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Profile: Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (University of Oregon)
  1. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2015). Embodiment on Trial: A Phenomenological Investigation. Continental Philosophy Review 48 (1):23-39.
    This paper considers dimensions of animate life that are readily “embodied” by phenomenologists and by other philosophy and science researchers as well. The paper demonstrates how the practice of “embodying” short-circuits veritable phenomenological accounts of experience through a neglect of attention to Husserl’s basic conception of, and consistent concern with, animate organism. The paper specifies how in doing so, the practice muddies a clear distinction between the body ‘I have’ and the body ‘I am’, and a clear account of their (...)
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  2. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2014). Animation: Analyses, Elaborations, and Implications. Husserl Studies 30 (3):247-268.
    This article highlights a neglected, if not wholly overlooked, topic in phenomenology, a topic central to Husserl’s writings on animate organism, namely, animation. Though Husserl did not explore animation to the fullest in his descriptions of animate organism, his texts are integral to the task of fathoming animation. The article’s introduction focuses on seminal aspects of animate organisms found within several such texts and elaborates their significance for a phenomenological understanding of animation. The article furthermore highlights Husserl’s pointed recognition of (...)
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  3. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2012). From Movement to Dance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):39-57.
    This article begins with a summary phenomenological analysis of movement in conjunction with the question of “quality” in movement. It then specifies the particular kind of memory involved in a dancer’s memorization of a dance. On the basis of the phenomenological analysis and specification of memory, it proceeds to a clarification of meaning in dance. Taking its clue from the preceding sections, the concluding section of the article sets forth reasons why present-day cognitive science is unable to provide insights into (...)
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  4. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2012). Movement and Mirror Neurons: A Challenging and Choice Conversation. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):385-401.
    This paper raises fundamental questions about the claims of art historian David Freedberg and neuroscientist Vittorio Gallese in their article "Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience." It does so from several perspectives, all of them rooted in the dynamic realities of movement. It shows on the basis of neuroscientific research how connectivity and pruning are of unmistakable import in the interneuronal dynamic patternings in the human brain from birth onward. In effect, it shows that mirror neurons are contingent on (...)
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  5. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2012). The Roots of Morality. Penn State University Press.
     
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  6. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2011). On the Elusive Nature of the Human Self: Divining the Ontological Dynamics of Animate Being. In J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen & Erik P. Wiebe (eds.), In Search of Self: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Personhood. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.. 198.
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  7. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2011). Pamięć kinestetyczna. Avant 2 (T).
    [Kinesthetic Memory] This paper attempts to elucidate the nature of kinesthetic memory, demonstrate its centrality to everyday human movement, and thereby promote fresh cognitive and phenomenological understandings of movement in everyday life. Prominent topics in this undertaking include kinesthesia, dynamics, and habit. The endeavor has both a critical and constructive dimension.
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  8. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2011). The Corporeal Turn. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):7-8.
    Animation is by definition the basis of animate life. Movement is thus of prime significance and its dynamics warrant close study in terms of the tactile-kinaesthetic body, its relation to cognition and affectivity, and its anchorage in ontogeny and phylogeny. Riveted attention on the brain deflects attention from animate movement, as does the degeneration of movement into a motorology and the extensive and broadly indiscriminate use of the lexical band-aid of embodiment and its derivatives. Critical attention is paid to just (...)
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  9. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2011). The Primacy of Movement. John Benjamins Pub..
    chapter 1 Neandertals Experience shows the problem of the mind cannot be solved by attacking the citadel itself. — the mind is function of body. ...
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  10. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2009). Animation: The Fundamental, Essential, and Properly Descriptive Concept. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 42 (3):375-400.
    As its title indicates, this article shows animation to be the fundamental, essential, and properly descriptive concept to understandings of animate life. A critical and constructive path is taken toward an illumination of these threefold dimensions of animation. The article is critical in its attention to a central linguistic formulation in cognitive neuroscience, namely, enaction ; it is constructive in setting forth an analysis of affectivity as exemplar of a staple of animate life, elucidating its biological and existential foundations in (...)
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  11. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2008). Bewusstsein: Eine Naturgeschichte. Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):283-299.
    In diesem Artikel wird gezeigt, dass die angemessene Fragestellung bezüglich des Bewusstseins nicht darauf abzielt, wie sich Bewusstsein in der Materie niederschlägt, sondern auf die Art und Weise, in der das Bewusstsein als fester Bestandteil zur Evolution der Lebensformen gehört. Die Verfasserin zeichnet eine solche Evolution nach, indem sie reale Lebensformen einschließlich Bakterien und Wirbellose berücksichtigt, und vertritt die evolutionäre These, dass externe propriozeptive Organe – wie anhand ihrer selbst nachgewiesen wurde – sich im Laufe der Zeit modifiziert und zu (...)
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  12. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2008). La conscience : une histoire naturelle. Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):283-299.
    L’article montre que la question appropriée en matière de conscience n’est pas « comment la conscience s’articule dans la matière » mais de quelle manière la conscience est-elle un élément de l’évolution des formes animées. L’article décrit justement cette évolution en examinant des formes de vie réelles, y compris des bactéries et des invertébrés. Il donne raison à la thèse évolutionnaire selon laquelle les organes proprioceptifs externes, en tant que tels, se sont transformés et intériorisés au fil du temps en (...)
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  13. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2007). Finding Common Ground Between Evolutionary Biology and Continental Philosophy. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):327-348.
    This article identifies already existing theoretical and methodological commonalities between evolutionary biology and phenomenology, concentrating specifically on their common pursuit of origins. It identifies in passing theoretical support from evolutionary biology for present-day concerns in philosophy, singling out Sartre’s conception of fraternity as an example. It anchors its analysis of the common pursuit of origins in Husserl’s consistent recognition of the grounding significance of Nature and in his consistent recognition of animate forms of life other than human. It enumerates and (...)
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  14. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2006). Essential Clarifications of 'Self-Affection' and Husserl's 'Sphere of Ownness': First Steps Toward a Pure Phenomenology of (Human) Nature. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 39 (4):361-391.
    This article begins with a critical discussion of the commonly used phenomenological term “self-affection,” showing how the term is problematic. It proceeds to clarify obscurities and other impediments in current usage of the term through initial analyses of experience and to single out a transcendental clue found in Husserl’s descriptive remarks on wakeful world-consciousness, a clue leading to a basic phenomenological truth of wakeful human life. The truth centers on temporality and movement, and on animation. The three detailed investigations that (...)
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  15. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2005). Man has Always Danced: Forays Into the Origins of an Art Largely Forgotten by Philosophers. Contemporary Aesthetics 3.
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  16. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2004). Preserving Integrity Against Colonization. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (3):249-261.
    Genuine reconciliation between first- and third-person methodologies and knowledge requires respect for both phenomenological and scientific epistemologies. Recent pragmatic, theoretical, and verbal attempts at reconciliation by cognitive scientists compromise phenomenological method and knowledge. The basic question is thus: how do we begin reconciling first- and third-person epistemologies? Because life is the unifying concept across phenomenological and cognitive disciplines, a concept consistently if differentially exemplified in and by the phenomenon of movement, conceptual complementarities anchored in the animate properly provide the foundation (...)
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  17. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2003). Child's Play: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Human Studies 26 (4):409-430.
    Competition obscures the realities and significance of play, in particular, the bodily play originating in infancy and typical of young children. A multidisciplinary perspective on child's play elucidates the nature of child's play and validates the distinction between competition and play. The article begins with a consideration of ethological research on play in young human and nonhuman animals, proceeds to a consideration of psychological research on laughter as a primary kinetic marker of play, and ends with a philosophical examination of (...)
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  18. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2003). Death and Immortality Ideologies in Western Philosophy. Continental Philosophy Review 36 (3):235-262.
    This article examines immortality ideologies in Western philosophy as exemplified in the writings of Descartes, Heidegger, and Derrida, showing in each instance the distinctiveness of the ideology. The distinctiveness is doubly significant: it broadens understandings of the nature of immortality ideologies generally and deepens comparative understandings of the ideologies of the philosophers discussed. Pertinent writings of Otto Rank, the psychiatrist who first wrote of immortality ideologies, contribute in fundamental ways to the discussion as do pertinent writings of cultural anthropologist Ernest (...)
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  19. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2003). Kinesthetic Memory. Theoria Et Historia Scientiarum 7 (1):69-92.
    This paper attempts to elucidate the nature of kinesthetic memory, demonstrate itscentrality to everyday human movement, and thereby promote fresh cognitive andphenomenological understandings of movement in everyday life. Prominent topics in this undertaking include kinesthesia, dynamics, and habit. The endeavor has both a critical and constructive dimension.
     
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  20. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2003). Response to Crease's Review Essay: Exploring Animate Form. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):85-93.
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  21. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). A Random Stroll. Human Studies 25 (4):435 - 440.
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  22. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Introduction to the Special Topic: Epistemology and Movement. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):103-105.
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  23. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Models of the Self. Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic.
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  24. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Phenomenology and Agency: Methodological and Theoretical Issues in Strawson's 'the Self'. In Journal of Consciousness Studies. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. 48-69.
    ‘Phenomenology and Agency,’ an invited response to Galen Strawson's article on ‘The Self,’ shows how Strawson's putative phenomenological approach to the problem of the self fails to qualify as phenomenology and in turn fails to undergird his metaphysics of the self. It shows further how an item on his own list of fundamental experiences or conceptions of the self languishes for want of attention: Strawson virtually ignores ‘agency.’ The phenomenological procedure of bracketing, the concept of the non-alien that Husserl presents (...)
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  25. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Rationality and Caring: An Ontogenetic and Phylogenetic Perspective. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):136-148.
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  26. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Review: Medicalized Bodies. [REVIEW] Human Studies 25 (2):233 - 239.
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  27. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2002). Special Topic: Epistemology and Movement Introduction. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2).
     
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  28. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2000). Binary Opposition as an Ordering Principle of (Male?) Human Thought. In Linda Fisher & Lester E. Embree (eds.), Feminist Phenomenology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, C. 173--194.
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  29. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1999). Emotion and Movement. A Beginning Empirical-Phenomenological Analysis of Their Relationship. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    Three methodologically distinctive empirical studies of the emotions carry forward Darwin's work on the emotions, vindicate Sperry's finding that the brain is an organ of and for movement, and implicitly affirm that affectivity is tied to the tactile-kinesthetic body. A phenomenological analysis of movement deepens these empirical findings by showing how the dynamic character of movement gives rise to kinetic qualia. Analysis of the qualitative structure of movement shows in turn how motion and emotion are dynamically congruent. Three experiences of (...)
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  30. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1999). Phenomenology and Agency. In Jonathan Shear & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Imprint Academic. 231--251.
    ‘Phenomenology and Agency,’ an invited response to Galen Strawson's article on ‘The Self,’ shows how Strawson's putative phenomenological approach to the problem of the self fails to qualify as phenomenology and in turn fails to undergird his metaphysics of the self. It shows further how an item on his own list of fundamental experiences or conceptions of the self languishes for want of attention: Strawson virtually ignores ‘agency.’ The phenomenological procedure of bracketing, the concept of the non-alien that Husserl presents (...)
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  31. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1999). Re-Thinking Husserl's Fifth Meditation. Philosophy Today 43 (4):99-106.
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  32. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1998). Consciousness: A Natural History. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (3):260-94.
    The basic question cognitivists and most analytic philosophers of mind ask is how consciousness arises in matter. This article outlines basic reasons for thinking the question spurious. It does so by examining 1) definitions of life, 2) unjustified and unjustifiable uses of diacritical markings to distinguish real cognition from metaphoric cognition, 3) evidence showing that corporeal consciousness is a biological imperative, 4) corporeal matters of fact deriving from the evolution of proprioception. Three implications of the examination are briefly noted: 1) (...)
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  33. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1998). Natural Powers and Animate Form. In Donn Welton (ed.), Body and Flesh: A Philosophical Reader. Blackwell Publishers. 149.
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  34. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1996). An Empirical-Phenomenological Critique of the Social Construction of Infancy. Human Studies 19 (1):1 - 16.
    Developmental and clinical psychological findings on infancy over the past twenty years and more refute in striking ways both Piaget's and Lacan's negative characterizations of infants. Piaget's thesis is that the infant has an undifferentiated sense of self; Lacan's thesis is that the infant is no more than a fragmented piece of goods — a corps morcelé. Through an examination of recent and notable analyses of infancy by infant psychiatrist Daniel Stern, this paper highlights important features within the radically different (...)
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  35. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1996). Human Versus Nonhuman: Binary Opposittion As an Ordering Principle of Western Human Thought. Between the Species 12 (1):13.
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  36. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1995). The Roots of Power: Animate Form and Gendered Bodies. The Personalist Forum 11 (1):58-60.
     
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  37. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1994). The Body as Cultural Object/the Body as Pan-Cultural Universal. In Mano Daniel & Lester E. Embree (eds.), Phenomenology of the Cultural Disciplines. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 85--114.
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  38. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1992). Corporeal Archetypes and Power: Preliminary Clarifications and Considerations of Sex. Hypatia 7 (3):39 - 76.
    An examination of animate from reveals corporeal archetypes that underlie both human sexual behavior and the reigning Western biological paradigm of human sexuality that reworks the archetypes to enforce female oppression. Viewed within the framework of present-day social constructionist theory and Western biology, I show how both social constructionist feminists who disavow biology and biologists who reduce human biology to anatomy forget evolution and thereby forego understandings essential to the political liberation of women.
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  39. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1992). Charting the Interdisciplinary Course. In Giving the Body its Due. Suny Press. 1--15.
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  40. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (ed.) (1992). Giving the Body Its Due. SUNY Press.
    Addressed to educated nonspecialists, they discuss such topics as Eastern bodywork, the body as healer, art as the speech of the body. No index. Paper edition (unseen), $16.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  41. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1992). Negative Dialectics and the End of Philosophy. The Personalist Forum 8 (2):125-128.
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  42. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone, Response to Michael Bishop's Commentary The Nature of Evolution and Human Language.
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  43. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1992). Taking Evolution Seriously. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):343 - 352.
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  44. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone, The Possibility of an Evolutionary Semantics.
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  45. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1990). The Roots of Thinking. Temple University Press.
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  46. Brian Hendley, John A. Sealey, Maxine Sheets-Johnstone, Albert A. Johnstone & William Collinge (1986). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59 (5):761 - 763.
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  47. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1986). Existential Fit and Evolutionary Continuities. Synthese 66 (2):219 - 248.
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  48. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1986). On the Conceptual Origin of Death. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (1):31-58.
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  49. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (ed.) (1984). Illuminating Dance: Philosophical Explorations. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  50. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (1984). Phenomenology as a Way of Illuminating Dance. In Illuminating Dance: Philosophical Explorations. 124--45.
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