Search results for 'Measurement in soft systems' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Luca Mari, Valentina Lazzarotti & Raffaella Manzini (2009). Measurement in Soft Systems: Epistemological Framework and a Case Study. Measurement 42 (2):241-253.score: 1644.0
    Measurement in soft systems generally cannot exploit physical sensors as data acquisition devices. The emphasis in this case is instead on how to choose the appropriate indicators and to combine their values so to obtain an overall result, interpreted as the value of a property, i.e., the measurand, for the system under analysis. This paper aims at discussing the epistemological conditions of the claim that such a process is a measurement, and performance evaluation is the case (...)
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  2. Marcel J. Boumans, Measurement in Economic Systems.score: 783.0
    The metrology literature neglects a strong empirical measurement tradition in economics, which is different from the traditions as accounted for by the formalist representational theory of measurement. This empirical tradition comes closest to Mari's characterization of measurement in which he describes measurement results as informationally adequate to given goals. In economics, one has to deal with soft systems, which induces problems of invariance and of self-awareness. It will be shown that in the empirical economic (...)
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  3. Birgitta Bergvall-Kåreborn & Anita Grahn (1996). Multi-Modal Thinking in Soft Systems Methodology's Rich Pictures. World Futures 47 (1):79-92.score: 526.5
    (1996). Multi‐modal thinking in soft systems methodology's rich pictures. World Futures: Vol. 47, Unity and Diversity in Contemporary Systems Tinking: Systematic Pictures at an Exhibition, pp. 79-92.
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  4. I. I. I. Durand (1960). On the Theory of Measurement in Quantum Mechanical Systems. Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-133.score: 468.0
    This paper is concerned with the description of the process of measurement within the context of a quantum theory of the physical world. It is noted that quantum mechanics permits a quasi-classical description (classical in the limited sense implied by the correspondence principle of Bohr) of those macroscopic phenomena in terms of which the observer forms his perceptions. Thus, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics can be understood on the quasi-classical level by transcribing from the strictly classical (...)
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  5. B. J. Ahmedov & N. I. Rakhmatov (2003). Concerning Measurement of Gravitomagnetism in Electromagnetic Systems. Foundations of Physics 33 (4):625-639.score: 463.5
    Measurement of gravitomagnetic field is of fundamental importance as a test of general relativity. Here we present a new theoretical project for performing such a measurement based on detection of the electric field arising from the interplay between the gravitomagnetic and magnetic fields in the stationary axial-symmetric gravitational field of a slowly rotating massive body. Finally it is shown that precise magnetometers based on superconducting quantum interferometers could not be designed for measurement of the gravitomagnetically induced magnetic (...)
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  6. Cristina Dallara (2012). Performance Measurement and the Informatisation of Services in Judiciary Systems. An Assessment From Europe to Italy. Polis 26 (1):101-130.score: 433.5
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  7. Loyal Durand Iii (1960). On the Theory of Measurement in Quantum Mechanical Systems. Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-.score: 427.5
  8. Fernando Sols & Roger A. Hegstrom (1995). Dynamics and Measurement of the Absolute Phase in Macroscopic Quantum Systems. In M. Ferrero & A. van der Merwe (eds.), Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics. 73--299.score: 414.0
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  9. Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel (2003). The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.score: 369.0
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the (...)
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  10. Ed Seidewitz (2011). Consistent Histories of Systems and Measurements in Spacetime. Foundations of Physics 41 (7):1163-1192.score: 349.5
    Traditional interpretations of quantum theory in terms of wave function collapse are particularly unappealing when considering the universe as a whole, where there is no clean separation between classical observer and quantum system and where the description is inherently relativistic. As an alternative, the consistent histories approach provides an attractive “no collapse” interpretation of quantum physics. Consistent histories can also be linked to path-integral formulations that may be readily generalized to the relativistic case. A previous paper described how, in such (...)
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  11. O. Scott Stovall, John D. Neill & Brad Reid (2006). Institutional Impediments to Voluntary Ethics Measurement Systems. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2/3):169 - 175.score: 333.0
    In this paper, we argue that calls for widespread implementation of ethics measurement systems would be better informed by institutional economic analysis. Specifically, we assert that proponents of such systems must first recognize and understand the institutions that potentially impede such efforts. We identify two potential institutional impediments to measuring ethics and social responsibility. First, we suggest that neoclassical economics, supported by traditional business education and legal precedent, serves to reinforce the notion that shareholders are the primary (...)
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  12. Ron A. Shapira (1999). Fuzzy Measurement in the Mishnah and the Talmud. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):273-288.score: 291.0
    I discuss the attitude of Jewish law sources from the 2nd–:5th centuries to the imprecision of measurement. I review a problem that the Talmud refers to, somewhat obscurely, as impossible reduction. This problem arises when a legal rule specifies an object by referring to a maximized (or minimized) measurement function, e.g., when a rule applies to the largest part of a divided whole, or to the first incidence that occurs, etc. A problem that is often mentioned is whether (...)
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  13. J. M. Steele (2007). Celestial Measurement in Babylonian Astronomy. Annals of Science 64 (3):293-325.score: 283.5
    Summary Late Babylonian astronomical texts contain frequent measurements of the positions of the Moon and planets. These measurements include distances of the Moon or a planet from a reference star and measurements of the position of celestial bodies within a sign of the zodiac. In this paper, I investigate the relationship between these two measurement systems and propose a new understanding of the concepts of celestial longitude and latitude in Babylonian astronomy. I argue that the Babylonians did not (...)
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  14. Giles Oatley, Brian Ewart & John Zeleznikow (2006). Decision Support Systems for Police: Lessons From the Application of Data Mining Techniques to “Soft” Forensic Evidence. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (1-2):35-100.score: 279.0
    The paper sets out the challenges facing the Police in respect of the detection and prevention of the volume crime of burglary. A discussion of data mining and decision support technologies that have the potential to address these issues is undertaken and illustrated with reference the authors’ work with three Police Services. The focus is upon the use of “soft” forensic evidence which refers to modus operandi and the temporal and geographical features of the crime, rather than “hard” evidence (...)
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  15. Galal H. Galal & Janet T. McDonnell (1997). Knowledge-Based Systems in Context: A Methodological Approach to the Qualitative Issues. [REVIEW] AI and Society 11 (1-2):104-121.score: 279.0
    Knowledge-Based Systems (KBS) are developed to contain substantial elements of human knowledge and expertise in a well-defined domain, and use these to support user or expert tasks. Issues related to the social and organisational contexts of these systems are widely acknowledged to be particularly critical to their success. However, methodology proposals usually stop short of adequately handling soft and unstructured data that frame the contexts of use. The handling of qualitative data needs to be done in a (...)
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  16. Cory Searcy (2012). Corporate Sustainability Performance Measurement Systems: A Review and Research Agenda. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 107 (3):239-253.score: 267.0
    Corporate sustainability performance measurement systems (SPMS) have been the subject of a growing amount of research. However, there are many challenges and opportunities associated with the design, implementation, use, and evolution of these systems that have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this article is to identify future directions for research in the design, implementation, use, and evolution of corporate SPMS. A concise review of key literature published between 2000 and 2010 is presented. The literature review (...)
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  17. David Morris (2002). Thinking the Body, From Hegel's Speculative Logic of Measure to Dynamic Systems Theory. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (3):182-197.score: 264.0
    A study of shifts in scientific strategies for measuring the living body, especially in dynamic systems theory: (1) sheds light on Hegel's concept of measure in The Science of Logic, and the dialectical transition from categories of being to categories of essence; (2) shows how Hegel's speculative logic anticipates and analyzes key tensions in scientific attempts to measure and conceive the dynamic agency of the body. The study's analysis of the body as having an essentially dynamic identity (...)
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  18. Jeffrey Bub (1991). Measurement and “Beables” in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 21 (1):25-42.score: 262.5
    It is argued that the measurement problem reduces to the problem of modeling quasi-classical systems in a modified quantum mechanics with superselection rules. A measurement theorem is proved, demonstrating, on the basis of a principle for selecting the quantities of a system that are determinate (i.e., have values) in a given state, that after a suitable interaction between a systemS and a quasi-classical systemM, essentially only the quantity measured in the interaction and the indicator quantity ofM (...)
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  19. Don Robinson (1990). The Infinite Apparatus in the Quantum Theory of Measurement. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:251 - 261.score: 261.0
    It has been suggested that we ought to idealize the apparatus used to measure quantum systems as consisting of an infinite number of particles. Various authors have claimed that if we do so we do not need to take seriously the limitations on measurement incorporated into the Wigner-Araki-Yanase quantum theory of measurement. Bub (1988) and (1989) claims we can solve the measurement problem if we make this assumption. I argue against both claims on the (...)
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  20. Andy Clark, Control & Intervention in Complex Adaptive Systems: From Biology to Biogen.score: 261.0
    Markets, companies and various forms of business organizations may all (we have argued) be usefully viewed through the lens of CAS -- the theory of complex adaptive systems. In this chapter, I address one fundamental issue that confronts both the theoretician and the business manager: the nature and opportunities for control and intervention in complex adaptive regimes. The problem is obvious enough. A complex adaptive system, as we have defined it, is soft assembled and largely self-organizing. This means (...)
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  21. S. Tasaki, E. Eisenberg & L. P. Horwitz (1994). Measurement Theory in the Lax-Phillips Formalism. Foundations of Physics 24 (8):1179-1194.score: 261.0
    It is shown that the application of the Lax-Phillips scattering theory to quantum mechanics provides a natural framework for the realization of the ideas of the “Many-Hilbert-Space” theory of Machida and Namiki to describe the development of decoherence in the process of measurement. We show that if the quantum mechanical evolution is pointwise in time, then decoherence occurs only if the Hamiltonian is time-dependent. If the evolution is not pointwise in time (as in Liouville space), then the decoherence may (...)
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  22. Simone van der Burg (2011). Taking the “Soft Impacts” of Technology Into Account: Broadening the Discourse in Research Practice. Social Epistemology 23 (3):301-316.score: 261.0
    Public funding institutions are able to influence what aspects researchers take into account when they consider the future impacts of their research. On the basis of a description of the evaluation systems that public research funding institutes in the Netherlands (STW and SenterNovem) use to estimate the quality of engineering science, this article shows that researchers are now predominantly required to reflect on the intellectual merit of their research and on the usability and marketability of the technology it contributes (...)
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  23. Colin Fisher & Bernadette Downes (2008). Performance Measurement and Metric Manipulation in the Public Sector. Business Ethics 17 (3):245–258.score: 261.0
    This paper explores the circumstances that influence whether managers in the public services manipulate the measurement information that is used to assess performance; and if they do, what level of deception they might use. The realistic evaluation approach is adopted. A Delphi survey and the collection of critical incidents through interviews are used to identify possible configurations of contexts–mechanisms–outcomes that provide possible explanations of information manipulation. A number of these configurations are discussed. In a later stage of the project (...)
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  24. Steven A. Cavaleri (2011). In Search of a Pragmatic Systems Method. World Futures 67 (4-5):266 - 281.score: 261.0
    In this article, the author describes some of his own experiences of becoming an organizational systems theorist. The article also presents overviews of various systems theories that influenced the learning process from subject exploration to mastery. These include system dynamics, management systems, General Systems Theory, self-organizing systems, and autognomics. Additionally, discussions of system failures, philosophical pragmatism, and knowledge management all relate to their influence on systems theories. The article culminates with an examination of the (...)
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  25. David Ferguson & Lance Moir (2007). What Are the Key Factors That Affect the Design of Corporate Responsibility Performance Measurement Systems? Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:138-143.score: 261.0
    This paper presents findings from a literature review exploring the operationalisation issues for corporate responsibility performance and corporate responsibility performance measurement systems (CR-PMS). It concludes with a synthesis for the key comparative aspects of a CR-PMS and a traditional PMS in terms of the metric and systems perspective. In light of the sparse academic literature on the specific topic, this paper proposes a new categorical tool, the Ten Factor Framework for the design of CR-PMS, which has both (...)
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  26. Alexander Laszlo (1999). Evolutionary Systems Design: A Soft Technology for Hard Challenges. World Futures 54 (4):313-335.score: 261.0
    (1999). Evolutionary systems design: A soft technology for hard challenges. World Futures: Vol. 54, Challenges of Evolution at Pat I: The Human Factor in Evolution, pp. 313-335.
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  27. Christopher D. Manning, Soft Constraints Mirror Hard Constraints: Voice and Person in English and Lummi.score: 261.0
    The same categorical phenomena which are attributed to hard grammatical constraints in some languages continue to show up as statistical preferences in other languages, motivating a grammatical model that can account for soft constraints. The effects of a hierarchy of person (1st, 2nd 3rd) on grammar are categorical in some languages, most famously in languages withError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMap inverse systems, but also in languages with person restrictions on passivization. In Lummi, for example, (...)
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  28. A. Ritterbusch (1990). The Measure of Biological Age in Plant Modular Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 38 (2).score: 247.5
    Phytomorphology — if concerned with development — often concentrates on correlative changes of form and neglects the aspects of age, time and clock, although the plant's spatial and temporal organisation are intimately interconnected. Common age as measured in physical time by a physical process is compared to biological age as measured by a biological clock based on a biological process. A typical example for a biological clock on the organ level is, for example, a shoot. Its biological age is measured (...)
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  29. Roman Frigg (2004). In What Sense is the Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy a Measure for Chaotic Behaviour?—Bridging the Gap Between Dynamical Systems Theory and Communication Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):411 - 434.score: 246.5
    On an influential account, chaos is explained in terms of random behaviour; and random behaviour in turn is explained in terms of having positive Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy (KSE). Though intuitively plausible, the association of the KSE with random behaviour needs justification since the definition of the KSE does not make reference to any notion that is connected to randomness. I provide this justification for the case of Hamiltonian systems by proving that the KSE is equivalent to a generalized version of (...)
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  30. P. H. Rivers, N. Ardagh-Walter & E. C. Wright (1998). Measurement of Anticonvulsant Adherence Behaviour in the Community Using a Medication Events Monitoring System (MEMS). Health Care Analysis 6 (4):308-316.score: 246.0
    The Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) is a relatively new device designed to overcome some of the disadvantages of traditional adherence-measuring techniques. MEMS has also been found useful in tracking adherence behaviour without the need to visit patients frequently. In this study each patient was given a pre-filled, labelled MEMS bottle and cap. Patients were monitored for 24 weeks. For patients specifically studied, there were periods when drug levels may have been low and some exhibited erratic medication-taking behaviour. It is (...)
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  31. Bandar Alharthey & Amran Rasli (2012). The Use of Human Resource Management Systems in the Saudi Market. Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (2):163 - 176.score: 239.0
    Abstract The goal of the study was to investigate the current situation with Human Resources (HR) systems in the Saudi market on the basis of survey conducted among 100 organizations. Their HR and IT experts were to fill out a questionnaire that allowed receiving their expert opinion and make conclusions considering the HR systems usage in this country. In the course of the study, eight hypotheses were investigated and proved: the number of companies’ users of Human Resource Management (...)
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  32. W. Michael Dickson (1996). Determinism and Locality in Quantum Systems. Synthese 107 (1):55 - 82.score: 238.5
    Models of the EPR-Bohm experiment usually consider just two times, an initial time, and the time of measurement. Within such analyses, it has been argued that locality is equivalent to determinism, given the strict correlations of quantum mechanics. However, an analysis based on such models is only a preliminary to an analysis based on a complete dynamical model. The latter analysis is carried out, and it is shown that, given certain definitions of locality and determinism for completely dynamical models, (...)
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  33. Kohtaro Tadaki (2006). An Extension of Chaitin's Halting Probability Ω to a Measurement Operator in an Infinite Dimensional Quantum System. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (5):419-438.score: 229.0
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  34. José A. Díez (1999). A General Representation for Internal Proportional Cornbinatorial Measurement Systems When the Operation is Not Necessari!Y Closed. Theoria 14 (1):157-178.score: 216.0
    The aim of this paper is to give one kind of internal proportional systems with general representation and without closure and finiteness assumptions. First, we introduce the notions of internal proportional system and of general representation. Second, we briefly review the existing results which motivate our generalization. Third, we present the new systems, characterized by the fact that the linear order induced by the comparison weak order ≥ at the level of equivalence classes is also a weIl order. (...)
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  35. Alan C. Gillies & Inderjit Patel (2009). IT and the NHS: Investigating Different Perspectives of IT Using Soft Systems Methodology. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).score: 211.5
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  36. Alessandro Giordani & Luca Mari (2014). Modeling Measurement: Error and Uncertainty. In Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon & Arthur Petersen (eds.), Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice. Pickering & Chatto. 79-96.score: 207.0
    In the last few decades the role played by models and modeling activities has become a central topic in the scientific enterprise. In particular, it has been highlighted both that the development of models constitutes a crucial step for understanding the world and that the developed models operate as mediators between theories and the world. Such perspective is exploited here to cope with the issue as to whether error-based and uncertainty-based modeling of measurement are incompatible, and thus alternative with (...)
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  37. Alessandro Giordani & Luca Mari (2012). Measurement, Models, and Uncertainty. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 61 (8):2144 - 2152.score: 207.0
    Against the tradition, which has considered measurement able to produce pure data on physical systems, the unavoidable role played by the modeling activity in measurement is increasingly acknowledged, particularly with respect to the evaluation of measurement uncertainty. This paper characterizes measurement as a knowledge-based process and proposes a framework to understand the function of models in measurement and to systematically analyze their influence in the production of measurement results and their interpretation. To this (...)
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  38. Harald Atmanspacher & Thomas Filk (2012). Contra Classical Causality Violating Temporal Bell Inequalities in Mental Systems. Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (5-6):5-6.score: 204.0
    Temporally non-local measurements -- single measurements yielding information about the state of a system at different instances-- may provide a way to observe non-classical behaviour in mental systems. The signature for such behaviour is a violation of temporal Bell inequalities. We present such inequalities applicable to scenarios with two alternating mental states, such as in the perception of ambiguous figures. We indicate empirical options for testing temporal Bell inequalities, and speculate about possible explanations in case these inequalities are indeed (...)
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  39. Jens Peter Christensen & Richard D. Mattuck (1982). Partial Measurement in the Bohm-Bub Hidden-Variable Theory. Foundations of Physics 12 (4):347-361.score: 202.0
    The Bohm-Bub hidden-variable theory is able to predict the results of measuring a quantum system only in the special case where the set of commuting observables being measured is complete. To handle the much more common case where the set is incomplete, Tutsch has proposed a generalization of the Bohm-Bub model. Unfortunately, as we show here, Tutsch's original method does not yield the correct quantum mechanical transition probabilities. On the other hand, Belinfante's modification of Tutsch's method does yield the correct (...)
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  40. Eduard Prugovečki (1975). Measurement in Quantum Mechanics as a Stochastic Process on Spaces of Fuzzy Events. Foundations of Physics 5 (4):557-571.score: 200.5
    The measurement of one or more observables can be considered to yield sample points which are in general fuzzy sets. Operationally these fuzzy sample points are the outcomes of calibration procedures undertaken to ensure the internal consistency of a scheme of measurement. By introducing generalized probability measures on σ-semifields of fuzzy events, one can view a quantum mechanical state as an ensemble of probability measures which specify the likelihood of occurrence of any specific fuzzy sample point at some (...)
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  41. Roger A. Hegstrom & Fernando Sols (1995). A Model of Quantum Measurement in Josephson Junctions. Foundations of Physics 25 (5):681-700.score: 200.5
    A model for the quantum measurement of the electronic current in a Josephson junction is presented and analyzed. The model is similar to a Stern-Gerlach apparatus, relying on the deflection of a spin-polarized particle beam by the magnetic field created by the Josephson current. The aim is (1) to explore, with the help of a simple model, some general ideas about the nature of the information which can be obtained by measurements upon a quantum system and (2) to find (...)
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  42. L. McClimans (2013). The Role of Measurement in Establishing Evidence. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (5):520-538.score: 200.5
    Measurement outcomes are frequently used as evidence in favor of or against medical and surgical interventions, health policies, and system designs. Indeed, in the medical and health services research literature, outcomes are the currency of policy debate and decision making. Yet in the philosophy of science and philosophy of medicine, the measures used in evidence-based medicine (EBM) are rarely discussed. Rather, the focus here is almost exclusively on study design and hierarchies of evidence. This concentration on the methodology of (...)
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  43. Inge C. Kerssens-van Drongelen & Olaf A. M. Fisscher (2003). Ethical Dilemmas in Performance Measurement. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):51 - 63.score: 198.5
    In this article we discuss the ethical dilemmas facing performance evaluators and the "evaluatees" whose performances are measured in a business context. The concepts of role morality and common morality are used to develop a framework of behaviors that are normally seen as the moral responsibilities of these actors. This framework is used to analyze, based on four empirical situations, why the implementation of a performance measurement system has not been as effective as expected. It was concluded that, in (...)
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  44. Zhengjun Xi & Yongming Li (2013). Quantum and Classical Correlations in Quantum Measurement. Foundations of Physics 43 (3):285-293.score: 197.0
    We revisit quantum measurement when the apparatus is initially in a mixed state. We find that, in a particular restriction setup, the amount of entanglement between the system and the apparatus is given by the entropy increasing of the system under the measurement transformation. We show that the information gained is equal to the amount of entanglement under performing perfect measurement. Based on the perfect measurement, we give an upper bound of quantum discord.
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  45. Anne C. Bellows & Michael W. Hamm (2001). Local Autonomy and Sustainable Development: Testing Import Substitution in More Localized Food Systems. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 18 (3):271-284.score: 197.0
    Community initiatives to create more localized food systems ofteninclude the strategy of import substitution, i.e., increasing local foodproduction for local consumption. The purpose of this policy iseffectively to supplant some level of imported food into the region. Weargue that such action can carry social and environmental risks as wellas benefits and we have developed research parameters to measure theimpact of such strategies. Harriet Friedmann's seminal work (1991) onthe employment of import substitution by transnational corporationsprovides a framework to identify possible (...)
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  46. Bob Coecke (1998). A Representation for Compound Quantum Systems as Individual Entities: Hard Acts of Creation and Hidden Correlations. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 28 (7):1109-1135.score: 196.0
    We introduce an explicit definition for “hidden correlations” on individual entities in a compound system: when one individual entity is measured, this induces a well-defined transition of the “proper state” of the other individual entities. We prove that every compound quantum system described in the tensor product of a finite number of Hilbert spaces can be uniquely represented as a collection of individual entities between which there exist such hidden correlations. We investigate the significance of these hidden correlation representations within (...)
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  47. R. Brown, J. F. Glazebrook & I. C. Baianu (2007). A Conceptual Construction of Complexity Levels Theory in Spacetime Categorical Ontology: Non-Abelian Algebraic Topology, Many-Valued Logics and Dynamic Systems. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 17 (3-4):409-493.score: 195.0
    A novel conceptual framework is introduced for the Complexity Levels Theory in a Categorical Ontology of Space and Time. This conceptual and formal construction is intended for ontological studies of Emergent Biosystems, Super-complex Dynamics, Evolution and Human Consciousness. A claim is defended concerning the universal representation of an item’s essence in categorical terms. As an essential example, relational structures of living organisms are well represented by applying the important categorical concept of natural transformations to biomolecular reactions and relational structures that (...)
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  48. Yuh-Jia Chen & Thomas Li-Ping Tang (2006). Attitude Toward and Propensity to Engage in Unethical Behavior: Measurement Invariance Across Major Among University Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (1):77 - 93.score: 193.0
    This research examines business and psychology students’ attitude toward unethical behavior (measured at Time 1) and their propensity to engage in unethical behavior (measured at Time 1 and at Time 2, 4 weeks later) using a 15-item Unethical Behavior measure with five Factors: Abuse Resources, Not Whistle Blowing, Theft, Corruption, and Deception. Results suggested that male students had stronger unethical attitudes and had higher propensity to engage in unethical behavior than female students. Attitude at Time 1 predicted Propensity at Time (...)
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  49. Lina Novikoviene & Egle Bileviciute (2010). Application of IT Examination in Investigation of Crimes on Safety of Electronic Data and Information Systems. Jurisprudence 119 (1):317-329.score: 192.0
    As an EU state, Lithuania has become an active member of the eEurope 2005 initiative, implementing the goals set forth in the strategic plan for the development of information society in Lithuania. Information technologies introduced into various areas of life open up new, more convenient opportunities to receive services and information. The modernization of state management becomes an integral factor for ensuring continuous social development. The objective of this paper is to study practical aspects of the application of specialized knowledge (...)
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  50. John W. Clark, Hessam Habibian, Aikaterini D. Mandilara & Manfred L. Ristig (2010). Aspects of Entanglement in Quantum Many-Body Systems. Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1200-1220.score: 189.0
    Knowledge of the entanglement properties of the wave functions commonly used to describe quantum many-particle systems can enhance our understanding of their correlation structure and provide new insights into quantum phase transitions that are observed experimentally or predicted theoretically. To illustrate this theme, we first examine the bipartite entanglement contained in the wave functions generated by microscopic many-body theory for the transverse Ising model, a system of Pauli spins on a lattice that exhibits an order-disorder magnetic quantum phase transition (...)
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