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Profile: Michael B. Burke (Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis)
Profile: Michaela Burke
  1.  51
    Michael Burke, Anezka Kuzmicova, Anne Mangen & Theresa Schilhab (2016). Empathy at the Confluence of Neuroscience and Empirical Literary Studies. Scientific Study of Literature 6 (1):6-41.
    The objective of this article is to review extant empirical studies of empathy in narrative reading in light of (i) contemporary literary theory, and (ii) neuroscientific studies of empathy, and to discuss how a closer interplay between neuroscience and literary studies may enhance our understanding of empathy in narrative reading. An introduction to some of the philosophical roots of empathy is followed by tracing its application in contemporary literary theory, in which scholars have pursued empathy with varying degrees of conceptual (...)
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  2. Michael B. Burke (1994). Preserving the Principle of One Object to a Place: A Novel Account of the Relations Among Objects, Sorts, Sortals, and Persistence Conditions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (3):591-624.
    The article provides a novel, conservative account of material constitution, one that employs sortal essentialism and a theory of dominant sortals. It avoids coinciding objects, temporal parts, relativizations of identity, mereological essentialism, anti-essentialism, denials of the reality of the objects of our ordinary ontology, and other radical departures from the metaphysic implicit in ordinary ways of thinking. Defenses of the account against important objections are found in Burke 1997, 2003, and 2004, as well as in the often neglected six paragraphs (...)
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  3. Michael B. Burke (1992). Copper Statues and Pieces of Copper: A Challenge to the Standard Account. Analysis 52 (1):12 - 17.
    On the most popular account of material constitution, it is common for a material object to coincide precisely with one or more other material objects, ones that are composed of just the same matter but differ from it in sort. I argue that there is nothing that could ground the alleged difference in sort and that the account must be rejected.
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  4. Michael B. Burke (1994). Dion and Theon: An Essentialist Solution to an Ancient Puzzle. Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):129-139.
    Dion is a full-bodied man. Theon is that part of him which consists of all of him except his left foot. What becomes of Dion and Theon when Dion’s left foot is amputated? Employing the doctrine of sortal essentialism, I defend a surprising answer last defended by Chrysippus: that Dion survives while the seemingly unscathed Theon perishes.
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  5.  2
    Michael Burke (2015). The Neuroaesthetics of Prose Fiction: Pitfalls, Parameters and Prospects. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  52
    Michael B. Burke (2003). Is My Head a Person? In K. Petrus (ed.), On Human Persons. Heusenstamm Nr Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag 107-125.
    It is hard to see why the head and other brain-containing parts of persons are not themselves persons, or at least thinking, conscious beings. Some theorists have sought to reconcile us to the existence of thinking person-parts. Others have sought ways to avoid them, but by radical theories that abandon the metaphysic implicit in ordinary ways of thinking. This paper offers a novel, conservative solution, one on which the heads and other brain-containing parts of persons do exist but are neither (...)
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  7.  7
    Michael Burke (2012). A Feminist Reconstruction of Liberal Rights and Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (1):11-28.
  8. Michael Burke, Sport, Tradition and Freedom.
    "Sport, Tradition and Freedom" entails a philosophical examination of the relationship between traditions of rationality and understandings of freedom in sport. Chapter One introduces the ideas of freedom and virtue. Chapter Two involves a critical and historical exploration of the traditions of conservatism, liberalism and Marxism and the effects that these traditions have had on accounts of freedom in sport. Chapter Three examines the issue of freedom in sport from a social critical-formalist perspective, particularly addressing the influence that the process (...)
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  9.  7
    Michael D. Burke (1997). Drugs in Sport: Have They Practiced Too Hard? A Response to Schneider and Butcher. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 24 (1):47-66.
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  10. Michael B. Burke (1997). Coinciding Objects: Reply to Lowe and Denkel. Analysis 57 (1):11–18.
  11. Michael B. Burke (2004). Dion, Theon, and the Many-Thinkers Problem. Analysis 64 (283):242–250.
    Dion is a full-bodied man. Theon is that part of him which consists of all of him except his left foot. What becomes of Dion and Theon when Dion’s left foot is amputated? Employing the doctrine of sortal essentialism, in Burke 1994 I defended a surprising position last defended by Chrysippus: that Dion survives while the seemingly unscathed Theon perishes. This paper defends that position against objections by Stone, Carter, Olson, and others. Most notably, I offer here a novel, conservative (...)
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  12.  5
    Michael D. Burke & Terence J. Roberts (1997). Drugs in Sport: An Issue of Morality or Sentimentality? Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 24 (1):99-113.
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  13.  74
    Michael B. Burke (1980). Cohabitation, Stuff and Intermittent Existence. Mind 89 (355):391-405.
    I will try to establish that there are cases in which an ordinary material object exists intermittently. Afterwards there will be a few words about the consequences of acknowledging such cases, but what is of more interest, perhaps, is the route by which the conclusion is reached. When deciding among competing descriptions of the cases considered, I have tried to reduce to a minimum the role of intuitive judgement, and I have based several arguments on 'metaphysical principles'. These principles are (...)
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  14. Michael B. Burke (2002). Objects and Persons. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 111 (4):586-588.
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  15.  30
    Michael B. Burke (1997). Persons and Bodies: How to Avoid the New Dualism. American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):457 - 467.
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  16.  26
    Michael B. Burke (2000). The Staccato Run: A Contemporary Issue in the Zenonian Tradition. Modern Schoolman 78 (1):1-8.
    The “staccato run,” in which a runner stops infinitely often while running from one point to another, is a prototype of the “superfeat” (or "supertask”), that is, a feat involving the completion in a finite time of an infinite sequence of distinct, physically individuated acts. There is no widely accepted demonstration that superfeats are impossible logically, but I argue here, contra Grunbaüm, that they are impossible dynamically. Specifically, I show that the staccato run is excluded by Newton’s three laws of (...)
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  17.  66
    Michael B. Burke (1985). Spatial Analogues of 'Annihilation and Re-Creation'. Analysis 45 (1):24 - 29.
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  18.  5
    Michael Burke (2001). Obeying Until It Hurts: Coach-Athlete Relationships. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 28 (2):227-240.
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  19.  64
    Michael B. Burke (1996). Tibbles the Cat: A Modern Sophisma. Philosophical Studies 84 (1):63 - 74.
    In this paper, I offer a novel and conservative solution to the puzzle of Tibbles the cat. I do not criticize the existing solutions or the theories within which they are embedded. I am content to offer an alternative, one that relies on the recently resurgent doctrine of Aristotelian essentialism. My solution, unlike some of its competitors, is applicable to the full range of cases in which, as with Tib and Tibbles, there is the threat of coinciding objects. In section (...)
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  20.  36
    Michael B. Burke (1996). Sortal Essentialism and the Potentiality Principle. Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):491 - 514.
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  21.  79
    Michael B. Burke (1984). Hume and Edwards on 'Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):355–362.
    Suppose that five minutes ago, to our astonishment, a healthy, full-grown duck suddenly popped into existence on the table in front of us. Suppose further that there was no first moment at which the duck existed but rather a last moment, T, at which it had yet to exist. Then for each moment t at which the duck has existed, there is an explanation of why the duck existed at t: there was a moment t’ earlier than t but later (...)
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  22.  6
    Michael B. Burke (1985). Unstated Premises. Informal Logic 7 (2).
  23.  16
    Michael Burke & Christopher Hallinan (2008). Drugs, Sport, Anxiety and Foucauldian Governmentality. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (1):39 – 55.
    This paper1 uses concepts of anxiety and Foucauldian governmentality to investigate the ways that the discourses supporting the ban on performance-enhancing drugs in sport have been manipulated and broadened to treat this issue as a public policy and health issue rather than an example of rule violation in sport. Some effects of this expansion include the broadening of drug testing to include testing for recreational drugs, the intrusion of both central governments and scientific experts into the issue and the curtailment (...)
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  24.  3
    Michael B. Burke (1994). Dion and Theon: An Essentialist Solution to an Ancient Puzzle. Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):129-139.
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  25.  33
    Michael B. Burke (1983). Essentialism and the Identity of Indiscernables. Philosophy Research Archives 9:223-243.
    The paper formulates and defends a version of the Identity of Indiscernibles and demonstrates that it entails a non-trivial version of the doctrine of essentialism.
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  26.  13
    Michael Burke (2004). What Would Happen If a 'Woman' Outpaced the Winner of the Gold Medal in the 'Men's' One Hundred Meters? Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):35-43.
    The separation of men’s and women’s competitions in the sporting world has been suggested as a necessary protection for female athletes against the superior athletic performances of male athletes. The comparison of the most elite performers in these two categories maintains the historical pattern of viewing male sport and the male athlete as the standard, and female sport and the female athlete as the inferior ‘other’. This paper argues for a transformative utilization of the separation of men’s and women’s sports (...)
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  27.  46
    Michael B. Burke (1987). Theodicy with a God of Limited Power: A Reply to McGrath. Analysis 47 (1):57 - 58.
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  28.  22
    Michael B. Burke (2000). The Impossibility of Superfeats. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):207-220.
    Is it logically possible to perform a "superfeat"? This is, is it logically possible to complete, in a finite time, an infinite sequence of distinct acts? In opposition to the received view, I argue that all superfeats have kinematic features that make them logically impossible.
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  29.  2
    Michael Burke (2006). Response to Dixon and Davis: Answering Realists With Antiepistemological Pragmatism. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (1):78-99.
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  30.  17
    Michael B. Burke (1994). Denying the Antecedent: A Common Fallacy? Informal Logic 16 (1).
    An argumentative passage that might appear to be an instance of denying the antecedent will generally admit of an alternative interpretation, one on which the conditional contained by the passage is a preface to the argument rather than a premise of it. On this interpretation. which generally is a more charitable one, the conditional plays a certain dialectical role and, in some cases, a rhetorical role as well. Assuming only a very weak principle of exigetical charity, I consider what it (...)
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  31.  9
    Michael Burke (2001). Drug Taking, Bodybuilding and Sporting Women. Professional Ethics 9 (3/4):49-80.
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  32. Michael B. Burke (1999). Benardete's Paradox. Sorites 11:82-85.
    Graham Priest has focused attention on an intriguing but neglected paradox posed by José Benardete in 1964. Benardete viewed the paradox as a threat to the intelligibility of the spatial and temporal continua and offered several different versions of it. Priest has selected one of those versions and formalized it. Although Priest has succeeded nicely in sharpening the paradox, the version he chose to formalize has distracting and potentially problematic features that are absent from some of Benardete's other versions. I (...)
     
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  33. Michael B. Burke (1983). Identity and Origin. Dialogos 18 (41):59.
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  34.  1
    Michael Burke (2002). Can Sport Cope With a “Wimpy Virus”'s Using Questions Not Asked in HIV and Sport Discourses to Resist Discrimination'. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (1):54-65.
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  35.  21
    Michael Burke & Dennis Hemphill, Philosophy of Sport.
    While philosophy of sport clings for life, sport in Austalasia has undergone a significant transformation since the early 1990s. Sport is now considered 'more than a game'. That is, elite, high-performance sport is now big business that is also perceived as a powerful instrument for the expression of national identity and pride. This has resulted in a growing scientific and manaagement focus in university level sport, exercise and physcial education related courses (McKay et al. 1990). This reflects a similar trend (...)
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  36.  18
    Michael B. Burke (1984). The Infinitistic Thesis. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):295-305.
  37.  21
    Michael Burke (1993). Race and the Modern Philosophy Course. Teaching Philosophy 16 (1):21-34.
  38.  2
    Michael D. Burke & Caroline Symons (2015). Anti-Doping Policies and the Gay Games; Morgan’s Treatment–Enhancement Distinction in Action. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):267-280.
    The anti-doping policy of the Gay Games offers an interesting exemplification of the treatment–enhancement distinction. Some Gay Games athletes require steroids to deal with the effects of HIV or for sexual reassignment, and the practice community had to negotiate coordinating conventions with regard to steroid use that remained committed to the deeper conventions of Gay Games sport. This paper will investigate the way that this policy emanated from the type of participatory social practice community that would be necessary for any (...)
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  39.  8
    Michael Burke (2014). Women's Standpoints and Internalism in Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):39-52.
    David Fairchild explains that sport is an evocative symbolic system that demonstrates the apparently ‘natural’ division of humans into two separate and dichotomous genders, and also demonstrates the apparently ‘genetically based’ hierarchy between the genders in terms of sporting results. Additionally, this hierarchy of performance translates into a hierarchy of authority, such that men occupy the most powerful positions in coaching, administration and the sports media. The initial section of this paper will follow on from Fairchild to suggest some changes (...)
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  40.  6
    Michael Burke (2001). The Changing Nature of Imperialism: The US as Author of the Asian Crisis of 1997. Historical Materialism 8 (1):49-88.
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  41.  6
    Michael Burke (2003). Sexual Harassment in Sport: Impact, Issues and Challenges By Karin A.E. Volkwein-Caplan and Gopal Sankaran. Published 2002 by Meyer & Meyer Sport (Sport, Culture & Society, Vol. 1), Oxford. [REVIEW] Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 30 (1):97-100.
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  42.  1
    Michael Burke (1981). Clásicos Españoles de la Anatomía Patológica Anteriores a CajalJosé María López Piñero Francesc Biyosa Mariá-Luz Terrada. Isis 72 (3):518-518.
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  43.  5
    Michael Burke (2012). Beware of Greeks Bearing Gifts: A Foucauldian Response to Holowchak. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):226-244.
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  44.  11
    Michael B. Burke (1996). NABER on Embryo Splitting. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2):210-211.
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  45.  2
    Michael Burke, Mark Janse & Bert Mosselmans (2008). Aristotelian Encounters. Foundations of Science 13.
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  46.  1
    Michael Burke (1981). Clásicos Españoles de la Anatomía Patológica Anteriores a Cajal by José María López Piñero; Francesc Biyosa; Mariá-Luz Terrada. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 72:518-518.
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  47.  1
    Derek Allen, Maryann Ayim, Sharon Bailin, Mark Battersby, Jerome Bickenbach, Robert Binkley, Alan Brinton, Richard N. Bronaugh, Michael Burke & Lorraine Code (1991). And Typically Write Extensive Comments. In Many Cases They Also Review Revised Ver-Sions of Papers. The Authors, This Journal, and the Aca-Demic Community in General All Benefit. Informal Logic 13:3.
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  48. Michael D. Burke & Caroline Symons (2015). Anti-Doping Policies and the Gay Games; Morgan’s Treatment–Enhancement Distinction in Action. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):267-280.
    The anti-doping policy of the Gay Games offers an interesting exemplification of the treatment–enhancement distinction. Some Gay Games athletes require steroids to deal with the effects of HIV or for sexual reassignment, and the practice community had to negotiate coordinating conventions with regard to steroid use that remained committed to the deeper conventions of Gay Games sport. This paper will investigate the way that this policy emanated from the type of participatory social practice community that would be necessary for any (...)
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  49. Michael Burke (ed.) (2017). Cognitive Literary Science: Dialogues Between Literature and Cognition. Oxford University Press Usa.
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  50. Michael D. Burke (2001). Drug Taking, Bodybuilding and Sporting Women. Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 9 (3):49-80.
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