Search results for 'Medical genetics Criminal provisions' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Amel Alghrani, Rebecca Bennett & Suzanne Ost (eds.) (2012). Bioethics, Medicine, and the Criminal Law: The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking the Tightrope. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction - when criminal law encounters bioethics: a case of tensions and incompatibilities or an apt forum for resolving ethical conflict? Amel Alghrani, Rebecca Bennett and Suzanne Ost; Part I. Death, Dying, and the Criminal Law: 2. Euthanasia and assisted suicide should, when properly performed by a doctor in an appropriate case, be decriminalised John Griffiths; 3. Five flawed arguments for decriminalising euthanasia John Keown; 4. Euthanasia excused: between prohibition and permission Richard Huxtable; (...)
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  2. Amel Alghrani, Rebecca Bennett & Suzanne Ost (eds.) (2013). Bioethics, Medicine, and the Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction - when criminal law encounters bioethics: a case of tensions and incompatibilities or an apt forum for resolving ethical conflict? Amel Alghrani, Rebecca Bennett and Suzanne Ost; Part I. Death, Dying, and the Criminal Law: 2. Euthanasia and assisted suicide should, when properly performed by a doctor in an appropriate case, be decriminalised John Griffiths; 3. Five flawed arguments for decriminalising euthanasia John Keown; 4. Euthanasia excused: between prohibition and permission Richard Huxtable; (...)
     
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  3.  7
    Rogeer Hoedemaekers & Henk ten Have (1999). The Concept of Abnormality in Medical Genetics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6):537-561.
    This paper explores usage of the concept ofabnormality in medical genetics and proposesdirectives for more careful usage of this concept.The conceptual difficulties are first explored, thena model is developed to assess actual usage, followedby analysis of a sample of genetic textbooks andgenetics literature. It appears that fact andvaluation are often intermingled, that referencestandards used to define 'genetic abnormalities' areoften not clear and that the concept of abnormality isoften used independent of the degree of certainty withwhich the altered genetype (...)
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  4.  11
    Natália Oliva-Teles (2011). The Sense of Responsibility in the Context of Professional Activities in Medical Genetics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):397-405.
    Medical Genetics is a relatively new field of scientific work that involves a lot of enthusiastic professionals, both in routine (clinical) and research (scientific projects). In either field, different geneticists feel different responsibilities for their work, either because they are different people (personal responsibility) or because they have a different rank in the respective departments (professional responsibility). This paper presents the philosophical views of several authors on the sense of responsibility from the Classical times until the present and (...)
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  5.  8
    Heather Widdows (2011). Localized Past, Globalized Future: Towards an Effective Bioethical Framework Using Examples From Population Genetics and Medical Tourism. Bioethics 25 (2):83-91.
    This paper suggests that many of the pressing dilemmas of bioethics are global and structural in nature. Accordingly, global ethical frameworks are required which recognize the ethically significant factors of all global actors. To this end, ethical frameworks must recognize the rights and interests of both individuals and groups (and the interrelation of these). The paper suggests that the current dominant bioethical framework is inadequate to this task as it is over-individualist and therefore unable to give significant weight to the (...)
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  6. Colleen D. Clements (1982). Medical Genetics Casebook a Clinical Introduction to Medical Ethics Systems Theory. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  7.  9
    Constantinos Deltas, Helenē Kalokairinou & Sabine Rogge (eds.) (2006). Progress in Science and the Danger of Hubris: Genetics, Transplantation, Stem Cell Research: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Medical Ethics, Nicosia, 24-26 September 2004. [REVIEW] Waxmann.
    Introduction The present volume contains the proceedings of the First International Conference on Medical Ethics which took place in Nicosia, from the 24th ...
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  8. Junxin Kang (2009). Sheng Ming Xing Fa Yuan Li. Yuan Zhao Chu Ban You Xian Gong Si.
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  9. Changqiu Liu (2006). Sheng Ming Ke Ji Fan Zui Ji Qi Xing Fa Ying Dui Ce Lüe Yan Jiu. Fa Lü Chu Ban She.
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  10.  5
    Marie Darrason (forthcoming). Mechanistic and Topological Explanations in Medicine: The Case of Medical Genetics and Network Medicine. Synthese:1-27.
    Medical explanations have often been thought on the model of biological ones and are frequently defined as mechanistic explanations of a biological dysfunction. In this paper, I argue that topological explanations, which have been described in ecology or in cognitive sciences, can also be found in medicine and I discuss the relationships between mechanistic and topological explanations in medicine, through the example of network medicine and medical genetics. Network medicine is a recent discipline that relies on the (...)
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  11.  36
    Gregory Fowler, Eric T. Juengst & Burke K. Zimmerman (1989). Germ-Line Gene Therapy and the Clinical Ethos of Medical Genetics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (2).
    Although the ability to perform gene therapy in human germ-line cells is still hypothetical, the rate of progress in molecular and cell biology suggests that it will only be a matter of time before reliable clinical techniques will be within reach. Three sets of arguments are commonly advanced against developing those techniques, respectively pointing to the clinical risks, social dangers and better alternatives. In this paper we analyze those arguments from the perspective of the client-centered ethos that traditionally governs practice (...)
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  12.  2
    William Leeming (2005). Ideas About Heredity, Genetics, and 'Medical Genetics' in Britain, 1900–1982. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (3):538-558.
    The aim of this paper is to understand how evolving ideas about heredity and genetics influenced new medical interests and practices and, eventually, the formation of ‘medical genetics’ as a medical specialism in Britain. I begin the paper by highlighting the social and institutional changes through which these ideas passed. I argue that, with time, there was a decisive convergence in thought that combined ideas about the familial aspects of heredity and the health needs of (...)
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  13.  9
    J. Shuman (1999). Desperately Seeking Perfection: Christian Discipleship and Medical Genetics. Christian Bioethics 5 (2):139-153.
    The question of what, if anything, Christian theology as theology might contribute to ethical debates about appropriate uses of medical genetics has often been ignored. The answer is complex, and the author argues it is best characterized by an explanation of the analogous aspirations of the two: both have as their goal the perfection of the human being, both assert that the present disposition of the human body is on a fundamental level more often than not other than (...)
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  14.  13
    Rogeer Hoedemaekers & Henk ten Have (1999). The Concept of Abnormality in Medical Genetics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6).
    This paper explores usage of the concept ofabnormality in medical genetics and proposesdirectives for more careful usage of this concept.The conceptual difficulties are first explored, thena model is developed to assess actual usage, followedby analysis of a sample of genetic textbooks andgenetics literature. It appears that fact andvaluation are often intermingled, that referencestandards used to define 'genetic abnormalities' areoften not clear and that the concept of abnormality isoften used independent of the degree of certainty withwhich the altered genetype (...)
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  15.  4
    Nikolai Krementsov (2011). From 'Beastly Philosophy'to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union. Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92.
    Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a range of (...)
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  16.  7
    Jennifer Marshall, The Development of Contemporary Medical Genetics Research Models and the Need for Scientific Responsibility.
    Current medical genetics research is dominated by a single theory that supports the Human Genome Project rationale. This thesis investigates this and several alternative hypotheses and the ethical context related to their development. Firstly, the hypotheses are discussed in detail followed by a subsection in which research evidence based on each hypothesis is cited. Secondly, these medical genetics hypotheses are situated within the contemporary medical paradigm. To conclude, the thesis examines in depth the ethical and (...)
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  17. Norio Fujiki, Mikio Hirayama, Shigeaki Nakazaki & Kazuo Mano (1998). F20. Summary of Panel Discussion and Opinion Surveys on Medical Genetics in Asian Countries. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi 200:413.
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  18. Norio Fujiki (forthcoming). 7.5. The Recent Trends in Bioethics in Medical Genetics and Cloning. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
     
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  19. Eiko Fukumoto (forthcoming). F29. The Draft Proposed WHO Guidelines and the Gaps in Information and Understanding of Medical Genetics and Genetics Services Between Specialists and the General Population. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
     
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  20. Kiyotaro Kondo (forthcoming). F22. The Mass Media and Bioethics in Medical Genetics. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
     
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  21. Akiko Nobe (forthcoming). F30. On the Draft of the Proposed WHO Guidelines on Ethical Issues in Medical Genetics and the Provision of Genetics Services. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
     
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  22. Derek F. Roberts (forthcoming). F8. Some Current Issues in Medical Genetics in the UK. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
     
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  23.  27
    Thomas Douglas (2014). Criminal Rehabilitation Through Medical Intervention: Moral Liability and the Right to Bodily Integrity. Journal of Ethics 18 (2):101-122.
    Criminal offenders are sometimes required, by the institutions of criminal justice, to undergo medical interventions intended to promote rehabilitation. Ethical debate regarding this practice has largely proceeded on the assumption that medical interventions may only permissibly be administered to criminal offenders with their consent. In this article I challenge this assumption by suggesting that committing a crime might render one morally liable to certain forms of medical intervention. I then consider whether it is possible (...)
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  24.  2
    Gerben Meynen (2009). Exploring the Similarities and Differences Between Medical Assessments of Competence and Criminal Responsibility. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):443-451.
    The medical assessments of criminal responsibility and competence to consent to treatment are performed, developed and debated in distinct domains. In this paper I try to connect these domains by exploring the similarities and differences between both assessments. In my view, in both assessments a decision-making process is evaluated in relation to the possible influence of a mental disorder on this process. I will argue that, in spite of the relevance of the differences, both practices could benefit from (...)
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  25. David Wasserman & Robert Wachbroit (eds.) (2012). Genetics and Criminal Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
    In this 2001 volume a group of leading philosophers address some of the basic conceptual, methodological and ethical issues raised by genetic research into criminal behavior. The essays explore the complexities of tracing any genetic influence on criminal, violent or antisocial behavior; the varieties of interpretations to which evidence of such influences is subject; and the relevance of such influences to the moral and legal appraisal of criminal conduct. The distinctive features of this collection are: first, that (...)
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  26.  1
    David Wasserman & Robert Samuel Wachbroit (2002). [Book Review] Genetics and Criminal Behavior. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (1):185-187.
    In this 2001 volume a group of leading philosophers address some of the basic conceptual, methodological and ethical issues raised by genetic research into criminal behavior. The essays explore the complexities of tracing any genetic influence on criminal, violent or antisocial behavior; the varieties of interpretations to which evidence of such influences is subject; and the relevance of such influences to the moral and legal appraisal of criminal conduct. The distinctive features of this collection are: first, that (...)
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  27.  18
    Jos V. M. Welie (1992). The Medical Exception: Physicians, Euthanasia and the Dutch Criminal Law. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):419-437.
    The legalization of euthanasia, both in the Netherlands and in other countries is usually justified in reference to the right to autonomy of patients. Utilizing recent Dutch jurisprudence, this article intends to show that the judicial proceedings on euthanasia in the Netherlands have not so much enhanced the autonomy of patients, as the autonomy of the medical profession. Keywords: allowing to die, criminal law, euthanasia, law enforcement, legal aspects, legislation, medical ethics, medical profession, self determination, the (...)
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  28.  3
    Nita Farahany & William Bernet (2006). Behavioural Genetics in Criminal Cases: Past, Present and Future. Genomics, Society and Policy 2 (1):72-79.
    Researchers studying human behavioral genetics have made significant scientific progress in enhancing our understanding of the relative contributions of genetics and the environment in observed variations in human behavior. Quickly outpacing the advances in the science are its applications in the criminal justice system. Already, human behavioral genetics research has been introduced in the U.S. criminal justice system, and its use will only become more prevalent. This essay discusses the recent historical use of behavioral (...) in criminal cases, recent advances in two gene variants of particular interest in the criminal law, MAOA and SLC6A4, the recent expert testimony on behalf of criminal defendants with respect to these two gene variants, and the future direction of behavioral genetics evidence in criminal cases. (shrink)
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  29.  1
    William Leeming (2010). Tracing the Shifting Sands of 'Medical Genetics': What's in a Name? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (1):50-60.
    This paper focuses on the structural development of institution-based interest in genetics in Anglo-North American medicine after 1930 concomitantly with an analysis of the changes through which ideas about heredity and the hereditary transmission of diseases in families have passed. It maintains that the unfolding relationship between medicine and genetics can best be understood against the background of the shift in emphasis in conceptualisations of recurring patterns of disease in families from ‘biological relatedness’ to ‘related to chromosomes and (...)
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  30. M. J. Seller (1983). Medical Genetics Casebook. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (4):229-229.
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  31.  12
    Dorothy C. Wertz & John C. Fletcher (1991). Privacy and Disclosure in Medical Genetics Examined in an Ethics of Care. Bioethics 5 (3):212–232.
  32.  4
    H. Gruneberg (1940). An Introduction to Medical Genetics. The Eugenics Review 32 (3):87.
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  33.  3
    Alan Eh Emery (1966). Progress in Medical Genetics. Volume IV. The Eugenics Review 58 (4):207.
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  34.  7
    Hermann Lehmann (1979). Blood Groups and Diseases. A Study of Associations of Diseases with Blood Groups and Other Polymorphisms. By A. E. Mourant, Ada C. Kopec and Kazimiera Domaniewska-Sobczak Pp. Ix + 328. (Oxford Monographs of Medical Genetics, Oxford Press, 1978.) Price £25.00. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 11 (1):110-111.
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  35.  2
    John C. Fletcher & Dorothy C. Wertz (1988). Medical Genetics. Hastings Center Report 18 (6):48-48.
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  36.  14
    Eric T. Juengst (1989). Patterns of Reasoning in Medical Genetics: An Introduction. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (2):101-105.
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  37.  3
    C. A. Clarke (1964). An Introduction to Medical Genetics. The Eugenics Review 55 (4):225.
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  38.  1
    Milo Keynes (1986). An Introduction to Medical Genetics, 8th Edn. By J. A. Fraser Roberts Marcus E. Pembury Pp. Xvi + 394. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1985.) £11.95, Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (3):373-374.
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  39. Susanne Bauer (2014). Mutations in Soviet Public Health Science: Post-Lysenko Medical Genetics, 1969–1991. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:163-172.
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  40. Maria Björkman (2015). The Emergence of Genetic Counseling in Sweden: Examples From Eugenics and Medical Genetics. Science in Context 28 (3):489-513.
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  41. John C. Fletcher Dorothy C. Wertz (1991). Privacy and Disclosure in Medical Genetics Examined in an Ethics of Care. Bioethics 5 (3):212-232.
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  42. Alan E. H. Emery (1969). Selected Topics in Medical Genetics. Edited by C. A. Clarke. Pp. X+282. Price 80s. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (4).
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  43. N. H. Horowitz (1966). Perspectives in Medical Genetics. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 9 (3):349-357.
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  44. William Leeming (2005). Ideas About Heredity, Genetics, and ‘Medical Genetics’ in Britain, 1900–1982. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (3):538-558.
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  45. William Leeming (2010). Tracing the Shifting Sands of ‘Medical Genetics’: What’s in a Name? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (1):50-60.
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  46. Derrek F. Roberts (forthcoming). Medical Genetics, Social Issues, and the Genome Programme. Human Genome Research and Society Proceedings of the Second International Bioethics Seminar, Fukui. Eubios Ethics Institute.
     
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  47.  6
    Stavroula A. Papadodima, Chara A. Spiliopoulou & Emmanouil I. Sakelliadis (2008). Medical Confidentiality: Legal and Ethical Aspects in Greece. Bioethics 22 (7):397-405.
    Respect for confidentiality is firmly established in codes of ethics and law. Medical care and the patients' trust depend on the ability of the doctors to maintain confidentiality. Without a guarantee of confidentiality, many patients would want to avoid seeking medical assistance The principle of confidentiality, however, is not absolute and may be overridden by public interests. On some occasions (birth, death, infectious disease) there is a legal obligation on the part of the doctor to disclose but only (...)
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  48.  5
    B. Williamson (1996). Medical Ethics, Teaching and the New Genetics. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):325-326.
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  49.  7
    Dan Egonsson (forthcoming). Review of Behavioral Genetics, Journal of Medical Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics.
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  50.  32
    Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Nancy S. Jecker (1996). Should a Criminal Receive a Heart Transplant? Medical Justice Vs. Societal Justice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    Should the nation provide expensive care and scarce organs to convicted felons? We distinguish between two fields of justice: Medical Justice and Societal Justice. Although there is general acceptance within the medical profession that physicians may distribute limited treatments based solely on potential medical benefits without regard to nonmedical factors, that does not mean that society cannot impose limits based on societal factors. If a society considers the convicted felon to be a full member, then that person (...)
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