Search results for 'Michael F. Smith' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Michael F. Smith (1991). Letting in the Jungle. Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):145-154.score: 870.0
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  2. Jake F. Weltzin, Michael E. Loik, Susanne Schwinning, David G. Williams, Philip A. Fay, Brent M. Haddad, John Harte, Travis E. Huxman, Alan K. Knapp, Guanghui Lin, William T. Pockman, M. Rebecca Shaw, Eric E. Small, Melinda D. Smith, Stanley D. Smith, David T. Tissue & John C. Zak (2003). Assessing the Response of Terrestrial Ecosystems to Potential Changes in Precipitation. Bioscience 53 (10):941.score: 810.0
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  3. Phillip J. Clapham, Per Berggren, Simon Childerhouse, Nancy A. Friday, Toshio Kasuya, Laurence Kell, Karl-Hermann Kock, Silvia Manzanilla-Naim, Giuseppe Notabartolo di Sciara, William F. Perrin, Andrew J. Read, Randall R. Reeves, Emer Rogan, Lorenzo Rojas-Bracho, Tim D. Smith, Michael Stachowitsch, Barbara L. Taylor, Deborah Thiele, Paul R. Wade & Robert L. Brownell (2003). Whaling as Science. Bioscience 53 (3):210.score: 810.0
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  4. Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.) (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press.score: 600.0
    Preface Introduction Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith: Outline of Life, Times, and Legacy Part One: Adam Smith: Heritage and Contemporaries 1: Nicholas Phillipson: Adam Smith: A Biographer's Reflections 2: Leonidas Montes: Newtonianism and Adam Smith 3: Dennis C. Rasmussen: Adam Smith and Rousseau: Enlightenment and counter-Enlightenment 4: Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith and Early Modern Thought Part Two: Adam Smith on Language, Art and Culture 5: Catherine Labio: Adam Smith's Aesthetics 6: James (...)
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  5. Michael Smith (2004). Ethics and the a Priori: Selected Essays on Moral Psychology and Meta-Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 480.0
    Over the last fifteen years, Michael Smith has written a series of seminal essays about the nature of belief and desire, the status of normative judgment, and the relevance of the views we take on both these topics to the accounts we give of our nature as free and responsible agents. This long awaited collection comprises some of the most influential of Smith's essays. Among the topics covered are: the Humean theory of motivating reasons, the nature of (...)
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  6. Vincent Michael Colapietro & John Edwin Smith (eds.) (1997). Reason, Experience, and God: John E. Smith in Dialogue. Fordham University Press.score: 480.0
    John E. Smith has contributed to contemporary philosophy in primarily four distinct capacities; first, as a philosopher of religion and God; second, as an indefatigable defender of philosophical reflection in its classical sense ( a sense inclusive of, but not limited to, metaphysics); third, as a participant in the reconstruction of experience and reason so boldly inaugurated by Hegel then redically transformed by the classical American pragmatists, and significantly augmented by such thinkers as Josiah Royce, william Earnest Hocking, and (...)
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  7. Michael Smith, Schiffers’s Unhappy Face Solution to a Puzzle About Moral Judgement.score: 450.0
    where, according to Schiffer, the concept of an F is pleonastic just in case the concept itself licenses entailments of the form: S ⇒ ∃xFx. These are what he calls "somethingfrom-nothing" entailments and the various practices in which such entailments are made are what he calls "hypostatisizing practices" (p.57). The concept of a proposition is pleonastic, according to this definition, because it licenses the move from a claim like 'Fido is a dog,' a claim containing only the singular term 'Fido' (...)
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  8. Eleonore Stump, Charles B. Schmitt, James J. Murphy, M. Mugnai, Robin Smith, C. W. Kilmister, N. C. A. da Costa, von G. Schenk, Robert Bunn, D. W. Barron & A. Grieder (1982). Bokk Review. History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):213-240.score: 450.0
    MEDIEVAL LOGICS LAMBERT MARIE DE RIJK (ed.), Die mittelalterlichen Traktate De mod0 opponendiet respondendi, Einleitung und Ausgabe der einschlagigen Texte. (Beitrage zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Neue Folge Band 17.) Miinster: Aschendorff, 1980. 379 pp. No price stated. THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARTA FATTORI, Lessico del Novum Organum di Francesco Bacone. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo 1980. Two volumes, il + 543, 520 pp. Lire 65.000. VIVIAN SALMON, The study of language in 17th century England. (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory (...)
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  9. Michael Joseph Smith (2012). A Brief Response to Michael Ignatieff. Ethics and International Affairs 26 (1):49-52.score: 420.0
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  10. Jeanette A. Davy, Joel F. Kincaid, Kenneth J. Smith & Michelle A. Trawick (2007). An Examination of the Role of Attitudinal Characteristics and Motivation on the Cheating Behavior of Business Students. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):281 – 302.score: 340.0
    This study examines cheating behaviors among 422 business students at two public Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business-accredited business schools. Specifically, we examined the simultaneous influence of attitudinal characteristics and motivational factors on (a) reported prior cheating behavior, (b) the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors, and (c) likelihood of future cheating. In addition, we examined the impact of in-class deterrents on neutralization of cheating behaviors and the likelihood of future cheating. We also directly tested potential mediating effects of neutralization (...)
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  11. Michael A. Smith (1998). The Possibility of Philosophy of Action. In Jan Bransen & Stefaan Cuypers (eds.), Human Action, Deliberation and Causation. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 17--41.score: 300.0
    This article was conceived as a sequel to “The Humean Theory of Motivation.” The paper addresses various challenges to the standard account of the explanation of intentional action in terms of desire and means-end belief, challenges that didn’t occur to me when I wrote “The Humean Theory of Motivation.” I begin by suggesting that the attraction of the standard account lies in the way in which it allows us to unify a vast array of otherwise diverse types of action explanation. (...)
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  12. Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.) (2005). The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 300.0
    The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy is the definitive guide to what's going on in this lively and fascinating subject. Jackson and Smith, themselves two of the world's most eminent philosophers, have assembled more than thirty distinguished scholars to contribute incisive and up-to-date critical surveys of the principal areas of research. The coverage is broad, with sections devoted to moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, philosophy of mind and action, philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of the sciences. (...)
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  13. Michael Smith (2001). The Incoherence Argument: Reply to Schafer-Landau. Analysis 61 (3):254–266.score: 300.0
    Russ Schafer-Landau’s ‘Moral judgement and normative reasons’ is admirably clear and to the point (Schafer-Landau 1999). He presents his own version of the argument for the practicality requirement on moral judgement – that is, for the claim that those who have moral beliefs are either motivated or practically irrational – that I gave in The Moral Problem (Smith 1994), and he then proceeds to identify several crucial problems. In what follows I begin by making some comments about his presentation (...)
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  14. Tony Smith (1999). Brenner and Crisis Theory: Issues in Systematic and Historical Dialectics. Historical Materialism 5 (1):145-178.score: 300.0
    Tony Smith Philosophy, Iowa State University Robert Brenner‟s recent monograph on the economics of global turbulence has renewed interest in one of the most important topics in Marxian thought, the theory of crisis tendencies in capitalism.1 In their introduction to Brenner‟s monograph the editors of The New Left Review praise him as a worthy successor to Marx in the strongest possible terms. In the eyes of a number of critics, however, Brenner is guilty of a major betrayal of Marx‟s (...)
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  15. John Bigelow & Michael Smith (1997). How Not to Be Muddled by a Meddlesome Muggletonian. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (4):511 – 527.score: 300.0
    Holton, we acknowledge, has given a good counter-example to a theory, and that theory is interesting and worth refuting. The theory we have in mind is like Smith's, but is more reductionist in spirit. It is a theory that ties value to Reason and to processes of reasoning, or inference - not to the recognition of reasons and acting on reasons. Such a theory overestimates the importance of logic, truth, inference, and thinking things through for yourself independently of any (...)
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  16. Andrew F. Smith (2014). Political Deliberation and the Challenge of Bounded Rationality. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (3):269-291.score: 300.0
    Many proponents of deliberative democracy expect reasonable citizens to engage in rational argumentation. However, this expectation runs up against findings by behavioral economists and social psychologists revealing the extent to which normal cognitive functions are influenced by bounded rationality. Individuals regularly utilize an array of biases in the process of making decisions, which inhibits our argumentative capacities by adversely affecting our ability and willingness to be self-critical and to give due consideration to others’ interests. Although these biases cannot be overcome, (...)
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  17. Rogers M. Smith (1999). America's Contents and Discontents: Reflections on Michael Sandel's America. Critical Review 13 (1-2):73-96.score: 300.0
    Abstract Michael Sandel's Democracy's Discontent traces America's woes to an erosion of community and a loss of a sense of collective self?governance. He recommends a more communitarian, republican public philosophy as the cure. His book illuminates many important historical and contemporary issues, particularly the link between systems of political economy and visions of citizenship. His methods are, however, too impressionistic to support his empirical claims. He particularly neglects the role of civic republicanism in America's history of racial, (...)
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  18. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) (2002). The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies. Oxford University Press.score: 300.0
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death (ordered to drink poison derived from hemlock). About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them (...)
     
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  19. Michael Smith (2006). Environmentalism: Spiritual, Ethical, Political. Environmental Values 15 (3):355 - 363.score: 300.0
    The normative foundations of the environmental movement can be thought of in a range of different ways. The present paper is a commentary on very interesting papers by Thomas Dunlap, Thomas Hill and Kimberly Smith, who take up the spiritual, ethical and political perspectives respectively. Their accounts are described and evaluated.
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  20. Philip G. Smith (1970). Theories of Value and Problems of Education. Urbana,University of Illinois Press.score: 300.0
    Moral philosophy and education, by H. D. Aiken.--The moral sense and contributory values, by C. I. Lewis.--Realms of value, by P. W. Taylor.--The role of value theory in education, by J. D. Butler.--Does ethics make a difference? By K. Price.--Educational value statements, by C. Beck.--Educational values and goals, by W. K. Frankena.--Conflicts in values, by H. S. Broudy.--Levels of valuational discourse in education, by J. F. Perry and P. G. Smith.--Education and some moves toward a value methodology, by A. (...)
     
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  21. Justin J. Couchman, Mariana V. C. Coutinho, Michael J. Beran & J. David Smith (2009). Metacognition is Prior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):142-142.score: 280.0
    We agree with Carruthers that evidence for metacognition in species lacking mindreading provides dramatic evidence in favor of the metacognition-is-prior account and against the mindreading-is-prior account. We discuss this existing evidence and explain why an evolutionary perspective favors the former account and poses serious problems for the latter account.
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  22. Charles F. Hinderliter, Sarah L. Smith & James R. Misanin (1976). A Reduction of ECS-Produced Amnesia Through Post-ECS Sensory Isolation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (6):542-544.score: 280.0
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  23. Michael S. Ball & Gregory W. H. Smith (1988). Methodological and Analytical Issues in the Use of Stored Visual Materials. Communication and Cognition 21 (3-4):371-387.score: 280.0
     
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  24. Michael J. Beran & J. David Smith (2012). Corrigendum to “Information Seeking by Rhesus Monkeys ( Macaca Mulatta ) and Capuchin Monkeys ( Cebus Apella )”[Cognition 120 (2011) 90–105]. [REVIEW] Cognition 122 (2):264-265.score: 280.0
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  25. Michael J. Beran & J. David Smith (2011). Information Seeking by Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta) and Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus Apella). Cognition 120 (1):90-105.score: 280.0
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  26. David F. Bjorklund, Steven C. Smith & Peter A. Ornstein (1982). Young Children's Release From Proactive Interference: The Effects of Category Typicality. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (4):211-213.score: 280.0
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  27. Stephen F. Bush & Nathan Smith (forthcoming). The Limits of Motion Prediction Support for Ad Hoc Wireless Network Performance. Arxiv Preprint Cs/0512092:27--30.score: 280.0
    A fundamental understanding of gain provided by motion prediction in wireless ad hoc routing is currently lacking. This paper examines benefits in routing obtainable via prediction. A theoretical best-case non-predictive routing model is quantified in terms of both message overhead and update time for non-predictive routing. This best- case model of existing routing performance is compared with predictive routing. Several specific instances of predictive improvements in routing are examined. The primary contribution of this paper is quantification of predictive gain for (...)
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  28. Henry F. Lyle Iii & Eric A. Smith (2012). How Conservative Are Evolutionary Anthropologists? Human Nature 23 (3):306-322.score: 280.0
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  29. Jennifer O'Loughlin, J. Chris Graves, Stephen F. Davis & Randolph A. Smith (1993). Caffeine Exposure Affects Barpressing. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (4):321-322.score: 280.0
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  30. Owen F. Temby & Ken R. Smith (2013). The Association Between Adult Mortality Risk and Family History of Longevity: The Moderating Effects of Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-14.score: 280.0
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  31. James T. Tilmant, Richard W. Curry, Ronald Jones, Alina Szmant, Joseph C. Zieman, Mark Flora, Michael B. Robblee, Dewitt Smith, R. W. Snow & Harold Wanless (1994). Hurricane Andrew's Effects on Marine Resources. Bioscience 44 (4):230-237.score: 280.0
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  32. Michael Smith (1987). The Humean Theory of Motivation. Mind 96 (381):36-61.score: 240.0
  33. Michael J. Smith (1998). Humanitarian Intervention: An Overview of the Ethical Issues. Ethics and International Affairs 12 (1):63–79.score: 240.0
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  34. Michael Smith (2009). Desires, Values, Reasons, and the Dualism of Practical Reason. Ratio 22 (1):98-125.score: 240.0
    In On What Matters Derek Parfit argues that facts about reasons for action are grounded in facts about values and against the view that they are grounded in facts about the desires that subjects would have after fully informed and rational deliberation. I describe and evaluate Parfit's arguments for this value-based conception of reasons for action and find them wanting. I also assess his response to Sidgwick's suggestion that there is a Dualism of Practical Reason. Parfit seems not to notice (...)
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  35. Michael Smith (1995). Internal Reasons. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):109-131.score: 240.0
    The idea that there is such an analytic connection will hardly come as news. It amounts to no more and no less than an endorsement of the claim that all reasons are 'internal', as opposed to 'external', to use Bernard Williams's terms (Williams 1980). Or, to put things in the way Christine Korsgaard favours, it amounts to an endorsement of the 'internalism requirement' on reasons (Korsgaard 1986). But how exactly is the internalism requirement to be understood? What does it tell (...)
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  36. Michael Smith (2003). Rational Capacities, Or: How to Distinguish Recklessness, Weakness, and Compulsion. In Sarah Stroud & Christine Tappolet (eds.), Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 17-38.score: 240.0
  37. Michael Smith (2010). Beyond the Error Theory. In Richard Joyce & Simon Kirchin (eds.), A World Without Values. Springer.score: 240.0
    Mackie's argument for the Error Theory is described. Four ways of responding to Mackie's argument—the Instrumental Approach, the Universalization Approach, the Reasons Approach, and the Constitutivist Approach—are outlined and evaluated. It emerges that though the Constitutivist Approach offers the most promising response to Mackie's argument, it is difficult to say whether that response is adequate or not.
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  38. Michael Smith (1994/1995). The Moral Problem. Blackwell.score: 240.0
    What is the Moral Problem? NORMATIVE ETHICS VS. META-ETHICS It is a common fact of everyday life that we appraise each others' behaviour and attitudes from ...
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  39. Michael Smith, David Lewis & Mark Johnston (1989). Dispositional Theories of Value. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 63:89-174.score: 240.0
  40. Michael Smith (2010). On Normativity. Analysis 70 (4):715-731.score: 240.0
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  41. Michael Smith (2009). Reasons with Rationalism After All. Analysis 69 (3):521-530.score: 240.0
  42. Michael Smith (2006). Is That All There Is? Journal of Ethics 10 (1-2):75 - 106.score: 240.0
    I take issue with two suggestions of Joel Feinberg's: first, that it is incoherent to suppose that human life as such is absurd, and, second, that a particular human life may be absurd and yet saved from being tragic by being fulfilled. I also argue that human life as such may well be absurd and I consider various responses to this.
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  43. Michael Smith (2005). Meta-Ethics. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press. 3--30.score: 240.0
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  44. Michael Smith (2011). Deontological Moral Obligations and Non-Welfarist Agent-Relative Values. Ratio 24 (4):351-363.score: 240.0
    Many claim that a plausible moral theory would have to include a principle of beneficence, a principle telling us to produce goods that are both welfarist and agent-neutral. But when we think carefully about the necessary connection between moral obligations and reasons for action, we see that agents have two reasons for action, and two moral obligations: they must not interfere with any agent's exercise of his rational capacities and they must do what they can to make sure that agents (...)
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  45. Michael Smith (2007). Is There a Nexus Between Reasons and Rationality? Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 94 (1):279-298.score: 240.0
    When we say that a subject has attitudes that she is rationally required to have, does that entail that she has those attitudes for reasons? In other words, is there a deep nexus between being rational and responding to reasons? Many have argued that there is. For example, Derek Parfit tells us that 'to be rational is to respond to reasons' (Parfit 1997, p.99). But I am not so sure. I begin by considering this question in the domain of theoretical (...)
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  46. Michael Smith (2001). Some Not-Much-Discussed Problems for Non-Cognitivism in Ethics. Ratio 14 (2):93–115.score: 240.0
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  47. Joel Smith (2003). Review of F. Nietzsche, Writings From the Late Notebooks. Edited by R. Bittner and Translated by K. Sturge. [REVIEW] Philosophical Writings 22:69-71.score: 240.0
    As so often with his published texts, the experience of reading Nietzsche’s notebooks is at once mesmerising and infuriating. One is in the presence of a thinker who, on the one hand, meditates deeply on fundamental issues in philosophy and psychology but who, on the other, refuses to be pinned down. The fact that Nietzsche’s style is so elusive can account for the enormously disparate interpretations of his work and it is no surprise that his notebooks have been read in (...)
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  48. Michael Smith & Frank Jackson (2006). Absolutist Moral Theories and Uncertainty. Journal of Philosophy 103 (6):267-283.score: 240.0
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  49. Michael Smith (1997). In Defense of "the Moral Problem": A Reply to Brink, Copp, and Sayre-McCord. Ethics 108 (1):84-119.score: 240.0
  50. Philip Pettit & Michael Smith (1996). Freedom in Belief and Desire. Journal of Philosophy 93 (9):429-449.score: 240.0
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