Search results for 'Matthew P. Johnson' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Matthew Johnson (Michigan State University)
  1. Matthew P. Johnson & Rohit Parikh (2008). Probabilistic Conditionals Are Almost Monotonic. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (1):73-80.score: 320.0
    One interpretation of the conditional If P then Q is as saying that the probability of Q given P is high. This is an interpretation suggested by Adams (1966) and pursued more recently by Edgington (1995). Of course, this probabilistic conditional is nonmonotonic, that is, if the probability of Q given P is high, and R implies P, it need not follow that the probability of Q given R is high. If we were confident of concluding Q from the fact (...)
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  2. Andrew J. Hansen, Ray Rasker, Bruce Maxwell, Jay J. Rotella, Jerry D. Johnson, Andrea Wright Parmenter, Ute Langner, Warren B. Cohen, Rick L. Lawrence & Matthew P. V. Kraska (2002). Ecological Causes and Consequences of Demographic Change in the New West. Bioscience 52 (2):151.score: 290.0
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  3. Andrew J. Hansen, Ray Rasker, Bruce Maxwell, Jay J. Rotella, Jerry D. Johnson, Andrea Wright Parmenter, Ute Langner, Warren B. Cohen, Rick L. Lawrence & Matthew P. V. Kraska (2002). Ecological Causes and Consequences of Demographic Change in the New West As Natural Amenities Attract People and Commerce to the Rural West, the Resulting Land-Use Changes Threaten Biodiversity, Even in Protected Areas, and Challenge Efforts to Sustain Local Communities and Ecosystems. Bioscience 52 (2):151-162.score: 290.0
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  4. Matthew P. Johnson & Chuck Ward (2009). An Eye for an I? A Reply to Mandik on Wittgenstein on Solipsism. Analysis and Metaphysics 8:30-43.score: 290.0
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  5. Sybil Allison, Carlos Moreno, Denise Pride, John P. Hatch, Alan L. Peterson, Stephen L. Stern, D. Allen Donahue, Cynthia L. Lancaster, Allegro L. Johnson, Trisha A. Benson & Matthew D. Jeffreys (forthcoming). Potential Benefits of Canine Companionship for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Society and Animals 21:1-14.score: 270.0
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  6. Stephen L. Stern, D. Allen Donahue, Sybil Allison, John P. Hatch, Cynthia L. Lancaster, Trisha A. Benson, Allegro L. Johnson, Matthew D. Jeffreys, Denise Pride, Carlos Moreno & Alan L. Peterson (2013). Potential Benefits of Canine Companionship for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Society and Animals 21 (6):568-581.score: 270.0
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  7. Aaron P. Johnson (2006). Ethnicity and Argument in Eusebius' Praeparatio Evangelica. OUP Oxford.score: 260.0
    Eusebius' magisterial Praeparatio Evangelica (written sometime between AD 313 and 324) offers an apologetic defence of Christianity in the face of Greek accusations of irrationality and impiety. Though brimming with the quotations of other (often lost) Greek authors, the work is dominated by a clear and sustained argument. Against the tendency to see the Praeparatio as merely an anthology of other sources or a defence of monotheistic religion against paganism, Aaron P. Johnson seeks to appreciate Eusebius' contribution to the (...)
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  8. Gregory R. Johnson & Chris Matthew Sciabarra (2001). Ayn Rand in the Scholarly Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1):165 - 169.score: 240.0
    Gregory R. Johnson and Chris Matthew Sciabarra discuss references to Ayn Rand in the works of Paul Feyerabend and Slovaj Žižek.
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  9. N. Braisby, G. N. Carlson, L. Cestnick, C. G. Chambers, M. Coltheart, J. Davidoff, A. Fernald, S. P. Johnson, P. N. Johnson-Laird & T. Jolliffe (1999). Baron-Cohen, S., 149 Bloom, P., B1. Cognition 71:291.score: 230.0
     
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  10. H. R. Fischer, G. D. Atkins, M. L. Johnson, J. L. Austin, P. Baker, T. Ballauff, E. Behler, D. Benner, R. J. Bernstein & L. E. Beyer (2001). Ferrari, GRF 92 Ferry, L. And Renaut, A. 33, 219 Ffrench, P. 226 Fischer, F. Et Al. 18–19. In Gert Biesta & Denise Egéa-Kuehne (eds.), Derrida & Education. Routledge.score: 210.0
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  11. Lawrence E. Johnson (1992). Focusing on Truth. Routledge.score: 150.0
    Focusing on Truth explores the question of what truth is, balancing historical with issue-orientated discussion. The book offers a comprehensive survey of all the major theories of truth. Lawrence Johnson investigates a number of closely related matters of truth in his inquiry, such as: What sorts of things are true or false? What is attributed to them when they are said to be true or false? What do facts have to do with truth? What can we learn from previous (...)
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  12. P. W. Jusczyk, S. P. Johnson, E. S. Spelke & L. J. Kennedy (1999). Synchronous Change and Perception of Object Unity: Evidence From Adults and Infants. Cognition 71 (3):257-88.score: 150.0
    Adults and infants display a robust ability to perceive the unity of a center-occluded object when the visible ends of the object undergo common motion (e.g. Kellman, P.J., Spelke, E.S., 1983. Perception of partly occluded objects in infancy. Cognitive Psychology 15, 483±524). Ecologically oriented accounts of this ability focus on the primacy of motion in the perception of segregated objects, but Gestalt theory suggests a broader possibility: observers may perceive object unity by detecting patterns of synchronous change, of which common (...)
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  13. D. Barton Johnson (2000). Strange Bedfellows: Ayn Rand and Vladimir Nabokov. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (1):47 - 67.score: 150.0
    D. Barton Johnson traces the parallel lives and literary origins of two Russo-American writers: Ayn Rand and Vladimir Nabokov. Born in Saint Peterburg six years apart, they overlapped on the New York Times bestsellers list in the late fifties. While Nabokov's Russian cultural roots have been much explored, Rand's were little realized prior to Chris Matthew Sciabarra's investigation of her Russian philosophical context. Nabokov and Rand represent polar examples of their cultural heritage: for Nabokov, the aesthetically-oriented tradition of (...)
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  14. P. A. Minkus, J. A. Blair & R. H. Johnson (1980). Arguments That Aren't Arguments. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium, Ed. Ja Blair and Rh Johnson 69:76.score: 150.0
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  15. P. Cole & D. Johnson, The Self as a Center of Narrative Gravity.score: 140.0
    This is a well-behaved concept in Newtonian physics. But a center of gravity is not an atom or a subatomic particle or any other physical item in the world. It has no mass; it has no color; it has no physical properties at all, except for spatio-temporal location. It is a fine example of what Hans Reichenbach would call an abstractum. It is a purely abstract object. It is, if you like , a theorist's fiction. It is not one of (...)
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  16. George P. Prigatano & Sterling C. Johnson (2003). The Three Vectors of Consciousness and Their Disturbances After Brain Injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 13 (1):13-29.score: 140.0
  17. Matthew R. Silliman & David Kenneth Johnson (2007). Tortured Ethics. Social Philosophy Today 23:211-222.score: 140.0
    This dialogue discusses a proposal for the legalization of torture under specific circumstances and contrasts it with arguments for a total ban on torture. We consider three types of objection: first, that the difficulty of having adequate knowledge renders the stock “ticking bomb” scenario such a low-probability hypothetical as to present no realistic threat to a policy banning all torture; second, that empirically the information gleaned from torture is so unlikely to be reliable that it could not justify the moral (...)
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  18. S. Cohen, P. Martin & R. Johnson (1958). Toward the Development of Dialectics. Science and Society 22 (1):21 - 43.score: 140.0
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  19. Matthew R. Silliman & David Kenneth Johnson (2011). Critical Thinking, Autonomy, and Social Justice. Social Philosophy Today 27:127-138.score: 140.0
    In a fictional conversation designed to appeal to both working teachers and social philosophers, three educators take up the question of whether critical thinking itself can, or should, be taught independently of an explicit consideration of issues related to social justice. One, a thoughtful but somewhat traditional Enlightenment rationalist, sees critical thinking as a neutral set of skills and dispositions, essentially unrelated to the conclusions of morality, problems of social organization, or the content of any particular academic discipline. A second (...)
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  20. Govinda P. Dahal, Fiifi Amoako Johnson & Sabu S. Padmadas (2009). Maternal Smoking and Acute Respiratory Infection Symptoms Among Young Children in Nepal: Multilevel Analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (6):747.score: 140.0
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  21. Matthew R. Johnson & Marcia K. Johnson (2014). Decoding Individual Natural Scene Representations During Perception and Imagery. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 140.0
  22. Irwin P. Levin, Richard D. Johnson & Daniel P. Chapman (1991). Individual Differences in Dealing with Incomplete Information: Judging Clinical Competence. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (5):451-454.score: 140.0
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  23. David J. Lick, Colleen M. Carpinella, Mariana A. Preciado, Robert P. Spunt & Kerri L. Johnson (2013). Reverse-Correlating Mental Representations of Sex-Typed Bodies: The Effect of Number of Trials on Image Quality. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 140.0
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  24. Matthew R. Silliman & David K. Johnson (2000). The Anti-Theorist's Paradox. Social Philosophy Today 15:199-208.score: 140.0
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  25. Khalida P. Zaki & Nan E. Johnson (1993). Does Women's Literacy Affect Desired Fertility and Contraceptive Use in Rural–Urban Pakistan? Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):445-53.score: 140.0
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  26. Matthew Johnson & Massimo Pigliucci (2004). Is Knowledge of Science Associated with Higher Skepticism of Pseudoscientific Claims? American Biology Teacher 66 (8):536-548.score: 120.0
    We live in a world that is increasingly shaped by and bathed in science, with most scientific progress occurring in the past century, and much of it in the past few decades. Yet, several authors have puz- zled over the observation that modern societies are also characterized by a high degree of belief in a variety of pseudoscientific claims that have been thoroughly debunked or otherwise discarded by scientists (Anonymous, 2001; Ede, 2000).
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  27. Matthew Johnson (1999). Archaeological Theory: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishers.score: 120.0
    Common sense is not enough -- The "new archaeology" -- Archaeology as a science -- Middle-range theory, ethnoarchaeology, and material culture studies -- Culture and process -- Thoughts and ideologies -- Postprocessual and interpretative archaeologies -- Archaeology, gender, and identity -- Archaeology and cultural evolution -- Archaeology and Darwinian evolution -- Archaeology and history -- Archaeology, politics and culture -- Conclusion : the future of theory.
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  28. Jae-Eun Kim & Kim K. P. Johnson (2013). The Impact of Moral Emotions on Cause-Related Marketing Campaigns: A Cross-Cultural Examination. Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):79-90.score: 120.0
    This research was focused on investigating why some consumers might support cause-related marketing campaigns for reasons other than personal benefit by examining the influence of moral emotions and cultural orientation. The authors investigated the extent to which moral emotions operate differently across a cultural variable (US versus Korea) and an individual difference variable (self-construal). A survey method was utilised. Data were collected from a convenience sample of US ( n = 180) and Korean ( n = 191) undergraduates. Moral emotions (...)
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  29. Frank S. Kessel, P. M. Cole & D. L. Johnson (eds.) (1992). Self and Consciousness: Multiple Perspectives. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 120.0
    This volume contains an array of essays that reflect, and reflect upon, the recent revival of scholarly interest in the self and consciousness. Various relevant issues are addressed in conceptually challenging ways, such as how consciousness and different forms of self-relevant experience develop in infancy and childhood and are related to the acquisition of skill; the role of the self in social development; the phenomenology of being conscious and its metapsychological implications; and the cultural foundations of conceptualizations of consciousness. Written (...)
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  30. Scott P. Johnson (2010). How Infants Learn About the Visual World. Cognitive Science 34 (7):1158-1184.score: 120.0
    The visual world of adults consists of objects at various distances, partly occluding one another, substantial and stable across space and time. The visual world of young infants, in contrast, is often fragmented and unstable, consisting not of coherent objects but rather surfaces that move in unpredictable ways. Evidence from computational modeling and from experiments with human infants highlights three kinds of learning that contribute to infants’ knowledge of the visual world: learning via association, learning via active assembly, and learning (...)
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  31. Robert Johnson, Kantian Irrealism, 6, RNJ, P. 1 of 22.score: 120.0
    Kantian ethics can at times appear to defend the position that there is a unique sort of value that plays a foundational role in morality. For instance, Kant's most well known work in ethics, the Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals , begins by trying to establish that a good will is good without qualification' and then ends with a first statement of the fundamental principle that divides right from wrong, the Categorical Imperative.1 This presentation can make it seems as (...)
     
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  32. Mark Johnson (2008). Matthew Ratcliffe: Rethinking Commonsense Psychology: A Critique of Folk Psychology, Theory of Mind and Simulation. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):313-315.score: 120.0
  33. Harold J. Johnson (1971). Book Review:The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes. David P. Gauthier. [REVIEW] Ethics 82 (1):83-.score: 120.0
  34. Robert N. Johnson, Kantian Irrealism, 5/31/06, RNJ, P. 1 of 23.score: 120.0
    Kantian ethics can at times appear to defend the position that there is a unique sort of value that plays a foundational role in morality. For instance, Kant’s most well known work in ethics, the Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, begins by trying to establish that a good will is good ‘without qualification’ and then ends with a first statement of the fundamental principle that divides right from wrong, the Categorical Imperative.1 This presentation can make it seems as if (...)
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  35. Jeffrey P. Johnson, Donoso Cortés, Juan. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 120.0
  36. P. Adam Kelly & Michael L. Johnson (2005). Just-in-Time IRB Review: Capitalizing on Scientific Merit Review to Improve Human Subjects Research Compliance. Irb 27 (2):6.score: 120.0
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  37. P. O. Johnson (1992). Wholes, Parts, and Infinite Collections. Philosophy 67 (261):367 - 379.score: 120.0
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  38. Aaron P. Johnson (2012). Philosophy, Hellenicity, Law: Porphyry on Origen, Again. Journal of Hellenic Studies 132 (1):55-69.score: 120.0
    Porphyry's criticism of Origen (in c.Christ. fr. 39 Harnack) is usually interpreted as expressive of the accusation: Christians had not only abandoned their pagan religious traditions () but also their new religious host, Judaism, whose texts they misappropriated for themselves. Reading key elements of the fragment within Porphyry's broader philosophical thought prompts suspicion of this cultural interpretation of the fragment, and instead points to a serious Platonic reaction to Christianity.
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  39. P. J. Johnson (1970). The Anatomy of Leviathan. Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (4).score: 120.0
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  40. P. J. Johnson (1968). Hobbes's Science of Politics. Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (2).score: 120.0
  41. P. J. Johnson (1977). The Politics of Motion: The World of Thomas Hobbes. Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):226-229.score: 120.0
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  42. David P. Boyd, Jay A. Halfond, Peder C. Johnson & Timm L. Kainen (2013). A Family Affair: A Case of Altruism or Aggrandizement? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):157-161.score: 120.0
    The case recounts an incident of theft at a CEOs home during a company party. The rogue may well be an employee, and the CEO considers his options: should he let the matter pass and preserve the good will generated by the party, or should he stand on principle and engage the issue frontally? Three commentators provide perspective on an optimal response. They consider whether the CEOs true intent is to show appreciation or showcase opulence. In addition, the aberrant behavior (...)
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  43. P. S. Duggan, A. W. Siegel, D. M. Blass, H. Bok, J. T. Coyle, R. Faden, J. Finkel, J. D. Gearhart, H. T. Greely, A. Hillis, A. Hoke, R. Johnson, M. Johnston, J. Kahn, D. Kerr & P. King (2009). Unintended Changes in Cognition, Mood, and Behavior Arising From Cell-Based Interventions for Neurological Conditions: Ethical Challenges. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):31-36.score: 120.0
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  44. W. Brad Johnson & Gerald P. Koocher (eds.) (2011). Ethical Conundrums, Quandaries, and Predicaments in Mental Health Practice: A Casebook From the Files of Experts. Oxford University Press.score: 120.0
    Is it ethical to treat a death row inmate only to stabilize him or her for eventual execution? What happens when a military provider receives highly sensitive intelligence from a client?
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  45. Matthew Thomas Johnson (2012). Evaluating Cultures: The Instrumentalism, Pluralist Perfectionism, and Particularism of John Gray. Educational Theory 62 (5):553-572.score: 120.0
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  46. Aaron P. Johnson (2006). Philonic Allusions in Eusebius, Pe 7.7–8. Classical Quarterly 56 (01):239-.score: 120.0
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  47. S. Johnson & P. Gardner (1999). Some Achilles' Heels of Thinking Skills: A Response to Higgins and Baumfield. Journal of Philosophy of Education 33 (3):435–449.score: 120.0
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  48. Harold J. Johnson (1965). Thomas d'Aquin et l'analyse linguistique. Par Lucien Martinelli, p.s.s. “Conférence Albert-le-Grand, 1963.” Institut d'Études Médiévals, Montréal, 1963. 80 pages. [REVIEW] Dialogue 4 (03):397-398.score: 120.0
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  49. Connie K. Varnhagen, Matthew Gushta, Jason Daniels, Tara C. Peters, Neil Parmar, Danielle Law, Rachel Hirsch, Bonnie Sadler Takach & Tom Johnson (2005). How Informed is Online Informed Consent? Ethics and Behavior 15 (1):37 – 48.score: 120.0
    We examined participants' reading and recall of informed consent documents presented via paper or computer. Within each presentation medium, we presented the document as a continuous or paginated document to simulate common computer and paper presentation formats. Participants took slightly longer to read paginated and computer informed consent documents and recalled slightly more information from the paginated documents. We concluded that obtaining informed consent online is not substantially different than obtaining it via paper presentation. We also provide suggestions for improving (...)
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  50. P. L. R. Brennan, D. J. Irschick, N. Johnson & R. Craig Albertson (2014). Oddball Science: Why Studies of Unusual Evolutionary Phenomena Are Crucial. Bioscience 64 (3):178-179.score: 120.0
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