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Profile: Michael Friedman (Stanford University)
  1. Michael L. Friedman (forthcoming). Zur Diskussion. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
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  2. Michael Friedman (2014). Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 531-553.
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  3. Michael Friedman (2013). Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.
    Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly and in great detail, explaining its relationship to both Newton's Principia and eighteenth-century scientific thinkers ...
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  4. Michael Friedman (2013). Realism, and Modern Physics. In Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.), Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. 182.
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  5. Michael Friedman (2012). Kuhn and Philosophy. Modern Intellectual History 9 (1):77-88.
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  6. Michael Friedman (2012). Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition. Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot explain why Kant (...)
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  7. Michael Friedman (2012). Newton and Kant: Quantity of Matter in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):482-503.
    Immanuel Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786) provides metaphysical foundations for the application of mathematics to empirically given nature. The application that Kant primarily has in mind is that achieved in Isaac Newton's Principia (1687). Thus, Kant's first chapter, the Phoronomy, concerns the mathematization of speed or velocity, and his fourth chapter, the Phenomenology, concerns the empirical application of the Newtonian notions of true or absolute space, time, and motion. This paper concentrates on Kant's second and third chapters—the Dynamics (...)
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  8. Michael Friedman (2012). Rational Reconstruction, Explication, and the Rejection of Metaphysics. In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Ideal of Explication and Naturalism. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  9. Michael Friedman (2012). Reconsidering the Dynamics of Reason: Response to Ferrari, Mormann, Nordmann, and Uebel. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):47-53.
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  10. Michael Friedman (2012). Scientific Philosophy From Helmholtz to Carnap and Quine. In R. Creath (ed.), Rudolf Carnap and the Legacy of Logical Empiricism. Springer Verlag. 1--11.
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  11. Michael Friedman (2011). Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  12. Michael Friedman (2011). Extending the Dynamics of Reason. Erkenntnis 75 (3):431-444.
    What I call the dynamics of reason is a post-Kuhnian approach to the history and philosophy of science articulating a relativized and historicized version of the Kantian conception of the rationality and objectivity of the modern physical sciences. I here discuss two extensions of this approach. I argue that, although the relativized standards of rationality in question change over time, the particular way in which they do this still preserves the trans-historical rationality of the entire process. I also make a (...)
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  13. Michael Friedman (2010). A Post-Kuhnian Approach to the History and Philosophy of Science. The Monist 93 (4):497-517.
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  14. Michael Friedman (2010). Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Epsa Philosophical Issues in the Sciences. Springer. 65--73.
  15. Michael Friedman (2010). Logic, Mathematical Science, and Twentieth Century Philosophy: Mark Wilson and the Analytic Tradition. Noûs 44 (3):530-544.
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  16. Michael Friedman (2010). Synthetic History Reconsidered. In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
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  17. Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) (2010). Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  18. Michael Friedman & Tradutor: Rogério Passos Severo (2010). Kant, Kuhn e a racionalidade da ciência. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 14 (1):175-209.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  19. Michael Friedman (2009). Tolerance, Intuition, and Empiricism. In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  20. Graciela De Pierris & Michael Friedman (2008). Kant and Hume on Causality. In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  21. Michael Friedman, Ernst Cassirer. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  22. Michael Friedman (2008). Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  23. Michael Friedman (2008). Wissenschaftslogik : The Role of Logic in the Philosophy of Science. Synthese 164 (3):385 - 400.
    Carl Hempel introduced what he called "Craig's theorem" into the philosophy of science in a famous discussion of the "problem of theoretical terms." Beginning with Hempel's use of 'Craig's theorem," I shall bring out some of the key differences between Hempel's treatment of the "problem of theoretical terms" and Carnap's in order to illuminate the peculiar function of Wissenschaftslogik in Carnap's mature philosophy. Carnap's treatment, in particular, is fundamentally antimetaphysical—he aims to use the tools of mathematical logic to dissolve rather (...)
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  24. Richard Creath & Michael Friedman (eds.) (2007). Cambridge Companion to Rudolf Carnap. Cambridge University Press.
  25. Michael Friedman (2007). Coordination, Constitution, and Convention: The Evolution of the A Priori in Logical Empiricism. In A. Richardson & T. Uebel (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism. Cup. 91--116.
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  26. Michael Friedman (2007). Understanding Space-Time. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):216--225.
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  27. Michael Friedman (2006). Carnap and Quine: Twentieth-Century Echoes of Kant and Hume. Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):35-58.
  28. Michael Friedman (2006). Kant, Skepticism, and Idealism. Inquiry 49 (1):26 – 43.
    Skeptical problems arising for Kant's version of transcendental idealism have been raised from Kant's own time to the present day. By focussing on how such problems originally arose in the wake of Kant's work, and on the first formulations of absolute idealism by Schelling, I argue that the skeptical problems in question ultimately depend on fundamental features of Kant's philosophy of natural science. As a result, Naturphilosophie and the organic conception of nature cannot easily be separated from the deep and (...)
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  29. Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) (2006). . Mit Press.
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  30. Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) (2006). The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science. The Mit Press.
    Historians of philosophy, science, and mathematics explore the influence of Kant's philosophy on the evolution of modern scientific thought.
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  31. Michael Friedman (2005). Ernst Cassirer and Contemporary Philosophy of Science. Angelaki 10 (1):119 – 128.
    (2005). Ernst Cassirer and Contemporary Philosophy of Science. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the german traditionissue editor: damian veal, pp. 119-128.
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  32. Michael Friedman (2005). Transcendental Philosophy and Twentieth Century Physcis. Philosophy Today 49 (Supplement):23-29.
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  33. Michael Friedman (2004). Integrating History of Philosophy with History of Science After Kant. Teaching New Histories of Philosophy:205-224.
  34. Michael Friedman (2003). A Turning Point in Philosophy. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. 13.
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  35. Michael Friedman (2003). Eckart Förster and Kant's Opus Postumum. Inquiry 46 (2):215 – 227.
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  36. Michael Friedman (2003). Hempel and the Vienna Circle. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18:94-114.
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  37. Michael Friedman (2003). Kuhn and Logical Empiricism. In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press. 34.
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  38. Marcello Guarini, Causality Bohm’S. Metaphors, Steven French, Décio Krause, Michael Friedman, Ludwig Wittgenstein & Clark Glymour (2003). Christian Arnsperger and Yanis Varoufakis. Erkenntnis 59 (1):431-432.
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  39. Michael Friedman (2002). Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger: The Davos Disputation and Twentieth Century Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):263–274.
  40. Michael Friedman (2002). Geometry as a Branch of Physics: Background and Context for Einstein's 'Geometry and Experience.'. In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. 193--229.
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  41. Michael Friedman (2002). Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science. Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  42. Michael Friedman, Robert DiSalle, J. D. Trout, Shaun Nichols, Maralee Harrell, Clark Glymour, Carl G. Wagner, Kent W. Staley, Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla & Frederick M. Kronz (2002). 10. Interpreting Quantum Field Theory Interpreting Quantum Field Theory (Pp. 348-378). Philosophy of Science 69 (2).
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  43. R. W. Fogel, J. Foreman-Peck, R. E. Frank, G. Frege, B. S. Frey, B. Friedman, Michael Friedman, Milton Friedman, R. Gagnier & P. Galison (2001). Fine, Arthur 30 Finley, MI 53 Fishburn, PC 133, 140,151 Fodor. J. 250, 271. In Uskali Mäki (ed.), The Economic World View: Studies in the Ontology of Economics. Cambridge University Press.
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  44. Michael Friedman (2001). Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University. Csli Publications.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
     
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  45. Michael Friedman (2001). Matter and Motion in the Metaphysical Foundations and the First Critique: The Empirical Concept of Matter and the Categories. In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 53--69.
  46. Michael Friedman (2000). Geometry, Construction, and Intuition in Kant and His Successors. In Gila Sher & Richard L. Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press. 186--218.
  47. Michael Friedman (2000). Transcendental Philosophy and a Priori Knowledge: A Neo-Kantian Perspective. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press.
  48. Michael L. Friedman (2000). Logical Form and the Order of Nature: Comments on Beátrice Longuenesse's Kant and the Capacity to Judge. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 82 (2):202-215.
     
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  49. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and '30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism (as is often thought to be the case) but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This (...)
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  50. Michael Friedman & Graham Bird (1998). Kantian Themes in Contemporary Philosophy. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):111–130.
    [Michael Friedman] This paper considers the extent to which Kant's vision of a distinctively 'transcendental' task for philosophy is essentially tied to his views on the foundations of the mathematical and physical sciences. Contemporary philosophers with broadly Kantian sympathies have attempted to reinterpret his project so as to isolate a more general philosophical core not so closely tied to the details of now outmoded mathematical-physical theories (Euclidean geometry and Newtonian physics). I consider two such attempts, those of Strawson and McDowell, (...)
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