Search results for 'Medical ethics History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  33
    Albert R. Jonsen (2000). A Short History of Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the (...)
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  2. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; (...)
     
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  3.  13
    Andreas Frewer (2010). Human Rights From the Nuremberg Doctors Trial to the Geneva Declaration. Persons and Institutions in Medical Ethics and History. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):259-268.
    The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and the “Geneva Declaration” by the World Medical Association, both in 1948, were preceded by the foundation of the United Nations in New York (1945), the World Medical Association in London (1946) and the World Health Organization in Geneva (1948). After the end of World War II the community of nations strove to achieve and sustain their primary goals of peace and security, as well as their basic premise, namely the health of (...)
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  4. Donald Enloe Konold (1962). A History of American Medical Ethics, 1847-1912. Madison, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, for the Dept. Of History, University of Wisconsin.
     
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  5.  5
    James C. Mohr (2014). Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics From the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution by Robert Baker (Review). Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):1-6.
    The history of American medical ethics is a notoriously unwieldy field that encompasses an enormous amount of complex material. No single book can realistically analyze all of its dimensions in a genuinely scholarly fashion. But Robert Baker, one of the nation’s most distinguished professors in that field, has now provided the rest of us with an immensely helpful survey of one of its most important aspects: the evolution of what he terms “the formalized statements of medical (...)
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  6.  8
    Ulf Schmidt (2007). Turning the History of Medical Ethics From its Head Onto its Feet: A Critical Commentary on Baker and McCullough. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):31-42.
    The paper provides a critical commentary on the article by Baker and McCullough on Medical Ethic's Appropriation of Moral Philosophy. The author argues that Baker and McCullough offer a more "pragmatic" approach to the history of medical ethics that has the potential to enrich the bioethics field with a greater historical grounding and sound methodology. Their approach can help us to come to a more nuanced understanding about the way in which medical ethics has (...)
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  7.  29
    Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Philosophical Challenges in Teaching Bioethics: The Importance of Professional Medical Ethics and its History for Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):395 – 402.
    The papers in this number of the Journal originated in a session sponsored by the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Philosophy and Medicine in 1999. The four papers and two commentaries identify and address philosophical challenges of how we should understand and teach bioethics in the liberal arts and health professions settings. In the course of introducing the six papers, this article explores themes these papers raise, especially the relationship among professional medical ethics, the "long history" of (...)
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  8.  4
    Laurence B. McCullough (2001). The History of Medical Ethics Is Crucial for a Critical Perspective in the Continuing Development of Ethics Consultation. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):55-57.
    (2001). The History of Medical Ethics Is Crucial for a Critical Perspective in the Continuing Development of Ethics Consultation. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 55-57.
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  9.  17
    Courtney S. Campbell (2001). Albert R. Jonsen, a Short History of Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):399-402.
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  10.  48
    K. Boyd (1995). What Can Medical Ethics Learn From History? Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):197-198.
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  11.  16
    Laurence B. McCullough (1999). Hume's Influence on John Gregory and the History of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):376 – 395.
    The concept of medicine as a profession in the English-language literature of medical ethics is of recent vintage, invented by the Scottish physician and medical ethicist, John Gregory (1724-1773). Gregory wrote the first secular, philosophical, clinical, and feminine medical ethics and bioethics in the English language and did so on the basis of Hume's principle of sympathy. This paper provides a brief account of Gregory's invention and the role that Humean sympathy plays in that invention, (...)
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  12. D. W. Amundsen (forthcoming). Medical Ethics, History of Europe. I. Ancient and Medieval. C. Medieval Christian Europe. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
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  13. Chester Burns (2004). Medical Ethics, History of the Americas: Colonial North America and Nineteenthcentury United States. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3:1517-23.
     
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  14. Harold J. Cook (forthcoming). Medical Ethics, History of Europe. II. Renaissance and Enlightenment. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
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  15. D. Gracia & T. W. Reich (1995). Medical Ethics: History of Europe Southern Europe. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3.
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  16.  7
    Joseph A. Bracken, Jacqueline Broad, Karen Green, Kristina Camilleri, Pheng Cheah & Suzanne Guerlac (2009). Baker, Robert B., and Laurence B. McCullough, Editors. The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxviii+ 876. Cloth, $250.00. Bayer, Thora Ilin, and Donald Phillip Verene, Editors. Giambattista Vico: Keys to the New Science: Translations, Commentaries, and Essays. Ithaca-London: Cornell University Press, 2009. Pp. Xi+ 209. Paper, $17.95. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):483-86.
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  17.  3
    Jacek A. Piątkiewicz (1992). A Brief History of Medical Ethics Code in Poland. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (4):361-362.
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  18.  6
    Laurence B. McCullough (1999). Laying Medicine Open: Understanding Major Turning Points in the History of Medical Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (1):7-23.
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  19.  4
    Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Power, Integrity, and Trust in the Managed Practice of Medicine: Lessons From the History of Medical Ethics. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):180-211.
    Bioethics as a field began some years before it was finally named in the early 1970s. In many ways, bioethics originated in response to urgent matters of the moment, including the controversy over disconnecting Karen Quinlan's respirator, the egregious paternalism of Donald Cowart's doctors in the famous “Dax” case, the abuse of research subjects in the notorious Tuskegee Syphilis Study, and the need to devise an intellectual framework for the development of federal regulations to protect human subjects of research. The (...)
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  20.  9
    Daniel M. Fox (1979). The Segregation of Medical Ethics: A Problem in Modern Intellectual History. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (1):81-97.
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  21.  3
    Laurence B. McCullough (2004). Taking the History of Medical Ethics Seriously in Teaching Medical Professionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):13 – 14.
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  22.  2
    Gregory Lawrence Bock (2010). Albert R. Jonsen, A Short History of Medical Ethics Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (1):45-46.
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  23.  1
    Diego Gracia (2001). History of Medical Ethics. In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers 17--50.
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  24. Kirstin Borgerson (2011). Robert B. Baker; Laurence B. McCullough .The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Xxviii + 876 Pp., App., Bibl., Index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. $263.95. [REVIEW] Isis 102 (2):346-347.
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  25. Anne Cottebrune (2009). Ulf Schmidt; Andreas, and Frewer .History and Theory of Human Experimentation: The Declaration of Helsinki and Modern Medical Ethics.364 Pp., Illus., Tables. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2007. [REVIEW] Isis 100 (3):687-688.
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  26. Joseph J. Fins (2013). Review of John H. Evans, The History and Future of Medical Ethics: A Sociological View. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):58 - 59.
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  27. Albert R. Jonsen & Andrew Jameton (forthcoming). History of Medical Ethics: The United States in the Twentieth Century. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  28. Rihito Kimura (forthcoming). History of Medical Ethics: Contemporary Japan. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  29. Robert M. Veatch (2005). Disrupted Dialogue: Medical Ethics and the Collapse of Physician-Humanist Communication (1770-1980). Oxford University Press.
    Medical ethics changed dramatically in the past 30 years because physicians and humanists actively engaged each other in discussions that sometimes led to confrontation and controversy, but usually have improved the quality of medical decision-making. Before then medical ethics had been isolated for almost two centuries from the larger philosophical, social, and religious controversies of the time. There was, however, an earlier period where leaders in medicine and in the humanities worked closely together and both (...)
     
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  30. Andreas-Holger Maehle (2009). Doctors, Honour, and the Law: Medical Ethics in Imperial Germany. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Disciplining doctors : medical courts of honour and professional conduct -- Medical confidentiality : the debate on private versus public interests -- Patient information and consent : self-determination versus paternalism -- Duties and habitus of a doctor : the literature on medical ethics.
     
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  31.  19
    Thomas Stephen Szasz (1977). The Theology of Medicine: The Political-Philosophical Foundations of Medical Ethics. Syracuse University Press.
    The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something ...
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  32.  9
    Giovanni Maio (1999). Is Etiquette Relevant to Medical Ethics? Ethics and Aesthetics in the Works of John Gregory (1724–1773). Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2):181-187.
    The writings of the Scottish physician and philosopher John Gregory play an important role in the modern codification of medical ethics. It is therefore appropriate to use his work as a historical example in approaching the question how elements of aesthetics were incorporated in 18th century medical ethics. The concept of a Gentleman is pivotal to the entire medical ethics of John Gregory as it provides him with the ethical source of the duty to (...)
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  33.  5
    D. Ojanuga (1993). The Medical Ethics of the 'Father of Gynaecology', Dr J Marion Sims. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):28-31.
    Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) was a common ailment among American women in the 19th century. Prior to that time, no successful surgery had been developed for the cure of this condition until Dr J Marion Sims perfected a successful surgical technique in 1849. Dr Sims used female slaves as research subjects over a four-year period of experimentation (1845-1849). This paper discusses the controversy surrounding his use of powerless women and whether his actions were acceptable during that historical period.
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  34.  23
    Paolo De Stefani (2013). Jin-Bao Nie, Nanyan Guo, Mark Selden, and Arthur Kleinman (Eds): Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):245-248.
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  35.  2
    Michael Whong-Barr (2003). Clinical Ethics Teaching in Britain: A History of the London Medical Group. New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):73-84.
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  36. Alastair V. Campbell (2012). Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics (Review). Asian Bioethics Review 4 (1):79-81.
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  37. Paolo De Stefani (2013). Jin-Bao Nie, Nanyan Guo, Mark Selden, and Arthur Kleinman (Eds): Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics: Routledge, Abington and New York, 2010, 249 Pp, ISBN: 9780415583770 (). [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):245-248.
     
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  38. Kelly Fryer-Edwards (2003). Associate Professor (July 2007), Department of Medical History and Ethics University of Washington School of Medicine. Bioethics 2004.
     
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  39. Bronwyn McFarland‐Icke (2003). Ulf Schmidt.Medical Films, Ethics, and Euthanasia in Nazi Germany: The History of Medical Research and Teaching Films of the Reich Office for Educational Films/Reich Institute for Films in Science and Education, 1933–1945. 387 Pp., Illus., Tables, Index. Husum: Matthiesen Verlag, 2002. €56, $56.04. [REVIEW] Isis 94 (4):757-758.
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  40.  19
    David J. Rothman (2003). Strangers at the Bedside: A History of How Law and Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making. Aldinetransaction.
    Introduction: making the invisible visible -- The nobility of the material -- Research at war -- The guilded age of research -- The doctor as whistle-blower -- New rules for the laboratory -- Bedside ethics -- The doctor as stranger -- Life through death -- Commissioning ethics -- No one to trust -- New rules for the bedside -- Epilogue: The price of success.
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  41. Almut Caspary (2010). In Good Health: Philosophical-Theological Analysis of the Concept of Health in Contemporary Medical Ethics. Franz Steiner Verlag.
     
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  42.  40
    Robert Baker (ed.) (1999). The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the Ama's Code of Ethics has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system (...)
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  43. John Gregory & Laurence B. Mccullough (1998). John Gregory's Writings on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine.
     
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  44.  15
    Andreas Frewer (2002). Medical Ethics in the Enlightenment. New Perspectives on Gregory, Percival and Rush. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):213-212.
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  45.  3
    Zbigniew Szawarski (1998). Boyd, Kenneth M., Higgs, Roger and Pinching, Anthony J.: 1997, The New Dictionary of Medical Ethics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):83-84.
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  46.  10
    Michael Whong-Barr (2001). Medical Ethics in Historical Contexts. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):233-235.
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  47.  6
    Roberto Mordacci (1998). Flynn, E.P. 1997, Issues in Medical Ethics. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (2):188-189.
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  48. Wim Dekkers & Bert Gordijn (2008). The Broader Context of Medical Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):253-254.
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  49.  9
    Dieter Birnbache (1999). The Socratic Method in Teaching Medical Ethics: Potentials and Limitations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):219-224.
    The Socratic method has a long history in teaching philosophy and mathematics, marked by such names as Karl Weierstra, Leonard Nelson and Gustav Heckmann. Its basic idea is to encourage the participants of a learning group (of pupils, students, or practitioners) to work on a conceptual, ethical or psychological problem by their own collective intellectual effort, without a textual basis and without substantial help from the teacher whose part it is mainly to enforce the rigid procedural rules designed to (...)
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  50. Michael Ryan (2009). Michael Ryan's Writings on Medical Ethics. Springer.
    Michael Ryan (d. 1840) remains one of the most mysterious figures in the history of medical ethics, despite the fact that he was the only British physician during the middle years of the 19th century to write about ethics in a systematic way. Michael Ryan’s Writings on Medical Ethics offers both an annotated reprint of his key ethical writings, and an extensive introductory essay that fills in many previously unknown details of Ryan’s life, analyzes (...)
     
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