Search results for 'Medicine Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Urban Wiesing (2008). Immanuel Kant, His Philosophy and Medicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):221-236.score: 84.0
    The article examines the statements made by Immanuel Kant with reference to medicine as well as the impact of his philosophy on medicine. It describes the initial reaction of Kantian philosophy on medicine in the late 18th and early 19th century and its influence in the late 20th century.
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  2. Daniela Mergenthaler (2005). Scientific Contribution – Medicine as Task – Karl E. Rothschuh's Philosophy of Medicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):253-260.score: 84.0
    Karl E. Rothschuh is one of the most important,but, on an international scale, relativelyunknown representatives of German philosophy ofmedicine in the 20th century. This paperpresents and discusses his central conceptssystematically, especially those ofanthropology, theories of health and disease.Rothschuh distinguishes two methodologicalapproaches to anthropology: a causal analysisthat considers human organism as complex causalsystems, and a so-called bionomicalinvestigation that clarifies the meaning orfunction of single processes in respect to thewhole organism. These two perspectivescomplement each other. From a naturalisticpoint of view, Rothschuh (...)
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  3. William E. Stempsey (2005). The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.score: 84.0
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate (...)
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  4. Norbert Paul (1998). Incurable Suffering From the “Hiatus Theoreticus”? Some Epistemological Problems in Modern Medicine and the Clinical Relevance of Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):229-251.score: 81.0
    Up to now neither the question, whether all theoretical medical knowledge can at least be described as scientific, nor the one how exactly access to the existing scientific and theoretical medical knowledge during clinical problem-solving is made, has been sufficiently answered. Scientific theories play an important role in controlling clinical practice and improving the quality of clinical care in modern medicine on the one hand, and making it vindicable on the other. Therefore, the vagueness of unexplicit interrelations between (...)''s stock of knowledge and medical practice appears as a gap in the theoretical concept of modern medicine which can be described as Hiatus theoreticus in the anatomy of medicine. A central intention of the paper is to analyze the role of philosophy of medicine for the clarification of the theoretical basis of medical practice. Clinical relevance and normativity in the sense of modern theory of science are suggested as criteria to establish a differentiation between philosophy of medicine as a primary medical discipline and the application of general philosophy in medicine. (shrink)
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  5. Fredrik Svenaeus (2000). The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 78.0
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain (...)
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  6. Jeremy Howick (2011). The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell, Bmj Books.score: 78.0
    The philosophy of evidence-based medicine -- What is EBM? -- What is good evidence for a clinical decision? -- Ruling out plausible rival hypotheses and confounding factors : a method -- Resolving the paradox of effectiveness : when do observational studies offer the same degree of evidential support as randomized trials? -- Questioning double blinding as a universal methodological virtue of clinical trials : resolving the Philip's paradox -- Placebo controls : problematic and misleading baseline measures of effectiveness (...)
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  7. W. H. S. Jones (1979). Philosophy and Medicine in Ancient Greece: With an Edition of Peri Archaiēs Iētrikēs. Arno Press.score: 78.0
    SECTION I THE PRE-HIPPOCRATICS AND PLATO So far as is known Ionian philosophy was not connected with medicine in any way. It was, in fact, a thing apart, ...
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  8. W. Llewellyn McKone (2001). Osteopathic Medicine: Philosophy, Principles, and Practice. Blackwell Science.score: 78.0
    This is the first textbook on osteopathic medicine to complement the dominant 'medical' model of education.
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  9. Warren A. Shibles (2010). The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics: A Naturalistic-Humanistic Approach. Springer.score: 78.0
    This book completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine.
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  10. der Eijk & J. Ph (2005). Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease. Cambridge University Press.score: 78.0
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously-published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. (...)
     
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  11. James Lindemann Nelson & JHilde Lindemann Nelson (eds.) (1999). Meaning and Medicine: A Reader in the Philosophy of Health Care. Routledge.score: 78.0
    Most available resources for teachers and students in biomedical ethics are based on a notion of medicine and of how to understand and illuminate its ethical problems that is at least two decades old. Meaning and Medicine dramatically expands the repertoire of resources for teachers and students of bioethics. In addition to providing fresh perspectives on both traditional and emerging questions in bioethics, this Reader focuses on questions in social philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysics as they are raised (...)
     
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  12. Edmund D. Pellegrino (2008). The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader. University of Notre Dame Press.score: 78.0
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians (...)
     
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  13. van der Eijk & J. Ph (2005). Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease. Cambridge University Press.score: 78.0
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity.
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  14. Yam San Chee (2014). Interrogating the Learning Sciences as a Design Science: Leveraging Insights From Chinese Philosophy and Chinese Medicine. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):89-103.score: 75.0
    Design research has been positioned as an important methodological contribution of the learning sciences. Despite the publication of a handbook on the subject, the practice of design research in education remains an eclectic collection of specific approaches implemented by different researchers and research groups. In this paper, I examine the learning sciences as a design science to identify its fundamental goals, methods, affiliations, and assumptions. I argue that inherent tensions arise when attempting to practice design research as an analytic science. (...)
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  15. John Worrall (2010). Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.score: 72.0
    Obviously medicine should be evidence-based. The issues lie in the details: what exactly counts as evidence? Do certain kinds of evidence carry more weight than others? (And if so why?) And how exactly should medicine be based on evidence? When it comes to these details, the evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement has got itself into a mess – or so it will be argued. In order to start (...)
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  16. Fred Gifford (ed.) (2011). Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.score: 69.0
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  17. R. S. Downie (1980). Caring and Curing: A Philosophy of Medicine and Social Work. Methuen.score: 66.0
  18. William Brown (1936). Mind, Medicine and Metaphysics, the Philosophy of a Physician. London, Oxford University Press, H. Milford.score: 66.0
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  19. Howard Brody (1980). Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues. University of Chicago Press.score: 66.0
     
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  20. Charles M. Culver (1982). Philosophy in Medicine: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Medicine and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
     
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  21. Michael Gelfand (1968). Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine. London, E. & S. Livingstone.score: 66.0
     
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  22. William R. [from old catalog] Laird (1956). The Philosophy of Medicine. Charleston, W. Va., Education Foundation.score: 66.0
     
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  23. E. K. Ledermann (1970). Philosophy and Medicine. Philadelphia,J. B. Lippincott.score: 66.0
     
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  24. Mark R. Tonelli (2011). Not a Philosophy of Clinical Medicine: A Commentary on 'The Philosophy of Evidence‐Based Medicine' Howick, J. Ed. (2001). Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):1013-1017.score: 66.0
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  25. Louis Alvin Turley (1935). The History of the Philosophy of Medicine. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.score: 66.0
  26. David C. Thomasma (1990). Establishing the Moral Basis of Medicine: Edmund D. Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (3):245-267.score: 63.0
    Pellegrino's philosophy of medicine is explored in categories such as the motivation in constructing a philosophy of medicine, the method, the starting point of the doctor-patient relationship, negotiation about values in this relationship, the goal of the relationship, the moral basis of medicine, and additional concerns in the relationship (concerns such as gatekeeping, philosophical anthropology, axiology, philosophy of the body, and the general disjunction between science and morals). A critique of this philosophy is (...)
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  27. Edmund D. Pellegrino (1976). Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.score: 63.0
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions (...)
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  28. Julian Reiss, Miriam Solomon & David Teira (2011). Mechanisms, Continental Approaches, Trials, and Evolutionary Medicine: New Work in the Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):1-4.score: 63.0
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  29. Marion Godman & Elselijn Kingma (2013). Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Minds and Bodies in Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):564-571.score: 60.0
  30. Kenneth F. Schaffner (1986). Exemplar Reasoning About Biological Models and Diseases: A Relation Between the Philosophy of Medicine and Philosophy of Science. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):63-80.score: 60.0
    the structure of medical science with a special focus on the role of generalizations and universals in medicine, and (2) philosophy of medicine's relation with the philosophy of science. I argue that a usually overlooked aspect of Kuhnian paradigms, namely, their characteristic of being "exemplars", is of considerable significance in the biomedical sciences. This significance rests on certain important differences from the physical sciences in the nature of theories in the basic and the clinical medical sciences. (...)
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  31. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2010). Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-5.score: 60.0
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, (...)
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  32. F. A. Carnevale & D. M. Weinstock (2011). Questions in Contemporary Medicine and the Philosophy of Charles Taylor: An Introduction. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):329-334.score: 60.0
    This article provides an introduction to the articles in this theme issue. This collection examines epistemological, ontological, moral and political questions in medicine in light of the philosophical ideas of Charles Taylor. A synthesis of Taylor's relevant work is presented. Taylor has argued for a conception of the human sciences that regards human life as meaningful–deriving meaning from surrounding horizons of significance. An overview of the interdisciplinary articles in this issue is presented. This collection advances our thinking in the (...)
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  33. Robert M. Veatch (2006). How Philosophy of Medicine has Changed Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):585 – 600.score: 60.0
    The celebration of thirty years of publication of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provides an opportunity to reflect on how medical ethics has evolved over that period. The reshaping of the field has occurred in no small part because of the impact of branches of philosophy other than ethics. These have included influences from Kantian theory of respect for persons, personal identity theory, philosophy of biology, linguistic analysis of the concepts of health and disease, personhood (...)
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  34. Loretta M. Kopelman, David Resnick & Douglas L. Weed (2004). What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):255 – 258.score: 60.0
    (2004). What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 255-258.
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  35. Miguel A. Sanchez-Gonzalez (1990). Medicine in John Locke's Philosophy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):675-695.score: 60.0
    John Locke's philosophy was deeply affected by medicine of his times. It was specially influenced by the medical thought and practice of Thomas Sydenham. Locke was a personal friend of Sydenham, expressed an avid interest in his work and shared his views and methods. The influence of Sydenham's medicine can be seen in the following areas of Locke's philosophy: his “plain historical method”; the emphasis on observation and sensory experience instead of seeking the essence of things; (...)
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  36. P. -C. Lo (2010). A Confucian Philosophy of Medicine and Some Implications. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (4):466-476.score: 60.0
    Two crucial topics in the philosophy of medicine are the philosophy of nature and philosophical anthropology. In this essay I engage the philosophy of nature by exploring Anne Fagot-Largeault's study of norms in nature as a way of articulating a Confucian philosophy of medicine. I defend the Confucian position as a moderate naturalism.
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  37. Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson (2010). Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.score: 60.0
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  38. George Ohsawa (1991). Philosophy of Oriental Medicine: Key to Your Personal Judging Ability. G. Ohsawa Macrobiotic Foundation.score: 60.0
    Darwin's Hypothesis Nonviolence Samsara The Noble Road to the Eight Virtues Respect for Life The Infinite, the Absolute, the Eternal The Will The Narrow Door The Author 127 127 128 130 131 131 132 132 135 ...
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  39. Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & M. M. McCabe (2012). Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.score: 60.0
  40. Ilana Löwy (1990). Medical Critique [Krytyka Lekarska]: A Journal of Medicine and Philosophy – 1897–1907. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):653-674.score: 60.0
    Medico-philosophical reflections were developed in the 19th and the 20th centuries by three consecutive generations of Polish physicians, active in what was later named the Polish School of Philosophy of Medicine. The second generation of this school published its own journal, Medical Critique [Krytika Lekarska], from 1897 to 1907. Medical Critique included numerous articles on the nature of medical knowledge, the reductionism versus holism debate in biology and medicine, the importance of teleologically-oriented approaches in medicine, the (...)
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  41. M. Akin Makinde (1988). African Philosophy, Culture, and Traditional Medicine. Ohio University Center for International Studies.score: 60.0
  42. H. Tristram Engelhardt & Stuart F. Spicker (eds.) (1975). Evaluation and Explanation in the Biomedical Sciences: Proceedings of the First Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine, Held at Galveston, May 9-11, 1974. [REVIEW] D. Reidel Pub. Co..score: 60.0
     
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  43. Kevin Wm Wildes (2001). The Crisis of Medicine: Philosophy and the Social Construction of Medicine. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):71-86.score: 57.0
    : During the past decade there has been a debate about the field of philosophy of medicine. The debate has focused on fundamental questions about whether the field exists and the nature of the field. This article explores the debate and argues that it has paid insufficient attention to the social dimensions of both philosophy and medicine. The article goes on to argue that by exploring this debate one can better understand some of the difficult questions (...)
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  44. Rein Vos & Dick L. Willems (2000). Technology in Medicine: Ontology, Epistemology, Ethics and Social Philosophy at the Crossroads. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):1-7.score: 57.0
    In reference to the different approaches in philosophy(of medicine) of the nature of (medical) technology,this article introduces the topic of this specialissue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, that is,the way the different forms of medical technologyfunction in everyday medical practice. The authorselaborate on the active role technology plays inshaping our views on disease, illness, and the body,whence in shaping our world.
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  45. Claude Debru (2011). The Concept of Normativity From Philosophy to Medicine: An Overview. Medicine Studies 3 (1):1-7.score: 57.0
    In this introductory paper, I try to give an overview of the concept of normativity in its philosophical history and its contemporary interpretations and uses in different fields. From philosophy of logic and mathematics to philosophy of language and mind, and to philosophy of medicine and care, normativity is found as a key concept pointing at the possibility of scientific and technical progress and improvement of human life in the interaction between the individual and his environment.
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  46. E. D. Pellegrino (1976). Medicine, Philosophy, and the Image of Man. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):101-103.score: 57.0
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  47. F. Töpfer & U. Wiesing (2005). The Medical Theory of Richard Koch II: Natural Philosophy and History. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):323-334.score: 57.0
    Richard Koch1 became known in the 1920s with works on basic medical theory. Among these publications, the character of medical action and its status within the theory of science was presented as the most important theme. While science is inherently driven by the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, medicine pursues the practical purpose of helping the sick. Therefore, medicine must be seen as an active relationship between a helping and a suffering person. While elucidating this relationship, (...)
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  48. William E. Stempsey (2007). Medical Humanities and Philosophy: Is the Universe Expanding or Contracting? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):373-383.score: 57.0
    The question of whether the universe is expanding or contracting serves as a model for current questions facing the medical humanities. The medical humanities might aptly be described as a metamedical multiverse encompassing many separate universes of discourse, the most prominent of which is probably bioethics. Bioethics, however, is increasingly developing into a new interdisciplinary discipline, and threatens to engulf the other medical humanities, robbing them of their own distinctive contributions to metamedicine. The philosophy of medicine considered as (...)
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  49. Miriam Solomon (2011). Just a Paradigm: Evidence-Based Medicine in Epistemological Context. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):451-466.score: 54.0
    Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) developed from the work of clinical epidemiologists at McMaster University and Oxford University in the 1970s and 1980s and self-consciously presented itself as a "new paradigm" called "evidence-based medicine" in the early 1990s. The techniques of the randomized controlled trial, systematic review and meta-analysis have produced an extensive and powerful body of research. They have also generated a critical literature that raises general concerns about its methods. This paper is a systematic review of the critical (...)
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  50. Kenneth F. Schaffner (1993). Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine. University of Chicago Press.score: 54.0
    Kenneth F. Schaffner compares the practice of biological and medical research and shows how traditional topics in philosophy of science--such as the nature of theories and of explanation--can illuminate the life sciences. While Schaffner pays some attention to the conceptual questions of evolutionary biology, his chief focus is on the examples that immunology, human genetics, neuroscience, and internal medicine provide for examinations of the way scientists develop, examine, test, and apply theories. Although traditional philosophy of science has (...)
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