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Profile: Michael Morris
Profile: Michael Morris (University of Sussex)
  1. Michael Morris, Wormholes.
    "A 'wormhole' is a theoretical object permitted by Einstein's theory of general relativity, where distant regions of space are connected by a shortcut," says Landis, a scientist at NASA's Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, OH. "Such wormholes could have been created in the distant past, in the time just following the 'big bang' that created the universe. What we discovered at the workshop was that if such wormholes did exist, they could be detected by the bending of light due to (...)
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  2. Kim-Pong Tam, Michael Morris, Sau-lai Lee, Ivy Yee-Man Lau, Chi-yue Chiu & Xi Zou, Culture as Common Sense: Perceived Consensus Vs. Personal Beliefs as Mechanisms of Cultural Influence.
    We propose that culture affects people through their perceptions of what is consensually believed. Whereas past research has examined whether cultural differences in social judgment are mediated by differences in individuals’ personal values and beliefs, we investigate whether they are mediated by differences in individuals’ perceptions of the views of people around them. We propose that individuals who perceive that traditional views are culturally consensual (e.g., Chinese participants who believe that most of their fellows hold collectivistic values) will themselves behave (...)
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  3. Michael Morris (2013). Realism and Representation: The Case of Rembrandt's Hat. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Some artistic representations—the painting of a hat in a famous picture by Rembrandt is an example—are able to present vividly the character of what they represent precisely by calling attention to their medium of representation. There is a puzzle about this whose structure, I argue, is analogous to that of a familiar Kantian problem for traditional realism. I offer a precise characterization of the puzzle, before arguing that an analogue for the case of representation to the Kantian solution to the (...)
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  4. Michael Morris (2013). Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy, Ed. J.L. Zalabardo. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):620-623.
     
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  5. Michael Morris (2013). Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy, Edited by Zalabardo, José L. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):620 - 623.
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  6. Michael Morris (2013). Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy, Edited by Zalabardo, José L. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. Viii+ 274,£ 40 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-3.
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  7. Michael Morris (2012). The Meaning of Music. The Monist 95 (4):556-586.
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  8. Michael Morris (2011). The French Revolution and the New School of Europe: Towards a Political Interpretation of German Idealism. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):532-560.
    Abstract: In this paper I consider the significant but generally overlooked role that the French Revolution played in the development of German Idealism. Specifically, I argue that Reinhold and Fichte's engagement in revolutionary political debates directly shaped their interpretation of Kant's philosophy, leading them (a) to overlook his reliance upon common sense, (b) to misconstrue his conception of the relationship between philosophical theory and received cognitive practice, (c) to fail to appreciate the fundamentally regressive nature of his transcendental argumentative strategy, (...)
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  9. Michael C. Morris (2011). The Use of Animals in New Zealand: Regulation and Practice. Society and Animals 19 (4):368-382.
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  10. Michael Morris (2010). Nectarios G. Limnatis (Ed.), The Dimensions of Hegel's Dialectic. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (9).
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  11. Michael Morris (2010). Reviews Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology . By Julian Dodd. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, Pp. XI+286, £55. Philosophy 85 (3):419-424.
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  12. Michael Morris (2009). Hegel and the Freedom of Moderns. The Owl of Minerva 40 (2):242-251.
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  13. Michael Morris (2009). The Question of Idealism in McDowell. Philosophical Topics 37 (1):95-114.
    John McDowell has attempted to defend himself against the charge that the view presented in his influential book Mind and World is idealist. This paper argues that in spite of that defence, there is a clear way in which the view does depend on a form of idealism. McDowell is committed to the thought that the world is ‘conceptually organized’. I consider what this means, and argue that, although it does not formally imply idealism, it is only defensible from a (...)
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  14. Michael C. Morris (2009). Middle Earth, Narnia, Hogwarts, and Animals: A Review of the Treatment of Nonhuman Animals and Other Sentient Beings in Christian-Based Fantasy Fiction. [REVIEW] Society and Animals 17 (4):343-356.
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  15. Michael C. Morris (2009). The Ethics and Politics of Animal Welfare in New Zealand: Broiler Chicken Production as a Case Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):15-30.
    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on them. Visible lameness indicative of pain is more common in New Zealand than in Europe. The government, however, insists that New Zealand welfare standards are higher than Europe. The (...)
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  16. Michael Morris & Julian Dodd (2009). Mysticism and Nonsense in the Tractatus. European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):247-276.
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  17. Michael Morris (2008). Review of Nathan Ross, On Mechanism in Hegel's Social and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (10).
  18. Michael Morris (2008). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Wittgenstein and the Tractatus. Routledge.
    Introduction -- The nature of the world -- The legacy of Frege and Russell -- The general theory of representation -- Sentences as models -- Logic and compound sentences -- Solipsism, idealism, and realism -- Metaphysics, ethics, and the limits of philosophy -- Appendix: The substance argument.
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  19. John McManus, Annette McClinton, Robert Gerhardt & Michael Morris (2007). Performance of Ethical Military Research is Possible: On and Off the Battlefield. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (3):297-303.
    Many of the same fundamental principles and regulations that govern civilian biomedical research also apply to research conducted by the US Military. Despite these similarities, the conduct of research by the US Military has additional requirements designed to preserve service members’ informed consent rights, ethical standards and information that may be deemed classified. Furthermore, there are also additional rules and regulations associated with potential research to be done in a combat setting. Before conducting battlefield research, many unique circumstances must be (...)
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  20. Michael Morris (2007). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
    In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully (...)
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  21. Michael Morris (2007). Doing Justice to Musical Works. In Kathleen Stock (ed.), Philosophers on Music: Experience, Meaning, and Work. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22. Michael Morris (2006). Akrasia in the "Protagoras" and the "Republic&Quot;. Phronesis 51 (3):195 - 229.
    Although it is a commonplace that the "Protagoras" and the "Republic" present diffent views of akrasia, the nature of the difference is not well understood. I argue that the logic of the famous argument in the "Protagoras" turns just on two crucial assumptions: that desiring is having evaluative beliefs (or that valuing is desiring), and that no one can have contradictory preferences at the same time; hedonism is not essential to the logic of the argument. And the logic of the (...)
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  23. Michael Morris (2006). Akrasia in the Protagoras and the Republic. Phronesis 51 (3):195-229.
    Although it is a commonplace that the "Protagoras" and the "Republic" present diffent views of akrasia, the nature of the difference is not well understood. I argue that the logic of the famous argument in the "Protagoras" turns just on two crucial assumptions: that desiring is having evaluative beliefs (or that valuing is desiring), and that no one can have contradictory preferences at the same time; hedonism is not essential to the logic of the argument. And the logic of the (...)
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  24. Michael C. Morris (2006). The Ethics and Politics of the Caged Layer Hen Debate in New Zealand. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (5):495-514.
    Changes in attitudes toward animal welfare, with a greater emphasis on the importance of allowing animals to express normal patterns of behavior has led to an examination of the practice of keeping hens in battery cages. There is widespread scientific consensus that the conditions of confinement and the barren nature of battery cages severely restrict hens’ behavioral repertoire, and are thus detrimental to their welfare. The New Zealand Animal Welfare Act 1999, stipulates that animals must have “the opportunity to display (...)
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  25. Michael Morris (2005). Realism Beyond Correspondence. In Helen Beebee & Julian Dodd (eds.), Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate. Clarendon.
  26. Susana Segura & Michael W. Morris (2005). Scenario Simulations in Learning: Forms and Functions at the Individual and Organizational Levels. In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  27. Sean A. Weaver & Michael C. Morris (2005). Risks Associated with Genetic Modification: – An Annotated Bibliography of Peer Reviewed Natural Science Publications. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):157-189.
    We present an annotated bibliography of peer reviewed scientific research highlighting the human health, animal welfare, and environmental risks associated with genetic modification. Risks associated with the expression of the transgenic material include concerns over resistance and non-target effects of crops expressing Bt toxins, consequences of herbicide use associated with genetically modified herbicide-tolerant plants, and transfer of gene expression from genetically modified crops through vertical and horizontal gene transfer. These risks are not connected to the technique of genetic modification as (...)
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  28. Maia J. Young & Michael W. Morris (2004). Existential Meanings and Cultural Models. In Jeff Greenberg, Sander L. Koole & Tom Pyszczynski (eds.), Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology. Guilford Press. 215.
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  29. Michael C. Morris (2003). Issues Associated with Research on Sheep Parasite Control in New Zealand – a Descriptive Ethic. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):187-207.
    In common with much of theEnglish-speaking world, New Zealandersgenerally oppose the use of animalexperimentation where there is no demonstrableand immediate benefit for human, animal, orenvironmental health. Intrusive experiments onsheep internal and external parasites publishedbetween 1996 and 2000 are reviewed, anddiscussed in relation to these publicsensibilities. A total of 16 publishedexperiments on sheep parasites involvedsurgical manipulations or other intrusiveprocedures. Some of these experiments had noshort-term application, or the only applicationwas in increasing animal production. Otherscould have been modified at some extra expenseso (...)
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  30. Michael C. Morris & Sean A. Weaver (2003). Minimizing Harm in Possum Control Operations and Experiments in New Zealand. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (4):367-385.
    Pest control operations andexperimentation on sentient animals such as thebrushtail possum can cause unnecessary andavoidable suffering in the animal subjects.Minimizing animal suffering is an animalwelfare goal and can be used as a guide in thedesign and execution of animal experimentationand pest control operations.The public has little sympathy for the possum,which can cause widespread environmentaldamage, but does believe that control should beas painless as possible. Trapping and poisoningprovide only short-term solutions to the possumproblem and often involve methods that causesuffering. Intrusive experiments (...)
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  31. Michael Morris (2002). ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE M. Wilson: Aristotle's Theory of the Unity of Science . Pp X + 271. Toronto, Buffalo, and London: University of Toronto Press, 2000. Cased, £55. ISBN: 0-8020-4796-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (02):260-.
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  32. Michael H. Morris, Minet Schindehutte, John Walton & Jeffrey Allen (2002). The Ethical Context of Entrepreneurship: Proposing and Testing a Developmental Framework. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 40 (4):331 - 361.
    The aim of this study is to increase our understanding of the ethical climate of entrepreneurial firms as they grow and develop. A developmental framework is introduced to describe the formal and informal ethical structures that emerge in entrepreneurial firms over time. Factors influencing where firms are within the developmental framework are posited, including the entrepreneur's psychological profile, lifecycle stage of the business, and descriptive characteristics of the venture. It is also proposed that the implementation of ethical structures will impact (...)
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  33. Daniel R. Ames, Eric D. Knowles, Michael W. Morris, Charles W. Kalish, Andrea D. Rosati & Alison Gopnik (2001). The Social Folk Theorist: Insights From Social and Cultural Psychology on The. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. Mit Press.
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  34. Michael Morris (2001). Ethical Approaches to Animal-Based Science; Innovation, Ethics and Animal Welfare: Public Confidence in Science and Agriculture. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 18 (3):333-334.
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  35. Andrea D. Rosati, Eric D. Knowles, Charles W. Kalish, Alison Gopnik, Daniel R. Ames & Michael W. Morris (2001). The Rocky Road From Acts to Dispositions: Insights for Attribution Theory From Developmental Research on Theories of Mind. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. Mit Press.
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  36. Michael Morris (2000). Animal Care Ethics, ANZCCART, and Public Perceptions of Animal Use Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):249-257.
     
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  37. Michael Morris (2000). Metaphor and Philosophy: An Encounter with Derrida. Philosophy 75 (2):225-244.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of the central argument of Derrida's paper 'White Mythology'. The crucial claims are that the concept of metaphor presupposes philosophy, that philosophy presupposes the concept of metaphor, and that philosophy cannot accommodate the concept of metaphor. I offer support for the first two claims, explaining the general kind of view of philosophy and of metaphor which they require, but I argue that even if we grant the first two claims, the concept of metaphor only (...)
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  38. Michael C. Morris (2000). Ethical Issues Associated with Sheep Fly Strike Research, Prevention, and Control. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):205-217.
    Fly strike is a painful conditioncaused by live maggots eating at the flesh of sheep.Remedies for this disorder are traumatic, with sheepundergoing painful mulesing and tail dockingoperations to protect against flystrike. In an attemptto find control solutions and to understand thedisorder, Australasian researchers increase sheepsuffering by conducting experiments that artificiallyinduce fly strike. Some of these experiments have noapplication in prevention and control of fly strike.Many others could be modified or replaced with lesspainful techniques.Anecdotal evidence through communication withorganic farmers suggests that (...)
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  39. Michael Morris (1999). Having Thought by John Haugeland. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Massachussetts, 1998, X + 390 Pp. [REVIEW] Philosophy 74 (4):606-618.
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  40. Michael Morris (1998). Mind, World and Value. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:303-320.
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  41. Michael Morris (1998). Self and World by Quassim Cassam. Clarendon Press: Oxford, 1997, Pp. VIII + 208. Philosophy 73 (3):495-523.
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  42. Michael Morris (1997). Galen Strawson, Mental Reality. Minds and Machines 7 (3):442-447.
  43. Michael K. Morris (1997). Book Review: Being True to the World: Moral Realism and Practical Wisdom, by Jonathan A. Jacobs. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (2):285-288.
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  44. Michael Morris (1996). How Simple is the Simple Account? In Andy Clark & P. J. R. Millican (eds.), Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume 2. Clarendon Press.
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  45. Michael H. Morris, Amy S. Marks, Jeffrey A. Allen & Newman S. Peery (1996). Modeling Ethical Attitudes and Behaviors Under Conditions of Environmental Turbulence: The Case of South Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (10):1119 - 1130.
    This study explores the impact of environmental turbulence on relationships between personal and organizational characteristics, personal values, ethical perceptions, and behavioral intentions. A causal model is tested using data obtained from a national sample of marketing research professionals in South Africa. The findings suggest turbulent conditions lead professionals to report stronger values and ethical norms, but less ethical behavioral intentions. Implications are drawn for organizations confronting growing turbulence in their external environments. A number of suggestions are made for ongoing research.
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  46. Michael Morris & Stephen Neale (1994). The Place of Language. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94:215 - 227.
    This paper attempts to raise a question for the everyday view that language is a means of communication, a system of marks or sounds which we use to convey thoughts and describe the world. It first isolates the assumptions behind this everyday view before raising questions about them.
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  47. Michael W. Morris & Richard E. Nisbett (1993). Tools of the Trade: Deductive Schemas Taught in Psychology and Philosophy. In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates. 228--256.
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  48. Michael Morris (1992). Beyond Interpretation: Reply to Cummins' Response. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 2 (1):85-95.
    In his response to my Why There Are No Mental Representations, Robert Cummins accused me of having misinterpreted his views, and attempted to undermine a crucial premise of my argument, which claimed that one could only define a semantic type non-semantically by stipulating which tokens should receive a uniform interpretation. I respond to the charge and defend the premise.
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  49. Michael Morris (1992). The Good and the True. Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a radical alternative to naturalistic theories of content, and offers a new conception of the place of mind in the world. Confronting the scientific conception of the nature of reality that has dominated the Anglo-American philosophical tradition, Morris presents a detailed analysis of content and propositional attitudes based on the idea that truth is a value. He rejects the causal theory of the explanation of behavior and replaces it with an alternative that depends upon a rich conception (...)
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  50. Michael K. Morris (1992). Moral Conflict and Ordinary Emotional Experience. Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (2):223-237.
    If we ask ourselves whether ultimate moral conflicts exist, and if we take seriously the goal of capturing ordinary emotional experience in our views about morality, we find the evidence mixed. We might have some reason for concluding that some situations are ultimate moral conflicts, but we also have good reasons of the same kind for concluding that these situations are not ultimate moral conflicts. So this kind of argument does not provide secure enough footing for any sort of powerful (...)
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