1. Matti Ilmari Niemi (2010). Form and Substance in Legal Reasoning: Two Conceptions. Ratio Juris 23 (4):479-492.
    There are two possible ways to understand form and substance in legal reasoning. The first refers to the distinction between concepts and their applications, whereas the second concentrates on the difference between authoritative and non-authoritative reasons. These approaches refer to the formalistic and positivistic conceptions of the law, the latter being the author's point of departure. Nevertheless, they are both helpful means of analysis in legal interpretation. Interpretation is divided into formal and substantive justification. They have certain functions and they (...)
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  2. Matti Ilmari Niemi (2003). Facts, Fictions or Reasoning. Law as the Subject Matter of Jurisprudence. Ratio Juris 16 (1):1-13.
    This paper deals with the problems involved in the concept of knowledge in the sphere of law. Traditionally, the idea of knowledge has dealt with the presumption of given objects of information. According to this approach, knowing means finding these objects. This is the natural and understandable foundation of metaphysical or philosophical realism. Cognition and cognitive interest are directed outside the sentences by which they are described. This is the point of departure of legal positivism as well. However, it is (...)
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  3. Matti Ilmari Niemi (2000). Phronesis and Forensics. Ratio Juris 13 (4):392-404.
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