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Profile: Michael Förster (Handelshochschule Leipzig (HHL))
  1. Michael N. Forster, Herder's Importance As a Philosopher.
    Herder has been sufficiently neglected in recent times, especially among philosophers, to need a few words of introduction. He lived 1744-1803; he was a favorite student of Kant's, and a student and friend of Hamann's; he became a mentor to the young Goethe, on whose development he exercised a profound influence; and he worked, among other things, as a philosopher, literary critic, Bible scholar, and translator. As I mentioned, Herder has been especially neglected by philosophers (with two notable (...)
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  2. Michael Forster, Das Geistige Tierreich.
    Der Titel meines Vortrags bezieht sich nicht auf heftige Auseinandersetzungen in der heutigen Hegelrezeption, sondern auf den gleichnamigen Abschnitt der Phänomenologie des Geistes von 1807: “Das geistige Tierreich und der Betrug oder die Sache selbst.” Dieser verhältnismäßig wenig beachtete und womöglich noch weniger verstandene Abschnitt ist meines Erachtens einer der wichtigsten im ganzen Buch. Ich möchte deshalb heute versuchen seine Bedeutung etwas aufzuklären.
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  3. Michael Forster, Hegelian Vs. Kantian Interpretations of Pyrrhonism: Revolution or Reaction?
    This paper concerns a surprisingly sharp disagreement about the nature of ancient Pyrrhonism which first emerges clearly in Kant and Hegel, but which continues in contemporary interpretations. The paper begins by explaining the character of this disagreement, then attempts to adjudicate it in the light of the ancient texts.
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  4. Michael Forster, The Liberal Temper in Classical German Philosophy: Freedom of Thought and Expression.
    Consideration of the German philosophy and political history of the past century might well give the impression, and often does give foreign observers the impression, that liberalism, including in particular commitment to the ideal of free thought and expression, is only skin-deep in Germany. Were not Heidegger's disgust at Gerede (which of course really meant the free speech of the Weimar Republic) and Gadamer's defense of "prejudice" and "tradition" more reflective of the true instincts of German philosophy than, say, the (...)
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  5. Michael Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) (forthcoming). Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press.
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  6. Kristin Gjesdal & Michael Forster (eds.) (forthcoming). The Oxford Handbook of 19th Century Philosophy. oxford University Press.
     
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  7. Michael N. Forster (2012). Kant's Philosophy of Language? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3):485.
  8. Michael N. Forster (2011). German Philosophy of Language: From Schlegel to Hegel and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
    This book not only sets the historical record straight but also champions the Herderian tradition for its philosophical depth and breadth.
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  9. Michael N. Forster (2011). Herder's Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation. Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323-356.
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  10. Michael Forster & Wolfgang Welsch (2011). The Continuity of Evolution and the Special Character of Humans: Concluding Overview. In. In Welsch Wolfgang, Singer Wolf & Wunder Andre (eds.), Interdisciplinary Anthropology. Springer. 157--169.
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  11. Michael Forster (2010). Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance Concepts. In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  12. Michael N. Forster (2010). After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition. Oxford University Press.
    In the course of developing these historical points, this book also shows that Herder and his tradition are in many ways superior to dominant trends in more ...
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  13. Michael Forster (2009). Kant and Skepticism. Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason.
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  14. Michael N. Forster (2009). A Wittgensteian Anti-Platonism. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 16 (1):58-85.
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  15. Michael Forster, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  16. Michael Forster, Johann Gottfried Von Herder. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  17. Michael Forster (2007). Hermeneutics. In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    For the purpose of this article, "hermeneutics" means the theory of interpretation, i.e. the theory of achieving an understanding of texts, utterances, and so on (it does not mean a certain twentieth-century philosophical movement). Hermeneutics in this sense has a long history, reaching back at least as far as ancient Greece. However, new focus was brought to bear on it in the modern period, in the wake of the Reformation with its displacement of responsibility for interpreting the Bible from the (...)
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  18. Michael Forster (2007). Socrates' Profession of Ignorance. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:1-35.
     
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  19. Michael N. Forster (2007). Menschen und andere Tiere. Über das Verhältnis von Mensch und Tier bei Tomasello. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (5):761-767.
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  20. Michael Forster (2006). Socratic Refutation. Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 1:7-57.
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  21. Michael N. Forster (2006). Socrates' Demand for Definitions. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:1-47.
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  22. Michael N. Forster (2005). Schleiermacher's Hermeneutics. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):100-122.
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  23. Michael N. Forster (2005). Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press.
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  24. Michael N. Forster (2003). Gods, Animals, and Artists: Some Problem Cases in Herder's Philosophy of Language. Inquiry 46 (1):65 – 96.
    Herder already very early in his career, in the 1760s, established two vitally important and epoch-making principles in the philosophy of language: that thought is essentially dependent on and bounded by language; and that meanings or concepts should be identified - not with such items as the referents involved, Platonic forms, or empiricist 'ideas' - but with word-usages. What did Herder do for an encore? His Treatise on the Origin of Language from 1772 might seem the natural place to look (...)
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  25. Michael N. Forster (2002). Herder's Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles. Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323 - 356.
  26. Michael N. Forster (1998). On the Very Idea of Denying the Existence of Radically Different Conceptual Schemes. Inquiry 41 (2):133 – 185.
    It has become very popular among philosophers to attempt to discredit, or at least set severe limits to, the thesis that there exist conceptual schemes radically different from ours. This fashion is misconceived. Philosophers have attempted to justify it in two main ways: by means of arguments which are a priorist relative to the relevant linguistic and textual evidence (and either independent of or based upon positive theories of meaning, understanding, and interpretation); and by means of arguments which are a (...)
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  27. Michael Forster (1995). Manley H. Thompson, Jr. 1917-1994. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):104 - 105.
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  28. Michael N. Forster (1989). Hegel and Skepticism. Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  29. Michael J. Forster, Z. Michael Nagy & James M. Murphy (1981). Potentiation of Amphetamine-Induced Hyperactivity in the Adult Mouse Following Neonatal Thyroxine Administration. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (6):337-339.
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  30. Michael N. Forster, Herder and Spinoza.
    What was the source of this great flowering? Much of the credit for it has tended to go to Jacobi and Mendelssohn, who in 1785 began a famous public dispute concerning the question whether or not Lessing had been a Spinozist, as Jacobi alleged Lessing had admitted to him shortly before his death in 1781. But Jacobi and Mendelssohn were both negatively disposed towards Spinoza. In On the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Mr.
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