of Resurrection in Early Modern Philosophy. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 26 (2):123-135.score: 126.0
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  33. Jutta Schickore (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Science? The Concept of Replication and the Methodology of Experiments. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):513-532.score: 126.0
    Abstract Scientists and philosophers generally agree that the replication of experiments is a key ingredient of good and successful scientific practice. “One-offs“ are not significant; experiments must be replicable to be considered valid and important. But the term “replication“ has been used in a number of ways, and it is therefore quite difficult to appraise the meaning and significance of replications. I consider how history may help - and has helped - with this task. I propose that: 1) Studies of (...)
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  34. Michael Weisberg & Paul Needham (2010). Matter, Structure, and Change: Aspects of the Philosophy of Chemistry. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):927-937.score: 126.0
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  35. Pierre Adler (1985). Neither Consciousness, nor Matter, but Living Bodily Activity. A Review Essay on Marx: A Philosophy of Human Reality, by Michel Henry. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 10 (2):147-161.score: 126.0
  36. Werner Ehm (2010). Broad Views of the Philosophy of Nature: Riemann, Herbart, and the “Matter of the Mind”. Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):141 – 162.score: 126.0
    This paper deals with an attempt of the mathematician Riemann to develop an outstandingly broad view of the philosophy of nature encompassing basic phenomena of both the material and the mental world. Riemann's draft is traced in its main aspects, and is accompanied by a comparison with certain chapters in the philosophical writings of Herbart that were particularly relevant to Riemann's conception of mathematics and science on the whole. This applies, in particluar, to the epistemological background and to Herbart's (...)
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  37. Arthur Ripstein (2012). Form and Matter in Kantian Political Philosophy: A Reply. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):487-496.score: 126.0
    This paper responds briefly to four reviews of Force and Freedom. Valentini and Sangiovanni criticize what they see as the excessive formalism of the Kantian enterprise, contending that the Kantian project is circular, because it defines rights and freedom together, and that this circularity renders it unable to say anything determinate about appropriate restrictions and permissions. I show that the appearance of circularity arises from a misconstrual of the Kantian idea of a right. Properly understood, Kantian rights are partially indeterminate, (...)
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  38. Penelope Deutscher (2000). "A Matter of Affect, Passion, and Heart": Our Taste for New Narratives of the History of Philosophy. Hypatia 15 (4):1-17.score: 126.0
    : This article compares translation and commentary practices surrounding the texts associated with French feminism with those of contemporary French women philosophers more generally. Many of the latter, discussing the history of philosophy, ask questions such as "How do texts play against the means they supply themselves?" and "How are philosophical forces, and the institutions of commentary, countered, destabilized, deregulated?" Deutscher asks what institutional means are available to understand this work as innovative philosophy, and to what extent these (...)
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  39. Keith Gunderson (1986). Book Review:Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind Paul M. Churchland. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 53 (1):145-.score: 126.0
  40. J. L. Mackie (1977). Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy? By Ian Hacking Cambridge University Press, 1975, Vii + 200 Pp., £4.75, £1.50 paperLinguistic Behaviour By Jonathan Bennett Cambridge University Press, 1976, X + 292 Pp., £6.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy 52 (201):359-.score: 126.0
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  41. A. I. Novikov (1964). Historiography of Philosophy: Subject Matter and Aims. Russian Studies in Philosophy 3 (2):24-34.score: 126.0
    Historiography plays an important role in the methodology of scientific knowledge. However, Marxist research into the historiography of philosophy has not yet attained the necessary breadth and system. Problems in this field do not receive sufficient attention in major works and textbooks, not to speak of university curricula. Many questions in the historiography of philosophy need refinement, clarification, and discussion. Yet problems of historiography, as well as those of philosophical source research, are of great methodological significance, and constitute (...)
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  42. Shane Duarte (2013). Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy Ed. By Gideon Manning. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (4):681-682.score: 126.0
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  43. Frieda Heyting & Christopher Winch (2004). The Role of Critique in Philosophy of Education: Its Subject Matter and its Ambiguities. Journal of Philosophy of Education 38 (3):311–321.score: 126.0
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  44. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (1989). A Matter of Life and Death in Socratic Philosophy. Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):155-165.score: 126.0
  45. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (1980). Motion and Time, Space and Matter: Interrelations in the History of Philosophy and Science. Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):111-114.score: 126.0
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  46. B. M. Kedrov (1980). On the Identification of the Subject Matter of Marxist Philosophy as "The World as a Whole". Russian Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):3-26.score: 126.0
    To help people study Marxist-Leninist philosophy, it is particularly necessary to be careful about the accuracy of philosophical terminology. Vague and ambiguous expressions must be firmly eliminated. Among them, in our view, is the saying, current among us, to the effect that "the world as a whole" is the subject matter of philosophy, Marxist philosophy included. The present article is devoted to criticism of that view.
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  47. A. R. Louch (1967). Mind, Matter and Method: Essays in Philosophy and Science in Honor of Herbert Feigl. Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (2):193-193.score: 126.0
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  48. L. J. Russell (1957). Physics and Philosophy. The First Grosseteste Memorial Lecture. By Cherwell C.H. Lord, F.R.S. (London: Oxford University Press, Cumberlege. 1955. Pp. 21. Price 2s 6d.)The Analysis of Matter. By Bertrand Russell. Reprint. (London: Allen and Unwin. 1954. Price 25s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 32 (123):364-.score: 126.0
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  49. Margaret J. Osler (2006). Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):478-479.score: 126.0
    Margaret J. Osler - Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3 478-479 Christia Mercer and Eileen O'Neill, editors. Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. xxi + 298. Cloth, $55.00. The editors of this collection of essays by the late Margaret Wilson's former students and colleagues present this book "as a snapshot of (...)
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  50. Edward G. Ballard (1958). The Subject-Matter of Philosophy. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 7:5-26.score: 126.0
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