Search results for 'Meir Statman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  22
    Yongtae Kim & Meir Statman (2012). Do Corporations Invest Enough in Environmental Responsibility? Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):115-129.
    Proponents of corporate environmental responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too little in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by increasing their investment in environmental responsibility. Opponents of corporate social responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too much in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by reducing their investment in environmental responsibility. Yet, others claim that corporations serve their shareholders well by investing just enough in social (...)
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  2.  13
    Meir Statman (2009). The Cultures of Insider Trading. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):51 - 58.
    Paul Bond is a lawyer who overheard two other lawyers at his office discussing the proposed purchase of a company by one of their clients. He proceeds to buy shares of this company. Would you rate Bond's behavior completely fair, acceptable, unfair, or very unfair? I posed this vignette to samples of university students in China, Taiwan, and the U. S. Most students in the U. S. and Taiwan samples rated Bond's behavior unfair or very unfair while most students in (...)
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  3.  20
    Daniel Statman (ed.) (1993). Moral Luck. SUNY Press.
    Some luck, in a decision of Gauguin's kind, is extrinsic to his project, some intrinsic; both are necessary for success, and hence for actual justification, but only the latter relates to un- justification. If we now broaden the range of cases slightly, ...
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  4.  32
    Daniel Statman (2006). Supreme Emergencies Revisited. Ethics 117 (1):58-79.
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  5. Daniel Statman (ed.) (1997). Virtue Ethics. Georgetown University Press.
  6.  48
    Daniel Statman (1991). Moral and Epistemic Luck. Ratio 4 (2):146-156.
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  7.  72
    Daniel Statman (2000). Humiliation, Dignity and Self-Respect. Philosophical Psychology 13 (4):523 – 540.
    That an intimate connection exists between the notion of human dignity and the notion of humiliation seems to be a commonplace among philosophers, who tend to assume that humiliation should be explained in terms of (violation of) human dignity. I believe, however, that this assumption leads to an understanding of humiliation that is too "philosophical" and too detached from psychological reality. The purpose of the paper is to modify the above connection and to offer a more "down to earth" account (...)
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  8.  1
    Mark Aronoff, Irit Meir, Carol Padden & Wendy Sandler (2008). The Roots of Linguistic Organization in a New Language. Interaction Studies 9 (1):133.
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  9. James Lenman, Tamar Schapiro, Daniel Statman, Harry Brighouse, Adam Swift & John Martin Fischer (2006). 10. Kwong‐Loi Shun and David Wong, Eds., Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community Kwong‐Loi Shun and David Wong, Eds., Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community (Pp. 156-160). [REVIEW] Ethics 117 (1).
  10.  27
    Daniel Statman (2006). Moral Tragedies, Supreme Emergencies and National-Defence. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):311–322.
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  11.  19
    Daniel Statman (1996). Who Needs Imperfect Duties? American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (2):211 - 224.
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  12.  38
    Daniel Statman (1997). The Time to Punish and the Problem of Moral Luck. Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):129–136.
  13.  3
    Jonatan Meir (2016). R. Nathan Sternhartz’s Liqquṭei Tefilot and the Formation of Bratslav Hasidism. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 24 (1):60-94.
    _ Source: _Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 60 - 94 One of the more astounding books produced by Bratslav Hasidism is _Liqquṭei tefilot_, composed by R. Nathan Sternhartz of Nemirov, which established a whole new genre in Bratslav literature. This article discusses the book’s genesis, publication, and primary goals, as well as the controversy it generated. The new Bratslav theology that emerged after the death of Rabbi Naḥman led to disputes, both internal and external, over the role and character of (...)
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  14. Daniel Statman (1995). Moral Dilemmas. Rodopi.
    Moral dilemmas set a challenge for ethical theory. They are situations where agents seem to be under an obligation both to do, and to refrain from doing, a specific act. Are such situations possible? What is their exact nature? These are the questions that Moral Dilemmas tries to answer. The book argues that moral theories should not allow for the possibility of irresolvable dilemmas, for situations in which no right answer exists. To this end, arguments seeking to prove the existence (...)
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  15.  18
    Daniel Statman (2008). On the Success Condition for Legitimate Self‐Defense. Ethics 118 (4):659-686.
    The paper discusses a neglected condition for justified self-defense, namely, 'The Success Condition [SC].' According to SC, otherwise immoral acts can be justified under the right to self-defense only if they actually achieve the intended defense from the perceived threat. If they don't, they are almost always excused, but not morally justified. I show that SC leads to a troubling puzzle because victims who estimate they cannot prevent the attack against them would be morally required to surrender. I try to (...)
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  16.  7
    R. Statman (1982). Completeness, Invariance and Λ-Definability. Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):17-26.
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  17.  93
    Gidon Sapir & Daniel Statman (2005). Why Freedom of Religion Does Not Include Freedom From Religion. Law and Philosophy 24 (5):467-508.
  18.  8
    Henk P. Barendregt, Wil Dekkers & Richard Statman (1977). Typed Lambda Calculus. In Jon Barwise & H. Jerome Keisler (eds.), Handbook of Mathematical Logic. North-Holland Pub. Co. 1091--1132.
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  19. Daniel Statman (1997). Introduction to Virtue Ethics. In Virtue Ethics. Georgetown University Press 1--41.
     
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  20.  6
    Daniel Statman (2008). The Success Condition for Legitimate Self-Defense. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3 (4):89-94.
    The paper discusses a neglected condition for justified self-defense, namely, 'The Success Condition [SC].' According to SC, otherwise immoral acts can be justified under the right to self-defense only if they actually achieve the intended defense from the perceived threat. If they don't, they are almost always excused, but not morally justified. I show that SC leads to a troubling puzzle because victims who estimate they cannot prevent the attack against them would be morally required to surrender. I try to (...)
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  21. Richard Statman (1978). Bounds for Proof-Search and Speed-Up in the Predicate Calculus. Annals of Mathematical Logic 15 (3):225-287.
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  22.  20
    Daniel Statman (2015). Moral Luck and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker. Ratio 28 (1):97-111.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the relation between the right to self-defense against an innocent attacker and the notion of moral luck. It argues that those who accept the existence of such a right rely on the assumption that mere agency makes a significant moral difference – which is precisely the assumption that underlies the view held by believers in moral luck. Those who believe in the right to self-defense against innocent attackers are thus committed to the (...)
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  23.  71
    Daniel Statman (1997). Hypocrisy and Self-Deception. Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):57-75.
    Hypocrites are generally regarded as morally-corrupt, cynical egoists who consciously and deliberately deceive others in order to further their own interests. The purpose of my essay is to present a different view. I argue that hypocrisy typically involves or leads to self-deception and, therefore, that real hypocrites are hard to find. One reason for this merging of hypocrisy into self-deception is that a consistent and conscious deception of society is self-defeating from the point of view of egoistical hypocrites. The best (...)
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  24.  40
    Daniel Statman (1996). Hard Cases and Moral Dilemmas. Law and Philosophy 15 (2):117 - 148.
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  25.  25
    Ronen Avraham & Daniel Statman (2013). More on the Comparative Nature of Desert: Can a Deserved Punishment Be Unjust? Utilitas 25 (3):316-333.
    Adam and Eve have the same record yet receive different punishments. Adam receives the punishment that they both deserve, whereas Eve receives a more lenient punishment. In this article, we explore whether a deserved-but-unequal punishment, such as what Adam receives, can be just. We do this by explicating the conceptions of retributive justice that underlie both sides of the debate. We argue that inequality in punishment is disturbing mainly because of the disrespect it often expresses towards the offender receiving the (...)
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  26.  25
    Avi Sagi & Daniel Statman (1995). Divine Command Morality and Jewish Tradition. Journal of Religious Ethics 23 (1):39 - 67.
    Given the religious appeal of divine command theories of morality (DCM), and given that these theories are found in both Christianity and Islam, we could expect DCM to be represented in Judaism, too. In this essay, however, we show that hardly any echoes of support for this thesis can be found in Jewish texts. We analyze texts that appear to support DCM and show they do not. We then present a number of sources clearly opposed to DCM. Finally, we offer (...)
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  27.  7
    Daniel Statman (2015). Ending War Short of Victory? A Contractarian View ofJus Ex Bello. Ethics 125 (3):720-750.
    In light of the enormous suffering brought about by war, war might be justified only if the benefit it yields is significant enough, namely, a clear and durable victory over the enemy. The logic of this argument leads to a Clausewitz-style war of “annihilation.” I argue that the best way to justify the ending of war short of such annihilation is by relying on a contractarian view of jus ex bello. I conclude by exploring the implications of this view to (...)
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  28.  11
    Daniel Statman (1993). Self‐Assessment, Self‐Esteem and Self‐Acceptance. Journal of Moral Education 22 (1):55-62.
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  29.  13
    Daniel Statman (2003). The Right to Parenthood. Ethical Perspectives 10 (3):224-235.
    The paper argues for two kinds of limitations on the right to parenthood. First, it claims that the right to parenthood does not entail a right to have as many children as one desires. This conclusion follows from the standard justifications for the right to parenthood, none of which establishes the need to grant special protection to having as many children as one desires. Second, with respect to the right to receive assistance from the state in IVF, it is suggested (...)
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  30.  28
    Daniel Statman (1992). Modesty, Pride and Realistic Self-Assessment. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169):420-438.
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  31. Benedetto Intrigila & Richard Statman (2005). Some Results on Extensionality in Lambda Calculus. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (2-3):109-125.
    In this paper we consider the problem of the existence of a λ-theory T such that:–T is recursive enumerable;–the ω-rule holds in T .We solve affirmatively this problem.Some related questions are also discussed.
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  32. Daniel Statman (2005). Targeted Killing. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court
     
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  33.  20
    Daniel Statman (1990). The Debate Over the so-Called Reality of Moral Dilemmas. Philosophical Papers 19 (3):191-211.
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  34.  15
    Daniel Statman (1994). Doing Without Mercy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):331-354.
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  35.  11
    Ariel Meirav, Meshi Ori, Avital Pilpel & Daniel Statman (2010). Moral Demands, Moral Pragmatics, and Being Good. Utilitas 22 (3).
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  36. Daniel Statman & Avi Sagi (1995). Religion and Morality. Rodopi.
    Religion and Morality seeks to answer two fundamental questions regarding the relation between religion and morality. The first is the puzzle posed by Socrates, the so-called 'Euthyphro dilemma', which asks: is morality valuable by virtue of its intrinsic importance and worth, or is morality valuable because, and only because, God approves it and commands us to follow its dictates? The second question is raised by Kierkegaard in Fear and Trembling. He asks: Is a conflict between religion and morality possible? Does (...)
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  37.  26
    Daniel Statman (2005). Doors, Keys, and Moral Luck: A Reply to Domsky. Journal of Philosophy 102 (8):422 - 436.
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  38.  14
    Daniel Statman (2014). Fabre's Crusade for Justice: Why We Should Not Join. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 33 (3):337-360.
    Cosmopolitan War is characterized by a tension between moral demandingness and moral permissiveness. On the one hand, Fabre is strongly committed to the value of each and all human beings as precious individuals whose value does not depend on their national or other affiliation. This commitment leads to serious constraints on what may be done to others in both individual and national self-defense. Yet the book is also unambiguously permissive. It opens the gate to far more wars than traditional just (...)
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  39.  21
    Daniel Statman (2011). Can Wars Be Fought Justly? The Necessity Condition Put to the Test. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):435-451.
    According to a widespread view, the same constraints that limit the use of otherwise immoral measures in individual self-defense apply to collective self-defense too. I try to show that this view has radical implications at the level of jus in bello, implications which have not been fully appreciated. In particular, if the necessity condition must be satisfied in all cases of killing in war, then most fighting would turn out to be unjust. One way to avoid this result is to (...)
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  40.  29
    Daniel Statman (1997). Depth, Truth and Morality. Sophia 36 (1):124-139.
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  41.  6
    Ephraim Meir (2006). Hellenic and Jewish in Levinas's Writings. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 51 (2):79-88.
    O artigo mostra que o “grego” está presente no pensamento “judaico” de Levinas e que os escritos “gregos” possuem uma dimensão “judaica”: Yafet é recebido nos alojamentos de Shem e vice-versa. A tese aqui formulada é que os escritos confessionais desenvolvem-se paralelamente aos escritos profissionais. Embora o discurso seja marcadamente diferente em cada uma das obras, e apesar de Levinas não tentar harmonizálos ou conciliá-los, ele se esforça por “enunciar em grego os princípios que a Grécia não conhece”. A sua (...)
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  42. A. Sagi & D. Statman (1989). What Could Be the Meaning of the Idea That Morality Depends on Religion? Iyyun 38:103-136.
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  43.  14
    Daniel Statman (1992). A New Argument for Genuine Moral Dilemmas? Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (4):565-571.
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  44.  7
    Daniel Statman (2012). Supreme Emergencies and the Continuum Problem. Journal of Military Ethics 11 (4):287-298.
    Many believe that in?supreme emergencies? collectives are granted what I elsewhere call?special permissions?, permissions to carry out self-defensive acts which would otherwise be morally forbidden. However, there appears to be a continuum between non-emergency, emergency and supreme-emergency situations, which gives rise to the following problem: If special permissions are granted in supreme emergencies, they should apply, mutatis mutandis, to less extreme cases too. If, to save itself from wholesale massacre, a collective is allowed to kill thousands of noncombatants on the (...)
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  45.  1
    Ephraim Meir (2015). Chapter 8. Constructing Religious Identity. In Interreligious Theology: Its Value and Mooring in Modern Jewish Philosophy. De Gruyter 146-152.
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  46.  15
    Mark Aronoff, Irit Meir, Carol Padden & Wendy Sandler (2008). Language is Shaped by the Body. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):509-511.
    Sign languages provide direct evidence for the relation between human languages and the body that engenders them. We discuss the use of the hands to create symbols and the role of the body in sign language verb systems, especially in two quite recently developed sign languages, Israeli Sign Language and Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language.
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  47.  4
    Daniel Statman (2012). Note: Reciprocity of Rights and Duties, Benefits and Burdens: National Service for Israeli Arabs. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 6 (2):247-258.
    Jews and Arabs in Israel often agree that there is a reciprocal relation between rights and duties, though they derive opposing conclusions from it. Jews infer that Arabs are not entitled to the same rights and privileges as Jews are, since they do not shoulder an equal share of the duties. Arabs, by contrast, argue that they are under no duty to share the burdens, particularly military or national service, since their rights are not fully respected. The Paper assesses these (...)
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  48.  7
    Rick Statman (2007). On the Complexity of Alpha Conversion. Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1197 - 1203.
    We consider three problems concerning alpha conversion of closed terms (combinators). (1) Given a combinator M find the an alpha convert of M with a smallest number of distinct variables. (2) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find a shortest alpha conversion of M to N. (3) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find an alpha conversion of M to N which uses the smallest number of variables possible along the way. We obtain the following results. (...)
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  49.  1
    Rick Statman (2004). On the λY Calculus. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 130 (1-3):325-337.
    The λY calculus is the simply typed λ calculus augmented with the fixed point operators. We show three results about λY: the word problem is undecidable, weak normalisability is decidable, and higher type fixed point operators are not definable from fixed point operators at smaller types.
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  50.  6
    Paliath Narendran, Frank Pfenning & Richard Statman (1997). On the Unification Problem for Cartesian Closed Categories. Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):636-647.
    Cartesian closed categories (CCCs) have played and continue to play an important role in the study of the semantics of programming languages. An axiomatization of the isomorphisms which hold in all Cartesian closed categories discovered independently by Soloviev and Bruce, Di Cosmo and Longo leads to seven equalities. We show that the unification problem for this theory is undecidable, thus settling an open question. We also show that an important subcase, namely unification modulo the linear isomorphisms, is NP-complete. Furthermore, the (...)
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