Search results for 'Maurits Kaptein' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts (2011). Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. [REVIEW] AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.score: 240.0
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  2. Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris de Ruyter & Emile Aarts (2011). Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.score: 240.0
  3. Muel Kaptein & Mark S. Schwartz (2008). The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):111 - 127.score: 30.0
    Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.
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  4. Muel Kaptein (2004). Business codes of multinational firms: What do they say? Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):13-31.score: 30.0
    Business codes are an oft-cited management instrument. But how common are codes among multinationals? And what is their content? In an unprecedented study, the codes of the largest corporations in the world have been collected and thoroughly analyzed. This paper presents the results of that study. Of the two hundred largest companies in the world, 52.5% have a code. More than half of these codes describe company responsibilities regarding quality of products and services (67%), adherence to local laws and regulations (...)
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  5. Muel Kaptein (2010). The Ethics of Organizations: A Longitudinal Study of the U.S. Working Population. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):601 - 618.score: 30.0
    The ethics of organizations has received much attention in recent years. This raises the question of whether the ethics of organizations has also improved. In 1999, 2004, and 2008, a survey was conducted of 12,196 U.S. managers and employees. The results show that the ethical culture of organizations improved in the period between 1999 and 2004. Between 2004 and 2008 unethical behavior and its consequences declined and the scope of ethics programs expanded while ethical culture showed no significant improvement during (...)
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  6. Muel Kaptein (2009). Ethics Programs and Ethical Culture: A Next Step in Unraveling Their Multi-Faceted Relationship. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):261 - 281.score: 30.0
    One of the main objectives of an ethics program is to improve the ethical culture of an organization. To date, empirical research treats at least one of these concepts as a one-dimensional construct. This paper demonstrates that by conceptualizing both constructs as multi-dimensional, a more in-depth understanding of the relationship between the two concepts can be achieved. Through the employment of the Corporate Ethical Virtues Model, eight dimensions of ethical culture are distinguished. Nine components of an ethics program are identified. (...)
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  7. Hendrik Kaptein (2008). Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic. Ashgate.score: 30.0
    With special attention being paid to recent developments in Artificial Intelligence and the Law, specifically related to evidentiary reasoning, this book ...
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  8. Niki A. den Nieuwenboer & Muel Kaptein (2008). Spiraling Down Into Corruption: A Dynamic Analysis of the Social Identity Processes That Cause Corruption in Organizations to Grow. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):133-146.score: 30.0
    To date, theory and research on corruption in organizations have primarily focused on its static antecedents. This article focuses on the spread and growth of corruption in organizations. For this purpose, three downward organizational spirals are formulated: the spiral of divergent norms, the spiral of pressure, and the spiral of opportunity. Social Identity Theory is used to explain the mechanisms of each of these spirals. Our dynamic perspective contributes to a greater understanding of the development of corruption in organizations and (...)
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  9. Muel Kaptein & Jan Van Dalen (2000). The Empirical Assessment of Corporate Ethics: A Case Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 24 (2):95 - 114.score: 30.0
    Empirical analyses of the ethics of corporations with the aim to improve the state of corporate ethics are rare. This paper develops an integrated, normative model of corporate ethics by conceptualizing the ethical quality of organizations and by relating this contextual quality to various expressions of immoral behavior. This so-called Ethics Qualities Model for organizations, which contains 21 ethical qualities, allows one to assess the ethical content of institutional groups of individuals. A proper conceptualization is highly relevant both for the (...)
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  10. Muel Kaptein & Johan Wempe (1998). Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (8):853-869.score: 30.0
    Following the example of the many organizations in the United States which have a code of ethics, an increasing interest on the part of companies, trade organizations, (semi-)governmental organizations and professions in the Netherlands to develop codes of ethics can be witnessed. We have been able to escort a variety of organizations in this process. The process that organizations must go through in order to attain a code involves a variety of difficult decisions. In this article we will, based on (...)
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  11. Muel Kaptein & Johan Wempe (1998). The Ethics Report: A Means of Sharing Responsibility. Business Ethics 7 (3):131–139.score: 30.0
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  12. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2006). Business Dilemmas and Religious Belief: An Explorative Study Among Dutch Executives. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):53 - 70.score: 30.0
    This paper explores the relationship between religious belief and the dilemmas Dutch executives confront in daily business practice. We find that the frequency with which dilemmas arise is directly related to various aspects of religious belief, such as the belief in a transcendental being and the intensity of religious practice. Despite this relationship, only 17% of the dilemmas examined involve a religious standard. Most dilemmas originate from a conflict between moral and practical standards. We also find that 79% of the (...)
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  13. Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, Muel Kaptein & J. van Oosterhout (2004). Ties That Grind? Corroborating a Typology of Social Contracting Problems. Journal of Business Ethics 49 (3):235-252.score: 30.0
    Contractualism conceives of firm-stakeholder relations as cooperative schemes for mutual benefit. In essence, contractualism holds that these schemes, as well as the normative principles that guide and constrain them, are ultimately ratified by the consent and endorsement of those subject to them. This paper explores the empirical validity of a contractualist perspective on firm-stakeholder relations. It first develops a typology of firm-stakeholder contracting problems. It subsequently confronts this typology with empirical data collected in an interview study of concrete stakeholder management (...)
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  14. A. A. Kaptein, J. J. E. Koopman, J. A. Weinman & M. J. Gosselink (2011). 'Why, Why Did You Have Me Treated?': The Psychotic Experience in a Literary Narrative. Medical Humanities 37 (2):123-126.score: 30.0
    In this paper, the authors suggest an approach that may be helpful in teaching medical humanities to medical students. In the context of an honours class on medicine and literature, students (1) read a novel on an illness, (2) interviewed a patient with the medical condition described in the novel and (3) wrote an essay on the biomedical, narrative and literary aspects of these sources of information. The authors compared the story of Chekhov's literary protagonist Kovrin in The Black Monk (...)
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  15. Muel Kaptein (2002). Guidelines for the Development of an Ethics Safety Net. Journal of Business Ethics 41 (3):217 - 234.score: 30.0
    Large organisations are especially advised to consider the possibility of an Ethics Helpdesk in which all employees and managers can report with all suspected cases of unethical conduct, critical comments, dilemmas and advice for which there is insufficient room within the organisational hierarchy. A helpdesk is a central contact point where it is decided who the most appropriate person is to dealing with a given case. The helpdesk model is characterised by low barriers in its easy accessibility, positive approach and (...)
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  16. Muel Kaptein (2003). Business Ethics in the Netherlands: A Survey. Business Ethics 12 (2):172–178.score: 30.0
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  17. Muel Kaptein (2011). From Inaction to External Whistleblowing: The Influence of the Ethical Culture of Organizations on Employee Responses to Observed Wrongdoing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):513 - 530.score: 30.0
    Putting measures in place to prevent wrongdoing in organizations is important, but detecting and correcting wrongdoing are also vital. Employees who detect wrongdoing should, therefore, be encouraged to respond in a manner that supports corrective action. This article examines the influence of the ethical culture of organizations on employee responses to observed wrongdoing. Different dimensions of ethical culture are related to different types of intended responses. The findings show that several dimensions of ethical culture were negatively related to intended inaction (...)
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  18. Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten, Johan Graafland & Muel Kaptein (forthcoming). Religiosity, CSR Attitudes, and CSR Behavior: An Empirical Study of Executives' Religiosity and CSR. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 30.0
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  19. Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, J. van Oosterhout & Muel Kaptein (2006). Foundations and Applications for Contractualist Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):211 - 228.score: 30.0
    Contractualism is one of the most promising ‘centers of gravity’ in business ethics. In this guest editorial we provide a concise roadmap to the field, sketching contractualism’s historic and disciplinary antecedents, the basic argumentative structure of the contract model, and its boundary conditions. We also sketch two main dimensions along which contributions to the contractualist tradition can be positioned. The first dimension entails positive versus normative theorizing – does a given contribution analyze the world as it is or how it (...)
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  20. Muel Kaptein (2011). Toward Effective Codes: Testing the Relationship with Unethical Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (2):233 - 251.score: 30.0
    A business code of ethics is widely regarded as an important instrument to curb unethical behavior in the workplace. However, little is empirically known about the factors that determine the impact of a code on unethical behavior. Besides the existence of a code, this article studies five determining factors: the content of the code, the frequency of communication activities surrounding the code, the quality of the communication activities, and the embedment of the code in the organization by senior management as (...)
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  21. Muel Kaptein & Rob Van Tulder (2003). Toward Effective Stakeholder Dialogue. Business and Society Review 108 (2):203-224.score: 30.0
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  22. H. J. Kaptein (forthcoming). De Semantiek Van "Two Dogmas of Empiricism". Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte.score: 30.0
    Quine seems to maintain that there is no sharp distinction between analytic and synthetic sentences, and also that 'analytic' and 'synthetic' have no meaning. the dependence of these concepts on 'meaning' is used to show the incompatibility of these two interpretations of quine's conception of the analytic and the synthetic, and to show that both have a paradoxical character of their own. that may threat reductionist semantics as a whole. still the need for a totally different (rationalistic, essentialistic) semantics may (...)
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  23. H. J. R. Kaptein (2005). Secrets of Confidentiality: Adjudication Ad Ignorantiam Against Material Rights and Justice? Rechtstheorie 21:245-256.score: 30.0
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  24. H. J. R. Kaptein (forthcoming). Jumping to Conclusions in Criminal Law: Facts, Offenses and the Logic of Loose Ends in Between. Rechtstheorie.score: 30.0
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  25. Hendrik Kaptein (2005). Legal Progress Through Pragma-Dialectics? Prospects Beyond Analogy and E Contrario. Argumentation 19 (4):497-507.score: 30.0
    Pragma-dialectical approaches to legal argumentation seem to be rather different from traditional approaches appealing to standards of propositional logic. Pragma-dialectical analysis of arguments by analogy and e contrario seem to fall foul to the rigors of logical analysis, in which problems or even concepts of analogy and e contrario seem to disappear. The brunt of both types of special legal argumentation appears to be borne by often implicit general principles and an appeal to the system of the law as a (...)
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  26. Muel Kaptein (2002). The Balanced Company: A Theory of Corporate Integrity. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This book contains a cohesive overview of the most important theories and insights in the field of business ethics. At the same time, it further tailors these theories to the situation in which organizations function, presenting criteria that can be used to measure, assess, improve and report on corporate integrity.
     
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  27. Franziska Zuber & Muel Kaptein (2013). Painting with the Same Brush? Surveying Unethical Behavior in the Workplace Using Self-Reports and Observer-Reports. Journal of Business Ethics:1-32.score: 30.0
    Research by academics, professional organizations, and businesses on ethics in the workplace often relies on surveys that ask employees to report how frequently they have observed others engaging in unethical behavior. But what do these frequencies in observer-reports say about the frequencies of committed unethical behavior? This paper is the first to address this question by empirically exploring the relationship between observer- and self-reports. Our survey research among the Swiss working population shows that for all 37 different forms of unethical (...)
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  28. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2007). Conceptions of God, Normative Convictions, and Socially Responsible Business Conduct An Explorative Study Among Executives. Business and Society 46 (3):331-368.score: 30.0
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  29. Luke Maurits, Amy F. Perfors & Daniel J. Navarro (2009). Joint Acquisition of Word Order and Word Reference. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 36.score: 30.0
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  30. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2006). Business Dilemmas and Religious Belief: An Explorative Study Among Dutch Executives. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):53-70.score: 30.0
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  31. Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, J. Oosterhout & Muel Kaptein (2006). Foundations and Applications for Contractualist Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):211-228.score: 30.0
    Contractualism is one of the most promising ‘centers of gravity’ in business ethics. In this guest editorial we provide a concise roadmap to the field, sketching contractualism’s historic and disciplinary antecedents, the basic argumentative structure of the contract model, and its boundary conditions. We also sketch two main dimensions along which contributions to the contractualist tradition can be positioned. The first dimension entails positive versus normative theorizing – does a given contribution analyze the world as it is or how it (...)
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  32. Hendrik Kaptein (2008). Burdens of Evidence and Proof : Why Bear Them? A Plea for Principled Opportunism in (Leaving) Legal Factfinding (Alone). In , Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic. Ashgate.score: 30.0
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  33. Hendrik Kaptein (1993). E Contrario Arguments in Law: From Interpretation to Implicit Premisses. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 6 (3):315-324.score: 30.0
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  34. Hendrik Kaptein (2008). Rigid Anarchic Principles of Evidence and Proof : Anomist Panaceas Against Legal Pathologies of Proceduralism. In , Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic. Ashgate.score: 30.0
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  35. Douglas Walton (2009). Hendrik Kaptein, Henry Prakken and Bart Verheij (Eds): Review of Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):371-377.score: 15.0
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  36. Hendrik Edelman (2005). Maurits Dekker and Eric Proskauer A Synergy of Talent in Exile – Part II. Logos 16 (1):41-47.score: 15.0
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  37. Douglas Walton (2009). Review of Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic by Hendrik Kaptein, Henry Prakken and Bart Verheij Applied Legal Philosopby Series, 2009. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):371-377.score: 15.0
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  38. R. Dumont (2007). Ouvrages Envoyés À la Rédaction (Parution En 2006 Sauf Indication Contraire) Arts Et Lettres Baert B. Ea, Noli Me Tangere. Mary Madgalene: One Person, Many Images. Exhibition Maurits Sabbe Library 23 February-30 April 2006, Faculty of Theology, Ku Leuven-Centre Fur Women's Studies Theo. [REVIEW] Nouvelle Revue Théologique 129:168.score: 15.0
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  39. Hendrik Edelman (2004). Maurits Dekker and Eric Proskauer A Synergy of Talent in Exile – Part I. Logos 15 (4):188-193.score: 15.0
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  40. Erik De Bakker (2007). Integrity and Cynicism: Possibilities and Constraints of Moral Communication. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):119-136.score: 3.0
    Paying thorough attention to cynical action and integrity could result in a less naive approach to ethics and moral communication. This article discusses the issues of integrity and cynicism on a theoretical and on a more practical level. The first part confronts Habermas’s approach of communicative action with Sloterdijk’s concept of cynical reason. In the second part, the focus will be on the constraints and possibilities of moral communication within a business context. Discussing the corporate integrity approach of Kaptein (...)
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  41. Thomas R. V. Nys & Maurits G. Nys (2006). Psychiatry Under Pressure: Reflections on Psychiatry's Drift Towards a Reductionist Biomedical Conception of Mental Illness. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):107-115.score: 3.0
    We argue that contemporary psychiatry adopts a defensive strategy vis-à-vis various external sources of pressure. We will identify two of these sources – the plea for individual autonomy and the idea of Managed Care – and explain how they have promoted a strict biomedical conception of disease. The demand for objectivity, however, does not take into account the complexity of mental illness. It ignores that the psychiatrist’s profession is essentially characterized by fragility: fluctuating between scientific reduction and the irreducible complexity (...)
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  42. Mari Huhtala, Taru Feldt, Anna-Maija Lämsä, Saija Mauno & Ulla Kinnunen (2011). Does the Ethical Culture of Organisations Promote Managers' Occupational Well-Being? Investigating Indirect Links Via Ethical Strain. Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2):231-247.score: 3.0
    The present study had two major aims: first, to examine the construct validity of the Finnish 58-item Corporate Ethical Virtues scale (CEV; Kaptein in J Org Behav 29:923–947, 2008) and second, to examine whether the associations between managers’ perceptions of ethical organisational culture and their occupational well-being (emotional exhaustion and work engagement) are indirectly linked by ethical strain, i.e. the tension which arises from the difference in the ethical values of the individual and the organisation he or she works (...)
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  43. Maurits de Tollenaere (1975). Der Antimetaphysische Mensch. International Philosophical Quarterly 15 (1):124-125.score: 3.0
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  44. [deleted]Gabry Mies, Ivo Van Den Berg, Ingmar H. A. Franken, Marion Smits, Maurits Van Der Molen & Frederik Van Der Veen (2013). Neurophysiological Correlates of Anhedonia in Feedback Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 3.0
    Disturbances in feedback processing and a dysregulation of the neural circuit in which the cingulate cortex plays a key role have been frequently observed in depression. Since depression is a heterogeneous disease, instead of focusing on the depressive state in general, this study investigated the relations between the two core symptoms of depression, i.e., depressed mood and anhedonia, and the neural correlates of feedback processing using fMRI. The focus was on the different subdivisions of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Undergraduates (...)
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  45. Marijn Prins, Judith Bosmans, Peter Verhaak, Klaas van der Meer, Maurits van Tulder, Harm van Marwijk, Miranda Laurant, Mirrian Smolders, Brenda Penninx & Jozien Bensing (2011). The Costs of Guideline‐Concordant Care and of Care According to Patients' Needs in Anxiety and Depression. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):537-546.score: 3.0
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  46. Maurits Vandecasteele (1996). A Remarkable Account of the Origin and Spread of Islam Contained in a Fifteenth-Century Redaction of the Gregorian Report. Mediaeval Studies 58 (1):339-349.score: 3.0
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  47. Maurits de Tollenaere (1970). Immortality. International Philosophical Quarterly 10 (4):556-569.score: 3.0
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  48. Maurits de Wachter (2013). Ethiek en revolutie. Bijdragen 32 (4):384-400.score: 3.0
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  49. Wery P. M. Van den Wildenberg Hilde M. Huizenga, Maurits W. Van der Molen, Anika Bexkens, Marieke G. N. Bos (2012). Muscle or Motivation? A Stop-Signal Study on the Effects of Sequential Cognitive Control. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 3.0
    Performance in cognitive control tasks deteriorates when these tasks are performed together with other tasks that also require cognitive control, that is, if simultaneous cognitive control is required. Surprisingly, this decrease in performance is also observed if tasks are preceded by other cognitive control tasks, that is, if sequential cognitive control is required. The common explanation for the latter finding is that previous acts of cognitive control deplete a common resource, just like a muscle becomes fatigued after repeated use. An (...)
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  50. Hilde M. Huizenga, Maurits W. van der Molen, Anika Bexkens & Wery Pm van den Wildenberg (2013). Formal Models of “Resource Depletion”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):694-695.score: 3.0
    The opportunity cost model (OCM) aims to explain various phenomena, among which the finding that performance degrades if executive functions are used repeatedly (). We argue that an OCM account of resource depletion requires two unlikely assumptions, and we discuss an alternative that does not require these assumptions. This alternative model describes the interplay between executive function and motivation.
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