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Michael Friedman [113]Michael Belais Friedman [2]
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Profile: Michael Friedman (Stanford University)
  1. Michael Friedman (2001). Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University. Csli Publications.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
     
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  2. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and '30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism (as is often thought to be the case) but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical (...)
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  3.  81
    Michael Friedman (1992). Kant and the Exact Sciences. Harvard University Press.
    In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost ...
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  4. Michael Friedman (1974). Explanation and Scientific Understanding. Journal of Philosophy 71 (1):5-19.
  5. Michael Friedman (2010). Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Springer 65--73.
    Kant's original version of transcendental philosophy took both Euclidean geometry and the Newtonian laws of motion to be synthetic a priori constitutive principles—which, from Kant's point of view, function as necessary presuppositions for applying our fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and motion to our sensible experience of the natural world. Although Kant had very good reasons to view the principles in question as having such a constitutively a priori role, we now know, in the wake (...)
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  6. Michael Friedman (2000). A Parting of the Ways Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger.
     
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  7. Michael Friedman (2003). Kuhn and Logical Empiricism. In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press 34.
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  8.  85
    Michael Friedman (2014). Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity. Kant-Studien 105 (4):531-553.
  9. Michael Friedman (2011). Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  10. Michael Friedman (2012). Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition. Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot (...)
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  11. Michael Friedman (2002). Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science. Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  12. William Demopoulos & Michael Friedman (1985). Bertrand Russell's the Analysis of Matter: Its Historical Context and Contemporary Interest. Philosophy of Science 52 (4):621-639.
  13. Michael Friedman (2011). Extending the Dynamics of Reason. Erkenntnis 75 (3):431-444.
    What I call the dynamics of reason is a post-Kuhnian approach to the history and philosophy of science articulating a relativized and historicized version of the Kantian conception of the rationality and objectivity of the modern physical sciences. I here discuss two extensions of this approach. I argue that, although the relativized standards of rationality in question change over time, the particular way in which they do this still preserves the trans-historical rationality of the entire process. I also make a (...)
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  14.  1
    Michael Friedman & Richard Creath (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Carnap. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):428-431.
    Rudolf Carnap is increasingly regarded as one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. He was one of the leading figures of the logical empiricist movement associated with the Vienna Circle and a central figure in the analytic tradition more generally. He made major contributions to philosophy of science and philosophy of logic, and, perhaps most importantly, to our understanding of the nature of philosophy as a discipline. In this volume a team of contributors explores the major themes (...)
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  15. Michael Friedman (2008). Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  16. Michael Friedman (2006). Carnap and Quine: Twentieth-Century Echoes of Kant and Hume. Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):35-58.
  17. Michael Friedman (2010). Synthetic History Reconsidered. In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court
     
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  18.  21
    Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) (2010). Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  19.  77
    Michael Friedman (2010). A Post-Kuhnian Approach to the History and Philosophy of Science. The Monist 93 (4):497-517.
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  20.  19
    Michael Friedman (1992). Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science. In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press 3--161.
  21.  68
    Michael Friedman (1987). Carnap's Aufbau Reconsidered. Noûs 21 (4):521-545.
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  22.  39
    Michael Friedman (1982). The Scientific Image by Bas C. Van Fraassen. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
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  23.  91
    Michael Friedman, Stanley Cavell & Henry E. Allison (1997). Presidential Addresses of the American Philosophical Association. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5-21.
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  24.  48
    Michael Friedman (1997). Philosophical Naturalism. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5 - 21.
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  25. Michael Friedman (2008). Wissenschaftslogik : The Role of Logic in the Philosophy of Science. Synthese 164 (3):385 - 400.
    Carl Hempel introduced what he called "Craig's theorem" into the philosophy of science in a famous discussion of the "problem of theoretical terms." Beginning with Hempel's use of 'Craig's theorem," I shall bring out some of the key differences between Hempel's treatment of the "problem of theoretical terms" and Carnap's in order to illuminate the peculiar function of Wissenschaftslogik in Carnap's mature philosophy. Carnap's treatment, in particular, is fundamentally antimetaphysical—he aims to use the tools of mathematical logic to dissolve rather (...)
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  26. Michael Friedman (1995). Poincaré's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists. Foundations of Science 1 (2):299-314.
    The logical positivists adopted Poincare's doctrine of the conventionality of geometry and made it a key part of their philosophical interpretation of relativity theory. I argue, however, that the positivists deeply misunderstood Poincare's doctrine. For Poincare's own conception was based on the group-theoretical picture of geometry expressed in the Helmholtz-Lie solution of the space problem, and also on a hierarchical picture of the sciences according to which geometry must be presupposed be any properly physical theory. But both of this pictures (...)
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  27.  59
    Michael Friedman (2012). Reconsidering the Dynamics of Reason: Response to Ferrari, Mormann, Nordmann, and Uebel. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):47-53.
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  28. Michael Friedman (2006). Kant, Skepticism, and Idealism. Inquiry 49 (1):26 – 43.
    Skeptical problems arising for Kant's version of transcendental idealism have been raised from Kant's own time to the present day. By focussing on how such problems originally arose in the wake of Kant's work, and on the first formulations of absolute idealism by Schelling, I argue that the skeptical problems in question ultimately depend on fundamental features of Kant's philosophy of natural science. As a result, Naturphilosophie and the organic conception of nature cannot easily be separated from the deep and (...)
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  29. Michael Friedman (1996). Exorcising the Philosophical Tradition: Comments on John McDowell's Mind and World. Philosophical Review 105 (4):427-467.
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  30. L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.) (1996). Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
  31.  33
    Michael Friedman (1992). Epistemology in Theaufbau. Synthese 93 (1-2):15 - 57.
  32.  21
    Michael Friedman (2002). Geometry as a Branch of Physics: Background and Context for Einstein's 'Geometry and Experience.'. In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court 193--229.
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  33.  68
    Michael Friedman (1991). The Re-Evaluation of Logical Positivism. Journal of Philosophy 88 (10):505-519.
  34. Michael Friedman (1992). Regulative and Constitutive. Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (S1):73-102.
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  35. Michael Friedman (2009). Tolerance, Intuition, and Empiricism. In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave Macmillan 236--249.
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  36. Michael Friedman (2010). Logic, Mathematical Science, and Twentieth Century Philosophy: Mark Wilson and the Analytic Tradition. Noûs 44 (3):530-544.
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  37.  98
    Michael Friedman (1985). Kant's Theory of Geometry. Philosophical Review 94 (4):455-506.
  38.  45
    Michael Friedman (1995). Carnap and Weyl on the Foundations of Geometry and Relativity Theory. Erkenntnis 42 (2):247-260.
  39. Michael Friedman (2002). Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger: The Davos Disputation and Twentieth Century Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):263–274.
  40. Michael Friedman (2000). Geometry, Construction, and Intuition in Kant and His Successors. In Gila Sher & Richard L. Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press 186--218.
  41. Michael Friedman, Robert DiSalle, J. D. Trout, Shaun Nichols, Maralee Harrell, Clark Glymour, Carl G. Wagner, Kent W. Staley, Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla & Frederick M. Kronz (2002). 10. Interpreting Quantum Field Theory Interpreting Quantum Field Theory (Pp. 348-378). Philosophy of Science 69 (2).
     
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  42.  5
    Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) (2006). The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science. The MIT Press.
    Historians of philosophy, science, and mathematics explore the influence of Kant's philosophy on the evolution of modern scientific thought.
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  43.  98
    Michael Friedman (1975). Physicalism and the Indeterminacy of Translation. Noûs 9 (4):353-374.
  44. Michael Friedman (2000). Transcendental Philosophy and a Priori Knowledge: A Neo-Kantian Perspective. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press
  45.  96
    Michael Friedman (2004). Integrating History of Philosophy with History of Science After Kant. Teaching New Histories of Philosophy:205-224.
  46.  18
    Michael Belais Friedman (1970). Freedom and Order in the University: A Book Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Analysis 2 (1):37-41.
  47.  40
    Michael Friedman (1979). Truth and Confirmation. Journal of Philosophy 76 (7):361-382.
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  48.  7
    Michael Friedman (2008). History and Philosophy of Science in a New Key. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:125-134.
    This essay considers the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science from Thomas Kuhn to the present. This relationship, of course, has often been troubled, but there is now new hope for an ongoing productive interaction—due to an increasing awareness, among other things, of the mutual entanglement between the development of modern science and the development of modern philosophy on the part of both professional philosophers and professional historians of science. This idea is illustrated with several examples, including (...)
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  49.  36
    Michael Friedman (1997). Helmholtz's Zeichentheorie and Schlick's Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre. Philosophical Topics 25 (2):19-50.
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  50. Michael Friedman (2007). Understanding Space-Time. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):216--225.
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