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  1. Michael J. Zimmerman (forthcoming). Against Moral Responsibility, by Bruce N. Waller. Mind:fzu046.
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  2. Michael J. Zimmerman (2013). The Immorality of Punishment: A Reply to Levy. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-10.
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  3. Michael J. Zimmerman (2011). Ross on Retributivism. In Thomas Hurka (ed.), Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers From Sidgwick to Ewing. Oup Oxford.
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  4. Michael J. Zimmerman (2011). The Immorality of Punishment. Broadview Press.
    It is hard to imagine a state functioning at all, let alone well, without having recourse to punishing those who break its laws. In The Immorality of Punishment, Michael Zimmerman argues not merely that our current practice of punishment is deplorable but that legal punishment itself is wrong, no matter its form. This astounding thesis is defended firstly by a sustained and compelling attack on the alternatives. Punishment is not justified by its role as a deterrent, because qua deterrent, we (...)
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  5. Michael J. Zimmerman (2010). Moral Luck. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):585-608.
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  6. Michael J. Zimmerman (2010). Review of Fred Feldman, What is This Thing Called Happiness?. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (7).
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  7. Michael J. Zimmerman (2010). Responsibility, Reaction, and Value. Journal of Ethics 14 (2):103-115.
    Many writers accept the following thesis about responsibility: (R) For one to be responsible for something is for one to be such that it is fitting that one be the object of some reactive attitude with respect to that thing. This thesis bears a striking resemblance to a thesis about value that is also accepted by many writers: (V) For something to be good (or neutral, or bad) is for it to be such that it is fitting that it be (...)
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  8. Michael J. Zimmerman (2009). Responsibility and Awareness. Philosophical Books 50 (4):248-261.
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  9. Michael J. Zimmerman (2009). Understanding What's Good for Us. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (4):429 - 439.
    The ancient question of what a good life consists in is currently the focus of intense debate. There are two aspects to this debate: the first concerns how the concept of a good life is to be understood; the second concerns what kinds of life fall within the extension of this concept. In this paper, I will attend only to the first, conceptual aspect and not to the second, substantive aspect. More precisely, I will address the preliminary, underlying question of (...)
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  10. Michael J. Zimmerman, Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Value. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Intrinsic value has traditionally been thought to lie at the heart of ethics. Philosophers use a number of terms to refer to such value. The intrinsic value of something is said to be the value that that thing has “in itself,” or “for its own sake,” or “as such,” or “in its own right.” Extrinsic value is value that is not intrinsic.
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  11. Michael J. Zimmerman (2008). Living with Uncertainty: The Moral Significance of Ignorance. Cambridge University Press.
    Every choice we make is set against a background of massive ignorance about our past, our future, our circumstances, and ourselves. Philosophers are divided on the moral significance of such ignorance. Some say that it has a direct impact on how we ought to behave - the question of what our moral obligations are; others deny this, claiming that it only affects how we ought to be judged in light of the behaviour in which we choose to engage - the (...)
     
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  12. Michael J. Zimmerman (2007). Feldman on the Nature and Value of Pleasure. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 136 (3):425 - 437.
  13. Michael J. Zimmerman (2007). Review: Feldman on the Nature and Value of Pleasure. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 136 (3):425 - 437.
  14. Michael J. Zimmerman (2007). The Good and the Right. Utilitas 19 (3):326-353.
    T. M. Scanlon has revived a venerable tradition according to which something's being good consists in its being such that there is a reason to respond positively towards it. He has presented novel arguments for this thesis. In this article, I first develop some refinements of the thesis with a view to focusing on intrinsic value in particular, then discuss the relation between the thesis and consequentialism, then critically examine Scanlon's arguments for the thesis, and finally turn to the question (...)
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  15. Michael J. Zimmerman (2006). Is Moral Obligation Objective or Subjective? Utilitas 18 (4):329-361.
    Many philosophers hold that whether an act is overall morally obligatory is an ‘objective’ matter, many that it is a ‘subjective’ matter, and some that it is both. The idea that it is or can be both may seem to promise a helpful answer to the question ‘What ought I to do when I do not know what I ought to do?’ In this article, three broad views are distinguished regarding what it is that obligation essentially concerns: the maximization of (...)
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  16. Michael J. Zimmerman (2006). Moral Luck: A Partial Map. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):585-608.
  17. Michael J. Zimmerman (2006). On the Fulfillment of Moral Obligation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (5):577 - 597.
    This paper considers three general views about the nature of moral obligation and three particular answers (with which these views are typically associated) concerning the following question: if on Monday you lend me a book that I promise to return to you by Friday, what precisely is my obligation to you and what constitutes its fulfillment? The example is borrowed from W.D. Ross, who in The Right and the Good proposed what he called the Objective View of obligation, from (...)
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  18. Michael J. Zimmerman (2006). Shifts in Moral Obligation. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 14 (1):62-79.
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  19. Kris McDaniel, Jason R. Raibley, Richard Feldman & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.) (2005). The Good, the Right, Life And Death: Essays in Honor of Fred Feldman. Ashgate.
  20. Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.) (2005). Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer.
    Recent Work on Intrinsic Value brings together for the first time many of the most important and influential writings on the topic of intrinsic value to have appeared in the last half-century. During this period, inquiry into the nature of intrinsic value has intensified to such an extent that at the moment it is one of the hottest topics in the field of theoretical ethics. The contributions to this volume have been selected in such a way that all of the (...)
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  21. Michael J. Zimmerman (2005). Deontic Morality and Control. Ishtiyaque Haji. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. XIV, 288. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):492–495.
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  22. Michael J. Zimmerman (2005). Deontic Morality and Control. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):492-495.
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  23. Michael J. Zimmerman (2005). The Relevance of Risk to Wrongdoing. In Kris McDaniel, Jason R. Raibley, Richard Feldman & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), The Good, the Right, Life And Death: Essays in Honor of Fred Feldman. Ashgate.
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  24. Michael J. Zimmerman (2004). Another Plea for Excuses. American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):259 - 266.
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  25. Michael J. Zimmerman (2004). Judith Jarvis Thomson, Goodness and Advice (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000), XVI + 188 Pp. [REVIEW] Noûs 38 (3):534–552.
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  26. Michael J. Zimmerman (2003). Time and Punishment. In Heather Dyke (ed.), Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 55--70.
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  27. Michael J. Zimmerman (2002). Controlling Ignorance: A Bitter Truth. Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (3):483–490.
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  28. Michael J. Zimmerman (2002). Taking Luck Seriously. Journal of Philosophy 99 (11):553-576.
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  29. Michael J. Zimmerman (2001). The Nature of Intrinsic Value. Rowman and Littlefield.
    At the heart of ethics reside the concepts of good and bad; they are at work when we assess whether a person is virtuous or vicious, an act right or wrong, a decision defensible or indefensible, a goal desirable or undesirable. But there are many varieties of goodness and badness. At their core lie intrinsic goodness and badness, the sort of value that something has for its own sake. It is in virtue of intrinsic value that other types of value (...)
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  30. Michael J. Zimmerman (1999). The Moral Aspect of Nonmoral Goods and Evils. Utilitas 11 (01):1-15.
    The idea that immoral behaviour can sometimes be admirable, and that moral behaviour can sometimes be less than admirable, has led several of its supporters to infer that moral considerations are not always overriding, contrary to what has been traditionally maintained. In this paper I shall challenge this inference. My purpose in doing so is to expose and acknowledge something that has been inadequately appreciated, namely, the moral aspect of nonmoral goods and evils. I hope thereby to show that, even (...)
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  31. Michael J. Zimmerman (1999). Daniel Guevara. Philosophy 74 (287).
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  32. Michael J. Zimmerman (1999). In Defense Ofthe Concept of Intrinsic Value. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):389-409.
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  33. Michael J. Zimmerman (1999). Virtual Intrinsic Value and the Principle of Organic Unities. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):653-666.
    This paper argues that Moore's principle of organic unities is false. Advocates of the principle have failed to take note of the distinction between actual intrinsic value and virtual intrinsic value. Purported cases of organic unities, where the actual intrinsic value of a part of a whole is allegedly defeated by the actual intrinsic value of the whole itself, are more plausibly seen as cases where the part in question has no actual intrinsic value but instead a plurality of merely (...)
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  34. Michael J. Zimmerman (1997). A Plea for Accuses. American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (2):229 - 243.
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  35. Michael J. Zimmerman (1997). Moral Responsibility and Ignorance. Ethics 107 (3):410-426.
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  36. Michael J. Zimmerman (1996). John Martin Fischer, The Metaphysics of Free Will Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (5):340-344.
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  37. Michael J. Zimmerman (1996). The Concept of Moral Obligation. Cambridge University Press.
    The principal aim of this book is to develop and defend an analysis of the concept of moral obligation. The analysis is neutral regarding competing substantive theories of obligation, whether consequentialist or deontological in character. What it seeks to do is generate new solutions to a range of philosophical problems concerning obligation and its application. Amongst these problems are deontic paradoxes, the supersession of obligation, conditional obligation, prima facie obligation, actualism and possibilism, dilemmas, supererogation, and cooperation. By virtue of its (...)
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  38. Michael J. Zimmerman (1995). Responsibility Regarding the Unthinkable. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):204-223.
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  39. Michael J. Zimmerman (1995). Actions and Events. Journal of Philosophical Research 20:585-594.
    Kent Bach has argued that certain traditional problems of action theory (conceming the individuation of actions, their timing, their location, and the manner in which they enter into causal relations) arise only on the supposition that actions are events, and he has argued further that actions are not events. In this paper these arguments are examined and rejected.
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  40. Michael J. Zimmerman (1995). Compensation and Culpability. Philosophia 24 (3-4):559-559.
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  41. Michael J. Zimmerman (1995). Prima Facie Obligation and Doing the Best One Can. Philosophical Studies 78 (2):87 - 123.
    Analyses are given of the concepts of absolute and prima facie obligation. The former is a maximizing analysis: roughly, one ought absolutely to perform those actions which are performed in the best worlds accessible to one. The latter analysis is roughly this: one ought prima facie to perform those actions which are such that those accessible worlds in which they are performed are better than the closest accessible worlds in which they are not performed. Accounts of conditional obligation, both absolute (...)
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  42. Michael J. Zimmerman (1994). Rights, Compensation, and Culpability. Law and Philosophy 13 (4):419 - 450.
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  43. Michael J. Zimmerman (1993). A Plea for Ambivalence. Metaphilosophy 24 (4):382-389.
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  44. Michael J. Zimmerman (1993). Book Review:Springs of Action: Understanding Intentional Behavior Alfred R. Mele. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (4):839-.
  45. Michael J. Zimmerman (1993). Obligation, Responsibility and Alternate Possibilities. Analysis 53 (1):51 - 53.
    It has recently been argued that the principle that "ought" implies "can" entails the principle that moral responsibility requires alternate possibilities, and hence that the acceptance of the former principle requires acceptance of the latter. This paper disputes the alleged entailment and gives reasons for accepting the former principle while rejecting the latter.
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  46. Michael J. Zimmerman (1993). Supererogation and Doing the Best One Can. American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (4):373 - 380.
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  47. Michael J. Zimmerman (1992). Cooperation and Doing the Best One Can. Philosophical Studies 65 (3):283 - 304.
    The view that what one ought, or is obligated, to do is the best that one can do faces a problem even from the perspective of someone sympathetic with the view: there are cases of group action where, through lack of cooperation, the best that can be done is not done and yet where, it seems, each individual does the best that he or she can do. In this paper, various attempts to deal with this problem are criticized and then (...)
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  48. Michael J. Zimmerman (1991). Introduction. Ethics 101 (2):236.
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  49. Michael J. Zimmerman (1990). Book Review:Moral Freedom. Jeffrey Olen. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (2):415-.
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