Search results for 'Meda Chesney-Lind' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  15
    Meda Chesney-Lind (1999). Contextualizing Women's Violence and Aggression: Beyond Denial and Demonization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):222-223.
    This commentary focuses on the role played by constructions of women's violence in the maintenance of male control over women. While actual women's violence tends to be denied, pathologized or minimized, cultural constructions (particularly in the media) of women's violence tend to demonize it. Both of these androcentric cultural processes fail to illuminate the actual sources of the gender gap in violent behavior and instead tend to normalize male aggression and to cultivate female passivity.
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  2.  48
    Andreas Lind & Johan Brännmark (2008). Particularism in Question: An Interview with Jonathan Dancy. Theoria 74 (1):3-17.
    Jonathan Dancy works within almost all fields of philosophy but is best known as the leading proponent of moral particularism. Particularism challenges “traditional” moral theories, such as Contractualism, Kantianism and Utilitarianism, in that it denies that moral thought and judgement relies upon, or is made possible by, a set of more or less well-defined, hierarchical principles. During the summer of 2006, the Philosophy Departments of Lund University (Sweden) and the University of Reading (England) began a series of exchanges to (...)
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  3. E. Allan Lind & Tom R. Tyler (1988). The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  4.  95
    Lars Hall, Thomas Strandberg, Philip Pärnamets, Andreas Lind, Betty Tärning & Petter Johansson (2013). How the Polls Can Be Both Spot On and Dead Wrong: Using Choice Blindness to Shift Political Attitudes and Voter Intentions. PLoS ONE 8 (4):e60554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open for ideological change. Based on the wisdom of opinion polls, this might seem like a good idea. But do most voters really hold their political attitudes so firmly that they are unreceptive to persuasion? We tested this premise during the most recent general election in Sweden, in which a left- and a right-wing coalition were locked in a close race. We asked our (...)
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  5.  47
    Petter Johansson, Lars Hall, Sverker Sikström, Betty Tärning & Andreas Lind (2006). How Something Can Be Said About Telling More Than We Can Know: On Choice Blindness and Introspection. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):673-692.
    The legacy of Nisbett and Wilson’s classic article, Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes , is mixed. It is perhaps the most cited article in the recent history of consciousness studies, yet no empirical research program currently exists that continues the work presented in the article. To remedy this, we have introduced an experimental paradigm we call choice blindness [Johansson, P., Hall, L., Sikström, S., & Olsson, A. . Failure to detect mismatches between intention and (...)
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  6. Richard W. Lind (1980). Attention and the Aesthetic Object. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (2):131-142.
  7. Richard Lind (1985). A Microphenomenology of Aesthetic Qualities. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 43 (4):393-403.
    Microphenomenology (the refelctive reconstruction of attentional processes operative in perception) explicates the distinction between aesthetic and nonaesthetic qualities in a way that avoids traditional objections. aesthetic qualities are identified as phenomenal manifestations of a specific sort of spontaneous attentional event. particular aesthetic qualities are show to fall within any of six different categories of features attributable to this event. some aesthetic predicates strictly imply such features while others only 'suggest' them.
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  8.  4
    David Lind & Elizabeth Barham (2004). The Social Life of the Tortilla: Food, Cultural Politics, and Contested Commodification. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 21 (1):47-60.
    Resurgent interest incommodities is linked to recent attempts toovercome the constraints posed by the binariesof economy/culture and production/consumption.Commodities and commodification represent acontentious convergence of economic, social,cultural, political, and moral concerns. Thisessay develops a conceptual framework forunderstanding this interconnectedness byexamining the relationship between commoditiesand our discourse, practices, and assumptionsabout food. We argue that the movement of afood artifact between local/global andglobal/local contexts is mediated by dynamicsof power and resistance that represent contestsof meaning regarding the criteria of that artifact's exchangeability. We apply (...)
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  9.  1
    Rebecca Ann Lind & David L. Rarick (1992). Public Attitudes Toward Ethical Issues in Tv Programming: Multiple Viewer Orientations. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (3):133 – 150.
    Telephone survey of 293 TV viewers in Minneapolis-St. Paul investigated how viewers evaluate ethical issues and problematic content in TV news and entertainment programs, and attitudes toward methods of controlling TV content. In rating eight hypothetical news and entertainment scenarios, viewers appeared more willing to accept ethical breaches in entertainment than in news programs. In evaluating the severity of general problems in TV programming, most viewers considered violence, adult themes, and a lack of family values to be big problems. Different (...)
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  10.  16
    Rebecca Ann Lind & David L. Rarick (1997). Cognitive Maps Assess News Viewer Ethical Sensitivity. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (3):133 – 147.
    ~Et h i c a l sensitivity is investigated in an illustrative analysis of two female television nezos viewers. Transcripts of structured, in-depth interviews were analyzed according to four critical content dimensions of ethical sensitivity reflecting interviewees' mentions of story characteristics, ethical issues, consequences, and stakeholders. Cognitive maps illustrate the reasoning processes ofthe two viewers, one with relatively high and the other with relatively low ethical sensitivity. This study provides a detailed description of a new application of a research procedure, (...)
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  11.  11
    Rebecca Ann Lind & David L. Rarick (1995). Assessing Ethical Sensitivity in Television News Viewers: A Preliminary Investigation. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (2):69 – 82.
    Ethical sensitivity is a precursor to mora1 judgment in that a person must recognize the existence of an ethical problem before such a problem can be resolved. It is an important concept, yet it has received little attention from ethics scholars. This preliminary and exploratory study indicates that ethical sensitivity can be identified in viewers' reactions to and evaluations of ethically controversial television news stories, that diferent levels of ethical sensitivity are evident in discussions of television news stories, and that (...)
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  12. G. R. Gillett, S. Honeybul, K. M. Ho & C. R. P. Lind (2010). Neurotrauma and the RUB: Where Tragedy Meets Ethics and Science. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):727-730.
    Decompressive craniectomy is a technically straightforward procedure whereby a large section of the cranium is temporarily removed in cases where the intracranial pressure is dangerously high. While its use has been described for a number of conditions, it is increasingly used in the context of severe head injury. As the use of the procedure increases, a significant number of patients may survive a severe head injury who otherwise would have died. Unfortunately some of these patients will be left severely disabled; (...)
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  13.  10
    Richard Lind (2010). The Priority of Attention. The Monist 69 (4):609-619.
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  14.  16
    Richard W. Lind (1984). Microphenomenology and Numerical Relations. The Monist 67 (1):29-45.
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  15.  1
    Catherine Grainger, David M. Williams & Sophie E. Lind (2016). Metacognitive Monitoring and Control Processes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Diminished Judgement of Confidence Accuracy. Consciousness and Cognition 42:65-74.
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  16.  9
    P. Johansson, L. Hall, S. Sikström, B. Tärning & A. Lind (2006). This is the Final Published Version Of. Cognition 15:673-692.
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  17.  8
    Rebecca Ann Lind (1996). Race and Viewer Evaluations of Ethically Controversial Tv News Stories. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (1):40 – 52.
    Interviews with 111 African-American and European-Americans investigated racial differences in viewer evaluations of ethically controversial TV news stories. The study focused on judgments of whether three news stories (Genniger Flowers's alleged affair with Bill Clinton, a hit-and-run accident, and racial discrimination by Realtors) should be aired, the criteria applied in reaching those judgements, and the indications of reasons to attend to or to reject each story. No simple relationship was found between race and judgments of whether the stories should be (...)
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  18.  14
    Hans Lind (1993). A Note on Fundamental Theory and Idealizations in Economics and Physics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):493-503.
    Modern economics, with its use of advanced mathematical methods, is often looked upon as the physics of the social sciences. It is here argued that deductive analyses are more important in economics than in physics, because the economists more seldom can confirm phenomenological laws directly. The economist has to use assumptions from fundamental theory when trying to bridge the gap between observations and phenomenological laws. Partly as a result of the difficulties of establishing phenomenological laws, analyses of idealized 'model-economies' play (...)
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  19.  32
    Douglas Lind (1994). Kant on Criminal Punishment. Journal of Philosophical Research 19:61-74.
    Kant maintains that retribution is the only morally sound justification for criminal punishment. He claims that all just criminal punishment must conform to the “principle of equality,” an inflexible juridical rule which takes the form of a categorical imperative. Focusing on his further claim that the principle of equality establishes that capital punishment is the only suitable punishment for murder, I question Kant’s contention that the principle of equality is a categorical imperative. Following two lines of inquiry drawing upon the (...)
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  20.  52
    David M. Williams, Sophie E. Lind & Francesca Happé (2009). Metacognition May Be More Impaired Than Mindreading in Autism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):162-163.
    This commentary focuses on evidence from autism concerning the relation between metacognition and mindreading. We support Carruthers' rejection of models 1 (independent systems) and 3 (metacognition before mindreading), and provide evidence to strengthen his critique. However, we also present evidence from autism that we believe supports model 2 (one mechanism, two modes of access) over model 4 (mindreading is prior).
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  21.  15
    Douglas Lind (1989). The Failure of Nozick's Invisible-Hand Justification of the Political State. Auslegung 15 (1):57-68.
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  22. L. Hall, P. Johansson, S. Sikström, B. Tärning & A. Lind (2006). How Something Can Be Said About Telling More Than We Can Know: Reply to Moore and Haggard. Consciousness and Cognition 15:697-699.
     
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  23.  40
    Richard W. Lind (1986). Does the Unconscious Undermine Phenomenology? Inquiry 29 (September):325-344.
    According to Paul Ricoeur, the Freudian unconscious invalidates the ability of Husserlian phenomenology to explicate human psychology. The stumbling block is said to be the mechanism of repression, which can not only obviate conscious access to certain ideas and motives but also distort consciousness itself. The whole enterprise of phenomenology would seem to be at stake. But we must carefully distinguish being a conscious object from being a conscious process. By means of ?micro?phenomenology?, the reflective analysis of focal dynamics, I (...)
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  24.  27
    Richard Lind (1992). The Aesthetic Essence of Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (2):117-129.
    There are good reasons to believe that "making a statement," in a broader sense than Danto's, is a "necessary" condition of art. But phenomenological analysis tends to show that an artwork must be "aesthetic" as well as meaningful. Otherwise, what the artist has to say could not be distinguished from many "non"artistic forms of communication. Moreover, its meaning must "subserve" the aesthetic function of the artwork, in a role best described as "significance"." "Art" must therefore be defined in terms of (...)
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  25. James Moore, Patrick Haggard, Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker SIKSTRÖM, Betty TÄRNING, Andreas Lind, Cd Frith & Hc Lau (2006). How Something Can Be Said About Telling More Than We Can Know: On Choice Blindness and Introspection. Commentary and Authors' Reply. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4).
     
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  26.  1
    Candace Lind, Beverly Anderson & Kathleen Oberle (2003). Ethical Issues in Adolescent Consent for Research. Nursing Ethics 10 (5):504-511.
    Different opinions are expressed in the literature regarding when children and adolescents can start to make decisions to participate in research and give informed consent. Nurses are frequently involved in research, either as investigators or caregivers, and must therefore have a thorough understanding of consent and related issues. In this article the issues are explored from a Canadian perspective. The argument is put forward that adolescents may be capable of a greater involvement in the research consent process than is the (...)
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  27. June M. Stapleton, Nancy L. Ostrowski, Vicki J. Merriman, Marcia D. Lind & Larry D. Reid (1979). Naloxone Reduces Fluid Consumption in Water-Deprived and Nondeprived Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (4):237-239.
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  28.  8
    Moral Competence, Georg Lind, Johann-Ulrich Sandberger & Tino Bargel (2010). Three Theoretical Approaches. In Georg Lind, Hans A. Hartmann & Roland Wakenhut (eds.), Moral Judgments and Social Education. Transaction Publishers
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  29.  8
    Richard W. Lind (1979). A Phenomenological Definition of “Good”. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):107-115.
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  30.  15
    Richard W. Lind (1986). The Priority of Attention: Intentionality for Automata. The Monist 69 (October):609-619.
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  31.  3
    Hans Lind (1992). A Case Study of Normal Research in Theoretical Economics. Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):83.
    Theoretical works in economics usually have a core consisting of proofs that a “model-economy” has certain properties. The economist constructs a model that can be looked on as a description of an economy, and then proves that certain relations hold in this economy and/or that certain relations in this economy depend on certain specific characteristics. The model-economy is usually described as simplified or idealized.
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  32. R. A. Lind (1996). Care and Justice in Audience Evaluations of Ethics in TV News. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11:82-94.
     
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  33.  6
    Thomas Chesney & Shaun Lawson (2007). The Illusion of Love: Does a Virtual Pet Provide the Same Companionship as a Real One? Interaction Studies 8 (2):337-342.
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  34.  12
    R. Lind, P. Nortvedt, G. Lorem & O. Hevroy (2012). Family Involvement in the End-of-Life Decisions of Competent Intensive Care Patients. Nursing Ethics 20 (1):0969733012448969.
    In this article, we report the findings from a qualitative study that explored how relatives of terminally ill, alert and competent intensive care patients perceived their involvement in the end-of-life decision-making process. Eleven family members of six deceased patients were interviewed. Our findings reveal that relatives narrate about a strong intertwinement with the patient. They experienced the patients’ personal individuality as a fragile achievement. Therefore, they viewed their presence as crucial with their primary role to support and protect the patient, (...)
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  35.  15
    S. Honeybul, G. R. Gillett, K. M. Ho & C. R. P. Lind (2011). Neurotrauma and the Rule of Rescue. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):707-710.
    The rule of rescue describes the powerful human proclivity to rescue identified endangered lives, regardless of cost or risk. Deciding whether or not to perform a decompressive craniectomy as a life-saving or ‘rescue’ procedure for a young person with a severe traumatic brain injury provides a good example of the ethical tensions that occur in these situations. Unfortunately, there comes a point when the primary brain injury is so severe that if the patient survives they are likely to remain severely (...)
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  36.  8
    R. E. Lind (2001). Historical Origins of the Modern Mind/Body Split. Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (1):23-40.
    It is argued that a radical relocation of subjectivity began several thousand years ago. A subjectivity experienced in the centric region of the heart, and in the body as a whole, began to be avoided in favor of the eccentric head as a new location of subjectivity. In ancient literature, for example in Homer's epics, the heart and various other bodily organs were described as centers of subjectivity and organs of perception for spiritual experience and communion with others and the (...)
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  37.  7
    Richard W. Lind (1996). Micro-Phenomenology: Toward a Hypothetico-Inductive Science of Experience. International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (4):429-42.
  38.  2
    Duncan Chesney (2004). Spinoza and the Politics of The Matrix , on Matrix, Machine Philosophique. Film-Philosophy 8 (2).
    Alain Badiou, Thomas Benatouil, Elie During, Patrice Maniglier, David Rabouin, and Jean-Pierre Zarader _Matrix, machine philosophique_ Paris: Ellipses, 2003 ISBN 2-7298-1841-3 191 pp.
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  39.  2
    Stuart E. Lind (forthcoming). Dilemmas in Paying for Clinical Research: The View From the IRB. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  40.  2
    Ming-Fung Wu, Marcia D. Lind, June M. Stapleton & Larry D. Reid (1981). Dose-Response Relationship Between Naloxone Injections and Intake of Sucrose Solution. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (2):101-103.
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  41.  19
    Joan Dyste Lind (1983). The Organization of Coercion in History: A Rationalist-Evolutionary Theory. Sociological Theory 1:1-29.
    This chapter brings together social evolutionary theory and the rational choice approach to develop a theory of the organization of coercion in history. Recent works considering parallels and distinctions between biological and sociocultural evolution are reviewed here, along with those that produced the concept of bounded rationality. While modeling begins by generalization from historical materials, it is not the purpose of this chapter to produce a historical explanation of a chain of real events. Nor is it an essay in metatheory. (...)
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  42.  5
    Richard Lind (forthcoming). Art as Aesthetic Statement. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  43.  3
    Vicki R. Lind (2005). Response to Louise Pascale, "Dispelling the Myth of the Non-Singer: Embracing Two Aesthetics for Singing&Quot. Philosophy of Music Education Review 13 (2):200-202.
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  44.  10
    Christopher Lind (1992). John Macmurray and Contextual Theology. Philosophy and Theology 6 (4):383-400.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the work of John Macmurray as a philosophical resource for Christianswhose theological framework presumes an epistemological shift, toward a new starting point in the way we understand our knowledge of God. After a brief introduction to both contextual theology and John Macmurray, the paper will concern itself with an exploration of Macmurray’s critique of idealist epistemology and the relationship this critique has to the assumptions of contextual theology. (...)
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  45.  15
    Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker Sikström, Betty Tärning & Andreas Lind (2006). Reply to Commentary by Moore and Haggard. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):697-699.
  46.  13
    Richard Lind (1986). Why Isn't Minimal Art Boring? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 45 (2):195-197.
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  47.  3
    G. Dunberger, H. Thulin, A. -C. Waldenstrom, H. Lind, L. Henningsohn, E. Avall-Lundqvist, G. Steineck & U. Kreicbergs (2013). Cancer Survivors' Perception of Participation in a Long-Term Follow-Up Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):41-45.
    Every year medical researchers make contact with a large number of cancer survivors with the aim of evaluating cancer treatment. For this reason we decided to investigate how Swedish cancer survivors perceived their participation in research studies focusing on the long-term consequences of being a survivor of gynaecological or urinary bladder cancer. Data were collected by means of two study-specific postal questionnaires, both consisting of questions covering physical symptoms, well-being and the experience of being a cancer survivor. Both questionnaires also (...)
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  48.  3
    Richard W. Lind (1983). Towards a Phenomenological Metaethics. Philosophy Research Archives 9:639-663.
    Hany metaethicists have all but abandoned the possibility that ordinary value language has any sort of universal logic. But careful phenomenological reflection indicates that we call something “good” only if we tacitly believe that it is disposed to be “pragmatically attractive” in some way. Conversely, “bad” things must be “pragmatically repellent”. Linguistic and phenomenological evidence supports these observations. Differences in the meanings of diverse value judgments seem to be due to variations in the practical context in which the attraction or (...)
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  49.  7
    Rebecca Ann Lind & Tammy Swenson-Lepper (2013). Measuring Sensitivity to Conflicts of Interest: A Preliminary Test of Method. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):43-62.
    This study presents and develops test methods for assessing sensitivity to conflict of interest (COIsen). We are aware of no study assessing COIsen, but note that some popular methods for assessing ethical sensitivity and related constructs (which include COIsen) are flawed in that their presentation of stimulus material to subjects actually guides subjects to attend to ethical (or related) issues. The method tested here was designed to avoid this flaw. Using adaptations of two existing cases, a quota sample of 12 (...)
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  50.  5
    R. Lind, G. F. Lorem, P. Nortvedt & O. Hevroy (2012). Intensive Care Nurses' Involvement in the End-of-Life Process - Perspectives of Relatives. Nursing Ethics 19 (5):666-676.
    In this article, we report findings from a qualitative study that explored how the relatives of intensive care unit patients experienced the nurses’ role and relationship with them in the end-of-life decision-making processes. In all, 27 relatives of 21 deceased patients were interviewed about their experiences in this challenging ethical issue. The findings reveal that despite bedside experiences of care, compassion and comfort, the nurses were perceived as vague and evasive in their communication, and the relatives missed a long-term perspective (...)
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