Search results for 'Medical ethics History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Albert R. Jonsen (2000). A Short History of Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 702.0
    A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the (...)
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  2. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 702.0
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; (...)
     
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  3. Andreas Frewer (2010). Human Rights From the Nuremberg Doctors Trial to the Geneva Declaration. Persons and Institutions in Medical Ethics and History. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):259-268.score: 651.0
    The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and the “Geneva Declaration” by the World Medical Association, both in 1948, were preceded by the foundation of the United Nations in New York (1945), the World Medical Association in London (1946) and the World Health Organization in Geneva (1948). After the end of World War II the community of nations strove to achieve and sustain their primary goals of peace and security, as well as their basic premise, namely the health of (...)
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  4. Donald Enloe Konold (1962). A History of American Medical Ethics, 1847-1912. Madison, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, for the Dept. Of History, University of Wisconsin.score: 615.0
  5. Ulf Schmidt (2007). Turning the History of Medical Ethics From its Head Onto its Feet: A Critical Commentary on Baker and McCullough. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):31-42.score: 531.0
    The paper provides a critical commentary on the article by Baker and McCullough on Medical Ethic's Appropriation of Moral Philosophy. The author argues that Baker and McCullough offer a more "pragmatic" approach to the history of medical ethics that has the potential to enrich the bioethics field with a greater historical grounding and sound methodology. Their approach can help us to come to a more nuanced understanding about the way in which medical ethics has (...)
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  6. Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Philosophical Challenges in Teaching Bioethics: The Importance of Professional Medical Ethics and its History for Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):395 – 402.score: 522.0
    The papers in this number of the Journal originated in a session sponsored by the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Philosophy and Medicine in 1999. The four papers and two commentaries identify and address philosophical challenges of how we should understand and teach bioethics in the liberal arts and health professions settings. In the course of introducing the six papers, this article explores themes these papers raise, especially the relationship among professional medical ethics, the "long history" of (...)
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  7. Laurence B. McCullough (2001). The History of Medical Ethics Is Crucial for a Critical Perspective in the Continuing Development of Ethics Consultation. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):55-57.score: 522.0
    (2001). The History of Medical Ethics Is Crucial for a Critical Perspective in the Continuing Development of Ethics Consultation. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 55-57.
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  8. Laurence B. McCullough (1999). Hume's Influence on John Gregory and the History of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):376 – 395.score: 492.0
    The concept of medicine as a profession in the English-language literature of medical ethics is of recent vintage, invented by the Scottish physician and medical ethicist, John Gregory (1724-1773). Gregory wrote the first secular, philosophical, clinical, and feminine medical ethics and bioethics in the English language and did so on the basis of Hume's principle of sympathy. This paper provides a brief account of Gregory's invention and the role that Humean sympathy plays in that invention, (...)
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  9. K. Boyd (1995). What Can Medical Ethics Learn From History? Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):197-198.score: 477.0
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  10. D. W. Amundsen (forthcoming). Medical Ethics, History of Europe. I. Ancient and Medieval. C. Medieval Christian Europe. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.score: 450.0
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  11. Chester Burns (2004). Medical Ethics, History of the Americas: Colonial North America and Nineteenthcentury United States. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3:1517-23.score: 450.0
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  12. Harold J. Cook (forthcoming). Medical Ethics, History of Europe. II. Renaissance and Enlightenment. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.score: 450.0
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  13. D. Gracia & T. W. Reich (1995). Medical Ethics: History of Europe Southern Europe. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3.score: 450.0
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  14. Laurence B. McCullough (1999). Laying Medicine Open: Understanding Major Turning Points in the History of Medical Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (1):7-23.score: 444.0
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  15. Jacek A. Piątkiewicz (1992). A Brief History of Medical Ethics Code in Poland. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (4):361-362.score: 444.0
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  16. Joseph A. Bracken, Jacqueline Broad, Karen Green, Kristina Camilleri, Pheng Cheah & Suzanne Guerlac (2009). Baker, Robert B., and Laurence B. McCullough, Editors. The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxviii+ 876. Cloth, $250.00. Bayer, Thora Ilin, and Donald Phillip Verene, Editors. Giambattista Vico: Keys to the New Science: Translations, Commentaries, and Essays. Ithaca-London: Cornell University Press, 2009. Pp. Xi+ 209. Paper, $17.95. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):483-86.score: 444.0
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  17. Daniel M. Fox (1979). The Segregation of Medical Ethics: A Problem in Modern Intellectual History. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (1):81-97.score: 435.0
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  18. Courtney S. Campbell (2001). Albert R. Jonsen, a Short History of Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):399-402.score: 435.0
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  19. Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Power, Integrity, and Trust in the Managed Practice of Medicine: Lessons From the History of Medical Ethics. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):180-211.score: 435.0
  20. Laurence B. McCullough (2004). Taking the History of Medical Ethics Seriously in Teaching Medical Professionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):13 – 14.score: 435.0
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  21. Gregory Lawrence Bock (2010). Albert R. Jonsen, A Short History of Medical Ethics Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (1):45-46.score: 435.0
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  22. Diego Gracia (2001). History of Medical Ethics. In. In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 17--50.score: 435.0
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  23. Joseph J. Fins (2013). Review of John H. Evans, The History and Future of Medical Ethics: A Sociological View. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):58 - 59.score: 435.0
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  24. Albert R. Jonsen & Andrew Jameton (forthcoming). History of Medical Ethics: The United States in the Twentieth Century. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.score: 435.0
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  25. Rihito Kimura (forthcoming). History of Medical Ethics: Contemporary Japan. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.score: 435.0
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  26. Andreas-Holger Maehle (2009). Doctors, Honour, and the Law: Medical Ethics in Imperial Germany. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 432.0
    Disciplining doctors : medical courts of honour and professional conduct -- Medical confidentiality : the debate on private versus public interests -- Patient information and consent : self-determination versus paternalism -- Duties and habitus of a doctor : the literature on medical ethics.
     
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  27. Robert M. Veatch (2005). Disrupted Dialogue: Medical Ethics and the Collapse of Physician-Humanist Communication (1770-1980). Oxford University Press.score: 432.0
    Medical ethics changed dramatically in the past 30 years because physicians and humanists actively engaged each other in discussions that sometimes led to confrontation and controversy, but usually have improved the quality of medical decision-making. Before then medical ethics had been isolated for almost two centuries from the larger philosophical, social, and religious controversies of the time. There was, however, an earlier period where leaders in medicine and in the humanities worked closely together and both (...)
     
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  28. Thomas Stephen Szasz (1977/1988). The Theology of Medicine: The Political-Philosophical Foundations of Medical Ethics. Syracuse University Press.score: 426.0
    The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something ...
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  29. Giovanni Maio (1999). Is Etiquette Relevant to Medical Ethics? Ethics and Aesthetics in the Works of John Gregory (1724–1773). Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2):181-187.score: 426.0
    The writings of the Scottish physician and philosopher John Gregory play an important role in the modern codification of medical ethics. It is therefore appropriate to use his work as a historical example in approaching the question how elements of aesthetics were incorporated in 18th century medical ethics. The concept of a Gentleman is pivotal to the entire medical ethics of John Gregory as it provides him with the ethical source of the duty to (...)
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  30. D. Ojanuga (1993). The Medical Ethics of the 'Father of Gynaecology', Dr J Marion Sims. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):28-31.score: 414.0
    Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) was a common ailment among American women in the 19th century. Prior to that time, no successful surgery had been developed for the cure of this condition until Dr J Marion Sims perfected a successful surgical technique in 1849. Dr Sims used female slaves as research subjects over a four-year period of experimentation (1845-1849). This paper discusses the controversy surrounding his use of powerless women and whether his actions were acceptable during that historical period.
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  31. Paolo De Stefani (2013). Jin-Bao Nie, Nanyan Guo, Mark Selden, and Arthur Kleinman (Eds): Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):245-248.score: 405.0
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  32. Michael Whong-Barr (2003). Clinical Ethics Teaching in Britain: A History of the London Medical Group. New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):73-84.score: 405.0
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  33. Alastair V. Campbell (2012). Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics (Review). Asian Bioethics Review 4 (1):79-81.score: 405.0
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  34. Paolo De Stefani (2013). Jin-Bao Nie, Nanyan Guo, Mark Selden, and Arthur Kleinman (Eds): Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities: Comparative Inquiries in Science, History, and Ethics: Routledge, Abington and New York, 2010, 249 Pp, ISBN: 9780415583770 (). [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):245-248.score: 405.0
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  35. Kelly Fryer-Edwards (2003). Associate Professor (July 2007), Department of Medical History and Ethics University of Washington School of Medicine. Bioethics 2004.score: 405.0
     
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  36. Almut Caspary (2010). In Good Health: Philosophical-Theological Analysis of the Concept of Health in Contemporary Medical Ethics. Franz Steiner Verlag.score: 390.0
     
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  37. Robert Baker (ed.) (1999). The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the Ama's Code of Ethics has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 381.0
    The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system (...)
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  38. Dieter Birnbache (1999). The Socratic Method in Teaching Medical Ethics: Potentials and Limitations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):219-224.score: 381.0
    The Socratic method has a long history in teaching philosophy and mathematics, marked by such names as Karl Weierstra, Leonard Nelson and Gustav Heckmann. Its basic idea is to encourage the participants of a learning group (of pupils, students, or practitioners) to work on a conceptual, ethical or psychological problem by their own collective intellectual effort, without a textual basis and without substantial help from the teacher whose part it is mainly to enforce the rigid procedural rules designed to (...)
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  39. Michael Ryan (2009). Michael Ryan's Writings on Medical Ethics. Springer.score: 381.0
    Michael Ryan (d. 1840) remains one of the most mysterious figures in the history of medical ethics, despite the fact that he was the only British physician during the middle years of the 19th century to write about ethics in a systematic way. Michael Ryan’s Writings on Medical Ethics offers both an annotated reprint of his key ethical writings, and an extensive introductory essay that fills in many previously unknown details of Ryan’s life, analyzes (...)
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  40. David J. Rothman (2003/2008). Strangers at the Bedside: A History of How Law and Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making. Aldinetransaction.score: 369.0
    Introduction: making the invisible visible -- The nobility of the material -- Research at war -- The guilded age of research -- The doctor as whistle-blower -- New rules for the laboratory -- Bedside ethics -- The doctor as stranger -- Life through death -- Commissioning ethics -- No one to trust -- New rules for the bedside -- Epilogue: The price of success.
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  41. John Mark Freeman (1987). Tough Decisions: A Casebook in Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 347.0
    Tough Decisions presents many of the complex medical-ethical issues likely to confront practitioners in critical situations. Through fictional but true-to-life cases, vividly described in clinical terms, the authors force the reader to choose among different courses of action and to confront a range of possible consequences. A two-year-old has been diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor. Who should be allowed to make decisions about the child's surgery and subsequent therapy, and on what basis? A family history of Huntington's (...)
     
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  42. Edmund D. Pellegrino (2012). Medical Ethics in an Era of Bioethics: Resetting the Medical Profession's Compass. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):21-24.score: 345.0
    What it means to be a medical professional has been defined by medical ethicists throughout history and remains a contemporary concern addressed by this paper. A medical professional is generally considered to be one who makes a public promise to fulfill the ethical obligations expressed in the Hippocratic Code. This presentation summarizes the history of medical professionalism and refocuses attention on the interpersonal relationship of doctor and patient. This keynote address was delivered at the (...)
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  43. V. Fineschi, E. Turillazzi & C. Cateni (1997). The New Italian Code of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):239-244.score: 339.0
    In June 1995, the Italian code of medical ethics was revised in order that its principles should reflect the ever-changing relationship between the medical profession and society and between physicians and patients. The updated code is also a response to new ethical problems created by scientific progress; the discussion of such problems often shows up a need for better understanding on the part of the medical profession itself. Medical deontology is defined as the discipline for (...)
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  44. Anthony S. Oberman, Tal Brosh-Nissimov & Nachman Ash (2010). Medicine and the Holocaust: A Visit to the Nazi Death Camps as a Means of Teaching Medical Ethics in the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):821-826.score: 339.0
    A novel method of teaching military medical ethics, medical ethics and military ethics in the Israel Defense Force (IDF) Medical Corps, essential topics for all military medical personnel, is discussed. Very little time is devoted to medical ethics in medical curricula, and even less to military medical ethics. Ninety-five per cent of American students in eight medical schools had less than 1 h of military medical (...) teaching and few knew the basic tenets of the Geneva Convention. Medical ethics differs from military medical ethics: the former deals with the relationship between medical professional and patient, while in the latter military physicians have to balance between military necessity and their traditional priorities to their patients. The underlying principles, however, are the same in both: the right to life, autonomy, dignity and utility. The IDF maintains high moral and ethical standards. This stems from the preciousness of human life in Jewish history, tradition and religious law. Emphasis is placed on these qualities within the Israeli education system; the IDF teaches and enforces moral and ethical standards in all of its training programmes and units. One such programme is ‘Witnesses in Uniform’ in which the IDF takes groups of officers to visit Holocaust memorial sites and Nazi death camps. During these visits daily discussions touch on intricate medical and military ethical issues, and contemporary ethical dilemmas relevant to IDF officers during active missions. (shrink)
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  45. Y. M. Barilan & M. Brusa (2013). Deliberation at the Hub of Medical Education: Beyond Virtue Ethics and Codes of Practice. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):3-12.score: 333.0
    Although both codes of practice and virtue ethics are integral to the ethos and history of “medical professionalism”, the two trends appear mutually incompatible. Hence, in the first part of the paper we explore and explicate this apparent conflict and seek a direction for medical education. The theoretical and empirical literature indicates that moral deliberation may transcend the incompatibilities between the formal and the virtuous, may enhance moral and other aspects of personal sensitivity, may help design (...)
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  46. A. Dreger, E. K. Feder & A. Tamar-Mattis (2012). Prenatal Dexamethasone for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: An Ethics Canary in the Modern Medical Mine. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):277-294.score: 315.0
    Following extensive examination of published and unpublished materials, we provide a history of the use of dexamethasone in pregnant women at risk of carrying a female fetus affected by congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). This intervention has been aimed at preventing development of ambiguous genitalia, the urogenital sinus, tomboyism, and lesbianism. We map out ethical problems in this history, including: misleading promotion to physicians and CAH-affected families; de facto experimentation without the necessary protections of approved research; troubling parallels to (...)
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  47. Tia Powell (2006). Cultural Context in Medical Ethics: Lessons From Japan. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1 (1):4.score: 306.0
    This paper examines two topics in Japanese medical ethics: non-disclosure of medical information by Japanese physicians, and the history of human rights abuses by Japanese physicians during World War II. These contrasting issues show how culture shapes our view of ethically appropriate behavior in medicine. An understanding of cultural context reveals that certain practices, such as withholding diagnostic information from patients, may represent ethical behavior in that context. In contrast, nonconsensual human experimentation designed to harm the (...)
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  48. J. Sheather (2008). The Medical Ethics Committee of the British Medical Association - Principles and Pragmatism. Clinical Ethics 3 (2):91-94.score: 306.0
    This article gives an overview of the development, remit, structure and working of the British Medical Association's Medical Ethics Committee. It situates it within a brief history of the Association and gives examples of current work.
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  49. Eugenia M. Porto (1990). Social Context and Historical Emergence: The Underlying Dimension of Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).score: 297.0
    I argue that work in medical ethics which attempts to humanize medicine without examining hidden assumptions (about medicine's ontology, explanations, goals, relationships) has the dehumanizing effect of legitimating practices which treat persons as abstractions. After illustrating the need to reexamine the field of medical ethics and the doctor-patient relationship in particular, I use Foucault's work to provide a social, historical framework for discussion. This background begins to demonstrate that doctor-patient relationships cannot be made satisfactory by new (...)
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  50. Prakash N. Desai (1988). Medical Ethics in India. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (3):231-255.score: 297.0
    Medical ethics in the Indian context is closely related to indigenous classical and folk traditions. This article traces the history of Indian conceptions of ethics and medicine, with an emphasis on the Hindu tradition. Classical Ayurvedic texts including Carakasamhita and Susrutasamhita provide foundational assumptions about the body, the self, and gunas , which provide the underpinnings for the ethical system. Karma , the notion that every action has consequences, (...) provides a foundation for medical morality. Conception, prolongation of one's blood-line is an important ethical aim of life. Thus a wide range of practices to further conception are acceptable. Abortion is a more complex matter ethically. At the end of life death is viewed in the context of passage to another life. Death is a relief from suffering to be coped with by the thought of an eternal atman or rebirth. Keywords: India, Hindu, karma, conception, death CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?. (shrink)
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