Search results for 'Metaphysical assumptions of science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nicholas Maxwell, The Problem of Induction and Metaphysical Assumptions Concerning the Comprehensibility and Knowability of the Universe. PhilSci Archive.score: 1176.0
    Even though evidence underdetermines theory, often in science one theory only is regarded as acceptable in the light of the evidence. This suggests there are additional unacknowledged assumptions which constrain what theories are to be accepted. In the case of physics, these additional assumptions are metaphysical theses concerning the comprehensibility and knowability of the universe. Rigour demands that these implicit assumptions be made explicit within science, so that they can be critically assessed and, we (...)
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  2. Nicholas Maxwell (1997). Must Science Make Cosmological Assumptions If It is to Be Rational?,. In T. Kelly (ed.), The Philosophy of Science: Proceedings of the Irish Philosophical Society Spring Conference. Irish Philosophical Society.score: 816.0
    Cosmological speculation about the ultimate nature of the universe, being necessary for science to be possible at all, must be regarded as a part of scientific knowledge itself, however epistemologically unsound it may be in other respects. The best such speculation available is that the universe is comprehensible in some way or other and, more specifically, in the light of the immense apparent success of modern natural science, that it is physically comprehensible. But both these speculations may be (...)
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  3. Nicholas Maxwell (2002). The Need for a Revolution in the Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 33 (2):381-408.score: 658.0
    There is a need to bring about a revolution in the philosophy of science, interpreted to be both the academic discipline, and the official view of the aims and methods of science upheld by the scientific community. At present both are dominated by the view that in science theories are chosen on the basis of empirical considerations alone, nothing being permanently accepted as a part of scientific knowledge independently of evidence. Biasing choice of theory in the direction (...)
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  4. Kenneth R. Westphal (1998). ‘On Hegel’s Early Critique of Kant’s Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science’. In S. Houlgate (ed.), Hegel and the Philosophy of Nature. SUNY.score: 616.5
    In 1801 Hegel charged that, on Kant’s analysis, forces are ‘either purely ideal, in which case they are not forces, or else they are transcendent’. I argue that this objection, which Hegel did not spell out, reveals an important and fundamental line of internal criticism of Kant’s Critical philosophy. I show that Kant’s basic forces of attraction and repulsion, which constitute matter, are merely ideal because Kant’s arguments for them are circular and beg the question, and they have no determinate (...)
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  5. Nicholas Maxwell (1977). Articulating the Aims of Science. Nature 265 (January 6):2.score: 576.0
    Most scientists and philosophers of science take for granted the standard empiricist view that the basic intellectual aim of science is truth per se. But this seriously misrepresents the aims of scieince. Actually, science seeks explanatory truth and, more generally, important truth. Problematic metaphysical and value assumptions are inherent in the real aims of science. Precisely because these aims are profoundly problematic, they need to be articulated, imaginatively explored and critically assesseed, in order to (...)
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  6. Jennifer McRobert, Concept Construction in Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science.score: 552.0
    Kant's reasoning in his special metaphysics of nature is often opaque, and the character of his a priori foundation for Newtonian science is the subject of some controversy. Recent literature on the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science has fallen well short of consensus on the aims and reasoning in the work. Various of the doctrines and even the character of the reasoning in the Metaphysical Foundations have been taken to present insuperable obstacles to accepting Kant's claim (...)
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  7. Marko Ahteensuu (2012). Assumptions of the Deficit Model Type of Thinking: Ignorance, Attitudes, and Science Communication in the Debate on Genetic Engineering in Agriculture. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):295-313.score: 540.0
    This paper spells out and discusses four assumptions of the deficit model type of thinking. The assumptions are: First, the public is ignorant of science. Second, the public has negative attitudes towards (specific instances of) science and technology. Third, ignorance is at the root of these negative attitudes. Fourth, the public’s knowledge deficit can be remedied by one-way science communication from scientists to citizens. It is argued that there is nothing wrong with ignorance-based explanations per (...)
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  8. Brad S. Gregory (2008). No Room for God? History, Science, Metaphysics, and the Study of Religion. History and Theory 47 (4):495 - 519.score: 538.0
    Intellectual history, philosophy, and science’s own self-understanding undermine the claim that science entails or need even tend toward atheism. By definition a radically transcendent creator-God is inaccessible to empirical investigation. Denials of the possibility or actual occurrence of miracles depend not on science itself, but on naturalist assumptions that derive originally from a univocal metaphysics with its historical roots in medieval nominalism, which in turn have deeply influenced philosophy and science since the seventeenth century. The (...)
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  9. Michael Friedman (2012). Newton and Kant: Quantity of Matter in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):482-503.score: 522.0
    Immanuel Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786) provides metaphysical foundations for the application of mathematics to empirically given nature. The application that Kant primarily has in mind is that achieved in Isaac Newton's Principia (1687). Thus, Kant's first chapter, the Phoronomy, concerns the mathematization of speed or velocity, and his fourth chapter, the Phenomenology, concerns the empirical application of the Newtonian notions of true or absolute space, time, and motion. This paper concentrates on Kant's second and (...)
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  10. David Davies (1996). Explanatory Disunities and the Unity of Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (1):5 – 21.score: 522.0
    Abstract According to John Dupré, the metaphysics underpinning modern science posits a deterministic, fully law?governed and potentially fully intelligible structure that pervades the entire universe. To reject such a metaphysical framework for science is to subscribe to ?the disorder of things?, and the latter, according to Dupré, entails the impossibility of a unified science. Dupré's argument rests crucially upon purported disunities evident in the explanatory practices of science. I critically examine the implied project of drawing (...)
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  11. Immanuel Kant (2004). Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 519.0
    Kant was centrally concerned with issues in the philosophy of natural science throughout his career. The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science presents his most mature reflections on these themes in the context of both his 'critical' philosophy, presented in the Critique of Pure Reason, and the natural science of his time. This volume presents a new translation, by Michael Friedman, which is especially clear and accurate. There are explanatory notes indicating some of the main connections between (...)
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  12. Nicholas Maxwell (2009). The Metaphysics of Science: An Account of Modern Science in Terms of Principles, Laws and Theories. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (2):228 – 232.score: 514.5
    This is a review of Craig Dilworth's The Metaphysics of Science (Dordrecht, Springer, 2007). The book propounds an immensely important idea. Science makes metaphysical presuppositions. Unfortunately, Dilworth ignores work that has been done on this issue which takes the matter much further than he does.
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  13. Kenneth R. Westphal (1995). Does Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science Fill a Gap in the Critique of Pure Reason? Synthese 103 (1):43 - 86.score: 513.0
    In 1792 and 1798 Kant noticed two basic problems with hisMetaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (MAdN) which opened a crucial gap in the Critical system as a whole. Why is theMAdN so important? I show that the Analogies of Experience form an integrated proof of transeunt causality. This is central to Kant's answer to Hume. This proof requires explicating the empirical concept of matter as the moveable in space, it requires the specifically metaphysical principle that every physical event (...)
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  14. Giridhari Lal Pandit (2010). How Simple is It for Science to Acquire Wisdom According to its Choicest Aims? Philosophia 38 (4):649-666.score: 504.0
    Focusing on Nicholas Maxwell’s thesis that “science, properly understood, provides us the methodological key to the salvation of humanity”, the article discusses Maxwell’s aim oriented empiricism and his conception of Wisdom Inquiry as advocated in Maxwell’s (2009b, pp.1–56) essay entitled “How Can Life of Value Best Flourish in the Real World?” (in Science and the Pursuit of Wisdom: Studies in the Philosophy of Nicholas Maxwell 2009, edited by Leemon McHenry) and in Maxwell (2004 & 2009a).
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  15. Edwin A. Burtt (1954/2003). The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science. Dover Publications.score: 492.0
    To the medieval thinker, man was the center of creation and all of nature existed purely for his benefit. The shift from the philosophy of the Middle Ages to the modern view of humanity's less central place in the universe ranks as the greatest revolution in the history of Western thought, and this classic in the philosophy of science describes and analyzes how the profound change occurred. A fascinating analysis of the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Gilbert, (...)
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  16. Philipp Frank (1950). Metaphysical Interpretations of Science. Part I. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (1):60-74.score: 479.3
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  17. Philipp Frank (1950). Metaphysical Interpretations of Science. Part II. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):77-91.score: 479.3
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  18. Haig Khatchadourian (1955). Some Metaphysical Presuppositions of Science. Philosophy of Science 22 (3):194-204.score: 479.3
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  19. Peter A. Carmichael (1953). The Metaphysical Matrix of Science. Philosophy of Science 20 (3):208-216.score: 479.3
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  20. Uljana Feest (2007). Science and Experience/Science of Experience: Gestalt Psychology and the Anti-Metaphysical Project of the Aufbau. Perspectives on Science 15 (1):1-25.score: 477.0
    : This paper investigates the way in which Rudolf Carnap drew on Gestalt psychological notions when defining the basic elements of his constitutional system. I argue that while Carnap's conceptualization of basic experience was compatible with ideas articulated by members of the Berlin/Frankfurt school of Gestalt psychology, his formal analysis of the relationship between two basic experiences ("recollection of similarity") was not. This is consistent, given that Carnap's aim was to provide a unified reconstruction of scientific knowledge, as opposed to (...)
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  21. Jeffrey Koperski (2003). Intelligent Design and the End of Science. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (4):567-588.score: 468.0
    In his recent anthology, Intelligent Design Creationism and Its Critics, Robert Pennock continues his attack on what he considers to be the pseudoscience of Intelligent Design Theory. In this critical review, I discuss the main issues in the debate. Although the rhetoric is often heavy and the articles are intentionally stacked against Intelligent Design, there are many interesting topics in the philosophy of science to be found. I conclude that, contra Pennock, there is nothing intrinsically unscientific about Intelligent Design. (...)
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  22. M. Kusch (2002). Metaphysical Deja Vu: Hacking and Latour on Science Studies and Metaphysics - the Social Construction of What? Ian Hacking; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. And London, England, 1999, Pp. X+261, Price £18.50 Hardback, ISBN 0-674-81200-X.Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies Bruno Latour; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. And London, England, 1999, Pp. X+324, Price £12.50, $19.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-67-465336-X, £27.95, $45.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-67-465335-. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (3):639-647.score: 468.0
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  23. Mariam Thalos (1995). Book Review:The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science John Dupre. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 62 (2):351-.score: 468.0
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  24. Lisa Gannett (2010). Questions Asked and Unasked: How by Worrying Less About the 'Really Real' Philosophers of Science Might Better Contribute to Debates About Genetics and Race. Synthese 177 (3):363 - 385.score: 468.0
    Increased attention paid to inter-group genetic variability following completion of the Human Genome Project has provoked debate about race as a category of classification in biomedicine and as a biological phenomenon at the level of the genome. Philosophers of science favor a metaphysical approach relying on natural kind theorizing, the underlying assumptions of which structure the questions asked. Limitations arise the more metaphysically invested and less attuned to scientific practice these questions are. Other questions—arguably, those that matter (...)
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  25. Tm Lennon (1989). Physical and Metaphysical Atomism: 1666-1682 in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:81-95.score: 468.0
     
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  26. Ae Miller & Mg Miller (1994). Metaphysical Construction: The Central Method of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 159:62-97.score: 468.0
     
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  27. Ae Miller & Mg Miller (1994). Plaass's Interpretation of Metaphysical Construction'and the Issue of Objective Reality'in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 159:97-131.score: 468.0
     
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  28. Willis W. Harman & Jane Clark (eds.) (1994). The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science. Ions.score: 463.5
  29. Nicholas Maxwell, What’s Wrong With Aim-Oriented Empiricism?score: 462.0
    For four decades it has been argued that we need to adopt a new conception of science called aim-oriented empiricism. This has far-reaching implications and repercussions for science, the philosophy of science, academic inquiry in general, conception of rationality, and how we go about attempting to make progress towards as good a world as possible. Despite these far-reaching repercussions, aim-oriented empiricism has so far received scant attention from philosophers of science. Here, sixteen objections to the validity (...)
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  30. Edwin A. Burtt (1954). The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science. Garden City, N.Y.,Doubleday.score: 460.5
    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION (A) Historical Problem Suggested by the Nature of Modern Thought How curious, after all, is the way in which we moderns think about ...
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  31. Hermann Weyl (1932/1989). The Open World: Three Lectures on the Metaphysical Implications of Science. Ox Bow Press.score: 456.8
  32. Jochen Fahrenberg Marcus Cheetham (2007). Assumptions About Human Nature and the Impact of Philosophical Concepts on Professional Issues: A Questionnaire-Based Study with 800 Students From Psychology, Philosophy, and Science. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 183-201.score: 456.0
    Philosophical anthropology is concerned with assumptions about human nature, differential psychology with the empirical investigation of such belief systems. A questionnaire composed of 64 questions concerning brain and consciousness, free will, evolution, meaning of life, belief in God, and theodicy problem was used to gather data from 563 students of psychology at seven universities and from 233 students enrolled in philosophy or the natural sciences. Essential concepts were monism–dualism–complementarity, atheism–agnosticism–deism–theism, attitude toward transcendence–immanence, and self-ratings of religiosity and interest in (...)
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  33. John Dewey (1882). The Metaphysical Assumptions of Materialism. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (2):208 - 213.score: 447.8
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  34. Boleslaw Sobocinski (1950). Review: Henryk Mehlberg, On the Unverifiable Assumptions of Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):280-280.score: 447.8
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  35. Ak Raina (2000). Metaphysical Bases of Science. In A. K. Raina, B. N. Patnaik & Monima Chadha (eds.), Science and Tradition. Inter-University Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Advanced Study. 54.score: 447.8
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  36. Michael Friedman (2013). Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 442.5
    Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly and in great detail, explaining its relationship to both Newton's Principia and eighteenth-century scientific thinkers ...
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  37. Jessica M. Wilson (forthcoming). Three Dogmas of Metaphysical Methodology. In Matthew Haug (ed.), New Essays on Philosophical Methodology. Routledge.score: 440.0
    In what does philosophical progress consist? 'Vertical' progress corresponds to development within a specific paradigm/framework for theorizing (of the sort associated, revolutions aside, with science); 'horizontal' progress corresponds to the identification and cultivation of diverse paradigms (of the sort associated, conservativism aside, with art and pure mathematics). Philosophical progress seems to involve both horizontal and vertical dimensions, in a way that is somewhat puzzling: philosophers work in a number of competing frameworks (like artists or mathematicians), while typically maintaining that (...)
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  38. L. S. Stebbing (1932). The Open World. Three Lectures on the Metaphysical Implications of Science. By Hermann Weyl. (New Haven, U.S.A.: Yale University Press; London: Humphrey Milford. 1932. Pp. 84. Price 9s.; $1.50.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 7 (28):479-.score: 438.8
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  39. William E. Carroll (1999). Aquinas on Creation and the Metaphysical Foundation of Science. Sapientia 54 (205):69-91.score: 438.8
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  40. Cristina Ionescu (2007). The Unity of the Philebus: Metaphysical Assumptions of the Good Human Life. Ancient Philosophy 27 (1):55-75.score: 438.8
  41. M. Rosiak (2007). The Metaphysical Assumptions of the Aristotelian Doctrine of Fourfold Causality. An Ontological Analysis. Kwartalnik Filozoficzny 35 (2):123-145.score: 438.8
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  42. L. J. Russell (1977). Leibniz on the Metaphysical Foundations of Science. Studia Leibnitiana 9 (1):101 - 110.score: 438.8
    Der Autor beginnt mit einer Erörterung der Leibnizschen These, man müsse substantielle Formen annehmen, wenn man die inertia erklären wolle, und fragt dann, in welcher Weise man den Begriff der substantiellen Form zu dem in Beziehung zu setzen habe, was Leibniz über materielle Substanzen sagt. Der zentrale Begriff ist hier der Begriff der Repräsentation von einem bestimmten Gesichtspunkt oder einer bestimmten Lage aus, welche die Substanz von ihrer materia prima gewinnt. Bei der Erörterung der Frage, wie Leibniz' Substanzbegriff mit den (...)
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  43. Dariusz Łkasiewicz (2007). Logical and Metaphysical Assumptions of Bernard Bolzano's Theodicy. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (1).score: 438.8
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  44. Eric R. Dorman (2011). Hinduism and Science: The State of the South Asian Science and Religion Discourse. Zygon 46 (3):593-619.score: 438.0
    Abstract. The science and religion discourse in the Western academy, though expansive, has not paid significant enough attention to South Asian views, particularly those from Hindu thought. This essay seeks to address this issue in three parts. First, I present the South Asian standpoint as it currently relates to the science and religion discourse. Second, I survey and evaluate some available literature on South Asian approaches to the science and religion discourse. Finally, I promote three possible steps (...)
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  45. Eric Watkins (1998). The Argumentative Structure of Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (4):567-593.score: 436.5
  46. Edwin E. Gantt (1999). Review of The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):226-227.score: 436.5
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  47. Philip Paul Wiener (1935). Some Metaphysical Assumptions and Problems of Neo-Positivism. Journal of Philosophy 32 (7):175-181.score: 436.5
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  48. Edwin Arthur Burtt (2001). The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science: A Historical and Critical Essay. Routledge.score: 436.5
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  49. Elizabeth R. Eames (1958). Quality and Relation as Metaphysical Assumptions in the Philosophy of John Dewey. Journal of Philosophy 55 (4):166-169.score: 436.5
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