Search results for 'Matti Tedre' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Matti Tedre (2011). Computing as a Science: A Survey of Competing Viewpoints. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (3):361-387.score: 240.0
    Since the birth of computing as an academic discipline, the disciplinary identity of computing has been debated fiercely. The most heated question has concerned the scientific status of computing. Some consider computing to be a natural science and some consider it to be an experimental science. Others argue that computing is bad science, whereas some say that computing is not a science at all. This survey article presents viewpoints for and against computing as a science. Those viewpoints are analyzed against (...)
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  2. Matti Tedre & Erkki Sutinen (2009). Crossing the Newton-Maxwell Gap: Convergences and Contingencies. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 3 (1):195-212.score: 240.0
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  3. Ken Alan Jung (2011). Trinity and Religious Pluralism: The Doctrine of the Trinity in Christian Theology of Religions. By Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen. Heythrop Journal 52 (5):838-839.score: 9.0
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  4. Simo Vehmas (2001). Response to “Abortion and Assent” by Rosamond Rhodes (CQ Vol 8, No 4) and “Abortion, Disability, Assent, and Consent” by Matti Häyry (CQ Vol 10, No 1) Assent and Selective Abortion: A Response to Rhodes and Häyry. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):433-440.score: 9.0
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  5. Paula Boddington (2007). Bioethics and Social Reality – Edited by Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala and Peter Herrisone-Kelly. Bioethics 21 (6):351–352.score: 9.0
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  6. Emma Wray (2005). Book Review: Häyry, Matti and Tuija Takala, Eds. Scratching the Surface of Bioethics. A Volume in Values in Bioethics (Vib), Part of the Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS), Volume 144. Amsterdam: Rodopi B.V., 2003. 140 Pp. $42.00 (Paper). ISBN 90-420-1006-. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (4):351-353.score: 9.0
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  7. Rosamond Rhodes (2000). Autonomy, Respect, and Genetic Information Policy: A Reply to Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):114 – 120.score: 9.0
  8. Simo Vehmas (2001). Response to “Abortion and Assent” by Rosamond Rhodes (CQ Vol 8, No 4) and “Abortion, Disability, Assent, and Consent” by Matti Häyry (CQ Vol 10, No 1). [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):433-440.score: 9.0
    It is now a widely shared opinion in the Western countries that a child's disability would probably place an unexpected burden on her parents, a burden that the parents have not committed themselves to dealing with. A child with a physical or mental disability is not, so to speak, a part of the package the parents ordered. This line of reasoning has recently been supported by Rosamond Rhodes in her article.
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  9. David E. Green (1982). Cytochrome Oxidase Cytochrome Oxidase: A Synthesis Marten Wikstrom Klass Krab Matti Saraste. Bioscience 32 (11):887-887.score: 9.0
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  10. Emma Wray (2005). Book Review: Häyry, Matti and Tuija Takala, Eds.. A Volume in (ViB), Part of the (VIBS), Volume 144. Amsterdam: Rodopi BV, 2003. 140 Pp. $42.00 (Paper). ISBN 90-420-1006-1. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (4):351-353.score: 9.0
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  11. Henry Pietersma (1988). Seppo Sajama and Matti Kamppinen, A Historical Introduction to Phenomenology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 8 (5):188-190.score: 9.0
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  12. Christopher A. Pynes (2011). Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly and Gardar Árnason, Eds. , Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 31 (3):209-212.score: 9.0
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  13. Once I. Was & A. Philosophical Excursion (2009). Matti Itkonen. In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), Existence, Historical Fabulation, Destiny. Springer Verlag. 99--155.score: 9.0
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  14. Emma Wray (2005). Book Review: Häyry, Matti and Tuija Takala, Eds. Scratching the Surface of Bioethics. A Volume in Values in Bioethics (ViB), Part of the Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS), Volume 144. Amsterdam: Rodopi BV, 2003. 140 Pp. $42.00 (Paper). ISBN 90-420-1006-1. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (4):351-353.score: 9.0
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  15. Matti Häyry (1994). Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics. Routledge.score: 6.0
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
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  16. Matti Häyry (2010). Neuroethical Theories. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (02):165-.score: 6.0
    Neuroethics addresses moral, legal, and social questions created or highlighted by theoretical and practical developments in neuroscience. Practices in need of scrutiny currently include at least brain imaging with new techniques, chemical attempts to shift exceptional brain function toward normality, chemical attempts to enhance ordinary brain function beyond normality, and brain manipulation by other methods.Matti H ja paha (Kuopio: UNIpress, 2009).
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  17. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) (2003). Scratching the Surface of Bioethics. Rodopi.score: 6.0
    WHAT IS BIOETHICS ALL ABOUT? A START Matti Hayry and Tuija Takala. A Start What is bioethics all about? Is it only about medicine, nursing, and healthcare? ...
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  18. Bernward Joerges, Jörg Potthast & Mathias Horowitz (1996). WZB Discussion Papers. WZB Discussion Papers.score: 3.0
    Die im Reader versammelten Beiträge verstehen sich als Versuche zu einer Soziologie des Visuellen. Sie untersuchen am Beispiel des Mediums Stadtfilm, welche Rolle die dorterzeugten Bilder großer Städte bei der Produktion urbanistischer Repräsentanten spielen. Aus diesem Grund werden insbesondere Übergänge analysiert, die Spielfilme einerseits und urbanistische Diskurse andererseits miteinander verknüpfen. Gemeinsamer Ausgangspunkt ist die These, daß es vor allem Bilder sind, die solche Verknüpfungen gewährleisten. Es wird unterstellt, daß es das Medium Film erlaubt, gerade über den Einsatz von Bildern "näher" (...)
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  19. Matti Eklund (2011). What Are Thick Concepts? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):25-49.score: 3.0
    Many theorists hold that there is, among value concepts, a fundamental distinction between thin ones and thick ones. Among thin ones are concepts like good and right. Among concepts that have been regarded as thick are discretion, caution, enterprise, industry, assiduity, frugality, economy, good sense, prudence, discernment, treachery, promise, brutality, courage, coward, lie, gratitude, lewd, perverted, rude, glorious, graceful, exploited, and, of course, many others. Roughly speaking, thick concepts are value concepts with significant descriptive content. I will discuss a number (...)
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  20. Matti Eklund (2009). Carnap and Ontological Pluralism. In David John Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. 130--56.score: 3.0
    My focus here will be Rudolf Carnap’s views on ontology, as these are presented in the seminal “Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology” (1950). I will first describe how I think Carnap’s distinction between external and internal questions is best understood. Then I will turn to broader issues regarding Carnap’s views on ontology. With certain reservations, I will ascribe to Carnap an ontological pluralist position roughly similar to the positions of Eli Hirsch and the later Hilary Putnam. Then I turn to some (...)
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  21. Matti Eklund (2011). Recent Work on Vagueness. Analysis 71 (2):352-363.score: 3.0
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  22. Matti Eklund (2013). Carnap's Metaontology. Noûs 47 (2):229-249.score: 3.0
  23. Matti Eklund (2012). Alternative Normative Concepts. Analytic Philosophy 53 (2):139-157.score: 3.0
  24. Matti Eklund, Carnapian Theses in Metaontology and Metaethics.score: 3.0
    In contemporary debates about ontology, one prominent skeptical view emphasizes the existence of different possible languages for doing ontology. Eli Hirsch, in recent years the most prominent proponent of a view like this, has defended the claim that “many familiar questions about the ontology of physical objects are merely verbal. Nothing is substantively at stake in these questions beyond the correct use of language” and the claim that “quantifier expressions can have different meaning in different languages”.1 Ted Sider, while critical (...)
     
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  25. Matti Eklund (2009). On Some Recent Criticisms of the 'Linguistic' Approach to Ontology. Dialectica 63 (3):313-323.score: 3.0
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  26. Matti Eklund (2004). Personal Identity, Concerns, and Indeterminacy. The Monist 87 (4):489-511.score: 3.0
    Let the moral question of personal identity be the following: what is the nature of the entities we should focus our prudential concerns and ascriptions of responsibility around? (If indeed we should structure these things around any entities at all.) Let the semantic question of personal identity be the question of what is the nature of the entities that ‘person’ is true of. A naive (in the sense of simple and intuitive) view would have it that the two questions are (...)
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  27. Matti Eklund (2006). Metaontology. Philosophy Compass 1 (3):317-334.score: 3.0
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  28. Thomas Adajian (2006). Visual Music: Synaesthesia in Art and Music Since 1900 Edited by Brougher, Kerry, Olivia Mattis, Jeremy Strick, Ari Wiseman and Judith Zilczer. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (4):488–489.score: 3.0
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  29. David Liebesman & Matti Eklund (2007). Sider on Existence. Noûs 41 (3):519–528.score: 3.0
    In (2001), (2003), and elsewhere, Ted Sider presents two arguments concerning the existential quantifier which are justly central to the recent discussion of metaontology. What we will call Sider's indeterminacy argument is an attempted reductio of the suggestion that the existential quantifier might be semantically indeterminate. What we will call Sider's naturalness argument is an argument for the claim that the semantic value of the existential quantifier is the most eligible existence-like meaning there is, à la David Lewis' eligibility theory (...)
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  30. Matti Eklund (2008). Putnam on Ontology. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 95 (1):203-222.score: 3.0
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  31. Matti Eklund, Evaluative Language and Evaluative Reality.score: 3.0
  32. Matti Eklund (2011). The Philosophy of Philosophy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):752-754.score: 3.0
    The second volume in the Blackwell Brown Lectures in Philosophy, this volume offers an original and provocative take on the nature and methodology of philosophy. Based on public lectures at Brown University, given by the pre-eminent philosopher, Timothy Williamson Rejects the ideology of the 'linguistic turn', the most distinctive trend of 20th century philosophy Explains the method of philosophy as a development from non-philosophical ways of thinking Suggests new ways of understanding what contemporary and past philosophers are doing.
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  33. Matti Eklund (2005). What Vagueness Consists In. Philosophical Studies 125 (1):27-60.score: 3.0
    The main question of the paper is that ofwhat vagueness consists in. This question must be distinguished from other questions about vagueness discussed in the literature. It is argued that familiar accounts of vagueness for general reasons failto answer the question ofwhat vagueness consists in. A positive view is defended, according to which, roughly, the vagueness of an expression consists in it being part ofsemantic competence to accept a tolerance principle for the expression. Since tolerance principles are inconsistent, this is (...)
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  34. Matti Eklund (2002). Inconsistent Languages. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (2):251-275.score: 3.0
  35. Matti Eklund (2008). The Picture of Reality as an Amorphous Lump. In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell Pub.. 382--96.score: 3.0
    (1) Abstract objects. The nominalist (as the label is used today) denies that there exist abstract objects. The platonist holds that there are abstract objects. One example is numbers. The nominalist denies that there are numbers; the platonist typically affirms it.
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  36. Matti Eklund (2009). The Frege–Geach Problem and Kalderon's Moral Fictionalism. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):705-712.score: 3.0
    Mark Eli Kalderon has argued for a fictionalist variant of non-cognitivism. On his view, what the Frege–Geach problem shows is that standard non-cognitivism proceeds uncritically from claims about use to claims about meaning; if non-cognitivism's claims were solely about use it would be on safe ground as far as the Frege–Geach problem is concerned. I argue that Kalderon's diagnosis is mistaken: the problem concerns the non-cognitivist's account of the use of moral sentences too.
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  37. Matti Eklund (2006). Neo-Fregean Ontology. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):95–121.score: 3.0
    Neo-Fregeanism in the philosophy of mathematics consists of two main parts: the logicist thesis, that mathematics (or at least branches thereof, like arithmetic) all but reduce to logic, and the platonist thesis, that there are abstract, mathematical objects. I will here focus on the ontological thesis, platonism. Neo-Fregeanism has been widely discussed in recent years. Mostly the discussion has focused on issues specific to mathematics. I will here single out for special attention the view on ontology which underlies the neo-Fregeans’ (...)
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  38. Matti Eklund (2002). Peter Van Inwagen on Material Beings. Ratio 15 (3):245–256.score: 3.0
    Peter van Inwagen's book Material Beings is centered on the special composition question: the question of when some simples constitute a complex object. Van Inwagen's answer to this question is that simples only constitute a complex object when they constitute an organism. I argue that van Inwagen's reasoning in favor of this conclusion is unconvincing, and also that the significance of the special composition question itself is doubtful.
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  39. Matti Eklund (2005). Fiction, Indifference, and Ontology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):557-579.score: 3.0
    When philosophers make claims of the form “Fs are fictions”, what they say is often ambiguous in a crucial way. On one way of understanding it, it has clear ontological implications: there are not really any such things as Fs. But there is also a different, non-ontological way of understanding the claim: as merely asserting that F-assertions are normally made in a fictional spirit. Clearly one can hold that we normally make statements about Fs in a fictional spirit while also (...)
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  40. Matti Eklund (2007). The Liar Paradox, Expressibility, Possible Languages. In J. C. Beall (ed.), Revenge of the Liar: New Essays on the Paradox. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    Here is the liar paradox. We have a sentence, (L), which somehow says of itself that it is false. Suppose (L) is true. Then things are as (L) says they are. (For it would appear to be a mere platitude that if a sentence is true, then things are as the sentence says they are.) (L) says that (L) is false. So, (L) is false. Since the supposition that (L) is true leads to contradiction, we can assert that (L) is (...)
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  41. Matti Eklund, Fictionalism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 3.0
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  42. Matti Eklund (2008). Deconstructing Ontological Vagueness. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):117-140.score: 3.0
    I will here present a number of problems concerning the idea that there is ontological vagueness, and the related claim that appeal to this idea can help solve some vagueness-related problems. A theme underlying the discussion will be the distinction between vagueness specifically and indeterminacy more generally (and, relatedly, the distinction between ontological vagueness and ontological indeterminacy). Even if the world is somehow ontologically indeterminate it by no means follows that it is, properly speaking, ontologically vague.1..
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  43. Stephan Blatti & Sandra Lapointe (eds.) (forthcoming). Ontology After Carnap. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    Analytic philosophy is once again in a methodological frame of mind. Nowhere is this more evident than in metaphysics, whose practitioners and historians are actively reflecting on the nature of ontological questions, the status of their answers, and the relevance of contributions both from other areas within philosophy (e.g., philosophical logic, semantics) and beyond (notably, the natural sciences). Such reflections are hardly new: the debate between Willard van Orman Quine and Rudolf Carnap about how to understand and resolve ontological questions (...)
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  44. Matti Eklund (2010). Rejectionism About Truth. In Cory D. Wright & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.), New Waves in Truth. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 3.0
    I think it often happens, for various reasons, that philosophers defend radical views which, first, are too radical to be plausible, and second, are such that a less radical and more plausible view would satisfy the underlying motivations. Here is a historical example. The logical positivists famously sought to eliminate traditional metaphysics by arguing that the statements metaphysicians make are meaningless because of being unverifiable. Much of the ensuing discussion concerned whether verifiability is really necessary for meaningfulness. But clearly, even (...)
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  45. Matti Eklund (2007). The Ontological Significance of Inscrutability. Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):115-134.score: 3.0
    I shall here discuss some matters related to the so-called radical indeterminacy or inscrutability arguments due to, e.g., Willard v. O. Quine, Hilary Putnam, John Wallace and Donald Davidson.1 These are arguments that, on the face of it, demonstrate that there is radical indeterminacy in what the expressions in a theory refer to and in what the ontology of the theory is. I will use “inscrutability argument” as a general label for these arguments. My main topic – after I have (...)
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  46. Douglas Patterson (2009). Inconsistency Theories of Semantic Paradox. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (2):387 - 422.score: 3.0
    It is argued that a certain form of the view that the semantic paradoxes show that natural languages are "inconsistent" provides the best response to the semantic paradoxes. After extended discussions of the views of Kirk Ludwig and Matti Eklund, it is argued that in its strongest formulation the view maintains that understanding a natural language is sharing cognition of an inconsistent semantic theory for that language with other speakers. A number of aspects of this approach are discussed and (...)
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  47. Matti Eklund (2009). Bad Company and Neo-Fregean Philosophy. Synthese 170 (3):393 - 414.score: 3.0
    A central element in neo-Fregean philosophy of mathematics is the focus on abstraction principles, and the use of abstraction principles to ground various areas of mathematics. But as is well known, not all abstraction principles are in good standing. Various proposals for singling out the acceptable abstraction principles have been presented. Here I investigate what philosophical underpinnings can be provided for these proposals; specifically, underpinnings that fit the neo-Fregean's general outlook. Among the philosophical ideas I consider are: general views on (...)
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  48. Mark Moyer (2009). Does Four-Dimensionalism Explain Coincidence?∗. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):479-488.score: 3.0
    For those who think the statue and the piece of copper that compose it are distinct objects that coincide, there is a burden of explanation. After all, common sense says that different ordinary objects cannot occupy the same space at the same time. A common argument in favour of four-dimensionalism (or ?perdurantism? or ?temporal parts theory?) is that it provides the resources for a superior explanation of this coincidence. This, however, is mistaken. Any explanatory work done by the four-dimensionalist notion (...)
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  49. Matti Eklund, Reply to Beall and Priest.score: 3.0
    In my ‘Deep Inconsistency’ (2002a) (henceforth DI), I criticized Graham Priest’s dialetheism by unfavorably comparing it to my preferred view on the liar paradox, a view I will here call the meaning–inconsistency view. Perhaps the main claim in Jc Beall and Priest’s reply (henceforth B&P)1 is that I am guilty of an ignoratio: in DI, I argue that Priest (1987) fails to establish the analyticity of certain principles, but, B&P say, Priest (1987) isn’t concerned to argue for the analyticity (...)
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  50. Matti Eklund (2002). Personal Identity and Conceptual Incoherence. Noûs 36 (3):465-485.score: 3.0
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