Search results for 'Medical policy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jeffrey A. Mello (2013). Employment and Public Policy Issues Surrounding Medical Marijuana in the Workplace. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):659-666.score: 192.0
    The status of marijuana as an illegal drug has greatly evolved in recent years. Many countries have decriminalized possession of marijuana for personal use. Others have not decriminalized it but simply “tolerate” it for private personal use. Four countries have passed laws legalizing medical marijuana and one other tolerates the use of marijuana for medical purposes without having legislated a specific right for such possession and use. To date, 17 of the United States and the District of Columbia (...)
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  2. Marc D. Hiller (ed.) (1981). Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..score: 180.0
     
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  3. E. Smith, M. -J. Potvin & B. Williams-Jones (2012). Accessibility and Transparency of Editor Conflicts of Interest Policy Instruments in Medical Journals. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):679-684.score: 150.0
    Background There has been significant discussion about the need to manage conflict of interest (COI) in medical journals. This has lead many journals to implement policies to manage COI for authors and reviewers; however, surprisingly little attention has been focused on the COI of journal editors. Objective The goal of this exploratory study was to determine whether the policies were accessible to the public and to researchers, and to discuss the potential impact on public transparency. Design The authors conducted (...)
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  4. S. Shkedi-Rafid & Y. Hashiloni-Dolev (2012). Egg Freezing for Non-Medical Uses: The Lack of a Relational Approach to Autonomy in the New Israeli Policy and in Academic Discussion. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):154-157.score: 150.0
    Recently, the Israel National Bioethics Council (INBC) issued recommendations permitting egg freezing to prevent both disease- and age-related fertility decline. The INBC report forms the basis of Israel's new policy, being one of the first countries to regulate and authorise egg freezing for what it considers to be non-medical (ie, social) uses. The ethical discussion in the INBC report is reviewed and compared with the scant ethical discourse in the academic literature on egg freezing as a means of (...)
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  5. Muriel Gillick (1977). The Criteria of Choice in Medical Policy: Radiotherapy in Massachusetts. [REVIEW] Minerva 15 (1):15-31.score: 150.0
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  6. T. H. Davey (1951). Colonial Medical Policy in Relation to Population Growth. The Eugenics Review 42 (4):190.score: 150.0
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  7. Akiko Sugiyama (1999). The Medical Policy in the Period Managed by the Occupational Headqarters of the U, S, A. Studium 75:583-587.score: 150.0
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  8. Karin B. Johansson Blight (forthcoming). Medical Doctors Commissioned by Institutions That Regulate and Control Migration in Sweden: Implications for Public Health Ethics, Policy and Practice. Public Health Ethics:phu020.score: 144.0
    Medical doctors are commissioned by the migration authorities and/or border police to assist in decision making about asylum seeker’s requests for residency permits in Sweden. They are asked to: (i) assess the formal written medical opinions made by physicians in support of asylum or humanitarian narratives in the asylum process and/or (ii) to make medical assessments of persons considered for deportation. This arrangement raises questions such as: How is the decision making process carried out? How is (...) knowledge used, and who ought to make decisions about medical evidence in the asylum process? Does this approach effect public health overall? There are longstanding concerns that medical assessments to certify whether a person is fit for transport or not, can have a direct, negative impact on persons in need of care and protection. A separate structure of doctors commissioned by the immigration authority seems to raise professional tensions, politicizes medical constructs and contributes to moral disengagement. Empirical data are used to illustrate this discussion with reference to medical issues, medical ethics, public health and legal discourses. I then reflect on key value conflicts using public health ethics theory and conclude with implications for public health ethic theory, policy and practice. (shrink)
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  9. Marc D. Hiller (1981). Medical Ethics and Public Policy. In , Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..score: 144.0
     
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  10. Mieke L. Van Driel, Robert Vander Stichele, Jan De Maeseneer, An De Sutter & Thierry Christiaens (2007). Medical Evidence and Health Policy: A Marriage of Convenience? The Case of Proton Pump Inhibitors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):674-680.score: 134.0
    Rationale In Belgium, several policies regulating reimbursement of acid suppressant drugs and evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice were issued in a short period of time, creating a unique opportunity to observe their effect on prescribing. Aims and objectives To describe the evolution of prescriptions for acid suppressants and explore the interaction of policies and practice recommendations with prescribing patterns. Method Monthly claims-based data for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H-2-antihistamines by general practitioners, internists and "astroenterologists were obtained from the Belgian (...)
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  11. Mieke L. Van Driel, An I. De Sutter, Thierry Christiaens & Jan M. De Maeseneer (2005). Quality of Care: The Need for Medical, Contextual and Policy Evidence in Primary Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):417-429.score: 132.0
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  12. E. C. Winkler (2005). The Ethics of Policy Writing: How Should Hospitals Deal with Moral Disagreement About Controversial Medical Practices? Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):559-566.score: 126.0
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  13. S. M. Rajah (1975). Medical Experimentation: Personal Integrity and Social Policy. Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):155-155.score: 126.0
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  14. V. Berridge (1991). The Meaning of AIDS: Implications for Medical Science, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Policy. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):108-109.score: 126.0
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  15. C. Cowley (2006). Polemic: Five Proposals for a Medical School Admission Policy. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):491-494.score: 126.0
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  16. Peter J. Cohen (2006). Medical Marijuana, Compassionate Use, and Public Policy: Expert Opinion or Vox Populi ? Hastings Center Report 36 (3):19-22.score: 120.0
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  17. Alissa Hurwitz Swota (2007). Changing Policy to Reflect a Concern for Patients Who Sign Out Against Medical Advice. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):32 – 34.score: 120.0
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  18. Arthur Caplan (2007). Is It Sound Public Policy to Let the Terminally Ill Access Experimental Medical Innovations? American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):1 – 3.score: 120.0
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  19. John C. Moskop (1982). Book Review:Philosophy and Medicine Series. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 1: Explanation and Evaluation in the Biomedical Sciences. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 2: Philosophical Dimensions of the Neuro-Medical Sciences. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 4. Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 5: Mental Illness: Law and Public Policy. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 6: Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 7. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysi. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (2):381-.score: 120.0
  20. Richard L. Barber (1987). Public Policy and the Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources. Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):655-663.score: 120.0
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  21. Michael A. DeVita & James V. Snyder (1993). Development of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Policy for the Care of Terminally Ill Patients Who May Become Organ Donors After Death Following the Removal of Life Support. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):131-143.score: 120.0
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  22. Thomas S. Huddle (2012). Honesty Is an Internal Norm of Medical Practice and the Best Policy. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):15-17.score: 120.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 3, Page 15-17, March 2012.
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  23. David E. Joranson & Aaron M. Gilson (1996). Improving Pain Management Through Policy Making and Education for Medical Regulators. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (4):344-347.score: 120.0
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  24. John Coggon (2012). Recent Developments. The British Medical Association Reinvigorates Public Debates on UK Organ Donation Policy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):125-127.score: 120.0
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  25. J. Lemiengre, B. D. de Casterle & K. Van Craen (2009). Schotsmans P, Gastmans C. Institutional Ethics Policies on Medical End-of-Life Deci-Sions: A Literature Review. Health Policy 2007; 83 (2–3): 131–43. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18:209-210.score: 120.0
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  26. David Mechanic (1976). Rationing Health Care: Public Policy and the Medical Marketplace. Hastings Center Report 6 (1):34-37.score: 120.0
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  27. Chairperson Dorothy McBride Stetson & Jennifer Merchant (1996). Medical Science, Public Policy, and Reproductive Rights. The European Legacy 1 (3):1024-1030.score: 120.0
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  28. Dorothy McBride Stetson & Jennifer Merchant (1996). Medical Science, Public Policy, and Reproductive Rights. The European Legacy 1 (3):1024-1030.score: 120.0
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  29. Richard Stein (2007). Review of Mark A. Rothstein (Ed.), Genetics and Life Insurance, Medical Underwriting and Social Policy. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2004. 293 Pp. $34.00, Hardcover. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):88-89.score: 120.0
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  30. C. Strong, H. P. Wall, V. Jameson, H. R. Horn, P. N. Black, S. Scott & S. C. Brown (1996). A Model Policy Addressing Mistreatment of Medical Students. Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):341.score: 120.0
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  31. Sheri Alpert (1993). Smart Cards, Smarter Policy: Medical Records, Privacy, and Health Care Reform. Hastings Center Report 23 (6):13-23.score: 120.0
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  32. G. C. Beets, N. van Nimwegen, E. R. te Velde, C. M. Worthman, C. L. Jenkins, J. F. Stallings, D. Lai, E. Bonilla, A. Rodriguez & M. King (1993). The Ageing of Dutch Fertility: Socio-Medical and Policy Implications. Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):425-43.score: 120.0
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  33. Barry S. Fogel (2001). The Significance of Frontal System Disorders for Medical Practice and Health Policy. In S. Salloway, P. Malloy & J. Duffy (eds.), The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press. 7--12.score: 120.0
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  34. Trent A. Kirk (2012). Ethical and Policy Considerations in Patent Law for Medical Procedures. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 3 (1-3):87-96.score: 120.0
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  35. Hans-Martin Sass (2000). Ethical Decision Making in Commitee: The Role of Review Boards and Ethics Commitees in Healt Care, Health Policy and Medical Research. Convivium: Revista de Filosofía 13:148-165.score: 120.0
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  36. Judith Wagner DeCew (2004). Privacy and Policy for Genetic Research. Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):5-14.score: 102.0
    I begin with a discussion of the value of privacy and what we lose without it. I then turn to the difficulties of preserving privacy for genetic information and other medical records in the face of advanced information technology. I suggest three alternative public policy approaches to the problem of protecting individual privacy and also preserving databases for genetic research:(1) governmental guidelines and centralized databases, (2) corporate self-regulation, and (3) my hybrid approach. None of these are unproblematic; I (...)
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  37. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Public, Experts, and Acceptance of Advanced Medical Technologies: The Case of Organ Transplant and Gene Therapy in Japan. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 14 (4):203-214.score: 102.0
    In 1997, after long social debates, the Japanese government enacted a law on organ transplantation from brain-dead bodies. Since 1993, on gene therapy, administrative agencies have issued a series of guidelines. This study seeks to elucidate when people became aware of the issues and when they formed their opinions on organ transplant and gene therapy. At the same time, it aims to examine at which point in time experts, those in university ethical committees and in academic societies, consider these technologies (...)
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  38. Alireza Bagheri (2013). Medical Futility: A Cross-National Study. Imperial College Press.score: 102.0
    So-called futile care : the experience of the Unied States -- The reality of medical futility in Brazil -- Medical futility and end-of-lfe issues in Belgium -- The concept of medical futility in Venezuela -- Medical futility in Russian Federation -- Medical futility in Australia -- Medical futility in Japan -- Ethical issues and policy in medical futility in China -- Medical futility in Korea -- Medical futility from Swiss perspective (...)
     
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  39. Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.) (2007). The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell Pub..score: 102.0
    The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics is a guide to the complex literature written on the increasingly dense topic of ethics in relation to the new technologies of medicine. Examines the key ethical issues and debates which have resulted from the rapid advances in biomedical technology Brings together the leading scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including philosophy, medicine, theology and law, to discuss these issues Tackles such topics as ending life, patient choice, selling body parts, resourcing and (...)
     
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  40. Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.) (2006). Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body as an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.score: 90.0
    Mit Beitragen von: Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christian Bonah, Wolfgang U. Eckart / Andreas Reuland, Alexander Neumann, Peter Steinkamp, Volker Roelcke, Anne ...
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  41. M. H. Kottow (1999). In Defence of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):340-343.score: 90.0
    A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that rational bioethics is a (...)
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  42. Heta Häyry (1998). Individual Liberty and Medical Control. Ashgate Pub..score: 90.0
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  43. Paul Ramsey (1978). Ethics at the Edges of Life: Medical and Legal Intersections. Yale University Press.score: 90.0
    In this book, Ramsey addresses the moral problems of medicine, life and death and not merely to those who share his faith.
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  44. Sharon R. Kaufman (2010). Making Longevity in an Aging Society Linking Medicare Policy and the New Ethical Field. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (3):407-424.score: 84.0
    An explosion in the varieties of life-extending interventions for older persons is changing the face of many medical specialties in the United States, altering the nature of end-stage disease, and reshaping societal expectations about normal old age, longevity, and the time for death. There is no doubt that the rapid growth of the over-85 age group and better health in late life for many people in the United States are redefining “old.” Robert Butler, founding director of the National Institute (...)
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  45. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1991). The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity. Harvard University Press.score: 84.0
    INTRODUCTION The Questions of Medical Ethics Call him Andrew. His face is gaunt and unshaven but peaceful. His eyelids are gently closed. ...
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  46. Elisa Eiseman (2003). The National Bioethics Advisory Commission: Contributing to Public Policy. Rand.score: 84.0
    Details goverment, private, and international response to the policy recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.
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  47. Philipa Mladovsky & Corinna Sorenson (2010). Public Financing of IVF: A Review of Policy Rationales. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (2):113-128.score: 80.0
    There is great diversity in in vitro fertilization (IVF) funding and reimbursement policies and practice throughout Europe and the rest of the world. While many existing reimbursement and regulatory frameworks address safety and legal concerns, economic factors also assume a central role. However, there are several problems with the evidence that is available on the economics of IVF. This suggests there is a need for more robust cost-effectiveness studies. It also indicates the need for alternative rationales to justify the reimbursement (...)
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  48. David B. Resnik (1999). Sex Biases in Subject Selection: A Survey of Articles Published in American Medical Journals. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (3):245-260.score: 78.0
    This study discusses the results of a survey of 1,800 articles published in American medical journals from 1985--1996. The study finds 9% of these articles reported research that uses only male subjects to examine medical conditions that affect both sexes; the ratio of research on female to male conditions among these articles was greater than 5:1; but 76.5% of the articles reported research that includes both male and female subjects. The study also discusses evidence that sex biases against (...)
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  49. Professor John R. Williams (2005). The Ethics Activities of the World Medical Association. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):7-12.score: 78.0
    Since its formation in 1947, the World Medical Association (WMA) has been a leading voice in international medical ethics. The WMA’s principal ethics activity over the years has been policy development on a wide variety of issues in medical research, medical practice and health care delivery. With the establishment of a dedicated Ethics Unit in 2003, the WMA’s ethics activities have intensified in the areas of liaison, outreach and product development. Initial priorities for the Ethics (...)
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  50. E. M. M. Adang, A. Ament & C. D. Dirksen (1996). Medical Technology Assessment and the Role of Economic Evaluation in Health Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):287-294.score: 78.0
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