Search results for 'Matter Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Richard J. Blackwell & Ernan Mcmullin (1978). The Concept of Matter in Modern Philosophy.
     
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  2. Ernan McMullin (1965). The Concept of Matter in Greek and Medieval Philosophy. Notre Dame, Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.
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  3. Jogendra Chandra Sikdar (1987). Concept of Matter in Jaina Philosophy. P.V. Research Institute.
     
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  4.  33
    In Sook Choi (2008). Relations of the Mind to the Matter in Kant's Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 8:63-71.
    Kant's epistemology and the Buddhist philosophy are an idealism. But these two different philosophies have in themselves the contradictory element, namely the element of the outer sense of bodies and of the inner mind. Although Kant's transcendental idealism and the school Vijnanavadin (唯識學派) acknowledge only the representations and the consciousnesses., the mind need to be affected by the outer part. In Kant's theoretical philosophy the outer sense of bodies plays an alien role. It stands outside the subject. In (...)
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  5. Lorenz Krüger, Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.) (2005). Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Walter DeGruyter.
    What are the relationships between philosophy and the history of philosophy, the history of science and the philosophy of science? This selection of essays by Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994) presents exemplary studies on the philosophy of John Locke and Immanuel Kant, on the history of physics and on the scope and limitations of scientific explanation, and a realistic understanding of science and truth. In his treatment of leading currents in 20th century philosophy, Krüger presents new and (...)
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  6.  11
    Peter Flügel (2012). Sacred Matter: Reflections on the Relationship of Karmic and Natural Causality in Jaina Philosophy. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (2):119-176.
    The article examines a fundamental problem in classical Jaina philosophy, namely, the ontological status of dead matter in the hylozoistic and at the same time dualistic Jaina worldview. This question is of particular interest in view of the widespread contemporary Jaina practice of venerating bone relics and stūpas of prominent saints. The main argument proposed in this article is, that, from a classical doctrinal point of view, bone relics of renowned ascetics are valuable for Jainas, if at all, (...)
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  7.  5
    Maria Şerban & Sara Green (2016). Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial PerspectiveMaureen A. O’Malley,Philosophy of Microbiology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , X+269 Pp., $30.39. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 83 (1):152-158.
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  8.  71
    Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (2005). Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Editor's Introduction. In Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.), Why does history matter to philosophy and the sciences? De Gruyter
  9.  34
    Maria Şerban & Sara Green, Book Review: Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial Perspective. [REVIEW]
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  10. Maria Şerban and Sara Green (2015). Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial Perspective. Philosophy of Science 83 (1):152-158.
     
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  11. Maria Şerban & Sara Green (2015). Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial Perspective. Philosophy of Science 83 (1):152-158.
     
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  12.  6
    Hiro Hirai (2011). Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life, and the Soul. Brill.
    Exploring Renaissance humanists’ debates on matter, life and the soul, this volume addresses the contribution of humanist culture to the evolution of early modern natural philosophy so as to shed light on the medical context of the ...
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  13. V. F. Lenzen & Bertrand Russell (1929). The Analysis of Matter.Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 26 (23):637.
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  14.  11
    Gideon Manning (ed.) (2012). Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy. Brill.
    Bringing together an international team of historians of science and philosophy to discuss the fate of matter and form, this volume shows how disputes about matter and form spurred innovation as well as conservatism in early modern science ...
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  15.  47
    Stewart Duncan, Materialism and the Activity of Matter in Seventeenth-Century European Philosophy.
    Draft for Philosophy Compass. New version of 23 May 2016. Early modern debates about the nature of matter interacted with debates about whether matter could think. In particular, some philosophers (e.g., Cudworth and Leibniz) objected to materialism about the human mind on the grounds that matter is passive, thinking things are active, and one cannot make an active thing out of passive material. This paper begins by looking at two seventeenth-century materialist views (Hobbes’s, and one suggested (...)
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  16.  9
    B. M. Kedrov (1980). On the Identification of the Subject Matter of Marxist Philosophy as "The World as a Whole". Russian Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):3-26.
    To help people study Marxist-Leninist philosophy, it is particularly necessary to be careful about the accuracy of philosophical terminology. Vague and ambiguous expressions must be firmly eliminated. Among them, in our view, is the saying, current among us, to the effect that "the world as a whole" is the subject matter of philosophy, Marxist philosophy included. The present article is devoted to criticism of that view.
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  17.  4
    Margaret J. Osler (2006). Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):478-479.
    Margaret J. Osler - Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3 478-479 Christia Mercer and Eileen O'Neill, editors. Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. xxi + 298. Cloth, $55.00. The editors of this collection of essays by the late Margaret Wilson's former students and colleagues present this book "as a snapshot of (...)
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  18. Edward S. Casey (2014). On Speaking Matter, Boundary, and Place: Reflections on John McCumber's On Philosophy: Notes From a Crisis. Philosophy Today 58 (4):713-727.
    This review of On Philosophy first pursues the question of just what “the speaking of matter” means: is it a matter of the sheer production of sound or “voice” or is it a matter of articulate “speech”? From there I explore the question of “finding your voice” with reference to the “new feminist materialism” and the work of Susan Griffin. The second part of this review concerns the status of border and boundary in McCumber’s powerful notion (...)
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  19. Peter Godfrey-Smith, Why Octopuses Matter to Philosophy.
    Why do octopuses matter to philosophy? They matter to the part of philosophy concerned with the mind. To see why, we step back and think about the evolutionary connections between all living things. Biologists think of these relationships in terms of a tree of life. This is a huge tree-like pattern, marking which species are close relatives and which are distantly connected. The vertebrates form one branch of the tree, and that is where we find nearly (...)
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  20.  54
    Stephen Gaukroger (2011). What Does History Matter to the History of Philosophy? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):406-424.
  21.  1
    Mingjun Lu (2016). Implications of the New Modern Matter: A Monadic Approach to Milton’s Philosophy and Theology. Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (1):39-63.
    This essay seeks to resolve three conceptual puzzles raised by Milton’s conception of the new modern matter. First, in both his epic poem Paradise Lost and theological treatise The Christian Doctrine, Milton depicts a motive and generative matter and regards it as the substantial principle that produces all manners of life. Meanwhile, he also represents God as the primary fountain of beings. The priority of the primal matter seems to directly challenge the putative primacy of the divine (...)
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  22.  15
    Ku-Ming Chang (2002). Fermentation, Phlogiston and Matter Theory: Chemistry and Natural Philosophy in Georg Ernst Stahl's Zymotechnia Fundamentalis. Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):31-64.
    This paper examines Georg Ernst Stahl's first book, the Zymotechnia Fundamentalis, in the context of contemporary natural philosophy and the author's career. I argue that the Zymotechnia was a mechanical theory of fermentation written consciously against the influential "fermentational program" of Joan Baptista van Helmont and especially Thomas Willis. Stahl's theory of fermentation introduced his first conception of phlogiston, which was in part a corpuscular transformation of the Paracelsian sulphur principle. Meanwhile some assumptions underlying this theory, such as the (...)
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  23.  2
    Douglas Al-Maini, Coleen Zoller, Mostafa Younesie, Michael Weinman, Ahmed Abdel Meguid, David Lewis Schaefer, Dwayne Raymond, Paul Ulrich, Leah Bradshaw, Juhana Lemetti, Ingrid Makus, Lee Ward, Leonard R. Sorenson & Steven Robinson (2009). Matter and Form: From Natural Science to Political Philosophy. Lexington Books.
    Matter and Form explores the relationship between natural science and political philosophy from the classical to contemporary eras, taking an interdisciplinary approach to the philosophic understanding of the structure and process of the natural world and its impact on the history of political philosophy. It illuminates the importance of philosophic reflection on material nature to moral and political theorizing, mediating between the sciences and humanities and making a contribution to ending the isolation between them.
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  24. Ann Ward (ed.) (2009). Matter and Form: From Natural Science to Political Philosophy. Lexington Books.
    Matter and Form explores the relationship between natural science and political philosophy from the classical to contemporary eras, taking an interdisciplinary approach to the philosophic understanding of the structure and process of the natural world and its impact on the history of political philosophy. It illuminates the importance of philosophic reflection on material nature to moral and political theorizing, mediating between the sciences and humanities and making a contribution to ending the isolation between them.
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  25.  92
    Ian Hacking (1975). Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy? Cambridge University Press.
    Many people find themselves dissatisfied with recent linguistic philosophy, and yet know that language has always mattered deeply to philosophy and must in some sense continue to do so. Ian Hacking considers here some dozen case studies in the history of philosophy to show the different ways in which language has been important, and the consequences for the development of the subject. There are chapters on, among others, Hobbes, Berkeley, Russell, Ayer, Wittgenstein, Chomsky, Feyerabend and Davidson. Dr (...)
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  26.  13
    George Boas (1941). Philosophy as a Science. Its Matter and its Method. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 38 (20):549-553.
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  27.  12
    E. A. Burtt (1927). Matter and Gravity in Newton's Physical Philosophy. A Study in the Natural Philosophy of Newton's Time. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 24 (24):670-670.
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    Carla Rita Palmerino (2011). The Isomorphism of Space, Time and Matter in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy. Early Science and Medicine 16 (4):296-330.
    This article documents the general tendency of seventeenth-century natural philosophers, irrespective of whether they were atomists or anti-atomists, to regard space, time and matter as magnitudes having the same internal composition. It examines the way in which authors such as Fromondus, Basson, Sennert, Arriaga, Galileo, Magnen, Descartes, Gassendi, Charleton as well as the young Newton motivated their belief in the isomorphism of space, time and matter, and how this belief reflected on their views concerning the relation between geometry (...)
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  29.  11
    Richard Rorty (1977). Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy? [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 74 (7):416-432.
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  30. Christia Mercer (ed.) (2005). Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    Scholarship in the history of modern philosophy has changed dramatically in the last hundred years. Early in the twentieth century, philosophers such as Bertrand Russell and others regularly wrote on historical topics and figures, albeit from the perspective of their own contemporary concerns. But gradually, interest in the historical Descartes, Kant, and other figures fell off as more analytical approaches came to dominate. This lasted until the late 1960's, which saw a profound renaissance in historical scholarship. Philosophers rediscovered the (...)
     
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  31. Ruth Reyna (1962). The Philosophy of Matter in the Atomic Era. New York, Asia Pub. House.
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  32.  41
    Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré (2007). Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.
    Philosophers of biology, along with everyone else, generally perceive life to fall into two broad categories, the microbes and macrobes, and then pay most of their attention to the latter. ‘Macrobe’ is the word we propose for larger life forms, and we use it as part of an argument for microbial equality. We suggest that taking more notice of microbes – the dominant life form on the planet, both now and throughout evolutionary history – will transform some of the (...) of biology’s standard ideas on ontology, evolution, taxonomy and biodiversity. We set out a number of recent developments in microbiology – including biofilm formation, chemotaxis, quorum sensing and gene transfer – that highlight microbial capacities for cooperation and communication and break down conventional thinking that microbes are solely or primarily single-celled organisms. These insights also bring new perspectives to the levels of selection debate, as well as to discussions of the evolution and nature of multicellularity, and to neo-Darwinian understandings of evolutionary mechanisms. We show how these revisions lead to further complications for microbial classification and the philosophies of systematics and biodiversity. Incorporating microbial insights into the philosophy of biology will challenge many of its assumptions, but also give greater scope and depth to its investigations. (shrink)
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  33. Shane Duarte (2013). Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy Ed. By Gideon Manning (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (4):681-682.
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  34. Gualtiero Piccinini (2007). Computational Modeling Vs. Computational Explanation: Is Everything a Turing Machine, and Does It Matter to the Philosophy of Mind? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):93 – 115.
    According to pancomputationalism, everything is a computing system. In this paper, I distinguish between different varieties of pancomputationalism. I find that although some varieties are more plausible than others, only the strongest variety is relevant to the philosophy of mind, but only the most trivial varieties are true. As a side effect of this exercise, I offer a clarified distinction between computational modelling and computational explanation.<br><br>.
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  35.  61
    John Henry (1986). Occult Qualities and the Experimental Philosophy: Active Principles in Pre-Newtonian Matter Theory. History of Science 24 (4):335-381.
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  36.  90
    Charles R. Pigden (2010). Coercive Theories of Meaning or Why Language Shouldn't Matter (So Much) to Philosophy. Logique Et Analyse 53 (210):151.
    This paper is a critique of coercive theories of meaning, that is, theories (or criteria) of meaning designed to do down ones opponents by representing their views as meaningless or unintelligible. Many philosophers from Hobbes through Berkeley and Hume to the pragmatists, the logical positivists and (above all) Wittgenstein have devised such theories and criteria in order to discredit their opponents. I argue 1) that such theories and criteria are morally obnoxious, a) because they smack of the totalitarian linguistic tactics (...)
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  37.  61
    Thomas Ryckman (2011). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.
    Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of physical theories (...)
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  38.  26
    Susan James (2012). When Does Truth Matter? Spinoza on the Relation Between Theology and Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):91-108.
    One of the aims of Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus is to vindicate the view that philosophy and theology are separate forms of enquiry, neither of which has any authority over the other. However, many commentators have objected that this aspect of his project fails. Despite his protestations to the contrary, Spinoza implicitly gives epistemological precedence to philosophy. I argue that this objection misunderstands the nature of Spinoza's position and wrongly charges him with inconsistency. To show how he can coherently (...)
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  39.  8
    Todd May (2002). On the Very Idea of Continental (or for That Matter Anglo-American) Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 33 (4):401-425.
    For most of the past century, philosophers on the Continent and those in the United States and Britain have taken themselves to be working in very different, even mutually exclusive, philosophical traditions. Although that may have been true until recently, it is no longer so. This piece surveys ten different proposed distinctions that have been offered between the two traditions, and it shows that none of them works, as there are major thinkers on both sides of each proposed distinction that (...)
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  40. Curt John Ducasse (1974). Philosophy as a Science, its Matter and its Method. Westport, Conn.,Greenwood Press.
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  41. C. J. Ducasse (1941). Philosophy as a Science: Its Matter and Its Method. By A. Cornelius Benjamin. [REVIEW] Ethics 52:379.
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  42. Walter George Bond (1931). Three Things That Matter: Religion, Philosophy, Science. Watts & Co..
     
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  43. Lenna Williamson Brown (1956). From Zero to Infinity, a Philosophy of Matter. Lawrence, Kan.,Allen Press.
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  44. John Hedley Brooke (1995). Thinking About Matter: Studies in the History of Chemical Philosophy. Variorum.
  45. Juliette Carnus (1932). The Organization of Matter in the Eighteenth Century French Philosophy. New York.
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  46. Benignus Gerrity (1936). The Relations Between the Theory of Matter and Form and the Theory of Knowledge in the Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Washington, D.C.,The Catholic University of America.
     
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  47. Oliver Lodge (1911). Life and Matter an Exposition of Part of the Philosophy of Science, with Special References to the Influence of Professor Haeckel. Williams & Norgate.
     
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  48. Shunkichi Matsumoto (2010). Shinkaron Wa Naze Tetsugaku No Mondai Ni Naru No Ka: Seibutsugaku No Tetsugaku No Ima = Why Does Evolution Matter to Philosophy? Keisō Shobō.
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  49. Ed L. Miller (1984). Questions That Matter an Invitation to Philosophy.
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  50. Ranjit Nair (ed.) (2001). Mind, Matter, and Mystery: Questions in Science and Philosophy. Scientia.
     
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