Search results for 'Medical ethics Political aspects' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Melanie Phillips (1985). Doctors' Dilemmas: Medical Ethics and Contemporary Science. Methuen.score: 666.0
     
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  2. Joel E. Frader (1992). Political and Interpersonal Aspects of Ethics Consultation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).score: 648.0
    Previous papers on ethics consultation in medicine have taken a positivistic approach and lack critical scrutiny of the psychosocial, political, and moral contexts in which consultations occur. This paper discusses some of the contextual factors that require more careful research. We need to know more about what prompts and inhibits consultation, especially what factors effectively prevent house officers and nonphysicians from requesting consultation despite perceived moral conflict in cases. The attitudes and institutional power of attending medical staff (...)
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  3. Thomas Stephen Szasz (1977/1988). The Theology of Medicine: The Political-Philosophical Foundations of Medical Ethics. Syracuse University Press.score: 579.0
    The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something ...
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  4. Joseph B. R. Gaie (2004). The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Discussion. Kluwer Academic.score: 576.0
    This book examines the extremely important issue of the consistency of medical involvement in ending lives in medicine, law and war. It uses philosophical theory to show why medical doctors may be involved at different stages of the capital punishment process. The author uses the theories of Emmanuel Kant and John S. Mill, combined with Gerwith's principle of generic consistency, to concretize ethics in capital punishment practice. This book does not discuss the moral justification of capital punishment, (...)
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  5. F. Regnier & J. -M. Rouzioux (1983). Report From France: Contemporary Aspects of Medical Ethics in France. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (3):170-174.score: 553.5
    The authors consider four aspects of contemporary medical ethics in France: abortion and contraception; artificial insemination; suicide and euthanasia, and drug trials on healthy human volunteers, and then outline the various ethical codes which apply to French doctors. Many in France who accept technological progress are unwilling or unable to acknowledge the impact upon medical ethics of this progress. The conflict is epitomised by the new role being demanded from the doctor. Where formerly he was (...)
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  6. K. Boyd (1984). The Positive Aspects of Medical Ethics Today. Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (3):122-123.score: 508.5
    The author of this comment suggests that some of the important points made by Dr Adrian Rogers are vitiated by a tendency to contrast the worst of modern medical practice with an over-idealised view of the past. The state of medical ethics today, the author suggests, is more hopeful than Dr Rogers allows.
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  7. Susan Sherwin (1989). Feminist and Medical Ethics: Two Different Approaches to Contextual Ethics. Hypatia 4 (2):57 - 72.score: 468.0
    Feminist ethics and medical ethics are critical of contemporary moral theory in several similar respects. There is a shared sense of frustration with the level of abstraction and generality that characterizes traditional philosophic work in ethics and a common commitment to including contextual details and allowing room for the personal aspects of relationships in ethical analysis. This paper explores the ways in which context is appealed to in feminist and medical (...), the sort of details that should be included in the recommended narrative approaches to ethical problems, and the difference it makes to our ethical deliberations if we add an explicitly feminist political analysis to our discussion of context. It is claimed that an analysis of gender is needed for feminist medical ethics and that this requires a certain degree of generality, i.e. a political understanding of context. (shrink)
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  8. Horacio Fabrega Jr (1990). An Ethnomedical Perspective of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):593-625.score: 468.0
    Ethnomedicine is the field that analyzes medical traditions comparatively. An ethnomedical approach is used in the essay to analyze the topic of medical ethics. General properties of medical ethics as realized in different societies are outlined. These pertain to the healer's relations with clients, with other healers, and with the group or society. The conditions of medical practice and the influence of social and political factors that affect them are discussed in relation to (...)
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  9. S. Holm (2005). Bioethics Down Under--Medical Ethics Engages with Political Philosophy. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):1-1.score: 468.0
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  10. Robert Baker (ed.) (1999). The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the Ama's Code of Ethics has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 463.5
    The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system of (...)
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  11. H. Thoma (1986). Some Aspects of Medical Ethics From the Perspective of Bioengineering. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).score: 463.5
    The problem of ethics in medical care as seen from the bioengineering results from the almost incredible technological achievements based on scientific research: On the one hand there is inadequate handling of technology and fear on the part of the patient; on the other hand there is admiration on the part of the physicians and the nursing staff. This article will survey the points of criticism concerning ethical behavior and will present and evaluate general problems of mechanization in (...)
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  12. Anne Marie Moulin (1988). Medical Ethics in France: The Latest Great Political Debate. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).score: 463.5
    The American term Bioethics has been adopted over the last ten years and the development of Bioethics committees on the American model testifies this influence, even before the official appointment of a National Committee in 1983. This phenomenon acknowledged as the emergence of French bioethics is in fact the final outcome of a long-lasting crisis in the medical profession, in quest for a new style of ethics, breaking with the traditional professional ethics (French Déontologie, through the Ordre (...)
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  13. Alan R. Petersen (2011). The Politics of Bioethics. Routledge.score: 432.0
    Bioethics as politics -- Bioethics and the politics of expectations -- Engendering consent : bioethics and biobanks -- Missing the big picture : bioethics and stem cell research -- Testing times : bioethics and "do-it-yourself" genetics -- Governing uncertainty : the politics of nanoethics -- Beyond bioethics.
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  14. Dolores Dooley‐Clarke (1981). Medical Ethics and Political Protest. Hastings Center Report 11 (6):5-8.score: 427.5
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  15. Piotr Aszyk (2007). Reception of Some Aspects of the Hippocratic Medical Ethics in Antiquity. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2).score: 427.5
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  16. Victor W. Sidel (1972). Three Reasons Why Health Workers Are More Involved: Medical Ethics and Socio‐Political Change. Hastings Center Report 2 (4):8-10.score: 427.5
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  17. Stephen E. Lammers & Allen Verhey (eds.) (1998). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics. William B. Eerdmans Pub..score: 414.0
    Collecting a wide range of contemporary and classical theological essays dealing with medical ethics, this volume is the finest resource available for engaging ...
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  18. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1991). The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity. Harvard University Press.score: 414.0
    INTRODUCTION The Questions of Medical Ethics Call him Andrew. His face is gaunt and unshaven but peaceful. His eyelids are gently closed. ...
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  19. Constantinos Deltas, Helenē Kalokairinou & Sabine Rogge (eds.) (2006). Progress in Science and the Danger of Hubris: Genetics, Transplantation, Stem Cell Research: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Medical Ethics, Nicosia, 24-26 September 2004. [REVIEW] Waxmann.score: 414.0
    Introduction The present volume contains the proceedings of the First International Conference on Medical Ethics which took place in Nicosia, from the 24th ...
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  20. Marian Egan (forthcoming). Dr. Klein Moral Aspects of Medicine 3 December 2006 Ethics of Medical Research in Third World Countries. Ethics.score: 414.0
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  21. Tom Koch (2012). Thieves of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine. Mit Press.score: 408.0
    Bioethics claimed to offer a set of generally applicable, universally accepted guidelines that would simplify complex situations. In Thieves of Virtue, Tom Koch argues that bioethics has failed to deliver on its promises.
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  22. M. H. Kottow (1999). In Defence of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):340-343.score: 400.5
    A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that (...)
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  23. P. Riis (1993). Medical Ethics in the European Community. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):7-12.score: 400.5
    Increasing European co-operation must take place in many areas, including medical ethics. Against the background of common cultural norms and pluralistic variation within political traditions, religion and lifestyles, Europe will have to converge towards unity within the field of medical ethics. This article examines how such convergence might develop with respect to four major areas: European research ethics committees, democratic health systems, the human genome project and rules for stopping futile treatments.
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  24. Nancy Berlinger (2005). After Harm: Medical Error and the Ethics of Forgiveness. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 387.0
    Medical error is a leading problem of health care in the United States. Each year, more patients die as a result of medical mistakes than are killed by motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDS. While most government and regulatory efforts are directed toward reducing and preventing errors, the actions that should follow the injury or death of a patient are still hotly debated. According to Nancy Berlinger, conversations on patient safety are missing several important components: religious voices, (...)
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  25. Rita Charon & Martha Montello (eds.) (2002). Stories Matter: The Role of Narrative in Medical Ethics. Routledge.score: 382.5
    The doctor patient relationship starts with a story. Doctors' notes, a patient's chart, the recommendations of ethics committees and insurance justifications all hinge on written and verbal narrative interaction. The "practice" of narrative profoundly affects decision making, patient health and treatment and the everyday practice of medicine. In this edited collection, the contributors provide conceptual foundations, practical guidelines and theoretical considerations central to the practice of narrative ethics.
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  26. M. Therese Lysaught (ed.) (2012). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics. W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..score: 382.5
    This third edition updates and expands the earlier award-winning volumes, providing classrooms and individuals alike with one of the finest available resources for ethics-engaged modern medicine.
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  27. Trevor Smith (1999). Ethics in Medical Research: A Handbook of Good Practice. Cambridge University Press.score: 378.0
    This is a comprehensive and practical guide to the ethical issues raised by different kinds of medical research, and is the first such book to be written with the needs of the researcher in mind. Clearly structured and written in a plain and accessible style, the book covers every significant ethical issue likely to be faced by researchers and research ethics committees. The author outlines and clarifies official guidelines, gives practical advice on how to adhere to these, and (...)
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  28. Michael Ignatieff (2004/2005). The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror. Edinburgh University Press.score: 378.0
    Must we fight terrorism with terror and torture with torture? Must we sacrifice civil liberty to protect public safety?In the age of terrorism Michael Ignatieff argues that we must not shrink from the use of violence. But its use - in a liberal democracy - must be measured. And we must not fool ourselves that whatever we do in the name of freedom and democracy is good. We may need to kill to fight the greater evil of terrorism, but we (...)
     
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  29. Robert Laurence Barry (1989). Medical Ethics: Essays on Abortion and Euthanasia. P. Lang.score: 373.5
  30. Almut Caspary (2010). In Good Health: Philosophical-Theological Analysis of the Concept of Health in Contemporary Medical Ethics. Franz Steiner Verlag.score: 373.5
     
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  31. Margaret Monahan Hogan & David Solomon (eds.) (2007/2008). Medical Ethics at Notre Dame: The J. Philip Clarke Family Lectures, 1988-1999. [South Bend, Ind.?]The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture.score: 373.5
     
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  32. Margaret Monahan Hogan & David Solomon (eds.) (2007/2008). Medical Ethics at Notre Dame: The J. [South Bend, Ind.?]The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture.score: 373.5
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  33. John F. Monagle & David C. Thomasma (eds.) (1992). Medical Ethics: Policies, Protocols, Guidelines & Programs. Aspen Publishers.score: 373.5
     
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  34. Alastair V. Campbell (ed.) (1997). Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 371.3
    This book is intended as a practical introduction to the ethical problems which doctors and other health professionals can expect to encounter in their practice. It is divided into three parts: ethical foundations, clinical ethics, and medicine and society. The authors incorporate new chapters on topics such as theories of medical ethics, cultural aspects of medicine, genetic dilemmas, aging, dementia and mortality, research ethics, justice and health care (including an examination of resource allocation), and medicine, (...)
     
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  35. Michael H. Kottow (1999). Theoretical Aids in Teaching Medical Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):225-229.score: 369.0
    Medical ethics could be better understood if some basic theoretical aspects of practices in health care are analysed. By discussing the underlying ethical principles that govern medical practice, the student should also become familiar with the notion that medical ethics is much more than the external application of socially accepted moral standards. Professions in general and medicine in particular have internal values that command their moral virtuosity at the same time as their technical excellence. (...)
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  36. Jürgen Boomgaarden, Pekka Louhiala & Urban Wiesing (eds.) (2003). Issues in Medical Research Ethics. Berghahn Books.score: 360.0
    Introduction TEMPE (Teaching Ethics: Material for Practitioner Education) is a two-year research project (2000-2002) funded by the European Commission ...
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  37. Richard B. Day & Joseph Masciulli (eds.) (2007). Globalization and Political Ethics. Brill.score: 351.0
    This book measures the current institutional and political realities surrounding globalization against philosophical ideals.
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  38. Robert E. Denton (ed.) (2000). Political Communication Ethics: An Oxymoron? Praeger.score: 351.0
  39. Mark A. Hall (1997). Making Medical Spending Decisions: The Law, Ethics, and Economics of Rationing Mechanisms. Oxford University Press.score: 348.0
    This book explores the making of health care rationing decisions through the analysis of three alternative decision makers: patients paying out of pocket; officials setting limits on treatments and coverage; and physicians at the bedside. Hall develops this analysis along three dimensions: political economics, ethics, and law. The economic dimension addresses the practical feasibility of each method. The ethical dimension discusses the moral aspects of these methods, while the legal dimension traces the most recent developments in jurisprudence (...)
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  40. Ian Kennedy (1988). Treat Me Right: Essays in Medical Law and Ethics. Clarendon Press.score: 342.0
    Controversial and amusing, this collection of Kennedy's writings illuminates the rights, duties, and liabilities of doctors as well as other aspects of medical law and ethics.
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  41. Bob Brecher (2006). The Politics of Medical and Health Ethics: Collapsing Goods and the Moral Climate. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (2-3):359-370.score: 340.5
    In responding to Thomas Magnell's notion of 'collapsing goods', I draw attention to how medical and health ethics practices are not innocent, but political; and to suggest something about their relation to the moral climate. More specifically, I show that to take them as innocent, or as politically neutral, is not only a misunderstanding, but one that is likely to impact on the moral climate as well as being already a reflection of it. Ethics, and the (...)
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  42. Mihaela Frunza & Sandu Frunza (2013). Institutional Aspects of the Ethical Debate on Euthanasia. A Communicational Perspective. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (34):19-36.score: 336.0
    Although euthanasia is seen as the problem of the individual will and as one’s right to privacy, to a better quality of life or to a dignified death, it has major institutional implications. They are closely related to the juridical system, to the way of understanding state involvement in protecting the individuals and respecting their freedoms, to the institutional system of health care, to the government rules that establish social, political or professional practices. The public debate around the topics (...)
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  43. Göran Collste (2002). The Internet Doctor and Medical Ethics Ethical Implications of the Introduction of the Internet Into Medical Encounters. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):121-125.score: 334.5
    In this article, consultation via the Internet and the use of the Internet as a source of medical information is examined from an ethical point of view. It is argued that important ethical aspects of the clinical interaction, such as dialogue and trust will be difficult to realise in an Internet-consultation. Further, it is doubtful whether an Internet doctor will accept responsibility. However, medical information via the Internet can be a valuable resource for patients wanting to know (...)
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  44. Y. M. Barilan & M. Brusa (2013). Deliberation at the Hub of Medical Education: Beyond Virtue Ethics and Codes of Practice. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):3-12.score: 333.0
    Although both codes of practice and virtue ethics are integral to the ethos and history of “medical professionalism”, the two trends appear mutually incompatible. Hence, in the first part of the paper we explore and explicate this apparent conflict and seek a direction for medical education. The theoretical and empirical literature indicates that moral deliberation may transcend the incompatibilities between the formal and the virtuous, may enhance moral and other aspects of personal sensitivity, may help design (...)
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  45. Thomas Alured Faunce (2005). Will International Human Rights Subsume Medical Ethics? Intersections in the UNESCO Universal Bioethics Declaration. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):173-178.score: 328.5
    The professional regulatory system known as medical ethics has been one of the most visionary and socially valuable creations of the medical profession. Its beneficial influence has extended beyond physician/patient relations, to the shaping of many key humanistic and egalitarian features of the world’s legal and political institutions. The continued existence of medical ethics as a professionally influential normative system, however, is being challenged by international human rights. The UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and (...)
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  46. Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann (forthcoming). Ethics by Opinion Poll? The Functions of Attitudes Research for Normative Deliberations in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-101253.score: 328.5
    Empirical studies on people's moral attitudes regarding ethically challenging topics contribute greatly to research in medical ethics. However, it is not always clear in which ways this research adds to medical ethics as a normative discipline. In this article, we aim to provide a systematic account of the different ways in which attitudinal research can be used for normative reflection. In the first part, we discuss whether ethical judgements can be based on empirical work alone and (...)
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  47. P. H. Fentem (1985). Methods of Teaching Medical Ethics at the University of Nottingham. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):27-28.score: 328.5
    Medical ethics has been described as a thread woven into the fabric of the Nottingham curriculum. There exist a wide variety of relevant learning experiences, occurring at intervals throughout each of the five years of the course. The introduction of the students to clinical method from the start creates the need for early consideration of ethical aspects of professional behaviour and this in turn stimulates spontaneous discussion and inquiry amongst the students. The school has chosen to rely (...)
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  48. S. M. Glick (1994). The Teaching of Medical Ethics to Medical Students. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (4):239-243.score: 328.5
    Teaching medical ethics to medical students in a pluralistic society is a challenging task. Teachers of ethics have obligations not just to teach the subject matter but to help create an academic environment in which well motivated students have reinforcement of their inherent good qualities. Emphasis should be placed on the ethical aspects of daily medical practice and not just on the dramatic dilemmas raised by modern technology. Interdisciplinary teaching should be encouraged and teaching (...)
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  49. B. Nicholas (1999). Power and the Teaching of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):507-513.score: 328.5
    This paper argues that ethics education needs to become more reflective about its social and political ethic as it participates in the construction and transmission of medical ethics. It argues for a critical approach to medical ethics and explores the political context in medical schools and some of the peculiar problems in medical ethics education.
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  50. Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann (2012). Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: How Conceptual Accounts on Normative-Empirical Collaboration May Improve Research Practice. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.score: 328.5
    BackgroundThe methodology of medical ethics during the last few decades has shifted from a predominant use of normative-philosophical analyses to an increasing involvement of empirical methods. The articles which have been published in the course of this so-called 'empirical turn' can be divided into conceptual accounts of empirical-normative collaboration and studies which use socio-empirical methods to investigate ethically relevant issues in concrete social contexts.DiscussionA considered reference to normative research questions can be expected from good quality empirical research in (...)
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