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Profile: Max Kistler (Université paris 1)
  1.  19
    Max Kistler & Bruno Gnassounou (eds.) (2007). Dispositions and Causal Powers. Ashgate.
    This collection of essays, by leading international researchers, examines the case for realism with respect to dispositions and causal powers in both ...
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  2.  36
    Max Kistler (2013). The Interventionist Account of Causation and Non-Causal Association Laws. Erkenntnis 78 (1):1-20.
    The key idea of the interventionist account of causation is that a variable A causes a variable B if and only if B would change if A were manipulated in the appropriate way. This paper raises two problems for Woodward's (2003) version of interventionism. The first is that the conditions it imposes are not sufficient for causation, because these conditions are also satisfied by non-causal relations of nomological dependence expressed in association laws. Such laws ground a relation of mutual manipulability (...)
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  3. Max Kistler (2007). Causation and Laws of Nature. In Michael Beaney (ed.), The Analytic Turn: Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology. Routledge
    Causation is important. It is, as Hume said, the cement of the universe, and lies at the heart of our conceptual structure. Causation is one of the most fundamental tools we have for organizing our apprehension of the external world and ourselves. But philosophers' disagreement about the correct interpretation of causation is as limitless as their agreement about its importance. The history of attempts to elucidate the nature of this concept and to situate it with respect to other fundamental concepts (...)
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  4. Max Kistler (2010). Mechanisms and Downward Causation. Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):595-609.
    Experimental investigation of mechanisms seems to make use of causal relations that cut across levels of composition. In bottom-up experiments, one intervenes on parts of a mechanism to observe the whole; in top-down experiments, one intervenes on the whole mechanism to observe certain parts of it. It is controversial whether such experiments really make use of interlevel causation, and indeed whether the idea of causation across levels is even conceptually coherent. Craver and Bechtel have suggested that interlevel causal claims can (...)
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  5.  20
    Max Kistler (2012). Powerful Properties and the Causal Basis of Dispositions. In Alexander Bird, B. D. Ellis & Howard Sankey (eds.), Properties, Powers, and Structures: Issues in the Metaphysics of Realism. Routledge 119--137.
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  6. Max Kistler (2005). Necessary Laws. In Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Nature’s Principles. Springer 201-227.
    In the first part of this paper, I argue against the view that laws of nature are contingent, by attacking a necessary condition for its truth within the framework of a conception of laws as relations between universals. I try to show that there is no independent reason to think that universals have an essence independent of their nomological properties. However, such a non-qualitative essence is required to make sense of the idea that different laws link the same universals in (...)
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  7.  66
    Max Kistler (2002). The Causal Criterion of Reality and the Necessity of Laws of Nature. Metaphysica 3 (1):57-86.
    I propose an argument for the thesis that laws of nature are necessary in the sense of holding in all worlds sharing the properties of the actual world, on the basis of a principle I propose to call the Causal Criterion of Reality . The CCR says: for an entity to be real it is necessary and sufficient that it is capable to make a difference to causal interactions. The crucial idea here is that the capacity to interact causally - (...)
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  8.  93
    Max Kistler (2003). Laws of Nature, Exceptions and Tropes. Philosophia Scientiae 7 (2):189-219.
    I propose a realist theory of laws formulated in terms of tropes that avoids both the problems of the "best-systems-analysis" and the "inference problem" of realism of universals. I analyze the concept of an exceptional situation, characterized as a situation in which a particular object satisfies the antecedent but not the consequent of the regularity associated with a law, without thereby falsifying that law. To take this possibility into account, the properties linked by a law must be conceived as dispositional (...)
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  9. Max Kistler (1999). Causalit'e Et Lois de la Nature. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10.  94
    Max Kistler, Multi-Track Dispositions and Laws of Nature.
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  11.  63
    Max Kistler (2006). New Perspectives on Reduction and Emergence in Physics, Biology and Psychology. Synthese 151 (3):311 - 312.
  12.  4
    Max Kistler (2001). Causation as Transference and Responsibility. In Wolfgang Spohn, Marion Ledwig & Michael Esfeld (eds.), Current Issues in Causation. Mentis 115-133.
    During the last decades there has been a remarkable renewal of interest in theories of causation which is linked to the decline of the orthodoxy of the Logical empiricist school. A number of alternatives to the traditional covering-law account have been proposed. I shall defend a version of an approach that has been undeservedly neglected: the Transference Theory of causation. Accounts of this type elaborate the intuition that there is a material link between the cause and the effect, consisting of (...)
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  13.  38
    Max Kistler (1998). Reducing Causality to Transmission. Erkenntnis 48 (1):1-25.
    The idea that causation can be reduced to transmission of an amount of some conserved quantity between events is spelled out and defended against important objections. Transmission is understood as a symmetrical relation of copresence in two distinct events. The actual asymmetry of causality has its origin in the asymmetrical character of certain irreversible physical processes and then spreads through the causal net. This conception is compatible with the possibility of backwards causation and with a causal theory of time. Genidentity, (...)
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  14.  66
    Max Kistler, Colours and Appearances as Powers and Manifestations.
    Humans have only finite discriminatory capacities. This simple fact seems to be incompatible with the existence of appearances. As many authors have noted, the hypothesis that appearances exist seems to be refuted by reductio: Let A, B, C be three uniformly coloured surfaces presented to a subject in optimal viewing conditions, such that A, B, and C resemble one another perfectly except with respect to their colours. Their colours differ slightly in the following way: the difference between A and B (...)
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  15.  13
    Max Kistler (2006). The Mental the Macroscopic, and Their Effects. Epistemologia 29 (1):79-102.
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  16.  41
    Jonathan Schaffer, Max Kistler & Philippe De Brabanter (2006). Le trou noir de la causalité. Philosophie 89 (1):40.
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  17.  87
    Max Kistler (2004). Some Problems for Lowe's Four-Category Ontology. Analysis 64 (2):146–151.
    In E.J. Lowe's ontology, (individual) objects are property-bearers which 1) have identity and 2) are countable. This makes it possible to become or cease to be an object, by beginning or ceasing to fulfil one of these conditions. But the possibility of switching fundamental ontological categories should be excluded. Furthermore, Lowe does not show that “quasi-individuals” (which are not countable) can exist. I argue against Lowe that kinds cannot be property-bearers in a more genuine sense than properties, that they are (...)
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  18.  82
    Max Kistler (2005). Is Functional Reduction Logical Reduction? Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (14):219-234.
    The functionalist conception of mental properties, together with their multiple realizability, is often taken to entail their irreducibility. It might seem that the only way to revise that judgement is to weaken the requirements traditionally imposed on reduction. However, Jaegwon Kim has recently argued that we should, on the contrary, strengthen those requirements, and construe reduction as what I propose to call “logical reduction”, a model of reduction inspired by emergentism. Moreover, Kim claims that what he calls “functional reduction” allows (...)
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  19.  1
    Max Kistler & Bruno Gnassounou, Introduction.
    The aim of this introduction is to improve on the traditional way of summing up the history of the notions of power and disposition, by uncovering some of the complexities that remain hidden behind such an oversimplification.
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  20. Max Kistler (2005). Lowe's Argument for Dualism From Mental Causation. Philosophia 33 (1-4):319-329.
  21.  25
    Geert Keil & Max Kistler (2006). La cause d'un événement éléments d'une métaphysique descriptive de la causalité entre événements. Philosophie 89 (1):21.
    La philosophie contemporaine connaît une demi-douzaine de théories de la causalité. À l'époque de Kant et de Hume leur nombre a été moindre, à l'avenir on peut s'attendre à ce que leur nombre continue d'augmenter. Parmi les affirmations faites par ces théories sur la nature de la causalité, certaines sont compatibles entre elles, mais beaucoup ne le sont pas. Par conséquent, ou bien quelques-unes de ces théories sont fausses, ou bien elles ne portent pas sur le même objet. Dans ce (...)
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  22.  61
    Max Kistler (2000). Source and Channel in the Informational Theory of Mental Content. Facta Philosophica 2 (2):213-36.
    With the aim of giving a naturalistic foundation to the notion of mental representation, Fred Dretske (1981;1988) has put forward and developed the idea that the relation between a representation and its intentional content is grounded on an informational relation. In this explanatory model, mental representations are conceived of as states of organisms which a learning process has selected to play a functional role: a necessary condition for fulfilling this role is that the organism or some proper part of it (...)
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  23.  30
    Max Kistler (1999). Causes as Events and Facts. Dialectica 53 (1):25–46.
    The paper defends the view that events are the basic relata of causation, against arguments based on linguistic analysis to the effect that only facts can play that role. According to those arguments, causal contexts let the meaning of the expressions embedded in them shift: even expressions possessing the linguistic form that usually designates an event take a factual meaning.However, defending events as fundamental relata of causation turns out to be possible only by attributing a – different – causal role (...)
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  24.  38
    Max Kistler (1999). Multiple Realization, Reduction and Mental Properties. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (2):135 – 149.
    This paper tries to remove some obstacles standing in the way of considering mental properties as both genuine natural kinds and causally efficacious rather than epiphenomena. As the case of temperature shows, it is not justified to conclude from a property being multiply realizable to it being irreducible. Yet Kim's argument to the effect that if a property is multiply realizable with a heterogeneous reduction base then it cannot be a natural kind and possesses only derivative “epiphenomenal” causal efficacy is (...)
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  25.  1
    Bruno Gnassounou & Max Kistler, Introduction.
    The aim of this introduction is to improve on the traditional way of summing up the history of the notions of power and disposition, by uncovering some of the complexities that remain hidden behind such an oversimplification.
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  26.  2
    Max Kistler (2006). La causalité comme transfert et dépendance nomique. Philosophie 89 (1):53.
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  27.  7
    Max Kistler (2010). Strong Emergence and Freedom-Comment on Stephan. In Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press 240--251.
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  28.  14
    Max Kistler (2002). Causation in Contemporary Analytical Philosophy. Quaestio 2 (1):635-668.
    Contemporary analytic philosophy is in the midst of a vigorous debate on the nature of causation. Each of the main proposals discussed in this chapter faces important problems: the deductive-nomological model, the counterfactual theory, the manipulability theory, the probabilistic theory and the transference theory. After having explored possible solutions to these problems, I conclude that one version of the transference approach is most promising. However, as I show in the last section, it is necessary to supplement this transference approach with (...)
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  29.  17
    Max Kistler (2010). Causation Across Levels, Constitution, and Constraint. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Epsa Philosophical Issues in the Sciences. Springer 141--151.
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  30.  6
    Max Kistler (2002). Erklärung und Kausalität. Philosophia Naturalis 39 (1):89-109.
    Causation is analysed in terms of transference of amounts of conserved quantities between events. Such amounts are tropes. However, causal explanations are directly made true, not by transmission relations but by relations of causal responsibility, of a fact Fc about the cause event c for a fact Ge about the effect event e. Causal responsibility is analysed in terms of causation between events c and e and a law of nature holding between the properties F and G. This account overcomes (...)
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  31.  1
    Max Kistler (2004). 'Le combinatorialisme et le réalisme nomologique sont-ils compatibles? In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), La Structure du Monde. Vrin, Paris 199--221.
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  32. Max Kistler (2004). Le combinatorialisme et le réalisme nomologique sont-ils compatibles? In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), La Structure Du Monde. Vrin, Paris 199-221.
    English title: Are combinatorialism and nomological realism compatible?
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  33.  5
    Max Kistler (2006). Lois, Exceptions Et Dispositions. In Kistler Max & Gnassounou Bruno (eds.), Les Dispositions En Philosophie Et En Sciences. Presses Universitaires de France 175--94.
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  34.  12
    Max Kistler (forthcoming). Horizontal, Vertical and Diachronic Emergence. Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  35.  38
    Max Kistler (2007). Review of Markus Schrenk, The Metaphysics of Ceteris Paribus Laws. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (10).
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  36.  9
    Max Kistler (1996). On the Content of Natural Kind Concepts. Acta Analytica 16:55-79.
    The search for a nomological account of what determines the content of concepts as they are represented in cognitive systems, is an important part of the general project of explaining intentional phenomena in naturalistic terms. I examine Fodor's "Theory of Content" and criticize his strategy of combining constraints in nomological terms with contraints in terms of actual causal relations. The paper focuses on the problem of the indeterminacy of the content of natural kind concepts. A concept like water can pick (...)
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  37.  27
    Max Kistler (2009). Cognition and Neurophysiology: Mechanism, Reduction, and Pluralism. Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):539-541.
    The papers collected in this volume explore some of the powers and limitations of the concept of mechanism for the scientific understanding of cognitive systems, and aim at bringing together some of the most recent developments in the philosophical understanding of the relation of cognition to neuroscience. Earlier versions of most papers have been presented at a workshop held in Paris on June 19th, 2006, which was organized by Institut Jean Nicod and supported by RESCIF (R seau des sciences cognitives (...)
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  38.  4
    Max Kistler, L'efficacité Causale des Propriétés Dispositionnelles Macroscopiques.
    It is controversial whether a property can both be dispositional and causally efficacious. Mackie and Armstrong hold that dispositions can be causes, Prior, Pargetter and Jackson argue that they cannot. However, all parties of the debate agree on two ideas: 1) The dispositional properties at issue are macroscopic, and in principle reducible to a microscopic reduction base. 2) Only the microphysical base properties are causally efficacious. The disagreement is about whether the macroscopic disposition inherits this efficacy by being identical to (...)
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  39.  5
    Max Kistler (2014). The Landscape of Causation. Metascience 23 (3):497-504.
    L. A. Paul and Ned Hall’s book makes an original and important contribution to the philosophical debate on causation. Their aim is not to construct a theory of causation but “to sketch a map” of the “landscape” (1) constituted by a rich set of problem cases and various theories of causation devised to account for them.Chapter 1 presents the scope and aim of the book, justifies the method of evaluating theories of causation by exploring whether they are refuted by counterexamples, (...)
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  40.  29
    Max Kistler (2006). Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Reply to Rueger. Synthese 151 (3):347 - 354.
    I analyse Rueger’s application of Kim’s model of functional reduction to the relation between the thermal conductivities of metal bars at macroscopic and atomic scales. 1) I show that it is a misunderstanding to accuse the functional reduction model of not accounting for the fact that there are causal powers at the micro-level which have no equivalent at the macro-level. The model not only allows but requires that the causal powers by virtue of which a functional predicate is defined, are (...)
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  41.  26
    Max Kistler (2009). Naturphilosophie AlS metaphysik der natur – by Michael Esfeld. Dialectica 63 (1):99-103.
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  42.  9
    Max Kistler (2007). The Causal Efficacy of Macroscopic Dispositional Properties. In Max Kistler & Bruno Gnassounou (eds.), Dispositions and Causal Powers. Ashgate 103--132.
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  43.  2
    Max Kistler, Powers and Their Manifestations in Physics and Perception.
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  44.  5
    Max Kistler, The Interventionist Account of Causation and Non-Causal Determination.
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  45.  8
    Max Kistler, Powers, Laws, and Necessity.
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  46.  6
    Max Kistler, Actual Causation and Simultaneous Lawful Dependence.
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  47.  2
    Max Kistler (2000). Réduction fonctionnelle et réduction logique. Philosophiques 27 (1):27-38.
    Kim attribue aux émergentistes un modèle de « réduction logique » dans lequel la prédiction ou l’explication d’une occurrence de la propriété réduite ne requiert, outre des informations sur le niveau réducteur, que des principes logiques et mathématiques. Sur la base de cette interprétation, je conteste deux thèses de Kim. La première concerne la légitimité du modèle émergentiste de réduction. J’essaie de montrer, à l’aide de l’exemple de l’addition des masses, que l’adoption de la réduction logique rendrait irréductibles certaines propriétés (...)
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  48.  12
    Max Kistler (2005). Réduction «Rôle-Occupant», Réduction «Micro-Macro» Et Explication Réductrice a Priori. Dialogue 44 (2):225-248.
    Selon une thése importante, il est en principe possible de déduire de manière a priori la plupart des vérités macroscopiques d’une (hypothétique) description complète du monde en termes microphysiques P, et donc de construire des explications réductrices a priori. Contre cette thèse, je montre que l’explication réductrice requiert des informations sur les phénomènes à réduire qui ne peuvent pas être extraites a priori des seules informations microphysiques. De telles réductions ont deux parties : une «reductionRO» («role-occupant») établit qu’une macropropriété M (...)
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  49.  4
    Max Kistler, Interventionism, Epiphenomenalism, and Difference-Making.
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  50.  4
    Bertrand Russell, Georges Bourgin, Max Kistler & Jérôme Sackur (2006). Sur la Notion de Cause. Philosophie 89 (1):3.
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