Search results for 'Medicine, Experimental' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  4
    Frank W. Stahnisch (2005). Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Experimental Practice in Medicine and the Life Sciences. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):397-425.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss a key question in the history and philosophy of medicine, namely how scholars should treat the practices and experimental hypotheses of modern life science laboratories. The paper seeks to introduce some prominent historiographical methods and theoretical approaches associated with biomedical research. Although medical scientists need no convincing that experimentation has a significant function in their laboratory work, historians, philosophers, and sociologists long neglected its importance when examining changes in medical theories or (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Claude Bernard, Henry Copley Greene & Lawrence Joseph Henderson (1980). An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Classics of Medicine Library.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   64 citations  
  3. Frank Stahnisch (2012). Medicine, Life and Function: Experimental Strategies and Medical Modernity at the Intersection of Pathology and Physiology. Project Verlag.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  64
    Margaret A. Simons & Helene N. Peters (2004). Introduction to Beauvoir's "Analysis of Claude Bernard's Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine". In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press 15-22.
    In December 1924 when Simone de Beauvoir almost certainly wrote her essay analyzing Claude Bernard's "Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine," a classic text in the philosophy of science, she was a 16 yr old student in a senior-level philosophy class at a private Catholic girls' school. Given the popular conception of existentialism as anti science, Beauvoir's early interest in science, reflected in her baccalaureate successes as well as her paper on Bernard, may be surprising. But (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  2
    Alan G. Wasserstein (1995). Death and the Internal Milieu: Claude Bernard and the Origins of Experimental Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 39 (3):313-326.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  11
    Jensine Andresen (2000). Meditation Meets Behavioural Medicine. The Story of Experimental Research on Meditation. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):11-12.
    This paper juxtaposes Asian spiritual narratives on meditation alongside medical and scientific narratives that emphasize meditation's efficacy in mitigating distress and increasing well-being. After proposing a working definition of meditation that enables it usefully to be distinguished from categories of similar practices such as prayer, I examine meditation's role in Mind/Body medicine in the West. Here, I survey a number of scientific studies of meditation, including the work of Dr. Herbert Benson and his colleagues who examine a meditational variant they (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Hebbel E. Hoff, Roger Guillemin & Edvart Sakiz (1964). Claude Bernard on Experimental Medicine—Some Unpublished Notes. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (1):30-49.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Frank Stahnisch (2005). History and Philosophy of Medicine and the Practice of Experimental Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26:397-425.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. J. H. Whitlock (1974). An Experimental Basis for Environmental Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 17 (4):455-481.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  4
    Paolo Maugeri & Alessandro Blasimme (2011). Humanised Models of Cancer in Molecular Medicine: The Experimental Control of Disanalogy. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  11. William Coleman & Frederic L. Holmes (1992). The Investigative Enterprise: Experimental Physiology in Nineteenth-Century Medicine. Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):497-500.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  12.  2
    J. V. Pickstone (1988). Lamarck, by LJ Jordanova; Science and Medicine in France: The Emergence of Experimental Physiology 1790? 1855, by John E. Lesch; Death is a Social Disease: Public Health and Political Economy in Early Industrial France, by William Coleman; and Georges Cuvier: Vocation, Science and Authority in Post-Revolutionary France, by Dorinda Outram. [REVIEW] History of Science 26:201-211.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  1
    James Rocha (2013). Sour Clinical Trials: Autonomy and Adaptive Preferences in Experimental Medicine. In Juha Räikkä & Jukka Varelius (eds.), Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life. Springer 101--115.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Julian F. Burke (1991). Sticky Technique.In Situ Hybridisation: Application to Developmental Biology and Medicine. Edited by N. Harris and D. G. Wilkinson. Cambridge University Press: Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series 40. 288pp. $59.50, £35. [REVIEW] Bioessays 13 (12):692-692.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. C. Debru (1991). Creativity in Experimental Medicine: On Some Endocrinological and Neuro-Endocrinological Matters. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 44 (1):3.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Chauncey Leake (1952). Claude Bernard and the Experimental Method in Medicine by J. M. D. Olmsted; E. Harris Olmsted. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 43:374-374.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. S. J. Santacroce (2009). Book Review: Krueger G 2008: Hope and Suffering: Children, Cancer, and the Paradox of Experimental Medicine. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. 216 Pp. USD35.00 . ISBN: 9780 8018 8831 1. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 16 (6):837-838.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. J. De C. M. Saunders (1947). François Magendie, Pioneer in Experimental Physiology and Scientific Medicine in XIX Century France by J. M. D. Olmsted. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 37:90-91.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  51
    Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Early Modern Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  4
    Lara Huber & Lara Kutschenko (2009). Medicine in a Neurocentric World: About the Explanatory Power of Neuroscientific Models in Medical Research and Practice. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (4):307-313.
    Medicine in a Neurocentric World: About the Explanatory Power of Neuroscientific Models in Medical Research and Practice Content Type Journal Article Category Editorial Notes Pages 307-313 DOI 10.1007/s12376-009-0036-2 Authors Lara Huber, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Institute for History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine Am Pulverturm 13 55131 Mainz Germany Lara K. Kutschenko, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Institute for History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine Am Pulverturm 13 55131 Mainz Germany Journal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21. James Maxwell Little (1961). An Introduction to the Experimental Method. Minneapolis, Burgess Pub. Co..
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  1
    A. E. Maxwell (1958). Experimental Design in Psychology and the Medical Sciences. New York, Wiley.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  45
    Dominique Raynaud (2011). Chronique et motifs de la controverse entre les écoles médicales de Paris et de Montpellier. In Pascal Nouvel (ed.), Repenser le Vitalisme: Histoire Et Philosophie du Vitalisme. Presses Universitaires de France 33--55.
    The controversy between the medical schools of Paris and Montpellier extends roughly from the death of Barthez (1806) to the publication of the Introduction to the study of experimental medicine of Claude Bernard (1865), with a peak during which the controversy merges with the polemic between Louis Peisse and Jacques Lordat (1840-1843). This study aims to document as accurately as possible the arguments that were exchanged during this controversy, by seeking their reasons and explaining how the experimental medicine (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  21
    Marco Buzzoni (2003). On Medicine as a Human Science. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):79-94.
    All the powerful influences exertedby the subjective-interpersonal dimension onthe organic or technical-functional dimensionof sickness and health do not make anintersubjective test concerning medicaltherapeutic results impossible. Theseinfluences are not arbitrary; on the contrary,they obey laws that are de facto sufficientlystable to allow predictions and explanationssimilar to those of experimental sciences.While, in this respect, the rules concerninghuman action are analogous to the scientificlaws of nature, they can at any time be revokedby becoming aware of them. Law-like andreproducible regularities in the sciences (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  37
    Adam la Caze (2011). The Role of Basic Science in Evidence-Based Medicine. Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):81-98.
    Proponents of Evidence-based medicine (EBM) do not provide a clear role for basic science in therapeutic decision making. Of what they do say about basic science, most of it is negative. Basic science resides on the lower tiers of EBM's hierarchy of evidence. Therapeutic decisions, according to proponents of EBM, should be informed by evidence from randomised studies (and systematic reviews of randomised studies) rather than basic science. A framework of models explicates the links between the mechanisms of basic science, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  26.  4
    Elizabeth A. Williams (1994). The Physical and the Moral: Anthropology, Physiology, and Philosophical Medicine in France, 1750-1850. Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the tradition of the 'science of man' in French medicine of the era 1750-1850, focusing on controversies about the nature of the 'physical-moral' relation and their effects on the role of medicine in French society. Its chief purpose is to recover the history of a holistic tradition in French medicine that has been neglected because it lay outside the mainstream themes of modern medicine, which include experimental, reductionist, and localistic conceptions of health and disease. Professor Williams (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  27.  2
    Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Introduction to "Experience in Natural Philosophy and Medicine". Perspectives on Science 24 (3).
    The articles in the special issue "Experience in natural philosophy and medicine" discuss the roles and notions of experience in the works of a range of early modern authors, including Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, the Dutch atomist David Gorlaeus, William Harvey, and Christian Wolff. The articles extend the evidential basis on which we can rely to identify trends, changes and continuities in the roles and notions of experience in the period of the Scientific Revolution. They shed light on the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Charles Fried (1974). Medical Experimentation Personal Integrity and Social Policy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  29.  12
    J. Wolfendale & S. Clarke (2008). Paternalism, Consent, and the Use of Experimental Drugs in the Military. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):337-355.
    Modern military organizations are paternalistic organizations. They typically recognize a duty of care toward military personnel and are willing to ignore or violate the consent of military personnel in order to uphold that duty of care. In this paper, we consider the case for paternalism in the military and distinguish it from the case for paternalism in medicine. We argue that one can consistently reject paternalism in medicine but uphold paternalism in the military. We consider two well-known arguments for the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  30. Claude Bernard (1865). Introduction À l'Étude de la Médecine Expérimentale. Librairie Joseph Gilbert.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  31. Claude Bernard (1947). Claude Bernard Extraits de Son Oeuvre. Presses Universitaires de France.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. William D. Lotspeich (1965). How Scientists Find Out. Boston, Little, Brown.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. A. Milunsky (1985). Genetics and the Law. Bioessays 2 (1):36-37.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. John Worrall (2009). Do We Need Some Large, Simple Randomized Trials in Medicine? Epsa.
    In a randomized clinical trial (RCT), a group of patients, initially assembled through a mixture of deliberation (involving explicit inclusion and exclusion criteria) and serendipity (which patients happen to walk into which doctor’s clinic while the trial is in progress), are divided by some random process into an experimental group (members of which will receive the therapy under test) and a control group (members of which will receive some other treatment – perhaps placebo, perhaps the currently standard treatment for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  35.  47
    Alberto Vanzo (2014). From Empirics to Empiricists. Intellectual History Review 24 (4):517-538.
    Although the notion of empiricism looms large in many histories of early modern philosophy, its origins are not well understood. This paper aims to shed light on them. It examines the notions of empirical philosopher, physician, and politician that are employed in a range of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century texts, alongside related notions (e.g. "experimental philosophy") and methodological stances. It concludes that the notion of empiricism used in many histories of early modern thought does not have pre-Kantian origins. It first (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  8
    U. Klein (2003). Experimental History and Herman Boerhaave's Chemistry of Plants. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (4):533-567.
    In the early eighteenth century, chemistry became the main academic locus where, in Francis Bacon's words, Experimenta lucifera were performed alongside Experimenta fructifera and where natural philosophy was coupled with natural history and 'experimental history' in the Baconian and Boyleian sense of an inventory and exploration of the extant operations of the arts and crafts. The Dutch social and political system and the institutional setting of the university of Leiden endorsed this empiricist, utilitarian orientation toward the sciences, which was (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  37.  8
    M. Cooper (2004). Regenerative Medicine: Stem Cells and the Science of Monstrosity. Medical Humanities 30 (1):12-22.
    The nineteenth century science of teratology concerned itself with the study of malformations or “monstrosities”, as they were then called. The first major contribution to the field was the work of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Histoire Generale et Particulière des Anomalies de l’Organisation chez l’Homme et les Animaux, published in 1832, whose classifications formed the basis for the later experimental science of teratogeny, the art of reproducing monstrosities in animal embryos. In this article, I will argue that recent developments in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  38.  20
    Michael Worboys (2007). Was There a Bacteriological Revolution in Late Nineteenth-Century Medicine? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):20-42.
    That there was a ‘Bacteriological Revolution’ in medicine in the late nineteenth-century, associated with the development of germ theories of disease, is widely assumed by historians; however, the notion has not been defined, discussed or defended. In this article a characterisation is offered in terms of four linked rapid and radical changes: a series of discoveries of the specific causal agents of infectious diseases and the introduction of Koch’s Postulates; a reductionist and contagionist turn in medical knowledge and practice; greater (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39.  21
    Claire Crignon (2013). The Debate About Methodus Medendi During the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century in England. Early Science and Medicine 18 (4):339-359.
  40.  2
    Isabel Amaral (2006). The Emergence of New Scientific Disciplines in Portuguese Medicine: Marck Athias's Histophysiology Research School, Lisbon (1897–1946). [REVIEW] Annals of Science 63 (1):85-110.
    Summary This paper discusses the emergence of new medical experimental specialties at the Medical School of Surgery (Escola Médico-Cirúrgica) and the Faculty of Medicine of Lisbon University (Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa) between 1897 and 1946, as a result of the activities of Marck Athias's (1875?1946) histophysiology research school. In 1897, Marck Athias, a Portuguese physician who had graduated from the Faculty of Medicine in Paris, founded a research school in Lisbon along the lines of Michael Foster's (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  3
    Nancy Cervetti (2007). S. Weir Mitchell and His Snakes: Unraveling the “United Web and Woof of Popular and Scientific Beliefs”. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 28 (3):119-133.
    Although best known as a nineteenth-century neurologist and creator of the rest cure, S. Weir Mitchell was one of the first Americans to engage in large-scale animal experimentation. In 1860 he published Researches Upon the Venom of the Rattlesnake, and in 1886, in collaboration with Dr. Edward T. Reichert, he published Researches Upon the Venoms of Poisonous Serpents. Yet, Mitchell’s pioneering work in scientific medicine remains a little known aspect of his career. This essay, based mainly on primary source material, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  6
    Marco Buzzoni (2003). Medicine as a Human Science Between the Singularity of the Patient and Technical Scientific Reproducibility. Poiesis and Praxis 1 (3):171-184.
    The often-emphasized tension between the singularity of the patient and technical–scientific reproducibility in medicine cannot be resolved without a discussion of the epistemological and methodological status of the human sciences. On the one hand, the rules concerning human action are analogous to the scientific laws of nature. They are de facto sufficiently stable to allow predictions and explanations similar to those of experimental sciences. From this point of view, it is only a trivial truth, but still a methodological irrelevancy, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  1
    Núria Pérez-Pérez (2010). Medicine and Science in a New Medical-Surgical Context: The Royal College of Surgery of Barcelona (1760–1843). [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (1):37-48.
    Taking the Royal College of Barcelona (1760–1843) as a case study, this paper shows the development of modern surgery in Spain initiated by the Bourbon Monarchy when they founded new kinds of institutions as academic activities to spread scientific knowledge. Antoni Gimbernat was the most famous internationally recognised Spanish surgeon. He was trained as a surgeon at the Royal College of Surgery in Cadiz and was later appointed Professor of Anatomy at the College of Barcelona. He then became Royal Surgeon (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Arleen Marcia Tuchman (1993). Science, Medicine, and the State in Germany: The Case of Baden, 1815-1871. Oxford University Press Usa.
    This superb account of the development of scientific research in the state of Baden places the growth of science in nineteenth century Germany within a broad social and economic context. The book analyses the progress of scientific research and its institutionalization in the state university system. Focusing on the experimental sciences, the book explores the introduction of the research ethic into the university medical curriculum, and the process by which laboratory science came to be an essential pedagogical tool in (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Giuditta Parolini (2015). The Emergence of Modern Statistics in Agricultural Science: Analysis of Variance, Experimental Design and the Reshaping of Research at Rothamsted Experimental Station, 1919–1933. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):301-335.
    During the twentieth century statistical methods have transformed research in the experimental and social sciences. Qualitative evidence has largely been replaced by quantitative results and the tools of statistical inference have helped foster a new ideal of objectivity in scientific knowledge. The paper will investigate this transformation by considering the genesis of analysis of variance and experimental design, statistical methods nowadays taught in every elementary course of statistics for the experimental and social sciences. These methods were developed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Bjorn Merker (2007). Consciousness Without a Cerbral Cortex: A Challenge for Neuroscience and Medicine. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):63-81.
    A broad range of evidence regarding the functional organization of the vertebrate brain – spanning from comparative neurology to experimental psychology and neurophysiology to clinical data – is reviewed for its bearing on conceptions of the neural organization of consciousness. A novel principle relating target selection, action selection, and motivation to one another, as a means to optimize integration for action in real time, is introduced. With its help, the principal macrosystems of the vertebrate brain can be seen to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  47.  4
    Niels Lynöe & Niklas Juth (2013). Does Proficiency Creativity Solve Legal Dilemmas? Experimental Study of Medical Students' Ideas About Death-Causes. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):789-793.
    The aim of the present study was to compare and examine how medical students on term one and nine understand and adopt ideas and reasoning when estimating death-causes. Our hypothesis was that compared to students in the beginning of their medical curriculum, term nine students would be more inclined to adopt ideas about causality that allows physicians to alleviate an imminently dying patient, without being suspected for manslaughter—a practice referred to as proficiency creativity. We used a questionnaire containing two similar (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  33
    Alan E. Shapiro (2004). Newton's "Experimental Philosophy". Early Science and Medicine 9 (3):185-217.
    My talk today will be about Newton’s avowed methodology, and specifically the place of experiment in his conception of science, and how his ideas changed significantly over the course of his career. I also want to look at his actual scientific practice and see how this influenced his views on the nature of the experimental sciences.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  49.  9
    Elizabeth Weeks Leonard (2009). Right to Experimental Treatment: FDA New Drug Approval, Constitutional Rights, and the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 37 (2):269-279.
    On May 2, 2006, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, in a startling opinion, Abigail Alliance for Better Access to Developmental Drugs v. Eschenbach, held that terminally ill patients who have exhausted all other available options have a constitutional right to experimental treatment that FDA has not yet approved. Although ultimately overturned by the full court, Abigail Alliance generated considerable interest from various constituencies. Meanwhile, FDA proposed similar regulatory amendments, as have (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  50.  6
    Alan Cribb, Steven Wainwright, Clare Williams, Bobbie Farsides & Mike Michael (2008). Towards the Applied: The Construction of Ethical Positions in Stem Cell Translational Research. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):351-361.
    This paper aims to make an empirically informed analytical contribution to the development of a more socially embedded bioethics. Drawing upon 10 interviews with cutting edge stem cell researchers (5 scientists and 5 clinicians) it explores and illustrates the ways in which the role positions of translational researchers are shaped by the ‘normative structures’ of science and medicine respectively and in combination. The empirical data is used to illuminate three overlapping themes of ethical relevance: what matters in stem cell research, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000