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  1. Matthias Schmidt, Jennifer Marshall, Jocelyn Downie & Michael Hadskis (2011). Pediatric Magnetic Resonance Research and the Minimal-Risk Standard. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (5):1-6.
    While an accurate assessment of risk is always important, it is especially so in pediatric research. Recognizing the pivotal nature of the minimal-risk standard, we set out to determine under what circumstances pediatric magnetic resonance imaging research does or does not meet this standard. We found that while the physical and psychological risks that attend the MRI procedure do not exceed minimal risk, the sedation and contrast enhancement that are sometimes associated with MRI research do, as both exceed the level (...)
     
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  2. Jennifer Marshall & Michael Hadskis (2009). Canadian Research Ethics Boards, MRI Research Risks, and MRI Risk Classification. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (4):9-15.
    In order to illuminate the potential harms of MRI research, we present data obtained by examining MRI research proposal files that had been submitted for review to several Canadian Research Ethics Boards. The data reveal that REB review of the studies contained omissions, considerable variability, and sometimes confusion regarding MRI research risks and risk classification. If our findings reflect the general state of REB review of MRI research in Canada and elsewhere, there is a pressing need for REBs to be (...)
     
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  3. Jocelyn Downie, Matthais Schmidt, Nuala Kenny, Ryan D’Arcy, Michael Hadskis & Jennifer Marshall (2007). Paediatric MRI Research Ethics: The Priority Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (2):85-91.
    In this paper, we first briefly describe neuroimaging technology, our reasons for studying magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology, and then provide a discussion of what we have identified as priority issues for paediatric MRI research. We examine the issues of respectful involvement of children in the consent process as well as privacy and confidentiality for this group of MRI research participants. In addition, we explore the implications of unexpected findings for paediatric MRI research participants. Finally, we explore the ethical issues (...)
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  4. Jocelyn Downie & Michael Hadskis (2005). Finding the Right Compass for Issue-Mapping in Neuroimaging. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):27 – 29.